User:Carlosguitar

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Calipers
A diagram of vernier calipers, a device used to measure the distance between two opposite sides of an object, showing the individual parts:
  1. Outside large jaws: used to measure external diameter or width of an object
  2. Inside small jaws: used to measure internal diameter of an object
  3. Depth probe: used to measure depths of an object or a hole
  4. Main scale in centimeters, marked every millimeter
  5. Main scale in inches, marked every 1/16 of an inch
  6. Vernier scale gives interpolated measurements to 1/20 of a millimeter
  7. Vernier scale gives interpolated measurements to 1/128 of an inch
  8. Retainer: used to block movable part to allow the easy transferring of a measurement

Here the metric scale shows a distance of 2.475 cm between the jaw faces: the 0 mark on the vernier is between 2.4 and 2.5, and the 7.5 mark is the one best aligned with a mark on the main scale. Similarly, the inch scale shows (15\tfrac{5}{8})/16, or 125/128, of an inch.

Diagram: Joaquim Alves Gaspar, modified by ed g2s
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