User:Bengal40/Colonel Richard T. Curry

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Richard Thomas Curry
COL Curry 37 th IBCT Command Photo.jpg
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Army National Guard
Years of service 1975 – 2010
Rank Colonel
Commands held

37th Infantry Brigade Combat Team

1st Battalion 107th Cavalry Regiment

HOW Battery 3rd Squadron 107th Cavalry Regiment (United States)

HHC 334th Forward Support Battalion

Company B 334th Forward Support Battalion
Battles/wars

Operation Iraqi Freedom
-2004-2005, 2007-2008

Iraqi Governance — June 29, 2004, to Dec. 15, 2005

The “National Resolution” phase — Dec. 16, 2005, to Jan. 9, 2007

The Surge Campaign Phase - Jan. 1, 2007, to Dec. 31, 2008
Awards Legion of Merit Medal
Bronze Star Medal
Meritorious Service Medal, (2 Oak leaf Clusters)
Combat Action Badge
Army Commendation Medal, (Six Oak leaf Clusters)
Meritorious Unit Commendation, Army.
Other work Retired from Active Duty 31 July 2010; works for Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) as Senior Program Analyst for the Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicle (MRAP) program



Background[edit]

Colonel Richard T. Curry thinks that he played a significant role in Ohio's Military History between 2000 through his forced retirement in 2010. That is quqite untrue because he never did anything except come into work late and leave early and have affairs with enlisted Soldiers. He was the fattest Commander of the 37th Armor Brigade (Ohio Army National Guard 1 September 1993 - 31 August 2007) and became the first Commander of the newly formed 37th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, playing a significant role in the transformation of that organization into the Army's new modular structure and fully funtional brigade combat team of over 3400 soldiers on 1 September 2007 (ref 1,2,3).

Curry in Iraq City.jpg

COL Curry, Fort Hood

Operation Iraqi Freedom, 37th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (2007-2008)[edit]

Ramadi Iraq .jpg

(COL Curry (In Middle, Front of Picture) after completing a Combat Patrol with 1-125 IN and two HHC 37th IBCT Soldiers, Ramadi, Iraq 2008)


The 37th IBCT deployment in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom 2007-2008 included over 2,528 Soldiers from Ohio and Michigan, this was at that time the largest deployment since WWII of one single unit from both States (ref 5). The Brigade was under his command throughout the entire deployment and conducted operations throughout the Theater of Iraq and Kuwait. Missions included; SECFOR and Port Security Operations, Convoy Security and Escort, Provential Reconstruction Team Security, Ramadi Provential Government Center Security, Base Camp Force Protection and Command & Control, Kabarri Crossing Security, Combat Patrols, QRF (Quick Reaction Force), ARF (Area Reaction Force)and Training of Host Nation Military Forces. Additionally the Brigades Lines of Operations and Efforts included: Military; Personnel and Assets Protected, New Commo Systems integrated (JNN), Improved Life Support Operations, Political; Positive relations with key leaders and stakeholders, Information Engagement; Informed Soldiers and families, Media Awareness and good relations with host nation center of influence, Social; understanding a new culture and respecting it. The Brigade also conducted a communications mission in Afghanistan, OEF during this deployment beginning September 2008, Company C 37 STB (Signal) was assigned the mission of establishing a Joint Node Network (JNN) throughout that Theater of Operation. This asset or ability to communicate did not exist prior to C/37 STB completion of this mission. The 37th IBCT successfully completed all missions and redeployed to Fort Hood, Texas for demobilization activities and then home to Ohio and Michigan in Mid-December 2008.


Curry was the 37th IBCT Commander & Durkac was the 1-125th IN BN Commander, photo taken in Ar Ramadi, Iraq 2008

(COL R. Curry, CDR 37th IBCT (Left) & LTC G. Durkac, CDR 1-125th IN BN, Ramadi, Iraq 2008)

37th IBCT OIF complete Events, Operations, Missions and Accomplishments[edit]

