User:Piotrus

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Welcome, traveller, to the Wikipedian Piotr Konieczny aka Prokonsul Piotrus' user page
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On this beautiful day of

Tuesday
2
September
21:36 UTC
Wikipedia has 4,594,957 articles.


My best work
Total FeaturedFeatured article count: 22
At modern FA standards: 7 OK
Former featured articles in need of updating: 15 Need updating
Out of that written mostly by me: 17 (7 OK / 10 Need updating)
  1. Need updating Max Weber Nov'04 Sep'06 (review) Sep'10 41kb
  2. Need updating Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Dec'04 43kb
  3. OK Witold Pilecki Dec'04 25kb
  4. Need updating Battle of Warsaw (1920) Jan'05 25kb
  5. Need updating Stanisław Koniecpolski Feb'05 25kb
  6. Need updating Władysław Sikorski Mar'05 37kb
  7. OK Polish-Soviet War Apr'05 47kb
  8. Need updating May Constitution of Poland Apr'05 30kb
  9. Need updating Polish September Campaign May'05 49kb
  10. Need updating Sociocultural evolution Aug'05 57kb
  11. OK History of Poland (1945-1989) Jul'05 / Revised: Apr'07 75kb
  12. Need updating Polish-Muscovite War (1605-1618) Nov'05 46kb
  13. OK Katyń massacre Jan'06 50kb
  14. OK History of Solidarity - Good article Aug'06 Featured article Dec'06 60kb
  15. Need updating Soviet invasion of Poland (1939) - July'07 60kb
  16. OK Józef Piłsudski - Good article Jun'06 A-class Oct'06 Featured article Jan'08 122kb
  17. OK Polish culture during World War II - Good article Apr'08 A-class Apr'09 Featured article Jun'09 81kb
Minor (I wrote less than half): 5 (0 OK / 5 Need updating)
  1. Need updating Warsaw Uprising Aug'04 30kb
  2. Need updating Blitzkrieg May'05 35kb
  3. Need updating Virtuti Militari Jul'05 38kb
  4. Need updating History of the Jews in Poland Nov'05 60kb
  5. Need updating Warsaw Uprising (1794) Aug'06
Total A-classA-class count: 6
At current A-class standards: 4 OK
Former A-class articles promoted to FA class: 2 Featured article
Józef Piłsudski, Polish culture during World War II
Former A-class articles in need of updating: 0 Need updating
Out of the current A-class written mostly by me: 4 (4 OK / 0 Need updating)
  1. OK Smolensk War (Good article Aug'07 A-class Oct'07)
  2. OK Armia Krajowa (Good article Jun'06 A-class Mar'08)
  3. OK Kiev Expedition (1018) (Good article Oct'07 A-class Aug'08)
  4. OK Stanisław Koniecpolski (March'11) A-class July'12
Minor (I wrote less than half): 0 (0 OK / 0 Need updating)


Total GArticlesGood article count: 52
At current GA-class standards: 76 OK
Beyond current GA-class standards: 8 OK
Former GA-class articles promoted to FA class: 3 Featured article
Katyń massacre, Józef Piłsudski, Polish culture during World War II
Former GA-class articles promoted to A class: 5 A-class
Smolensk War, History of Solidarity, Armia Krajowa, Kiev Expedition (1018), Stanisław Koniecpolski
Former GA-class articles in need of updating: 0 Need updating
Out of current GA-class, written mostly by me: 41 (41 OK / 0 Need updating)
  1. OK Kiev Offensive (1920) (Jul'06)
  2. OK Polish legislative election, 1957 (Aug'07. Delisted and passed again on Jun'11
  3. OK Poznań 1956 protests (Aug'07)
  4. OK Polish October (Oct'07)
