User:KengaJone/New

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Sotir Peçi (1873-1932) was an Albanian nationalist, politician and educator. In 1906 he published the first Albanian-language newspaper in the United States of America in Boston.In 1908 he participated as a delegate in the Congress of Manastir. In 1920 he was appointed Minister of Education of Albania.

Early life[edit]

Sotir Peçi, the son of a wealthy merchant Jovan Peçi was born in Dardhë a village near Korçë on July 13, 1873. His father died while he was a child. Peçi studied at the local school in Korçë. In 1890 at the age of 17 he enrolled at the University of Athens where he studied physical sciences and graduated with a degree in mathematics.[1] While being in Athens he published the Albanian dictionary of Kostandin Kristoforidhi.

Activities in the USA[edit]

In 1905 he migrated to the USA in Boston. There he became a member of the Patriotic Brotherhood of Dardha (Albanian: Vëllezëria Patriotike e Dardhës) and published the weekly newspaper The Nation (Albanian: Kombi), the first Albanian-language newspaper in the USA.[1][2][3] In 1906 Sotir Peçi employed Fan Noli as deputy editor of the newspaper.[4]

Activities in Albania[edit]

In 1908 Peçi participated in the Congress of Manastir, an academic conference held in the city of Manastir from November 14 to November 22, 1908, with the goal of standardizing the Albanian alphabet, as a delegate of the Albanian communities living in the United States of America for whom he was granted three votes.[5] After returning to Albania in 1908 he taught at the school of Elbasan[3]

Sotir Peçi wrote a series of textbooks in physics mathematics and grammar, and was appointed director of education of Korçë.[5] At the national Congress of Lushnjë, where a new national cabinet was elected with Sulejman Delvina as its prime minister. The Congress elected Sotir Peçi as Minister of Education.[6] In 1921 he was elected deputy of Korçë. He also became member of Supreme Council of Regency. In 1924 he appointed Fan Noli, bishop of Durrës and prime minister of Albania.[3] Sotir Peçi died in Florina in 1932. He was honoured post-humously with the title Teacher of the People (Albanian: Mësues i Popullit). A road and a school in Korçë were renamed after him.

See also[edit]

National Renaissance of Albania Congress of Lushnjë

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Canadian review of studies in nationalism: Revue canadienne des études sur le nationalisme. 30-32. University of Prince Edward Island. 2003. p. 46. 
  2. ^ Tarasar, Constance (1975). Orthodox America, 1794-1976: development of the Orthodox Church in America. Dept. of History and Archives. p. 309. 
  3. ^ a b c Pipa, Arshi (1989). The politics of language in socialist Albania. East European Monographs 271. University of Michigan. ISBN 0880331682. 
  4. ^ Elsie, Robert; Centre for Albanian Studies (2005). Albanian literature: a short history. I.B.Tauris. p. 109. ISBN 1845110315. 
  5. ^ a b Jacques, Edwin (1995). The Albanians: an ethnic history from prehistoric times to the present. McFarland. p. 303. ISBN 0899509320. 
  6. ^ Pearson, Owen (2004). Albania and King Zog: independence, republic and monarchy 1908-1939. I. B. Tauris. p. 139. ISBN 1845110137.