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|This page in a nutshell: The discussion closer's duty to determine community consensus about the issue discussed (not to be confused with determining the consensus of the discussion participants), primarily by evaluating and weighing the arguments presented in the discussion in terms of how well they are based in policy, is particularly important in RM title discussions where there is a history of "no consensus" findings for the same proposal.
To accomplish this, a helpful thought experiment can be to imagine the proposed move is made and to consider what policy-based arguments would stand. If the result of such experiment is that there would be no, or only very weak, policy-based reasons to restore what is now the current title, and there are strong policy-based reasons favoring the proposed title, that indicates that community consensus supports the proposed move, even if a consensus of the discussion participants does not.
- The closer's duty is to determine community consensus regarding the title of the article in question, not the consensus of the participants.
- Though there may be no consensus among those that happen to be participating in the discussion, that doesn't mean there is no community consensus regarding the title.
- Community consensus about the title in question is not determined by counting !votes, but by an analysis of the arguments presented in the discussion, especially by evaluating the arguments based on how well they are based in policy, guidelines and conventions (because those reflect community consensus).
This is especially important to consider in situations where there has been a history of "no consensus" closes, as was the case with Yogurt. There, the title, Yogurt vs. Yoghurt, was disputed for seven years involving no less than eight RM discussions, most closed as no consensus. Arguably, in all of these discussions, the support (move to Yogurt) side was supported by stronger policy-based arguments, particularly arguments based on what is now known as WP:RETAIN, and WP:COMMONNAME, but closing admins seemed reluctant to find consensus because of large numbers of weak opposing !votes. With the notable exceptions of RM #2 (which was reversed by RM #3 by dubious reasoning), and RM #8 (which finally ended the saga), they closed the discussions as "no consensus". See #Yogurt title history.
In all eight of the Yogurt vs. Yoghurt RM discussions, the main support arguments were, essentially:
- the original established title of the article was Yogurt, and it had been moved, without sufficiently broad input, contrary to WP:ENGVAR and WP:RETAIN, to Yoghurt, and
- the spelling without the h complied better with WP:COMMONNAME because it was more commonly used overall, and because it was commonly used even in those English speaking regions where the h variant was more common.
Further, it was argued, repeatedly    , that if the article was moved to Yogurt, there would be no equally strong policy-based argument to move it back to Yoghurt. Indeed, since the move was finally made at the end of 2011, the eight-year-long dispute about the title of that article was finally resolved.
Had the closing admins found in favor of the move because of the substantially stronger policy-based arguments, and lack of strong counter arguments that would support a reverse move, that dispute would likely have been resolved much sooner. Years sooner.
We seek to have contentious title conflicts resolved sooner by urging RM discussion closers to take their duty to determine community consensus seriously, and to not be dissuaded from doing so just because there is no consensus among discussion participants.
- 1 Participant consensus vs. community consensus
- 2 The significance of a history of "no consensus" results
- 3 Yogurt title history
- 4 Conditions required for Yogurt Principle to apply
- 5 Examples of titles with histories of "no consensus" closes
- 6 Examples of determining "no consensus" of participants rather than community consensus
- 7 References
Participant consensus vs. community consensus
Critical to understanding the Yogurt Principle is understanding and appreciating the difference between a consensus of those participating in a discussion, and what community consensus is about the issue being discussed.
Any given discussion on Wikipedia, even the relatively large RfCs involving dozens, is comprised of a small self-selected (not random) sample of the thousands of WP editors that make up the community, and is by no means guaranteed to be a representative sample of the much larger community. This is why determining consensus among the participants of a discussion is not an effective way to determine community consensus about the question at issue. For example, if half of, say, twenty participants favor a proposal and half oppose, that result tells us there is no consensus among the participants, but nothing about whether there is community consensus about the proposal, and, if so, what it is.
