User:John Barleycorn's Revenge/sandbox
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THIS IS A SAMPLE SORTABLE LIST, WHICH COULD BE USED FOR THE WIKIPEDIA PAGE ON MULTIPLE INDEPENDENT DISCOVERIES:
|Discovery/Invention||Date of first discovery or invention||First discoverer or inventor||Date of second discovery or invention||Second discoverer or inventor||Date of third discovery or invention||Third discoverer or inventor and others||Details of discovery or invention|
|Description of an efficient algorithm to compute the discrete Fourier transform||1805 (published 1866) ||Carl Friedrich Gauss||1965||James W. Cooley and John W. Tukey|
|Cadmium||1817||Friedrich Strohmeyer||1817||K.S.L Hermann|
|Grotthuss–Draper law (aka the Principle of Photochemical Activation)||1817||Theodor Grotthuss||1842||John William Draper|
|Beryllium||1828||Friedrich Wöhler||1828||A.A.B. Bussy|
|Electromagnetic induction||1831||Michael Faraday||1831||Joseph Henry|
|Chloroform||1831 (July)||Samuel Guthrie||1831 (after July)||Eugène Soubeiran||1831 (after July)||Justus von Liebig||All three discoverers used variations of the haloform reaction.|
|Non-Euclidian geometry||1805 (unpublished result)||Carl Friedrich Gauss||1830||Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky||1832||János Bolyai|
|Dandelin–Gräffe method, aka Lobachevsky method||1826||Germinal Pierre Dandelin||1837||Karl Heinrich Gräffe||1834||Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky.||This is an algorithm for finding multiple roots of a polynomial|
|Electrical telegraph||1837||Charles Wheatstone||1837||Samuel F.B. Morse|
|First law of thermodynamics||1842||Julius Robert von Mayer||1843||James Joule||1843||Ludwig A. Colding||The question of priority became a celebrated dispute.|
|Discovery of Neptune||1846 (September)||Urbain Le Verrier||1846 (September)||John Couch Adams||Both Le Verrier and Adams had independently proved, based on an analysis of Uranus' orbit, that another, farther planet must exist. Neptune was found at the predicted moment and position.|
|Möbius strip||1858||August Ferdinand Möbius||1858||Johann Benedict Listing|
|Theory of evolution by natural selection||1840 (approx. date of unpublished discovery)||Charles Darwin||1857-8||Alfred Russel Wallace||Darwin and Wallace pubished jointly in 1859, after Wallace had contacted Darwin privately to reveal the content of what he thought was his own discovery.|
|109P/Swift–Tuttle (the comet generating the Perseid meteor shower).||1862 (July 16)||Lewis Swift||1862 (July 19)||Horace Parnell Tuttle||1992||Tsuruhiko Kiuchi||Kiuchi’s rediscovery took place when the comet made a return appearance.|
|Helium||1868 (Aug. 18)||Pierre Jansen||1868 (Aug. 18)||Norman Lockyer||Both Janssen and Lockyer discovered helium by studying the same solar eclipse.|
|periodic table of chemical elements.||1869||Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev||1870||Julius Lothar Meyer|
|Description of the entry of sperm into the egg and the subsequent fusion of the egg and sperm nuclei to form a single new nucleus.||1876||Oskar Hertwig||1876||Hermann Fol|
|Invention of the telephone||1876||Elisha Gray||1876||Alexander Graham Bell||Both Gray and Bell filed a patent for this invention on the same day.|
|Phonograph||1877||Charles Cros||1878||Thomas Edison|
|The Hall–Héroult process for inexpensively producing aluminum ||1886||Charles Martin Hall||1886||Paul Héroult|
|The proof of the prime number theorem (the asymptotic law of the distribution of prime numbers).||1896||Jacques Hadamard||1896||Charles de la Vallée-Poussin|
|The sound law now known as the Saussure–Fortunatov law.||[Filip Fyodorovich Fortunatov]]||Ferdinand de Saussure|
- Gauss, Carl Friedrich, "Nachlass: Theoria interpolationis methodo nova tractata", Werke, Band 3, Göttingen, Königliche Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, 1866, pp. 265–327.
- Heideman, M. T., D. H. Johnson, and C. S. Burrus, "Gauss and the history of the fast Fourier transform," Archive for History of Exact Sciences, vol. 34, no. 3 (1985), pp. 265–277.
- Halliday et al., Physics, vol. 2, 2002, p. 775.
- "Aug. 18, 1868: Helium Discovered During Total Solar Eclipse", http://www.wired.com/thisdayintech/2009/08/dayintech_0818/
- Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, p. 933.
- N.E. Collinge, The Laws of Indo-European, pp. 149-52.