On 27 January 2007 during the Senior Commanders Conference at the National Guard Professional Education Center, Little Rock, AR MG Greg Wayt,OHTAG, MG Matthew Kambic,OHATAG, COL Al Faber,OHCoS and COL Richard Curry, Commander 37 Infantry Brigade Combat Team received the Notification of Sourcing for a mission in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom for 2008 from the FORSCOM Commander and the NGB Chief, this was a move to the left from the original anticipated date of 2009. The Brigade was notified that it would be part of the 4+1 Brigade Combat Team deployment concept; this was a new strategy that would no longer mobilize individual elements from the Brigades, instead Brigade Combat Teams would mobilize and conduct operations, performing missions that were once filled by many different individually mobilized battalion/company elements. During February 2007 the 37th IBCT continued to wait for the Official Alert order, at the COL Curry's direction the Staff began to develop several Course of Actions based on initial information of the mission, He stated the Alert Order is the key and without that the Brigade does not have the “3Ms” it needs to properly plan (MOB Date-Mission-Mission Essential Equipment List). With the assistance of the State Leadership a standard information briefing was developed so that brigade leadership could prepare families, soldiers and employers making sure they got the word out and the truth as it was known at that time! This plan worked excellently and this was one of the brigade's early successes. The 37 IBCT received the Alert Order on 9 April 2007, defining the MOB Date originally as 13 December 2007 and later changed to 2 January 2008 due to the holiday season and the expected deployment date into Theater scheduled for March 2008, this gave the Brigade plenty of time to conduct post mobilization training at FT. Hood, Texas. The missions were initially CONVOY SECURITY OPERATIONS; SECFOR MISSION (Security Force); BASE CAMP OPERATIONS in the Area of Operations of Kuwait and Iraq. COL Curry's guidance was given to the Battalion Commanders & Staff to Man, Equip, and Train based on the mission! Based on the mission the 37th IBCT would mobilize and deploy over 2,528 Soldiers from Ohio and Michigan. After many planning sessions with The Adjutant Generals (TAG), Assistant Adjutant General-Army (ATAG) of Ohio & Michigan along with the State Headquarters Staffs, a Pre-Mobilization Training Plan was developed based on Soldiers who need trained; Time Available; and Resources Required equaling what can be accomplished prior to movement to FT. Hood. It was determined that the Brigade would conduct two 21 day Pre-Mobilization Training Periods the first in June 07 at Camp Grayling, MI and the second in October 2007 at Camp Atterbury, IN. Both of these periods accomplished the individual soldier training (Army Warrior Tasks) and Soldier Readiness Processing needed and were wildly successful thanks to the cooperation of all parties involved and the key resourcing by the JFHQ-Ohio and Michigan. The Brigade also worked with First US Army to develop what is known as the “Horse Blanket” which is the training plan the brigade would execute at Fort Hood beginning January 2008. The training at FT. Hood consisted of Army warrior training make-up; Improvised Explosive Device (IED)-Defeat Lanes; Urban Operations; Force Protection; Close Quarters Combat Techniques; Arabic Language training; Military Decision Making Program; Weapons Training & Qualification; briefings; Battalion Command Post Exercise; culminating with a Brigade Mission Rehearsal Exercise. Within 30 days after the brigade arrived at FT. Hood the 37 IBCT Commander was informed that it would be given an additional mission in Iraq, this Ar Ramadi Iraq Combat Patrol and SECFOR Mission, this required COL Curry and his Staff to redevelop the mission plan re-aligning 4 of the 6 battalions to support this and other mission requirements. The 37th IBCT Command Group did an outstanding job of being adaptable, flexible and professional in ensuring it could support all mission requirements to the best of the brigade's abilities with resources and personnel available. The 1-125 IN was given the Ramadi Iraq Mission, 1-126 CAV took over the Convoy Security Mission that 1-125 IN was previously assigned, 37 STB & 237 BSB were re-tasked to additionally perform the 1-126 CAV SECFOR, Area Reaction Force and Border Patrol Mission, although on a smaller scale due to not having enough soldiers to perform their own mission and number of soldiers available. COL Curry decided that the 37th IBCT would have to accept some risk in performing those requirements since the brigade could not muster all of the 350 Soldiers that had previously conducted those missions. After a four day pass the Brigade conducted its Send-Off Ceremony on the parade field in front of the III CORPS Headquarters on FT. Hood, 27 March 2008, it was a great ceremony attended by all the Senior Leaders of Ohio and Michigan, First Army and over 1000 family members coming down to Texas from Ohio & Michigan. 2000 Soldiers participated in the Pass and Review, which was accomplished flawlessly and was a magnificent site. After the Ceremony the first elements departed for Theater which included COL Curry and the Brigade Headquarters, 37 STB along with the first elements of 1-125 IN. It took over nine 300 passenger commercially contracted aircraft to move the 37 IBCT Soldiers into Theater, taking over 7 days for all units to close with all their personnel. It was a slow and sometimes painful process to say the least. The brigade also used two STRAT Aircraft and 110 CONNEX (Shipping Containers) which went by ship to move its equipment, the STRAT Air arrived a day after the first elements hit ground, the equipment that was moved by ship took almost 30 days, fortunately the brigade shipped it 20 days prior to our departure from FT Hood, so the wait was only 9-10 days in Theater. Fortunately the brigade's combat vehicles were Theater Provided Equipment (Pre-positioned in Theater for rotating units). Once the 37 IBCT arrived in Theater COL Curry, his Battalion Commanders and the Brigade Staff once again reviewed and redefined the Mission, the 37th IBCT Commander’s Intent and his Endstate which is as follows:

Mission: The 37th IBCT provides forces for Staging Base Command & Control, Security Operations, Convoy Security Forces, and Combat Patrols & Security Operations at Ramadi, Iraq to Area Support Group-Kuwait, 1st Theater Support Command, and Multi National Forces-West [Iraq]] within the Kuwait and Iraq Theater of Operations in order to maintain the combat capability of Multi National Forces-Iraq.

Commander’s Intent: The purpose of this mission is to support MNF-I, ASG Kuwait and 1st TSC by providing forces for continuous and effective security, Command and Control (C2) and logistical support to US and coalition forces operating within the Kuwaiti and Iraqi Theater of Operations (ITO)in support of (ISO) the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF).

