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18th Marine Regiment[edit]

The 18th Marine Regiment of the United States Marine Corps, part of the 2nd Marine Division, was a two-battalion engineeering regiment with an attached SeeBee battalion that was active during part of World War II.

On September 8, 1942, the 2nd Engineer Battalion was redesignated at the 1st Battalion, 18th Marines.

During World War II, the engineers of the 18th Marines participated in combat on Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Saipan, Tinian, and Okinawa. On August 16, 1994, the 18th Marine Regiment was redesignated as the 2nd Engineer Battalion.

References[edit]

  • [www.marcorengasn.org/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/mcea_newsltr_web_3.pdf "Organizations & Units Serving Proudly — Marine Corps Engineering School"] Check |url= scheme (help) (PDF). 2007 MCEA Newsletter. 2007. Retrieved November 30, 2008. 

Henry Louis Larsen[edit]

Henry Louis Larsen
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1913-1946
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Military Governor of American Somoa
MCB Camp Lejeune
Military Governor of Guam
Department of the Pacific
Awards Navy Cross (2)
Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Silver Star (3)
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star Medal
French Legion of Honor
Croix de Guerre
Fourragere
Other work Colorado Civili Defense, Director (1946-1959)

Henry Louis Larsen (December 10, 1890-October 2, 1962) was a highly decorated United States Marine Corps lieutenant general who served in for over 33 years. His combat service ranged from being in the first U.S. troops to land in France in World War II to commanding the first U.S. troups to leave the U.S. after the attack on Pearl Harbor at the beginning of World War II. He was the first military governor of Guam and the first military governor of Somoa. He was also the author of military text books and a pioneer in amphibious warfare. He retired from the Marine Corps after 33 years of service, and then served as the Director of Colorado's Civil Defense for ten years.

Biography[edit]

Henry Louis Larsen was born on December 10, 1890 in Chicago, Illinois.

Military service[edit]

Larsen graduated from the United States Naval Academy and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps in November 1913. He served at post in the U.S. around the world — including France, Germany, Nicaragua, Haiti, Santo Domingo, Panama, Mexico, Culebra, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Samoa and Cuba — and onboard U.S. Navy ships (USS San Diego, USS Mexico, USS Buffalo and USS PA).

In World War I, he was in the first U.S. troops to land in France in June 1917. During the War, he took part in every Marine Corps battle in France, including Belleau Woods and Meuse-Argonne. He was awarded the Navy Cross for his actions during World War I.[1]

After the War, he served in Nicaragua — first as Inspector of the 2nd Marine Brigade and in 1930, as a member of the U.S. Electoral Mission. He received his second Navy Cross for actions in Nicaragua.[1]

He then served at Headquarters Marine Corps as Assistant Adjutant and Inspector. As Director of Plans and Policies (1938-1940), he was responsible for the wartime expansion of the Marine Corps.

After the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, he was sent to Samoa as a brigade commander. On January 15, 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt appointed Larsen to be the first military governor of American Somoa.

In June 1943, he became commander of MCB Camp Lejeune in North Carolina.

Major General Larsen was named Island Commander of Guam on August 15, 1944 by Admiral Nimitz. His top priority was to construct a highway from the Harbor to airfield and naval facility sites. Construction began in September 1944. The road was named "Marine Drive" in honor of the Marines who took back the island from the Japanese.[2]

In May 1946, assumed his final assignment as Commanding General, Department of the Pacific. Having been specially commended for heroism in combat, he was advanced to Lieutenant General on his retirement, November 1, 1946.

For ten years, ending in 1959, he served as Colorado's Director of Civil Defense.

Larsen died in Denver, Colorado on October 2, 1962. He is buried in Section 1 of Arlington National Cemetery.

Decorations, awards, honors[edit]

Larsen's military decorations include two Navy Crosses, two Distinguished Service Medals, three Silver Star Medals, the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star Medal, and the French Legion of Honor, Croix de Guerre and Fourragere.