  5. ✓Need updating Łódź insurrection (1905) (Apr'08. Delisted and passed again on Jun'11
  6. OK Minority Treaties (May'08)
  7. OK Vilna offensive (June'08)
  8. OK Battle of Kostiuchnówka (Jun'08)
  9. OK First Partition of Poland (Jan'09)
  10. OK The Holocaust in Lithuania (Feb'09)
  11. OK Żydokomuna (March '09)
  12. OK Lech Wałęsa (Jan'10)
  13. OK Sociology of leisure (Jan'10)
  14. OK Nouvelles Extraordinaires de Divers Endroits (Jan/March'10)
  15. OK Juliusz Słowacki (March'11)
  16. OK Józef Światło (April'11])
  17. OK Max Weber (April11)
  18. OK Karl Marx (April'11)
  19. OK Polish Underground State (May'11)
  20. OK Paweł Jasienica (June'11)
  21. OK Émile Durkheim (June'11)
  22. OK Battle of Bautzen (1945) (August'11)
  23. OK Władysław IV Vasa (August'11)
  24. OK Constitution of May 3, 1791 (Jan'12)
  25. OK Constitution of May 3, 1791 (painting) (Apr'12)
  26. OK Great Sejm (June'12)
  27. OK Siege of Smolensk (1632–1633) (June'12)
  28. OK 1919 Polish coup d'état attempt in Lithuania (June'12)
  29. OK Suwałki Agreement (June'12)
  30. OK Sejny Uprising (|June'12)
  31. OK Siege of Mantua (1799) (June'12)
  32. OK Prussian Homage (painting) (July'12)
  33. OK Battle of Byczyna (July'12)
  34. OK Battle of Grunwald (painting) (August'12)
  35. OK Marie Curie (Sept'12)
  36. OK Stanisław August Poniatowski (Sept'12)
  37. OK Polish Legions (Napoleonic period) (Oct'12)
  38. OK General sejm (Oct'12)
  39. OK Stanisław Żółkiewski (Oct'12)
  40. OK Scipione Piattoli (Nov'12)
  41. OK Stefan Czarniecki (Nov'12)
  42. OK Military of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (Nov'12)
  43. OK Stanisław Staszic (Apr'13)
  44. OK Tadeusz Kościuszko (Apr'13)
  45. OK Stańczyk (painting) (Apr'13)
  46. OK Casimir Pulaski (Apr'13)
  47. OK Władysław Sikorski (May'13)
  48. OK Emilia Plater (May'13)
  49. OK Tadeusz Rejtan (May'13)
  50. OK Jan Dekert (Jun'13)
  51. OK Baptism of Poland (Jun'13)
  52. OK Jan Karol Chodkiewicz (Jun'13)
  53. OK Ignacy Potocki (Jun'13)
  54. OK Adam Mickiewicz (Jul'13)
  55. OK Sejm of the Duchy of Warsaw (Jul'13)
  56. OK Sejm of the Land (Jul'13)
  57. OK Sejm of the Grand Duchy of Posen (Jul'13)
  58. OK Sejm of the Estates (Jul'13)
  59. OK Sejm of Congress Poland (Jul'13)
  60. OK Henryk Sienkiewicz (Jul'13)
  61. OK Second Partition of Poland (Jul'13)
  62. OK Erving Goffman (Aug'13)
  63. OK A Polish Nobleman (Sep'13)
  64. OK Sejmik (Sep'13)
  65. OK Stephen Báthory (Sep'13)
  66. OK Polish–Russian War of 1792 (Sep'13)
  67. OK Sikorski's death controversy (Oct'13)
  68. OK Liberum veto (Oct'13)
  69. OK Polish–Prussian alliance (Oct'13)
  70. OK Partition Sejm (Oct'13)
  71. OK Ryszard Siwiec (Oct'13)
  72. OK Roman Dmowski (Feb'14)
  73. OK Jan Zamoyski (Feb'14)
Minor (I wrote less than half): 3 (3 OK / 0 Need updating)
  1. OK Mieczysław Jagielski (Jan'09)
  2. OK Kraków (Sept'09)
  3. OK Ewelina Hańska (Aug'11)
In addition: 14 articles improved by my students to Good Article class
Start-class/C-class
  1. Adam Mickiewicz
  2. Adhocracy
  3. Bohdan Khmelnytsky
  4. Bolesław I Chrobry
  5. Bolesław the Forgotten
  6. Bronisław Malinowski
  7. Camps for soldiers of the UNR Army interned in Poland (1919–1924)
  8. Edward Rydz-Śmigły
  9. Erving Goffman
  10. Florian Znaniecki
  11. Golden Liberty