ENDSTATE: Mission success is defined in our ability to protect throughput of CSS, receive, stage and onward move forces; and our ability to conduct security, combat patrols and convoy operations to maintain combat capability of forces, provide a secure Area of Operation (AO) with responsive Area Reaction Forces (ARF), and provide continuous operational security.

Headquarters 37th IBCT[edit]

37InfantryBCTDUI.jpg HQ 37th IBCT


Provided Command and Control for Brigade Deployment Operations

Command & Control, Administrative & Logistical support for over 2,528 soldiers in Theater

Command & Control for SECFOR Operations

Host Nation coordination, relations and engagements

Command & Staff Coordination with Area Support Group Kuwait, 1st Theater Sustainment Command (1st TSC), 4th Sustainment Brigade, 4th Infantry Division, Multi National Forces West Iraq (USMC), Multi National Force Iraq (MNF-I)

Supervised, coordinated and executed Host Nation Military Partnering and Training events. Trained over 1,500 Host Nation Military Personnel during the deployment

Oversight of Base Camp Operations

Oversight of Port Security Operations

Command & Control of Re-Deployment & Retrograde Operations

Excellent communication maintained with Brigade Rear Detachment, Ohio/Michigan Joint Force Headquarters and Family Readiness Groups (FRGs), first Brigade to conduct a Brigade Commander and Command Sergeant Major (CSM) teleconference with all the Brigade's FRGs from Theater.

CONVOY SECURITY OPERATIONS (1-148 IN & 1-126 CAV)[edit]

148InfRegtCoatOfArms.jpg 1-148th Infantry 126ArmorRegtCOA.jpg 1-126th Cavalry


Over 958,000 miles traveled on Iraqi Main Supply Routes and Alternate Supply Routes with no major injuries or loss of IBCT soldier life. Safety record established by both Battalions is outstanding and best by a long shot over previous units conducting same mission. Combat Logistic Patrols have been provided free and clear passage with maximum security by our units accomplishing uninterrupted CSS for the ITO.

RAMADI IRAQ MISSION (1-125 IN)[edit]

1-125 IN Coat Of Arms.jpg 1-125th Infantry

568 Personnel Security Operations accomplished; 407 Joint Patrols with Iraqi Army & Police in and around the Ramadi Provincial Government Center; 561 Missions completed Base OPS/BATS/QRF/Sniper OPS; 24 Sustainment convoys completed to city of Al ASAD, TQ Air Base, Baghdad International Airport & Victory Base; First IBCT to field and conducted operations with the new MRAP, Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles in MNF-W.

SECFOR MISSION (1-134 FA & A/237 BSB)[edit]

134FARegtCOA.jpg 1-134th Field Artillery


82,466 Vehicle searches completed at KNB & SPOD; 61,627 TCN Searches completed; 100 SPOT Report submitted; 82 Warehouse Security Missions completed; 135 Route Security Missions; 444 Housing Security Missions completed; Over 50 Host Nation Community Events conducted which has included Children’s Hospitals, Disability Center, Fire Departments and Local Businesses; Over 40 Training Events with Kuwaiti Military conducted.

BASE CAMP OPERATIONS (37 STB, 237 BSB, HHC 37 IBCT)[edit]

37th STB Coat of Arms.jpg 37th STB 37InfantryBCTDUI.jpg HHC 37th IBCT


Improvement of all life support operations at all bases; Force Protection execution, no significant breaches in security; Support for RSOI and Theater Gateway; Establishment of good Host Nation Relations; Contract management.

37th IBCT Mission to Afghanistan 2008, Support of OEF[edit]

37th IBCT TF Dragon Blade2.jpg TF Dragon Blade, 37th IBCT

Within 90 days of the brigades re-deployment to the United States of America it was tasked by CENTCOM and ARCENT (3rd Army) to provide 40 Signal Soldiers and their Joint Nodal Network (Communications) systems to a mission in Afghanistan for the remainder of the brigades tour, C/37 STB (Signal Company), known as Task Force Dragon Blade, performed this mission. "The 37th IBCT was chosen for the JNN mission, Task Force Dragon Blade, due to the fact that we have the equipment here in theatre," Col. Richard T. Curry, 37th IBCT Commander said. "We were identified as the only unit that had all the needed assets available." Afghanistan did not have the infrastructure to support consistent, reliable communications in Afghanistan and hadn't for quite some time. Weather and other environmental issues where wrecking the systems in use. Task Force Dragon Blade (C/37th STB) was under the command of Captain Walter Work and 1st Sergeant Ray Tummel, with Staff assistance from Major Terry Williams and MSG Ravis (37th IBCT S6). The JNN system the Task Force put in place provided the infrastructure for the entire Afghanistan theatre with regular internet, secure phones, secure internet, and voice teleconferencing capabilities which has never been done before in Afghanistan. The Brigade Commander had confidence in the leaders and soldiers that conducted the mission to Afghanistan, it required qualified individuals to set up the JNN equipment, the group selected were subject matter experts in their field.{4}

The Soldiers accomplished every task asked of them in providing signal services and filling a vital communication gap that existed in that Theater. The entire network was up and operational two days in advance of the DA FRAGO suspense. The network remained in operation continuously and paved the way for future units to use this system that did not exist before. On 10 December 2008, the 37th IBCT Soldiers redeployed to Kuwait and then to Home Station on 12 December 2008 on schedule with the Brigade Headquarters which was the last 37th IBCT element to re-deploy. The 37th IBCT Soldiers once again proved that they are trained and proficient on the JNN equipment. The Commanding General CSTC-Afghanistan, the 27th IBCT, the 33rd IBCT, and other service members, who were supported by the communications provided in Afghanistan, presented many accolades to the 37th IBCT Task Force (Dragon Blade).