References[edit]


Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps[edit]

U.S. Code[edit]

* United States Code o TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES + SUBTITLE C - NAVY AND MARINE CORPS # PART I - ORGANIZATION * CHAPTER 506 - HEADQUARTERS, MARINE CORPS - SECTION 5044. Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps (a) There is an Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from officers on the active-duty list of the Marine Corps not restricted in the performance of duty. (b) The Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps, while so serving, has the grade of general without vacating his permanent grade. (c) The Assistant Commandant has such authority and duties with respect to the Marine Corps as the Commandant, with the approval of the Secretary of the Navy, may delegate to or prescribe for him. Orders issued by the Assistant Commandant in performing such duties have the same effect as those issued by the Commandant. (d) When there is a vacancy in the office of Commandant of the Marine Corps, or during the absence or disability of the Commandant - (1) the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps shall perform the duties of the Commandant until a successor is appointed or the absence or disability ceases; or (2) if there is a vacancy in the office of the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps or the Assistant Commandant is absent or disabled, unless the President directs otherwise, the most senior officer of the Marine Corps in the Headquarters, Marine Corps, who is not absent or disabled and who is not restricted in performance of duty shall perform the duties of the Commandant until a successor to the Commandant or the Assistant Commandant is appointed or until the absence or disability of the Commandant or Assistant Commandant ceases, whichever occurs first.

List of Assistant Commandants of the Marine Corps[edit]

See also[edit]

}}

References[edit]

  • [doni.daps.dla.mil/US%20Navy%20Regulations/Chapter%205%20-%20The%20Commandant%20of%20the%20Marine%20Corps.pdf "Commandant of the Marine Corps"] Check |url= scheme (help) (PDF). Retrieved 2007-10-10. 

John A. Lejeune[edit]

John A. Lejeune
JohnALejeune.jpg
13th Commandant of the Marine Corps (1920-1929)
Nickname(s) "Greatest of all Leathernecks"
"The Marine's Marine"
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1890 - 1929
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held 1st Brigade of Marines
4th Brigade of Marines
2nd Infantry Division
Commandant of the Marine Corps
Battles/wars Spanish-American War
Banana Wars
World War I
Awards Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Distinguished Service Medal (Army)
Croix de guerre
Legion of Honor
Other work Superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute (1929-1937)

Lieutenant General John Archer Lejeune (January 10, 1867November 20, 1942) was the 13th Commandant of the Marine Corps. Known as the "greatest of all Leathernecks" and the "Marine's Marine", he served for over 40 years — his service included leading the U.S. Army 2nd Division during World War I.

Biography[edit]

Lejeune was born on January 10, 1867 at the Old Hickory Plantation in Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana.[3] He was educated at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, from which he graduated with a B.A. degree. Subsequently, he secured an appointment as a midshipman at the United States Naval Academy, from which he was graduated in 1888. At the expiration of a two-year cruise as a cadet midshipman, he was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps on 1 July 1890.

Marine Corps career[edit]

Second Lieutenant Lejeune reported for duty on 31 August 1890 at the Marine Barracks, New York, serving at that post until he was detached, joining Marine Barracks, Norfolk, Virginia, on 3 November 1890. From 1 October 1891 to 28 July 1893, Lejeune served on board USS Bennington and was promoted to first lieutenant on 26 February 1892. On 28 August 1893, he reported for duty at the Norfolk Barracks, where he served until 31 July 1897.

On 2 August 1897, Lejeune assumed command of the Marine Guard of USS Cincinnati, on which vessel he served throughout the Spanish-American War. He was detached from Cincinnati 17 February 1899, and on 18 February 1899, joined USS Massachusetts, to command the Marine Guard. He was promoted to captain on 3 March 1899 and left his position on Massachusetts on 10 May 1900.

From 3 July 1900 to 12 November 1900, Captain Lejeune performed recruiting duty at Boston, Massachusetts, and on 22 November 1900 reported at the Marine Barracks, Pensacola, Florida, to command the Marines. From 12 January 1903 to 21 January 1903, Captain Lejeune was on duty at the Norfolk Barracks, going to recruiting duty at New York City on 26 January 1903. He was promoted to major on 3 March 1903 and was on duty at Headquarters, Washington, D.C. from 15 May 1903 to 8 August 1903.

On 8 August 1903, Major Lejeune was ordered to USS Panther to command the Marine Battalion on board that vessel, joining 16 August 1903. On 23 October 1903, the battalion, with Lejeune in command, was transferred to USS Dixie. From 16 December 1903 to 21 December 1904, Major Lejeune was on duty ashore on the Isthmus of Panama in command of this battalion, leaving there on the latter date on board USS Yankee.