  12. Henryk Sienkiewicz
  13. History of democracy
  14. History of Poland (1569-1795)
  15. Historical demography
  16. John II Casimir Vasa
  17. John III Sobieski
  18. Jan Czochralski
  19. Jan Henryk Dąbrowski
  20. Jan Kochanowski
  21. January Uprising
  22. Katowice
  23. Kazimierz Siemienowicz
  24. Kościuszko Uprising
  25. Lew Sapieha
  26. Magnate wars in Moldavia
  27. Mieszko I of Poland
  28. Nicolaus Copernicus
  29. November Uprising
  30. Order of the Smile
  31. Polish Legions (Napoleonic period)
  32. Polish–Russian War of 1792
  33. PZL.37 Łoś
  34. Roman Dmowski
  35. Sarmatism
  36. Serfdom
  37. Stephen Báthory
  38. Sybiraks
  39. Szlachta
  40. Władysław Kozakiewicz
  41. Zygmunt Krasiński
To translate:
  1. Missing 'Artykuły na Medal' (Polish WP Featured Articles)
  2. pl:Samorząd terytorialny w Polsce to Self-government in Poland
  3. pl:Wysiedlenie Polaków ze Lwowa to Lwów repatriation
  4. pl:Polscy ambasadorzy to List of Polish ambassadors
  5. pl:Diecezja kamieniecko-podolska to Diocese of Kamianets-Podilskyi
  6. pl:Ofiary nazizmu w Polsce (1939-1945) to List of victims of Nazism
  7. pl:Okręg Wilno AK to Wilno District of AK
  8. pl:Wojna domowa w Polsce 1704-1706 to Civil war in Poland (1704-1706)
  9. pl:Ordynacja Zamojska to ordynacja of Zamość
  10. Polskie biblioteki internetowe to Digital libraries in Poland
  11. pl:Muzea Krakowa to Museums of Kraków
  12. pl:Muzea w Warszawie to Museums of Warsaw
  13. pl:Dywizja Strzelców Polskich to Polish Rifleman Division
  14. pl:Pałacyk Michlera to Michler's Palace
  15. pl:Krzysztof Warszewicki to Krzysztof Warszewicki
  16. pl:Władysław Korczyc to Władysław Korczyc
  17. pl:P (oznaczenie) to P (symbol)
  18. pl:Wojna polsko-niemiecka 1002-1005 to German-Polish war (1002-1005)
  19. pl:Eugeniusz Pieniążek to Eugeniusz Pieniążek
  20. pl:Liga Obrony Kraju to Liga Obrony Kraju
  21. pl:Instytut Lecha Wałęsy to Lech Walesa Institute
  22. pl:Feliks Młynarski to Feliks Młynarski
  23. pl:Ruch Poparcia Janusza Palikota to Ruch Poparcia Janusza Palikota
  24. pl:Zamek w Szymbarku to Castle in Szymbark
  25. pl:Mieczysław Dziemieszkiewicz to Mieczysław Dziemieszkiewicz
  26. pl:Mundur górniczy to Miner uniform
  27. pl:Śląski strój ludowy to Silesian folk costume
  28. pl:Kult Edwarda Śmigłego-Rydza to Cult of Edward Śmigły-Rydz
  29. pl:Krótki kurs historii WKP(b) to History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks): Short Course
  30. pl:Układ (slogan polityczny) to Układ
  31. pl:Objawienie w Gietrzwałdzie to Gietrzwałd revelations
  32. pl:Kazimierz Grochowski to Kazimierz Grochowski
  33. pl:Antonina Leśniewska to Antonina Leśniewska
  34. pl:Kaplica Moskiewska to Kaplica Moskiewska
  35. pl:Nowa Synagoga w Gdańsku-Wrzeszczu to New Synagogue in Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz
  36. pl:List 34 to Letter of 34
  37. pl:Główny Urząd Kontroli Prasy, Publikacji i Widowisk to Main Office of Control of Press, Publications and Shows
  38. pl:Władysław Wielhorski to Władysław Wielhorski
  39. pl:Antoni Matejkiewicz to Antoni Matejkiewicz
  40. pl:Kabaret Dudek to Kabaret Dudek
  41. pl:Jonka, Jonek i Kleks to Adventures of Kleks (?)
  42. pl:Sobór Metropolitalny Świętej Równej Apostołom Marii Magdaleny w Warszawie to ?