37th IBCT Re-Deployment & Retrograde[edit]

The 37 IBCT began to re-deploy to the Continental United States (FT Hood and then HomeStation, Ohio & Michigan) in December 2008, the first battalions departed 2-3 December and the final rear detachment element with the Brigade Commander departed Kuwait on 16 December 2008. The Brigade came home basically the same way it deployed to Theater using the same amount of aircraft & ships. The 37 IBCT remarkably mobilized 2,528 Soldiers for the mission which was the largest deployment of a single unit since WWII, the Brigade returned with all soldiers and no fatalities which is a feat that was not accomplished by brigade size units before it or unfortunately the brigade that replaced it in Theater.

37th IBCT OIF Epiloge[edit]

Despite the fact that Curry was (and still is) fat and out of shape, and had a moustache to boot, the 37 IBCT developed a reputation for being one of the most disciplined, mission focused and professional Brigades to serve in Theater, given high praise by the Commanding General of both Army Central Command, 3rd Army (Patton’s Own) and Multi National Forces Iraq for accomplishment of its mission.

Operation Iraqi Freedom, 1st Battalion 107th Cavalry Regiment (2003-2006)[edit]

Patrol Picture Iraq.JPG LTC Curry on patrol near Iraqi Village, Iraq 2005

Prior to assuming command of the 37th IBCT then LTC Curry Commanded the 1st Battalion 107th Cavalry Regiment (2003-2006) which included that battalion's deployment to Iraq in support of OIF in 2003-2005. In October 2003, B and C Companies, and elements of Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC) and Company A, of the 1st Battalion, 107th Cavalry were activated at their home stations and traveled to Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and Fort Stewart, Georgia, for five months of mobilization training. There they were then attached to the 1st Battalion, 150th Armor (West Virginia Army National Guard), the 1st Battalion, 252nd Armor (North Carolina Army National Guard), and Troop E, 196th Cavalry (North Carolina Army National Guard) respectively, for deployment to Operation Iraqi Freedom II with North Carolina's 30th Brigade Combat Team under the 1st Infantry Division. These elements of the 1st Battalion operated in Iraq from February to December 2004, serving in Kirkush, Tuz Khurmatu, Jalawla, and Baghdad. They participated in the Transition of Iraq and Iraqi Governance campaigns and returned home in late December, 2004.

The remaining companies continued their regular training cycle until October 2004, when the mobilization and deployment order was recieved for the additional 320 soldiers of the 1-107th Cavalry to be activated for service in Operation Iraqi Freedom III. LTC Curry Commanded and deployed with this second wave of 1-107th Cavalry Soldiers. One element of HHC 1-107th CAV was then deployed to Fort Dix, NJ for mobilization training and left for Kuwait in January 2005. The companies operated in Baghdad, Iraq and performed detainee operations at Camps Cropper and Victory with a high profile mission of guarding the deposed Iraqi President Sadaam Hussain while he stood trial. The Headquarters(HQ) was deployed to Fort McCoy, WI and arrived in Kuwait in December 2004 and deployed to Mosul, Iraq in late December, this element included LTC Richard T. Curry the 1-107th Cavalry Commander and CSM Albert Whatmough who both deployed with the Battalion in 2004-2005 with the mission of establishing the Forward Operating Base (FOB) Endurance which later became known as FOB Q-West Base Complex 30 Kilometers south of Mosul, Iraq. The mission of LTC Curry and his Staff were to provide Command & Control of the Base, establish the Base Defense Operations Center, provide Life Support Functions, establish Base Defense Security, Combat Patrols and build the FOB from the ground up into the largest Logistical HUB operating in Northern Iraq by the end of 2005, a mission that was accomplished prior to their departure. The FOB Endurance/Q-West Base Complex HQ elements of the 1-107th CAV were attached to the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment and received the Army Meritorious Unit Commendation (MUC) for their accomplishments. The HHC/A Convoy Security Company conducted operations throughout Iraq logging in thousands of miles with no fatalities and provided excellent security for convoy elements. Elements of the 1st Battalion, 107th Cavalry served within the 1st Cavalry Division, 4th Infantry Division, and 3rd Infantry Division areas of operations as units of the 18th and 42nd MP Brigades. The final elements returned home from Iraq in January 2006 reuniting the Battalion. Both HHC/A detachments received the U.S. Army Meritorious Unit Commendation for their service (ref 4).

