User:Jrients/S. John Ross(game designer)
|Jrients/S. John Ross(game designer)|
Gygax at Gen Con Indy 2007
|Born||Ernest Gary Gygax
July 27, 1938
Chicago, Illinois, United States
|Died||March 4, 2008
Lake Geneva, Wisconsin, USA
|Occupation||Writer, game designer|
|Genre||Role-playing games, fantasy, wargames|
|Spouse||Mary Jo Powell (m. 1958)
Gail Carpenter (August 15, 1987 – March 4, 2008)
Ernest Gary Gygax (// GY-gaks; July 27, 1938 – March 4, 2008) was an American writer and game designer best known for co-creating the pioneering role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons (D&D) with Dave Arneson. Gygax has been described as the father of D&D.
In the 1960s, Gygax created an organization of wargaming clubs and founded the Gen Con gaming convention. In 1971, he helped develop Chainmail, a miniatures wargame based on medieval warfare. He co-founded the company Tactical Studies Rules (TSR, Inc.) with childhood friend Don Kaye in 1973. The following year, he and Dave Arneson created D&D, which expanded on Gygax's Chainmail and included elements of the fantasy stories he loved as a child. In the same year, he founded The Dragon, a magazine based around the new game. In 1977, Gygax began work on a more comprehensive version of the game, called Advanced Dungeons & Dragons. Gygax designed numerous manuals for the game system, as well as several pre-packaged adventures called "modules" that gave a person running a D&D game (the "Dungeon Master") a rough script and ideas on how to run a particular gaming scenario. In 1983, he worked to license the D&D product line into the successful D&D cartoon series.
- "United States Social Security Death Index," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/J52H-DQQ : accessed 12 Feb 2013), Ernest G Gygax, 4 March 2008; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).
- Mead, Lawrence; Malcomson, Ian (2003). "Dungeons & Dragons FAQ". Wizards of the Coast. Archived from the original on October 3, 2008. Retrieved October 3, 2008.
- Rausch, Allen (2004). "Gary Gygax Interview - Part I (page 1)". GameSpy. Archived from the original on October 4, 2008. Retrieved January 3, 2005.