User:Epicgenius/List of blocked websites and blacklisted keywords in China

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The government of China has set up a system of internet censorship, intending to block internet users within Mainland China from accessing material deemed undesirable, such as foreign news sites, sites with dissident political content, many Hong Kong and Taiwanese websites, and pornography. However, some people in mainland China are buying software for them to access Google, Facebook,etc. This software is generally not very expensive. They use a version of Virtual Private Network or VPN to access those sites.

One part of the block is to remove some websites from search results on search engines. These search engines include both the local version of international search engines (e.g. Google.cn) as well as domestic ones (e.g. Baidu, Sohu). In general, regardless of whether a term is sensitive or not, many well known websites are removed from the search result, such as all porn sites, some western news websites like BBC and Voice of America, and a few sites in Hong Kong and Taiwan. In addition, access to a handful of US-based universities are blocked, as these websites often contain discussions regarding issues deemed politically sensitive by the Communist Party of China.

Some words are sensitive. Attempting to search for such a term may result in the turning on of the "safe search" feature, and limiting the result pages in China. However, the general internet traffic filter may interrupt a HTTP connection between the browser and the server if it detects intensive sensitive words in plaintext, as it does with other protocols, such as the Post Office Protocol, and any sequence connection to the server is also denied. This filter affects self-censored search engines, since their censorship is filtering websites, not keywords. This system is described in greater detail at Internet censorship in mainland China.

Any sequence containing the term is also blocked. For example, since (simplified Chinese: 法轮; traditional Chinese: 法輪) (falun, or "dharma chakra") is blocked, so are 法轮功 (Falun Gong) and (Chinese: 轉法輪) ("Turning dharma chakra"). Also, only the Chinese terms are blocked, while the English terms are freely searchable (unless specified otherwise).

This list is not intended to be exhaustive. Most were verified for Simplified Chinese searches for the Baidu search engine. It is known that trying from different locations inside and outside China, on different search engines, and at different times can yield different results.

Because Google has decided to re-direct its Google.cn domain to Google.com.hk, censorship by Google is far less relevant.

General concepts[edit]

Chinese phrases are given as traditional / simplified where they differ.

Events[edit]

Xinjiang & Tibet[edit]

Dissident groups[edit]

  • Since 民主 (democracy) is blocked, any political group with that name is also blocked. This includes both dissident groups like 中國民主正義黨 / 中国民主正义党 (Chinese Democracy Justice Party) [13], 民主中國 / 民主中国 (China Democracy) [14] and government-sanctioned groups like 中國民主同盟 / 中国民主同盟 (China Democratic League)
  • 天安門母親 / 天安门母亲 (Tiananmen Mothers)

Dissidents[edit]

Politicians[edit]

Dissident news[edit]

Falun Gong[edit]

  • 法輪 / 法轮 (falun, or "dharma chakra")
  • 法倫 / 法伦 (falun)
  • 輪功 / 轮功 (lun gong, the second and third characters of Falun Gong)
  • 輪大 / 轮大 (lun da, the second and third characters of Falun Dafa)
  • 大法 (dafa, or "Great Law")
  • 洪志 (hongzhi, given name of Falun Gong founder Li Hongzhi)
  • 弟子 (disciple)
  • 真善忍 (Truthfulness, Compassion, Forbearance) — the principles of the Falun Gong practice
  • 明慧 (Minghui, official website of Falun Gong) [23]
  • falun
  • hongzhi
  • minghui

Taiwan[edit]

Pornography[edit]

Others[edit]

Website blocks[edit]

More than 2600 websites are or were blocked in mainland China (excluding Hong Kong and Macau) under the country's policy of Internet censorship.[5] This is a list of the most notable such blocked websites. This page does not apply to the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, where most of the Chinese laws do not apply.

According to a recent report from Beijing, a lot of larger Japanese websites were blocked during the afternoon of 15 June 2012 (UTC+08:00) to the morning of 17 June 2012 (UTC+08:00), such as Google Japan, Yahoo! Japan, Amazon Japan, Excite, Yomiuri News, Sponichi News and Nikkei BP Japan.

Also note that many of the sites listed may be occasionally or even regularly available, depending on the access location or current events.

Table of high-ranking websites blocked in mainland China[edit]