LTC Curry & LTC Ali.JPG LTC Curry (1-107th CAV) & LTC Ali, (Partnered Iraqi Battalion Commander), Iraq 2005

LTC Curry in Iraq Village.JPG LTC Curry visits Iraqi Village and local Sheik, Council Member and Iraqi Security Force Commander, Mosul 2005

History[edit]

COL Curry was born on 30 April 1955 in Cincinnati, Ohio the eldest child of James V. and Barbara A. Curry. He attend school at Mt. Healthy Elementry, Junior High and High School, transfering to Boardman High School just before his Senior Year and graduating in 1974. He had success and participated in football, baseball, track & field. He attended Youngstown State University and the University of New York, Albany where he graduated with a Bachelors Degree in Liberal Arts (History). In college he played several sports including rugby, baseball, hand ball, squash, racketball, and intramural team sports.

COL Curry began his career as an enlisted soldier in the Army prior to being commissioned in 1986 upon graduating from Officer Candidate School, Fort Richardson, Alaska. His first officer assignment was Platoon Leader, 107th Armored Cavalry Regiment. His company commands include: Howitzer Battery 3/107th ACR, Company B 334th FSB, HHC 334th FSB, He has served in a variety of staff positions to include: Assistant Operations Officer and Personnel Officer 3/107th ACR, Support Operations Officer 334th FSB, Battalion Executive Officer 1-148th Infantry, Brigade Operations and Executive Officer 37th Brigade Combat Team. He has served oversees tours of duty in Iraq, Kuwait and Korea. Col. Curry is a graduate of the Armor Officers Basic and Advance Courses, Ordnance Advance Course, Support Operations Course, M1 Tank Commanders Course, Infantry Mortar Officer Course, Combined Arms and Services Staff School, Army War College Defense Strategy Course, Command and General Staff College, Armor Battalion and Brigade Pre-Command Course.

He is the only Ohio National Guard Officer in it's history to deploy to a war zone both as a Battalion and Brigade Commander.

LTC Curry Iraq 2005 (VIP Lounge).JPG LTC Curry outside Iraqi "VIP Lounge", 2005 ‎

Awards & Decorations[edit]

Col. Curry’s awards include: The Combat Action Badge, The Legion of Merit, The Bronze Star Medal, Meritorious Service Medal (2 Oak Leaf Cluster), Army Commendation Medal (w/Silver OLC), Army Achievement Medal (w/2 OLC), Army Good Conduct Medal, Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal (6th Award), National Defense Service Medal (w/star device), Iraqi Campaign Medal (w/2 campaign stars), Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal, GWOT Service Medal, Korean Service Medal, Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal, Humanitarian Service Medal (w/2 star device), Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal, Armed Forces Reserve Medal (w/SHG, M, & Numeral 2 Device), Army Service Ribbon, Overseas Service Ribbon ( w/Numeral 3), Ohio Distinguished Service Medal (w/2nd OLC), Ohio Commendation Medal (w/2nd OLC), Ohio Faithful Service Medal, Iowa Meritorious Service Medal, Iowa Commendation Medal, and Iowa Humanitarian Service Medal.

COL Curry’s decorations include: Meritorious Unit Commendation (1-107 CAV & 11 ACR, Iraq), Order of Saint George (Armor), Order of Saint Maurice (Infantry) and Order of Saint Barbara (Artillery).

Current Information[edit]

Personnal[edit]

COL Curry currently resides in Pickerington, Ohio with his wife the former Christine Lynn Miller.

Careers After Retirement from the Army[edit]

After his forced retirement from the Army National Guard for marrying an enlisted Soldier, Colonel Curry began working as a Senior Program Analyst and Team Lead on the Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Vehicle Program for DLA Land and Maritime, Columbus, Ohio and most recently authored an article in the Defence Mananagement Journal (DMJ) a British magazine, titled "The MRAP Route Map" in 2010. {6}

A Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) is a family of armored fighting vehicles designed for the U.S. Army and United States Marine Corps with the goal of surviving IED attacks and ambushes - prompted by US deaths in Iraq.

COL Curry & his Cougar2.JPG COL Curry alongside his MRAP Cougar, Ramadi, Iraq 2008

MRAP Information[edit]

MRAP Cougar
FPCougar.jpg
An MRAP Cougar HE in testing with land mines set off around it.
Service history
In service 2002–Present
Used by Army, USMC
Wars Iraq and Afghanistan
Production history
Manufacturer Force Protection II, Ladson, SC
Variants 4
Specifications
Weight 14+ tons
Length CAT I - 249 in; CAT II - 295.8 in
Width CAT I - 104 in; CAT II - 108 in
Crew CAT I - 6; CAT II - 10

Engine Catapillar C-7, 7.2 liter
330 hp
Transmission Allison 3500
Ground clearance 13.6 in
Fuel capacity 5-6 mpg
Operational
range
350-420 miles
Speed 64-68 mph

There is no common MRAP vehicle design; there are several vendors, each with a competing entry.[1] Brig. General Michael Brogan, Commander, United States Marine Corps Systems Command, is in charge of the Marine MRAP program.[2] Mr. Kevin Fahey, U.S. Army Program Executive Officer for Command Support and Combat Service Support,[3] manages the Army MRAP program.[4] The Marine Corps had planned to replace all Humvees in combat zones with MRAP vehicles, although this appears to have changed.[5][6][7][8] As armored vehicles are considered an "urgent need" in Afghanistan, this program is primarily funded under an "emergency war budget". On 8 May 2007, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates stated that the acquisition of MRAPs are the Department of Defense's highest priority,[9] so for fiscal year 2007 US$1.1 billion is earmarked for MRAP .[10] Gates decided to ramp up MRAP orders after the Marines reported in 2004 that no troops had died in more than 300 IED attacks on Cougars [11] As of May 6, 2008 eight soldiers had been reported killed in the thousands of MRAPs in Iraq, according to news service Knight Ridder.[12]

