User:Epicgenius/MTR rolling stock

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Hong Kong MTR has a wide variety of rolling stock for both its heavy rail and its light rail networks.

Six types of Electric Multiple Unit rolling stock operate on the MTR network and 4 phases of Light Rail vehicles operate on the Light Rail network. All operate on either 1432 mm rail gauge (near standard gauge)[1][2][3] or 1435 mm (standard gauge). Except for Airport Express trains, all trains are designed with features to cope with high density passenger traffic on frequently used services, for example, seating arrangements, additional ventilation fans, and additional sets of extra wide doors. These configurations allows the MTR to run at 101,000 passengers per hour in one direction on its busy suburban East Rail Line and 85,000 p/h/d[4] on its urban metro network.

Name Line(s) No. of cars No. of doors per side Entered service Remarks
M Stock United Kingdom Island, Kwun Tong, Tseung Kwan O and Tsuen Wan Lines 8 5 1979–1998
Disneyland Resort Line 4 3 Modified 2005
CAF Trains Germany Spain Tung Chung Line 8 5 1998
Airport Express 2 1998 One of the cars only carry luggages
K Stock South Korea Tseung Kwan O Line (from 2010) 5 2002 First operated on the Kwun Tong Line
Tung Chung Line 2006–2007
C Stock China Kwun Tong Line 2011–2013
MLR United Kingdom East Rail Line 12 5 (or 1 on First Class) 1982–1992 Only one set of doors is used on first class normally
SP1900 Japan 2001
West Rail Line 7 5 2003, 2007
Ma On Shan Line 4 2004
Phase I LRV Australia All services on the Light Rail 1–2 3 1988 Doors on the left only
Phase II LRV Japan 1992
Phase III LRV Australia 1997
Phase IV LRV Australia China 2009
Ktt Switzerland Japan MTR intercity services (along the East Rail Line) 12 2 (coaches) 1998 8 coaches between 2 locomotives normally
Two M-Trains (Kwun Tong Line)
A-Stock train (Tung Chung Line)
K-Stock train (Tung Chung Line)
SP1900 train (East Rail Line)
MLR train (East Rail Line)
Phase 2 Light Rail vehicle (Route 751)

Metro Cammell EMU(DC)[edit]

Known as M-Trains, the oldest model of MTR since its operation, M-Trains can be divided into different "Stocks". The M-Stock (or CM-Stock") of M-Train are the oldest trains on the MTR, built originally by Metro Cammell (now Alstom) and refurbished by United Goninan.[5][6] The M-Train uses sliding doors, unlike K-Stocks and CAF Trains which use plug doors. They are in service on Kwun Tong Line, Tsuen Wan Line, Island Line and Tseung Kwan O Line.

Except for Airport Express and Disneyland Resort Line trains, all trains are designed with features to cope with high density passenger traffic on frequently used services. The Disneyland Resort Line uses driverless M-Train with their appearance overhauled to suit the atmosphere and theme of the line.[7] Windows on each carriage and the handrails inside are made into the shape of Mickey Mouse's head, and there are bronze-made Disney characters decorating the interior of the carriages.

Adtranz-CAF EMU[edit]

Main article: MTR Adtranz-CAF EMU

The Tung Chung Line and the Airport Express are operated by CAF Trains specified to their respective lines. Initially run in seven-car formations, they have now been lengthened to eight cars. These two variations are built jointly by Adtranz (now Bombardier Transportation) and Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (CAF) between 1994–97.[7] Since 2006, K-Stock has also been used on the Tung Chung line.

Rotem EMU[edit]

Main article: MTR Rotem EMU

The K-Stock are built jointly by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Hyundai Rotem, first put into service on the Kwun Tong Line.[8] Subsequently in 2006, four additional sets joined the Tung Chung Line to cope with the increasing passenger traffic.[9] K-Stock trains have come under criticism when it was first put into service due to delays and door safety issues.[10] There have been incidents where passengers have been injured by its doors and other service reliability issues have led to MTRCL "minimising the number of Korean trains for passenger service until a higher reliability of the systems concerned is achieved".[10]

CNR EMU[edit]

Main article: MTR CNR EMU

The contract (C6554-07E) for 10 new set of trains was awarded to Changchun Railway Vehicles Co. Limited in October 2008 with a further 12 trains ordered in the summer of 2011. The new MTR trains will be delivered to Hong Kong between 2011 and 2013 to enhance train frequency on the existing lines to cater for ongoing patronage growth on the existing Island Line, Kwun Tong Line, Tsuen Wan Line and Tseung Kwan O Line.[11] These trains will feature new 22" LCD TVs, like their counterpart trains on former-KCR lines equipped with Newsline Express, offering better infotainment such as news and announcements. The first of these trains entered revenue service on 7 December 2011 on the Kwun Tong Line.

