User:Bilhartz/747th Tank Battalion (United States)
|747th Tank Battalion|
747th Tank Battalion coat of arms
|Active||5 May 1942 – 6 March 1946
9 December 1946 – 31 January 1954
|Part of||Independent Unit|
|Disbanded||31 January 1954|
The 747th Tank Battalion was an independent tank battalion that participated in the European Theater of Operations with the United States Army in World War II. It was credited with an assault landing at Normandy, landing the morning after the initial D-Day landings (D+1). The battalion participated in combat operations throughout northern Europe until V-E Day. After the war it was briefly engaged in occupation duties. Redesignated the 747th Amphibian Tank Battalion on 14 July 1945, it was inactivated in March 1946.
The battalion was reactivated in December 1946 as a reserve unit. The unit was called into active military service as the 747th Amphibious Tank and Tractor Battalion at the start of the Korean War but did not deploy overseas. It was released from active duty in September 1953 and inactivated in January 1954.
Activation and Deployment
The 747th Tank Battalion was activated at Camp Bowie, Texas on 10 November 1942 as the 747th Tank Battalion (Medium). The battalion embarked from New York on 11 February 1944 and arrived in England on 23 February 1944.
1st Inf Div (p. 5)
- 7-13 June 1944
2nd Inf Div (p. 18)
- Co B: 8-15 June 1944
- Co D: 11-15 June 1944
29th Inf Div (p. 126)
- 17 May-17 August 1944
- 28 September 1944-6 Mar 1945
- 29 Mar-23 July 1945
Normandy Landings and Breakout in France
First elements landed at Vierville-sur-Mer at 0700 on 7 June 1944. BY afternoon most of battalion had landed and was attached to the 175th Inf Rgt for attack on Isigny. Isigny was taken by 0300 on 9 June.<June 44 AAR> Two platoons of Company B were initially attached to 18th Inf Rgt for advance on Mandeville. <June 1944 AAR>
Siegfried Line and Battle of the Bulge
Advance into Germany
Unit Awards and Decorations
- French Croix de Guerre: 6 June 1944, Department of the Army General Order 43-50, Attached to 29th Infantry Division.
- Occupation Duty – Germany: 2 May-4 Sep 1945.
- ”Order of Battle of the United States Army World War II European Theater of Operations Divisions”
- DA Pam 672-1, p.364
- Blumenson, Martin. Breakout and Pursuit. Washington, DC: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1993. http://www.history.army.mil/html/books/007/7-5-1/CMH_Pub_7-5-1_fixed.pdf
- Cole, Hugh M. The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge. Washington, DC: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1993. http://www.history.army.mil/html/books/007/7-8-1/CMH_Pub_7-8-1.pdf
- Combined Arms Research Library (CARL) Digital Collection.
- - "747th Tank Battalion After Action Report, June 1944-April 1945". http://cgsc.cdmhost.com/cdm/singleitem/collection/p4013coll8/id/3553/rec/6.
- - "Order of battle of the United States Army, World War II, European Theater of Operations, divisions." http://cgsc.contentdm.oclc.org/utils/getfile/collection/p4013coll8/id/2479/filename/2495.pdf
- - "Unit Journal 741st Tank Battalion". http://cgsc.cdmhost.com/cdm/singleitem/collection/p4013coll8/id/3442/rec/15.
- Harrison, Gordon A. Cross Channel Attack. Washington, DC: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1993.
- Headquarters, Department of the Army. DA Pam 672-1 Unit Citation and Campaign Participation Credit Register. Washington, DC: U.S. Army, July 1961. http://www.army.mil/usapa/epubs/pdf/p672_1.pdf
- Sawicki, James A. Tank Battalions of the U.S. Army. Dumfries, VA: Wyvern Press, 1983. ISBN 0960240454
- U.S. Army Center of Military History, World War II Divisional Combat Chronicles.
- Williams, Mary H. (ed.). Chronology 1941-1945. Washington, DC: U.S. Army Center of Military History: 1989
- Yeide, Harry. Steel Victory. New York, NY: Ballentine Books, 2003. ISBN 0891417826
- Zaloga, Steven J. US Tank and Tank Destroyer Battalions in the ETO 1944-1945. Botley, Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2005. ISBN 1841767980