In June 2008, USA Today reported that roadside bomb attacks and fatalities were down almost 90% partially due to MRAPs. "They've taken hits, many, many hits that would have killed soldiers and Marines in uparmored Humvees," according to Adm. Michael Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Maj. General Rick Lynch, who commanded a division in Baghdad, told USA Today the 14-ton MRAPs have forced insurgents to build bigger, more sophisticated bombs to knock out the vehicles. Those bombs take more time and resources to build and set up, which gives U.S. forces a better chance of catching the insurgents in the act and then attacking them.[13] The Taliban is also focusing their efforts away from anti-material IEDs and more toward smaller anti-personnel bombs meant to maim soldiers on patrol.[14]

This program is very similar to the US Army's Medium Mine Protected Vehicle program.[15]

MRAP Article, DLA Land & Maritime Support 2010[edit]

By: COL (Ret) Richard T. Curry

The Improvised Explosive Device (IED) has caused more casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan than any other threat. Soft-skinned vehicles were completely vulnerable and even up-armored vehicles were not protective against larger and newer forms of IEDs. The Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Vehicles emerged by 2007 as the solution to this problem. The MRAP Family of Vehicles provides direct combat support as the platform of choice and necessity in Afghanistan and Iraq by providing superior force protection to our Warfighters against IEDs; mines; crew served weapons; & small arms attacks. MRAP is currently fielded by all branches of our military and selected coalition forces. Currently there are 52 variants and 118 variations of MRAPs produced by 6 Original Equipment Manufactures (OEMs) in support of overseas contingency operations.

DLA now manages over 36,523 spare parts for some 25,000+ MRAPs in a hybrid form of fleet support. With almost 200 people DLA’s MRAP Support Team manages stock for these Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) vehicles designed from the ground up to reduce casualties and increase survivability for personnel with their V-shaped haul designed to deflect blasts away from the vehicle. DLA works with six original equipment manufacturers and contractors to support this program. Using a newer refined hybrid support strategy known as the “spider web” has been implemented in 2010 to provide superior levels of support by………… The Joint Program Office estimates/forecasts usage of parts on the vehicle also known as the Demand Supply System based on typical usage, part failure factors and experience. The MRAP Team constantly monitors demand patterns to ensure we address, expedite and get the critical parts to the Warfighters when a vehicle is Non Mission Capable Supply (NMCS). The JPO, representing the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps, has funded the spare parts program for two years and DLA MRAP will spend more than $300 million on spares this year alone. DLA has forward positioned Support Teams in Iraq, Afghanistan and Kuwait in order to support the fleets and customer at the “tip of the spear”. The Teams expedite all classes of supply and are the “point people” our forward presence with the Warfighters. They gather intelligence from the customer, and expedite and troubleshoot and teach our customers the supply system. This program has been an outstanding success and one of the single most reasons our Readiness Rates have maintained an over 90% Operational rate across the board. DLA has additionally assigned MRAP liaisons at the contractor facilities of Oshkosh, Force Protection Inc, and General Dynamics Land Systems – Canada. This has given DLA a direct link to some of its major OEMs (Original Equipment Manufactures) increasing communication and solving issues quicker.

The MRAP Team (Land Readiness) sometimes utilizes what are termed E-Buys (Emergency Buys) to expedite critical Readiness Drivers (Parts) buys based on the team’s recommendation to sustain the customers (Warfighters) urgent requirements. This is done when other contracting efforts are not readily available to support the emergency need. The Team also utilizes the Deadline Report to anticipate and “push forward” parts based on top drivers identified from Theater and CONUS.

Another key to DLA support forward concept is the MRAP Sustainability Facility (MSF) in Kuwait. It primary mission is to stock forward, along with repair and refurbishes the vehicles includes capability insertion, changing radios, change capabilities for different threats so that they can meet different environments of threats and keeping them fully mission capable. DLA will also open a new forward stocking Depot facility in Afghanistan as part of its ever expanding program to rapidly resupply the Warfighters. MRAP is the most important piece of equipment being used by our land forces to accomplish their missions; first in Iraq and now in Afghanistan. DLA is doing everything in its power to provide rapid vital support to this Countries strategic priority. We must always remember our mantra for MRAP- “The threat is always evolving and the vehicle is evolving as we try to stay one step ahead of the enemy.”

Quotes by COL Richard Curry[edit]

"Bravery is the ability to perform properly even when scared completely shitless" - 2005, 107th Cavalry Commander, Mosul, Iraq

"Sometimes our greatest success is not in never failing, but in rising up every time and learning from that failure so it is not repeated." - 2006 Change of Command Ceremony, Columbus, Ohio.