From 27 January 1905 to 20 May 1906, Lejeune served at the Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C. He then returned to Panama in command of a battalion of Marines from 29 May to 6 July 1906, the battalion being transported both ways on board USS Columbia. This was detached duty, and on 29 March 1907, Major Lejeune was detached from command of the Washington Barracks and ordered to the Philippines.

Arriving in the Philippines on 2 May 1907, Lejeune assumed command of the Marine Barracks and Naval Prison, Navy Yard, Cavite, on 6 May 1907. He assumed commanded of the First Brigade of Marines on 15 June 1908 and was promoted to lieutenant colonel on 13 May 1909. He was detached on 8 June 1909 and ordered to return to the United States.

Lieutenant Colonel Lejeune embarked on board USS Ohio on 26 May 1912 with the Second Regiment, First Provisional Brigade Marines for Cuba. He disembarked at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, on 8 June 1912 and was in command of the District of Santiago from 9 June to 14 July 1912. On 15 July 1912, Lejeune embarked on board USS Prairie and sailed for Colon, Panama. July 18-29, 1912 was spent at Camp Elliott, Panama.

After returning to the United States, Lejeune was again called upon for expeditionary duty. He sailed from Philadelphia, 20 February 1913 as second in command of the First Regiment, Second Provisional Brigade Marines and disembarked 27 February 1913, at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. He returned to Philadelphia on board USS Prairie on 2 May 1913.

On 27 November 1913, Lejeune sailed from New York with the 2nd Advanced Base Regiment, his ultimate destination Verz Cruz, Mexico, but returned to the United States to receive his promotion to colonel on 25 February 1914. Colonel Lejeune and his unit eventually landed in Mexico on 22 April 1914 and participated in the occupation of the city. He returned home in December 1914, this time to report to Marine Corps Headquarters in Washington, D.C., to become assistant to the Major General Commandant of the Marine Corps. He was promoted to brigadier general on 29 August 1916.

World War I[edit]

With the outbreak of World War I, Lejeune assumed command of the newly constructed Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia. His overseas service was, however, inevitable, and in June 1918, he arrived at Brest, France. He was promoted to major general 1 July 1918.

John A. Lejeune.jpg

Upon reporting to the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces, he was assigned to command a brigade of the 32nd Division and assumed command of the 4th Brigade of Marines of the 2d Division immediately following the attack of the division in the Battle of Soissons. On 28 July 1918, Major General Lejeune assumed command of the 2d Division and remained in that capacity until August 1919, when the unit was demobilized. He was the first Marine officer to hold an Army divisional command, and following the Armistice he led his division in the march into Germany.

During that war he was recognized by the French Government as a strategist and leader, as evidenced by the Legion of Honor, and the Croix de Guerre bestowed upon him by that people. From General John J. Pershing he received the Distinguished Service Medal (Army). The Navy Distinguished Service Medal was conferred upon him when he returned to the United States following the occupation of Germany.

In October 1919, he again was appointed Commanding General, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia.

He was appointed as Major General Commandant of the Marine Corps on 1 July 1920. Subsequent to that time, he left his headquarters at Washington several times for tours of inspection in Haiti, Santo Domingo, Cuba, Puerto Rico, to the West Coast and elsewhere. Upon the expiration of his second term as Commandant, Lejeune indicated his desire not to retire from the Marine Corps, but was relieved as Commandant in March 1929.

Retirement[edit]

On 10 November 1929, he retired in order to accept the position of superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute (VMI), serving there until poor health necessitated his resignation in October 1937. In February 1942, he was advanced to the rank of lieutenant general on the Marine Corps retired list.

Lejeune died 20 November 1942 at the Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, and was interred in the Arlington National Cemetery with full military honors.




Marine Corps Birthday message[edit]

In the Marine Corps' annual celebration of the establishment of the Marine Corps on November 10, 1775 at Tun Tavern, the following message from MajGen John A. Lejeune is read:

MARINE CORPS ORDERS
No. 47 (Series 1921)
HEADQUARTERS U.S. MARINE CORPS
Washington, November 1, 1921

759. The following will be read to the command on the 10th of November, 1921, and hereafter on the   
10th of November of every year. Should the order not be received by the 10th of November, 1921, it 
will be read upon receipt.