This is why discussions closers on Wikipedia have the duty to determine consensus by evaluating the arguments in terms of how well they are based in policy (which reflects community consensus), rather than by determining what, if anything, the consensus of those who happen to be participating is, as reflected at Wikipedia:Closing_discussions#Consensus, which says:
The closer is there to judge the consensus of the community [not of the discussion participants], after discarding irrelevant arguments: those that flatly contradict established policy, those based on personal opinion only, those that are logically fallacious, those that show no understanding of the matter of issue.
Consensus is not determined by counting heads, but by looking at strength of argument, and underlying policy (if any). Arguments that contradict policy, are based on opinion rather than fact, or are logically fallacious, are frequently discounted.
This idea is reflected at Wikipedia:RMCI#Determining_consensus:
Consensus is determined not just by considering the preferences of the participants in a given discussion, but also by evaluating their arguments, assigning due weight accordingly, and giving due consideration to the relevant consensus of the Wikipedia community in general as reflected in applicable policy, guidelines and naming conventions.
Consensus is determined by the quality of the arguments given on the various sides of an issue, as viewed through the lens of Wikipedia policy.
The significance of a history of "no consensus" results
RM closers are sometimes understandably reluctant to find that community consensus favors a move in a discussion, based on stronger policy-based arguments, when a consensus of the participants does not support it. After all, those opposing may not take the time and make the effort to fully explain the policy-based arguments opposing the move if it appears there is no consensus anyway. This is likely to be especially true the first time a given RM title change is proposed. But by the time there have been several such proposals made, it is more reasonable to assume that if there are relevant strong policy-based arguments, they have been presented.
This is why when there is a history of "no consensus" results, it's especially reasonable to evaluate community consensus based on the arguments presented in terms of policy basis.
If both sides are truly supported by strong policy-based arguments about equally, then discussion should be closed as no consensus, perhaps with a suggestion that it might be time to look at revising the applicable policies and guidelines, as they are providing conflicting guidance in at least the given situation.
Otherwise, one side is better supported by policy-based arguments, indicating that community consensus supports that side, and the discussion should be closed accordingly, even if there is no consensus among the participants.
Yogurt title history
The following chronology notes key events in the history of the title of the Yogurt article.
- December 10, 2002 - Article created as Yogurt
- November 17, 2003 - Suggestion on talk page to change spelling to Yoghurt because of pronunciation.
- December 25, 2003 - "Yogurt" spelling changed to Yoghurt
- June 1, 2004: Spelling questioned
- August 26, 2004 - Yogurt spelling restored
- September 18, 2004 -Spelling changed back to Yoghurt
- May 12-17, 2005 - RM #1 result: No consensus (stays at Yoghurt)
- October 10-25 2006 -RM #2 result: Move to yogurt
- October 26-November 1, 2006 - RM #3 result: No consensus (moved back to yoghurt)
- May 14-21, 2007 - RM #4 result: No consensus (stays at Yoghurt)
- June 21, 2009 - July 5, 2009 - RM #5 result: No consensus (stays at Yoghurt)
- July 8, 2009 - RM #6 result: No consensus (stays at Yoghurt)
- Sep 15 - Oct 27, 2011 - RM #7 result: No consensus (stays at Yoghurt)
- Dec 2-10, 2011: RM #8 result: Move to Yogurt
Of the eight RM discussion, closers decided the outcome was "no consensus" six times. There was a finding of consensus for moving to Yogurt in RM #2, but this was reversed by a no consensus finding in RM #3.
Analyses of RM #1, RM #2, RM #3 and RM #4 show that in each of these cases, had the closer determined community consensus based on how well arguments were based in policy, particularly by ignoring JDLI and arguments that gave no reasons, rather than by counting !votes, the finding would have been that consensus supported moving to Yogurt.
This was verified once the title was so changed, and there has been no objection whatsoever from the community about that title ever since.
Conditions required for Yogurt Principle to apply
In order for the Yogurt Principle to apply to a given situation, the following conditions should be present in a proposed move:
- Most if not all relevant strong policy-based arguments are likely to have been presented in discussion, such as when the proposal to re-title the article from the current title in question to the proposed title has been challenged in repeated RM discussions.