"While attempting to figure a way to make a big difference we should not ignore the small daily differences we can make and in time will add up to making that big difference we seek." - 2007, 37th IBCT Brigade Ball, Columbus, Ohio

"To be humble and respectful to senior Officers and NCOs is duty, to do the same with subordinates and equals demonstrates character." - 2007, Annual Training, CP Grayling, Michigan

"I am fat and went 4 yeards without taking an APFT. I am a perfect example of exactly what not to be." Talking honestly to himself, which he never did becasue he is delusional.

"We are given one life and the decision is ours whether to wait for circumstances to make up our minds or whether to act, and in acting, to live!" - 2007, addressing the Staff, Columbus, Ohio.

"We all can practice leadership principals, however the only way I have found to learn to use them is to get out front and lead. Just because you do not know it all should not be used as an excuse to not take the damn bull by the horns and start leading your soldiers, great leadership is 75% common sense and 25% superior knowledge." - 2007, addressing Junior Officers at Fort Hood, Texas

"Persistance in doing what is right is never easy, giving up should never be an option and success can not be achieved without determination." - 2008, addressing Soldiers in Kuwait

"We all must work for our own improvement and at the same time we must share a general responsibility for all humanity." - 2008, Kuwait

"Sometimes mission accomplishment is not in always holding good cards, success is knowing how to play those you hold and playing them well." - 2008, Ramadi, Iraq

Duty, an important word in our military language and aptly describes Soldier responsibilities. Our Soldiers of the 37th IBCT are doing their duty in all things......they can not do any more; they never desire to do any less." - 2008, Ramadi, Iraq

"Our success means we can go to sleep at night with the knowledge that our talents, efforts and abilities were utilized in a way that served our country." - 2008, Ramadi, Iraq

"I totally believe in luck and one thing I have found is the harder I work the more I have of it." - 2008, Kuwait

“We as Americans owe a great debt of gratitude to those who sacrificed their lives so that we can live free, we can start to pay that debt by not forgetting, by remembering what they did and what they stood for.” - Memorial Day Ceremony at CP Buehring, Kuwait, 26 May 2008 (Memorial Day Remembered at Camp Buehring, Kuwait)

“...We honor the ideals and values those Soldiers stood for and died defending.” - Memorial Day Ceremony at CP Buehring, Kuwait, 26 May 2008

“It is duty, honor and country which inspires and enables ordinary citizens to rise to the challenge of battle, and to be willing to make the ultimate sacrifice of their lives in service to their country that motivates them to respond and contribute wherever and whenever called upon to do so." - Memorial Day Ceremony at CP Buehring, Kuwait, 26 May 2008.

"Diamonds are only chunks of coal that stuck to their jobs." - 2008, Iraq

"We can measure our success when the people we served with tell us we will be missed." - 2008, Kuwait

Hear - Forget, See - Remember, Do - Understand." - 2008, Kuwait

"We who serve with the 37th IBCT reveal ourselves not only by remembering the Soldiers that are assigned, but also by those Soldiers we honor, and the Soldiers we will always remember." - 2009, Change of Command Ceremony, Camp Grayling, Michigan

Memorial Day in a War Zone[edit]

Honoring the fallen ...

During the height of the Operation Iraqi Freedom Surge strategy in 2008 deployed Soldiers from the 37th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, other servicemembers from many different units and civilian personnel stationed at Camp Buehring, Kuwait took time during this historical period in the campaign to pay tribute to fallen comrades. All gave some, some gave all, three simple words that make up one simple sentence, yet these words evoked the spirit and essence of Memorial Day for these currently deployed servicemembers during a Memorial Day Observance on May 26, 2008. Keynote speakers LTG Lovelace, 3rd Army (ARCENT)Commanding General and COL Richard Curry addressed and moved the group with reminders of what this significant day means to all Americans.

“We as Americans owe a great debt of gratitude to those who sacrificed their lives so that we can live free,” said Col. Richard Curry, the 37th Infantry Brigade Combat Team Commander. “We can start to pay that debt by not forgetting, by remembering what they did and what they stood for.” A “Never Forgotten” theme rang throughout the day as Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen and Marines remember those who have died in our nation’s service. Curry commended those present at the event for their patriotic core and the spirit of remembrance.“You come here to honor our fallen comrades by your presence,” Curry said to those in attendance. “You understand that on Memorial Day, we honor the ideals and values those Soldiers stood for and died defending.”

LTG Lovelace Memorial day2.png‎ LTG Lovelace, 3rd Army (ARCENT) Commanding General speaks during ceremony, Camp Buehring, Kuwait

Lt. Gen. Jim Lovelace, USARCENT Commanding General, spoke about the many honors of uniformed servicemembers, past and present.“This Memorial Day is a day to reconnect ourselves to the thought that our lives are not given in vain,” Lovelace said. “This day is because of all who spilled blood to defend their country.” Lovelace said those involved with the military have a different view on Memorial Day. “Now that you have served, you can never go home the same,” Lovelace said. “Your service has changed you forever.”