SP1900/1950 EMU[edit]

Main article: MTR EMU SP1900

Both East Rail Line and West Rail Line use the SP1900 while Ma On Shan Line uses SP1950, a shorter model of the SP1900. The electrification system used on these lines is 25 kV AC, 50 Hz, as opposed to the 1.5–kV DC used on the urban lines. Should the need arise in the future, dual voltage trains such as those utilised on Oresund Bridge shall be required.

These two models of rolling stock are from the former KCRC network (KCR East Rail, West Rail and Ma On Shan Rail). They did not receive major changes after the merger of the two companies except for the updated route map, the exterior company logo and such. The capability of these EMU fleet is similar to those on the urban network.

Metro Cammell EMU(AC)[edit]

The older Metro Cammell EMUs are also used on East Rail Line. There are 351 cars which have been used (29 sets + 3 surplus cars) since 1982.

Light Rail vehicles[edit]

Rolling stocks running on Light Rail system were ordered from three different manufacturers, they are Commonwealth Engineering (Comeng), Kawasaki Heavy Industries and United Goninan. Designed to run on the standard gauge, 750V DC through overhead lines. Trams are usually operate with one or two carriages while the second carriage functions as trailer only. The arrangement allows each car to load approximately 300 passengers with 26 seats and four sets of poach seat provide flexible riding for passengers.

In addition, the Light Rail will be modernised as part of a 20th Anniversary Activity according to the MTR. Trains will include better disabled facilities as well as a totally new interior. The MTR will refurbish 69 older trains and buy 22 new ones. The first trains have been completed and were scheduled to be put into service in November 2009.[12][13][14] The whole project is expected to be completed in 2011.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.2427junction.com/chinahongkongmtr.html
  2. ^ http://www.ica.roofandfacade.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=51:hong-kongs-mtr-system&catid=46:surface-roadrail-transport&Itemid=13
  3. ^ Allen, Geoffrey Freeman, Jane's World Railways, 1987–88, Jane's Information Group, 1987 (ISBN 9780710608482)
  4. ^ http://www.thb.gov.hk/eng/psp/pressreleases/transport/land/2011/201101122a.pdf
  5. ^ "Metro in Hong Kong". ALSTOM Transport. Archived from the original on 25 March 2006. Retrieved 16 March 2006. 
  6. ^ "United Group Limited secures $40 million Hong Kong rail maintenance contract". United Goninan Limited. January 2002. Archived from the original on 15 March 2004. Retrieved 8 March 2007. 
  7. ^ a b "Lantau Line and Airport Railway, Hong Kong, China". SPG Media PLC. Retrieved 8 March 2007. 
  8. ^ "MTRC TKE C651 EMU, Hong Kong". Rotem Company. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007. 
  9. ^ "New trains ordered for Tung Chung Line, Hong Kong". Rotem Company. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 2 April 2007. 
  10. ^ a b "Review of MTRC Services and Incidents" (PDF). Hong Kong Legislative Council. Retrieved 6 November 2007. 
  11. ^ "Ten New Trains for MTR Service Enhancement" (PDF). MTR Corporation Limited. Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  12. ^ Railway Gazette: China South rolls out Hong Kong light rail cars
  13. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o40cEgYf8Ng
  14. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VsoGShxvNFo
  15. ^ "Light Rail Marks 20 years of Service With Vehicle Modernisation Programme" (PDF). MTR Corporation Limited. 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2008. 

External links[edit]


Category:MTR Category:Underground rapid transit systems Category:Transport in Hong Kong Category:Underground rapid transit in China Hong Kong