Alexa Rank Website Domain URL Category Primary language Duration of blockage
2 Google Docs google.com docs.google.com Sharing English 2011, May (or earlier) to present [6]
2 Google Drive google.com drive.google.com Sharing English 2012, May to present [7]
2 Google Encrypted google.com encrypted.google.com Search English 2011, March to present (or earlier)[8]
2 Google+ google.com plus.google.com Social English 2011, July to present [9]
2 Google Sites google.com sites.google.com Web Hosting English 2011, March (or earlier) to present[10]
2 Picasa google.com picasaweb.google.com Sharing English 2009, July to present[11]
1 Facebook facebook.com www.facebook.com Social English 2008, July to present[citation needed]
3 YouTube youtube.com www.youtube.com Sharing English 2009, March to present[12][13][14][15]
4 Yahoo! Taiwan yahoo.com tw.yahoo.com Portal Chinese 2011, May (or before) to present[16]
4 Yahoo! Hong Kong yahoo.com hk.yahoo.com Portal Chinese 2011, March (or before) to present[17]
6 Mobile Wikipedia wikipedia.org mobile.wikipedia.org Other English 2011, May (or earlier) to 2012[18]
8 Twitter twitter.com twitter.com Social English 2009, June to present[13][19][20]
11 Blogspot blogspot.com blogspot.com Blog English 2009, May to 2012[13][14][21]
16 Yahoo! Japan yahoo.co.jp yahoo.co.jp Portal Japanese 2012, June 15–17
20 T.co t.co t.co Other English 2011, May (or earlier) to 2012[22]
21 Google Japan google.co.jp google.co.jp Search Japanese 2012, June 15–17
22 Wordpress wordpress.com wordpress.com Blog English 2011, October to 2012[23]
47 Internet Movie Database imdb.com www.imdb.com Other English 2010, January (or earlier) to 2012
51 XVideos xvideos.com www.xvideos.com Adult English 2011, March (or earlier) to present[24]
52 FC2 fc2.com www.fc2.com Blog Japanese 2011, March (or earlier) to 2012[25]
54 xhamster xhamster.com www.xhamster.com Adult English 2011, March (or earlier) to 2012[26]
71 The Pirate Bay thepiratebay.se thepiratebay.se Sharing English 2012, February (or earlier) to 2012[27]
75 Rakuten Market rakuten.co.jp rakuten.co.jp Shopping Japanese 2012, June 15–17, September ?? to 19?
94 Amazon Japan amazon.co.jp amazon.co.jp Shopping Japanese 2012, June 15–17
112 Vimeo vimeo.com www.vimeo.com Sharing English 2009, October to 2012[28]
219 Nico Video nicovideo.jp nicovideo.jp Sharing Japanese Unknown to present
223 Archive.org archive.org www.archive.org Other English 2011, April (or earlier) to 2012[29]
225 Scribd scribd.com scribd.com Sharing English 2011, February (or earlier) to present[30]
227 isoHunt isohunt.com isohunt.com Sharing English 2012, April to 2012; also previously blocked and unblocked[31]
257 XING xing.com www.xing.com Social German 2011, April (or earlier) to 2012[32]
277 hardsextube hardsextube.com www.hardsextube.com Adult English 2011, April to 2012[33]
282 drtuber drtuber.com www.drtuber.com Adult English 2011, April to 2012[34]
429 Wretch wretch.cc www.wretch.cc Blog Chinese 2007, August to 2012[35]
553 Google Appspot appspot.com appspot.com Web Hosting English Unknown to present
564 Yomiuri News yomiuri.co.jp yomiuri.co.jp Publication Japanese 2012, June 15–17
610 Ustream.tv ustream.tv www.ustream.tv Sharing English 2011, April (or earlier) to 2012[36]
623 excite (Japan) excite.co.jp excite.co.jp Portal Japanese 2012, June 15 to June 17, September ?? - 18
633 Sponichi News sponichi.co.jp sponichi.co.jp Publication Japanese 2012, June 15–17
660 Nikkei BP Japan nikkeibp.co.jp nikkeibp.co.jp Publication Japanese 2012, June 15–17
713 GeoCities (Japan) geocities.jp geocities.jp Web Hosting Japanese Unknown to present
1321 Technorati technorati.com www.technorati.com Search English 2008, July to 2012[37]
2056 Plurk plurk.com www.plurk.com Social English 2009, April to 2012[38]
2387 Jehovah's Witnesses jw.org www.jw.org Bible English Unknown to Unknown (no longer blocked) [39][40]
2925 Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation nrk.no www.nrk.no News Norwegian 2011, May (or earlier) to 2012[41]
3876 PBworks pbworks.com pbworks.com Sharing English 2011, January to 2012[42]
4480 Sony Japan Sony.co.jp Sony.co.jp Corporation Japanese 2012, June 15–17
10278 Boxun boxun.com boxun.com News Chinese 2011, May (or earlier) to present[43]
20898 Wikileaks wikileaks.org wikileaks.org NGO English 2011, May (or earlier) to 2012[44]
22196 Sony Music Japan sonymusic.co.jp sonymusic.co.jp Record label Japanese 2012, June 15–17
24693 OpenVPN openvpn.net www.openvpn.net Privacy English 2011, June (or earlier) to 2012[45]
33553 Strong VPN strongvpn.com www.strongvpn.com Privacy English 2011, June to present (partially blocked) [46]
33961 Amnesty International amnesty.org amnesty.org NGO English 2011, May (or earlier) to 2012[47]
63913 UrbanSurvival Blog urbansurvival.com www.urbansurvival.com Blog English 2013, April 2 (or earlier) [48]
71304 Reporters Without Borders rsf.org www.rsf.org NGO English 2011, April (or earlier) to 2012[48]
78873 Falun Dafa falundafa.org www.falundafa.org Spiritual English 2011, February (or earlier) to 2012[49]
1413995 VPN Coupons vpncoupons.com www.vpncoupons.com VPN English 2012, December (or earlier) to 2012[50]
1795401 Tibet Post thetibetpost.com thetibetpost.com News English, Chinese, Tibetan 2010, March (or earlier) to 2012[51]
147 Dropbox dropbox.com www.dropbox.com Sharing English 2011, December (or earlier) to present
120000 GayBookSTAR gaybookstar.com www.gaybookstar.com Dating English 2012, December (or earlier) to present
189 Soundcloud soundcloud.com www.soundcloud.com Audio English 2013, September to present

