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Bengal Subah or Subah-i-Bangalah was one of the subahs (provinces) of the Mughal Empire from 1574 to 1757.

On 25 September 1574, Mughal army commander Munim Khan occupied Tanda, the capital of Daud Khan Karrani, the last Afghan ruler of Bengal.[1] It ushered in the Mughal rule in Bengal.[2] In 1713 Murshid Quli Khan became the naib nazim (deputy subahdar) of Bengal. In 1717, he became its subahdar or nazim (governor)[3] and Bengal became completely independent of imperial control. Subsequent to the defeat of the last independent nazim Siraj ud-Daulah in the Battle of Plassey on 23 June 1757 and his death on 2 July 1757, Bengal was brought under the control of the British East India Company and the successors of Siraj ud-Daulah were merely puppets.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Bengal Subah initially comprised 24 sarkars (districts), which included 5 sarkars of Orissa, later separated from Bengal Subah during the reign of Jahangir. The 19 sarkars of Bengal Subah was further divided into 682 parganas.[4] Initially the capital of the Subah was Tanda. Later a new capital was built in Rajmahal by Man Singh I in 1595. In 1612 the capital was shifted from Rajmahal to Dhaka. In 1658, subsequent to the revenue settlement of Shah Shuja 15 new sarkars and 361 new parganas were added. Murshid Quli Khan shifted the capital from Dhaka to Murshidabad. In 1722, he divided the whole Subah into 13 chakalahs, which were further divided into 1660 parganas.

The sarkars (districts) and the parganas (tehsils) of Bengal Subah were:[4]

Sarkar Pargana
Udamabar (Tanda) 52 parganas
Jannatabad (Lakhnauti) 66 parganas
Fathabad 31 parganas
Mahmudabad 88 parganas
Khalifatabad 35 parganas
Bakla 4 parganas
Purniyah 9 parganas
Tajpur 29 parganas
Ghoraghat 84 parganas
Pinjarah 21 parganas
Barbakabad 38 parganas
Bazuha 32 parganas
Sonargaon 52 parganas
Sylhet 8 parganas
Chittagong 7 parganas
Sharifabad 26 parganas
Sulaimanabad 31 parganas
Satgaon 53 parganas
Mandaran 16 parganas

List of Subahdars[edit]

Following is the list of Subahdars (provincial governors) of Bengal Subah from 1574-1757:[5]

Name From To
Munim Khan 25 September 1574 23 October 1575
Husain Quli Beg 15 November 1575 19 December 1578
Muzaffar Khan Turbati 1579 1580
Mirza Aziz Koka 1582 1583
Shahbaz Khan 18 May 1583 1585
Sadiq Khan 1585 1586
Wazir Khan 1586 1587
Said Khan 1587 1594
Man Singh 1594 1606
Qutb ud-Din Khan Koka 1606 1607
Jahangir Quli Beg 1607 1608
Islam Khan Chishti June 1608 1613
Qasim Khan Chishti 1613 1617
Ibrahim Khan 1617 1624
Mahabat Khan 1625 1626
Mukarram Khan 1626 1627
Fidai Khan 1627 1628
Qasim Khan Juyini 1628 1632
Azam Khan Mir Muhammad Baqar 1632 1635
Islam Khan Mashhadi 1635 1639
Islam Khan Mashhadi 1635 1639
Shah Shuja 1639 1660
Mu‘azzam Khan (Mir Jumla) 1660 1663
Shaista Khan 1664 1678
Fidai Khan (Azam Khan Koka) 1678 1678
Muhammad Azam 1678 1679
Shaista Khan (2nd term) 1679 1688
Khan-i-Jahan Bahadur Khan 1688 1689
Ibrahim Khan 1689 1697
Azim-us-Shan 1697 1712
Khan-i-Jahan 1712 1713
Farkhunda Siyar (in absentia) February 1713 May 1713
Muzaffar Jang Mir Jumla (in absentia) 1713 1716
Murshid Quli Khan 1717 1727
Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan 1727 1739
Sarfaraz Khan 1739 1740
Alivardi Khan 1740 1756
Siraj ud-Daulah 1756 2 July 1757

References[edit]

  1. ^ Majumdar, R. C. (ed.) (2007) [1974]. The Mughul Empire. Mumbai: Bharatiya Vdya Bhavan. p. 130. ISBN 81-7276-407-1 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  2. ^ Eaton, Richard M. (1993). The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier, 1204-1760. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 142. ISBN 0-520-20507-3. 
  3. ^ Sen, S. N. (2006). History of Modern India. New Delhi: New Age International Publishers. p. 4. ISBN 81-224-1774-4. 
  4. ^ a b Jarrett, H. S. (1949) [1891] The Ain-i-Akbari by Abul Fazl-i-Allami, Vol.II, (ed.) J. N. Sarkar, Calcutta: The Asiatic Society, pp.142-55
  5. ^ Eaton, Richard M. (1993). The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier, 1204-1760. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 325–6. ISBN 0-520-20507-3. 

Category:Subdivisions of the Mughal Empire