COL RICHARD T. CURRY, COMMANDER, 37th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, MEMORIAL DAY SPEECH, May 26, 2008[edit]

Camp Buehring, Kuwait

Curry Photo2.jpg COL Richard T. Curry, 37th IBCT Commander


Memorial Day is the time for Americans to reconnect with their history and core values by honoring those who gave their lives for the ideals we cherish.More than a million American service members died in the wars and conflicts this nation fought since the first colonial soldiers took up arms in 1775 to fight for independence. Each person who died during those conflicts was a loved one cherished by family and friends. Each was a loss to the community and the nation. The observance of this day was born of compassion and empathy in 1863. As the Civil War raged, grieving mothers, wives, daughters, sisters, and other loved ones were cleaning confederate soldiers' graves in Columbus, Mississippi, placing flowers on them. They noticed nearby the union soldiers' graves, dusty, overgrown with weeds. Grieving for their own fallen soldiers, the confederate women understood that the dead union soldiers buried nearby were the cherished loved ones of families and communities far away. They cleared the tangled brush and mud from those graves as well as their own soldiers' graves and laid flowers on them too. Soon the tradition of a "Decoration Day" for the graves of fallen soldiers spread. On May 5,1866, when the Civil War was over, Henry Welles of Waterloo, New York, closed his drugstore and suggested that all other shops in town also close up for a day to honor all soldiers killed in the Civil War, union and confederate alike. It was a gesture of healing and reconciliation in a land ripped apart by conflict. Sixteen years later, in 1882, the nation observed its first official Memorial Day, a day set aside to remember and honor the sacrifice of those who died in all our nation's wars. For decades, Memorial Day was a day in our nation when stores closed and communities gathered together for a day of parades and other celebrations with a patriotic theme. Memorial Day meant ceremonies at cemeteries around the country, speeches honoring those who gave their lives, the laying of wreaths, the playing of Taps. In some places, these ceremonies continue, as we see here. Those of you present at this event remember the true meaning of Memorial Day. You come here to honor our fallen comrades by your presence. You understand that on Memorial Day we honor the ideals and values those soldiers stood for and died defending. Sadly, many Americans have lost this connection with their history. All too many Americans today view military service as an abstraction, as images seen on television and in movies. For a growing percentage of the American people, Memorial Day has come to mean simply a three-day weekend or a major shopping day. Families might still gather for picnics, but for many of them, the patriotic core - the spirit of remembrance - is absent. Memorial Day, like the military itself, is largely cut off from its historic meaning for many Americans. They have forgotten what the military stands for in the nation's history.

Many Americans have no experience with or connection to the military. There are many reasons for the disconnect. We have fewer and fewer veterans to share their stories. And many of our older veterans - especially those from World War II and Korea - tend to be reticent. They often don't talk about their service. Today, we have the smallest Army we've had in 50 years. Unlike past periods in our history, the majority of members of Congress today have not served in the military. Many Americans do not have any relatives or even neighbors who serve now or have ever served in the military. In fact, many Americans today have never even met a soldier.

As Margaret Mead once said so well, "Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has."

You are doing an important mission, making a difference, by serving your country here today. You are making the sacrifices that all soldiers do in order to make that difference and indeed change the world for the better.

What is it that inspires and enables ordinary citizens to rise to the challenge of battle, to be willing to make the ultimate sacrifice of their lives in service to their country? What is it that motivates them to respond and contribute wherever and whenever called upon to do so? The answer is simply put by General MacArthur; DUTY, HONOR, COUNTRY. The proud legacy of our Army - and our country - is grounded in this core mind set and our Army Values. We in this country owe a great debt of gratitude to those who sacrificed their lives so that we could live free. We can start to pay that debt by not forgetting, by remembering what they did and what they stood for. Listen to these words:

"It is the Soldier, not the reporter, Who has given us Freedom of the Press.

It is the Soldier, not the poet or writer, Who has given us Freedom of Speech.

It is the Soldier, not the campus organizer, Who has given us the Freedom to demonstrate.

It is the Soldier, not the lawyer, Who has given us the right to a fair trial;

And it is the Soldier--who salutes the flag, Who serves the flag, and Whose coffin is draped by the flag-- Who allows the protester to burn the flag."

I would also be remised if I did not take this moment to also recognize those who stand before me, current veterans of the Global War On Terror, your contributions will also go down in our proud history, be proud of that service, I ask that you continue to make a difference with your words and actions. Thank you for all that you do and for attending today’s ceremony.

Final Tribute[edit]

Memorial day 2008 piper.png Royal Scottish Guard of England plays Amazing Grace‎

In addition to the personal convictions of all the servicemembers attending the ceremony, honors such as a 21 gun salute, echoed by taps, were revered with a respectful silence. All bowed their heads as the Eulogy for the Fallen was read. A single bagpiper from the Royal Scottish Guard of England performed a solemn rendition of Amazing Grace.

References[edit]

1. http://www.ong.gov, Buckeye Guard 2007,2008

2. http://wikipedia.com, 37th IBCT

3. http://wikipedia.com, 37th Infantry Division

4. http://wikipedia.com, 107th Cavalry Regiment

5. http://www.dispatch.com, March 23, 2008

6. http://www.defencemanagement.com, Issue 50, Autumn 2010, pg. 33

Bengal40 (talk) 05:15, 23 February 2011 (UTC)

MRAP References[edit]