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Richard Lugar (b. 1932) is an American politician and member of the Republican Party. Born in Indianapolis, Lugar served two terms as that city's mayor, from 1968 to 1976. In 1977 he was elected to the United States Senate, representing Indiana. In that capacity he worked to dismantle nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons. He was a co-sponsor of the Nunn–Lugar Act, which was intended to "secure and dismantle weapons of mass destruction and their associated infrastructure in former Soviet Union states". Lugar was defeated in the 2012 Senate primary by Richard Mourdock.