Hindu views on Pantheism

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Hinduism is often related to Pantheism for its known pantheistic elements.


It is notable that Hindu religious texts are the oldest known literature containing pantheistic ideas. There is no single founder of Hinduism, nor there is single prominent scripture. Central belief is reincarnation, that soul experiences transmigration through number of births, the reality is God, who is impersonal. Therefore everything, including humans, deities, plants, earth are part of universal god.

Advaita Vedanta[edit]

The Advaita Vedanta school of Hinduism teaches that the Atman (true self; human soul) is indistinct from Brahman (the unknown reality of everything). The branches of Hinduism teaching forms of pantheism are known as non-dualist schools.[1]

Other views[edit]

In Hindu Sanatana Dharma theology Brahm/Parabrahma is the one unchanging, infinite, immanent, and transcendent reality which is the Divine Ground of all things in this Universe.[2] If one adds two whole parts the result is one whole and if one whole is subtracted from another whole the result is another whole – it means there is one whole universe and it is all pervaded by Trimurti.[3] Since the universe has come forth from the Divine, all things and beings are sacred and must be treated so in human thought and action. The Divine sleeps in minerals, awakens in plants, walks in animals and thinks in humans.[4]

The idea of pantheism is traceable from the Puranas which are the nearest allegorical representations created for the masses whereas Vedas were for the highly literate. All Mahāvākyas (Great Sayings) of the Upanishads, in one way or another, seem to indicate the unity of the world with the Brahman.[5] It further says, "This whole universe is Brahman, from Brahman to a clod of earth."[6]


  1. ^ Bhaskarananda, Swami (1994), The Essentials of Hinduism: a comprehensive overview of the world's oldest religion, Seattle, WA: Viveka Press, ISBN 1-884852-02-5
  2. ^ Harold Koenig, Dana King, Verna B. Carson. [[1] Handbook of Religion and Health]. Oxford University Press. 
  3. ^ Ikechi Mgbeoji. [[2] Global Biopiracy: Patents, Plants, and Indigenous Knowledge]. UBC Press. p. 53. 
  4. ^ W.W. Hunter. [[3] The Indian Empire: Its People, History and Products]. Routledge. p. 98. 
  5. ^ "A Survey of Hinduism: First Edition", by Klaus K. Klostermaier, p. 201
  6. ^ "Hindu Literature: Or the Ancient Books of India", P.115, by Elizabeth A. Reed