Wikipedia block[edit]

All languages of Wikipedia and other Wikimedia sites have been blocked since August 31, 2007.[52] However, on July 31, 2008, the BBC reported that the Chinese Wikipedia had been unblocked that day in China; it had still been blocked the previous day. This came within the context of foreign journalists arriving in Beijing to report on the upcoming 2008 Summer Olympics.[53] Additionally, as of at least November 1, 2013, English Wikipedia pages are accessible.

Since late July 2009, all images on Wikimedia pages have been removed by certain ISPs in China.[54]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Garnaut. "''Sydney Morning Herald'', September 4, 2012, John Garnaut, "Death of Chinese playboy leaves fresh scratches in party paintwork"". Smh.com.au. Retrieved 2012-09-04. 
  2. ^ Mosettig, Michael D. (November 7, 2012 at 2:15 p.m. ET). "Red Ferraris in Red China". PBS NewsHour. Retrieved 7 November 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ 再现敏感词京温坠楼事件引抗议
  4. ^ Baidu.com censorship - Slashdot
  5. ^ "GreatFire.org - Bringing Transparency To The Great Firewall Of China". Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  11. ^ [1], Shanghai Tech Writer
  12. ^ "YouTube blocked in China". HerdictWeb. 2009-05-18. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  13. ^ a b c Branigan, Tania (2009-06-02). "China blocks Twitter, Flickr and Hotmail ahead of Tiananmen anniversary". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-05-11. 
  14. ^ a b "Blocking of Twitter, YouTube, Flickr and Blogger deprives Chinese of Web 2.0". Reporters without Borders. 2009-06-02. 
  15. ^ Schwankert, Steven (2007-10-18). "YouTube blocked in China; Flickr, Blogspot restored". IDG News. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  16. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  17. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  18. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  19. ^ "Reports: China blocks Web sites ahead of Tiananmen anniversary". CNN.com. 2009-06-02. Retrieved 2010-05-11. 
  20. ^ Wauters, Robin (2009-07-07). "China Blocks Access To Twitter, Facebook After Riots". washingtonspost.com. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  21. ^ Goldkorn, Jeremy (2009-05-15). "Blogger.com blocked, but not the Washington Post". Danwei. 
  22. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  23. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  24. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  25. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  26. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  27. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  28. ^ [2], Shanghaiist
  29. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  30. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  31. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  32. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  33. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  34. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  35. ^ China blocks public access to Taiwan’s blog portal sites, China Post, 5 January 2008.
  36. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  37. ^ Hertz, Adam (2006-04-26). "Access to Technorati from China". Technorati. 
  38. ^ "China Blocks Micro-Messaging Site Plurk. Is Twitter Next?". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2009-04-23. 
  39. ^ http://www.greatfirewallofchina.org/index.php?siteurl=jw.org
  40. ^ http://www.alexa.com/search?q=jw.org&r=home_home&p=bigtop
  41. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  42. ^ "The dilemma presented by China’s content filtering of my current handouts website", retrieved 2010-07-13.
  43. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  44. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  45. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  46. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  47. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  48. ^ a b "GreatFire.org". 
  49. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  50. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  51. ^ "GreatFire.org". Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  52. ^ Schwankert, Steven (2007-09-06). "Wikipedia Blocked in China Again". IDG News via PCworld. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  53. ^ "China allows access to a bit of Wiki". New Zealand Herald. 2008-04-07. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  54. ^ Chao, Loretta (2008-07-01). "Facebook Gets Poked in China". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2008-07-02. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Chinese Firewall Test - Instantly test if a URL is blocked by the Great Firewall of China in real time. Tests for both symptoms of DNS poisoning and HTTP blocking from a number of locations within mainland China.
  • GreatFire.org - Test if any URL is blocked or otherwise restricted in China in real-time. The website uses test locations inside China and provides transparent test results and conclusions on censorship. Also provides a database of blocked URLs going back to February, 2011.
  • Blocked In China - Test if any domain is DNS poisoned in China in real-time. DNS poisoning is one way in which websites can be blocked. Others are IP blocking and keyword filtering.

Internet censorship in China China, blocked websites Blocked by search engines in China