- Support for the proposal is based on strong policy-based arguments.
- If the move were made, there would be no conceivable significant policy-based arguments to initiate a reverse move discussion comparable to those currently favoring the move.
- Assuming the move is made, strong policy-based arguments currently favoring the move now would still apply to defend the new title.
- It was the original title of the article, community consensus to move this article from Yogurt was never demonstrated, and it has been stable and non-controversial since it was restored in 2011 (WP:RETAIN, WP:ENGVAR)
- It meets WP:COMMONNAME and WP:CRITERIA better than "yoghurt" (it is natural and recognizable even in most English speaking regions where the h spelling is more commonly used)
In other cases, other strong arguments are likely to apply.
In the case of Ivory Coast...
Examples of titles with histories of "no consensus" closes
The following are examples of RM proposals that were repeatedly closed as "no consensus" even though moving was supported better by policy. Most were eventually moved as proposed, which settled the matter in each case.
- Chicago, Illinois → Chicago
- Napoleon I → Napoleon
- H0 scale → HO scale
- Borderline case since there was only one previous challenge
- Yoghurt → Yogurt
- Public House → Pub   
- Independence Day (film) → Independence Day (1996 film)   
- Hillary Rodham Clinton → Hillary Clinton      
- While consensus was found to be in favor of the move in the most recent move proposal, a move review reversed that finding. That decision has been questioned.
- Clock Tower, Palace of Westminster → Big Ben  
- Borderline case since there was only one previous challenge
- Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast
- RM, Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast, No consensus, 18 November 2005, discussion
- RM, Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast, No consensus, 17 January 2007, discussion
- RM, Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast, No consensus, 5 July 2010, discussion
- RFC, Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast, No consensus, 20 Jan 2011, discussion
- RM, Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast, No consensus, 19 July 2011, discussion
- RM, Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast, Moved, 8 July 2012, discussion
- MVR, Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast, Upheld, 18 July 2012, discussion
Examples of determining "no consensus" of participants rather than community consensus
In the following RM proposals, the closer finds the support side to be better supported by policy, but never-the-less determines there is no consensus. These are examples of the closer determining the consensus of the participants rather than what community consensus is based on the arguments.
- Wikipedia:BOLD, revert, discuss cycle → Wikipedia:Bold, revert, discuss cycle "This [oppose] argument also has no basis in either policy or normal practice on other pages. The support camp at least has WP:BOLD on their side so has a better basis in policy. But given the level of opposition, I don't think that this can be closed in favour of moving." 
- May 16, 2007 reason, "Once the title is "yogurt", there will be no clear reason to change back to "yoghurt", and the article name will stabilize."
- January 28, 2009 reply, "You can disagree all you want, but the fact is that since this article was originally at yogurt, and because by every reasonable measure yogurt is the more commonly used name, people will justifiably seek to have this article moved back to yogurt, until it is moved back, or forever, whichever comes first. Mark. My. Words."
- June 23, 2009 comment, "Because of all of the above, this move will continue to be proposed, sooner or later, over and over, as long as this article remains at yoghurt.
Because of the dearth of arguments in favor of having this article be at yoghurt in the first place (the only arguments presented are against change, not in favor of yoghurt over yogurt), if the article is moved to yogurt it will be stable there."
- July 8 2009 Support, "Keeping this page at Yoghurt has not resulted in a ceasefire. There is a lot of reason to believe that moving this article to Yogurt will finally achieve an end to this simply because there are no strong objective arguments that support Yoghurt over Yogurt as there are supporting Yogurt over Yoghurt."
- 27 May 2011 problematic, "Despite WP:LAME#Yogurt, moves based on WP:COMMONNAME are quite normal. What's problematic with the current title is that it is regularly challenged because it so blatantly violates WP:COMMONNAME. That would not be the case if the title was changed, because there would no longer be a WP:COMMONNAME violation if the article was at Yogurt."