   (1) On November 10, 1775, a Corps of Marines was created by  a resolution of Continental 
Congress. Since that date many thousand men have borne the name "Marine". In memory of them it is 
fitting that we who are Marines should commemorate the birthday of our corps by calling to mind the 
glories of its long and illustrious history.

   (2) The record of our corps is one which will bear comparison with that of the most famous 
military organizations in the world's history. During 90 of the 146 years of its existence the 
Marine Corps has been in action against the Nation's foes. From the Battle of Trenton to the 
Argonne, Marines have won foremost honors in war, and is the long eras of tranquility at home, 
generation after generation of Marines have grown gray in war in both hemispheres and in every 
corner of the seven seas, that our country and its citizens might enjoy peace and security.

   (3) In every battle and skirmish since the birth of our corps, Marines have acquitted themselves 
with the greatest distinction, winning new honors on each occasion until the term "Marine" has come 
to signify all that is highest in military efficiency and soldierly virtue.

   (4) This high name of distinction and soldierly repute we who are Marines today have received 
from those who preceded us in the corps. With it we have also received from them the eternal spirit 
which has animated our corps from generation to generation and has been the distinguishing mark of 
the Marines in every age. So long as that spirit continues to flourish Marines will be found equal 
to every emergency in the future as they have been in the past, and the men of our Nation will 
regard us as worthy successors to the long line of illustrious men who have served as "Soldiers of 
the Sea" since the founding of the Corps.


JOHN A. LEJEUNE,
Major General Commandant
75705--21

Decorations and honors[edit]

Personal military awards[edit]

Lieutenant General Lejeune's awards include:

U.S. Postal service honor[edit]

On November 10, 2005, the United States Postal Service issued the Distinguished Marines stamps in which Lejeune was honored. [1]

Statues and memorials[edit]

On November 10, 2000, a life-sized bronze statue of LtGen Lejeune was unveiled on the grounds of the Pointe Coupee Parish Courthouse in New Roads, Louisiana.[4] Patrick F. Taylor, chairman and CEO of Taylor Energy Company, along with the retired Marine Corps Major General Ronald G Richard (formder commanding general of Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune) were in attendance.[5] Mr. Taylor, who financed the Lejeune statue project, joined the Marine Corps Officer Training program as a student at Louisiana State University, but a heart problem kept him from receiving his commission. Taylor commissioned sculptor Patrick Dane Miller to fashion it to be historically accurate.[6]

Namesakes[edit]

Lejeune, legendary among Marines and often referred to as "the greatest of all Leathernecks", served in the Marine Corps for over 40 years. In his honor, the following bear his name:

See also[edit]


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sterner, C. Douglas. "Index of Recipients of Major Awards for Valor — U.S. Marine Corps" (MS Word). HomeOfHeroes.com. Retrieved 2008-01-04. 
  2. ^ Klitzkie, Senator Robert (2004). "Governor signs executive order rededicating Marine Corps Drive". Retrieved 2008-01-04. 
  3. ^ The Curatorial Staff. "This Month in History - January". Louisiana Secretary of State. Retrieved 2007-05-09. 
  4. ^ "Welcome to Pointe Coupee Parish". Pointe Coupee Parish. Retrieved 2007-05-10. 
  5. ^ "Photo Gallery: Unveiling". LSU Today (18). November 30, 2001. Retrieved 2007-05-10.  More than one of |number= and |issue= specified (help); Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ Cooke, 2000.

References[edit]

This article includes text from the public domain Marine Corps History and Museum web site.

Further reading[edit]

  • Lejeune, John A. The Reminiscences of a Marine, Dorrance and Company, Inc., 1930.
  • Irwin, Manley R. "Lejeune and Denby: Forging a Marine Corps Doctrine," Marine Corps Gazette, 2004.
  • Merrill L. Bartlett (1996). Lejeune: A Marine's Life, 1867-1942. Naval Institute Press. 
Preceded by
Major General George Barnett
Commandant of the United States Marine Corps
1920—1929
Succeeded by
Major General Wendall C. Neville


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