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Mediterranean-type ecosystems (often abbreviated to MTEs) are ecosystems associated with Mediterranean-type climates. The Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome is a geographic representation of their distribution representing one of 14 global terrestrial biomes in the WWF's bioregionalisation scheme.

The Fynbos ecoregion in South Africa, part of the the Afrotropical ecozone, incorporating: Lowland fynbos and renosterveld and Montane fynbos and renosterveld


Southwest Australia = Southwestern Australia Forests and Scrub
Warren = Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands
Jarrah Forest = Southwest Australia woodlands
Geraldton Sandplains + Avon Wheatbelt + Yalgoo(1) = Southwest Australia savanna
Swan Coastal Plain = Kwongan heathlands
Esperance Plains + Mallee(1) = Esperance mallee
Coolgardie = Coolgardie woodlands

(1) Part of the Eremaean Botanic Province

Southern Australia Mallee and Woodlands
Naracoorte Coastal Plain = Naracoorte woodlands
Eyre Yorke Block = Eyre and York mallee
Mount Lofty Ranges = Mount Lofty woodlands
Murray Darling Depression = Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee


California Chaparral and Woodlands
California coastal sage and chaparral
California interior chaparral and woodlands
California montane chaparral and woodlands


Chilean Matorral


Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands and Scrub
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests
Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests
Crete Mediterranean forests
Cyprus Mediterranean forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests
Iberian conifer forests
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests
Illyrian deciduous forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe
Mediterranean woodlands and forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests
South Apennine mixed montane forests
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests

== Both of which terms suffer from excessive hyphenation and geographic ambiguity. Of course climate classifications clearly define the boundaries of Mediterranean climates, but these boundaries are arbitrarily determined to relate to vegetation, ecosystems, agricultural zones or biomes (stated on Köppen climate classification but not Climate classification). This presents a conundrum if I want to talk about how/why we identify MTEs - they are defined by MTCs which are based on MTEs. I believe this is a version of bootstrapping.

MTE Universal Television#MCA Television MTE Mediterranean-type ecosystems