  43. pl:Front Polski (1944) to Polish Front
  44. pl:Bitwa pod Krakowem to Battle of Kraków (1914)
  45. pl:Józef Wincenty Piłsudski to Józef Wincenty Piłsudski
  46. pl:Warszawskie wieżowce to Skyscrapers of Warsaw
  47. pl:Grzegorz Dołgoruki to Gregory Dolgoruky
  48. pl:Czekan (broń) to Czekan
  49. pl:Feliks Turski to Feliks Turski
  50. pl:Tymoteusz Gorzeński to Tymoteusz Gorzeński
  51. pl:Tadeusz Matuszewicz to Tadeusz Matuszewicz
  52. pl:Szwadron Kawalerii Wojska Polskiego to Representative Cavalry Squadron of the Polish Army
  53. pl:Batalion Reprezentacyjny Wojska Polskiego to Representative Battalion of the Polish Army
  54. pl:Michał Wielhorski (kuchmistrz litewski) to Michał Wielhorski (1730-1814)
  55. pl:Michał Wielhorski (generał) to Michał Wielhorski (general)
  56. pl:Franciszek Jerzmanowski to Franciszek Jerzmanowski
  57. pl:Karl Emeryk Aleksander Reviczky von Revisnye to Karl Emeryk Aleksander Reviczky von Revisnye
  58. pl:Gédéon Benoît to Gédéon Benoît
  59. pl:Powstanie Paleja to Paliy Uprising
  60. pl:Flora Polski to Flora of Poland
  61. pl:Animowana historia Polski to Animowana historia Polski
  62. pl:Miasto ruin to Miasto ruin
  63. pl:Grabież polskich dóbr kultury w czasie II wojny światowej to Plunder of Polish cultural artifacts during World War II
  64. pl:Ignacy Skorupka to Ignacy Skorupka
  65. pl:Żeby Polska była Polską (program telewizyjny) to Let Poland be Poland (TV)
  66. pl:Uchwała Sejmu o detronizacji Mikołaja I to Sejm decree on the dethroning of Nicholas I
  67. pl:Manufaktura to Manufacture (now a redirect)
  68. pl:Szarża pod Rokitną to Charge at Rokitna
  69. pl:Obwarzanek krakowski to Obwarzanek krakowski
  70. pl:Hołd Szujskich to Shuyskiy Homage
  71. pl:Witajcie w życiu to Witajcie w życiu
  72. pl:Pan Lodowego Ogrodu to Pan Lodowego Ogrodu
  73. pl:Demokracja szlachecka to Nobles' democracy (now a redirect)
  74. pl:Joachim Denisko to Joachim Denisko
  75. pl:Jerzy Rekuć to Jerzy Rekuć
  76. pl:Polska w okresie rozbicia dzielnicowego to Fragmentation of Poland (currently just a redirect)
  77. pl:Kopalnia ropy naftowej w Bóbrce to Oil Mining Museum in Bóbrka
  78. pl:System podatkowy w Polsce to Tax system in Poland
  79. pl:Konflikt wawelski to Wawel conflict
  80. pl:Strajk dzieci wrzesińskich to Września children strike
  81. pl:Narodowy Dzień Pamięci „Żołnierzy Wyklętych” to National Day of Remembrance of Cursed Soldiers
  82. pl:Narodowy Dzień Pamięci Powstania Warszawskiego to National Day of Remembrance of the Warsaw Uprising
  83. pl:Dzień Solidarności i Wolności to Day of Solidarity and Freedom
  84. pl:Święto Wojska Polskiego to the Polish Army Holiday
  85. pl:Narodowe Święto Odrodzenia Polsk to National Holiday of Poland's Rebirth
  86. pl:Rezerwaty biosfery w Polsce to Biosphere reserves in Poland (now a redirect)
  87. pl:Lament świętokrzyski to Lament of the Holy Cross
  88. pl:Psałterz floriański to St. Florian's Psalter
  89. pl:Niemieckie represje wobec Polaków niosących pomoc Żydom to German repressions for Poles aiding Jews during the Holocaust
  90. pl:Zbrodnia w Markowej (1944) to Markowa massacre
  91. pl:Podział administracyjny Kościoła katolickiego w Polsce to Administrative division of the Catholic Church in Poland
  92. pl:Broń pancerna II RP to Armoured warfare units of the Second Polish Republic
  93. pl:Odprawa posłów greckich to Odprawa posłów greckich
  94. pl:Arnold Hecht to Arnold Hecht
  95. pl:Akcja rewindykacji cerkwi prawosławnych w II Rzeczypospolitej to Appropriation of Orthdox Churches in the Second Polish Republic
  96. pl:Konfederacja Spytka z Melsztyna to Confederation of Spytko of Melsztyn
  97. pl:Bitwa pod Jezierną to Battle of Jezierna
To create:
  1. Economic history of Poland from various
  2. parent article to Template:Campaignbox Poland 1944-1945
  3. military fiction from [1]
  4. for Category:Diplomatic missions of Poland from pl:Kategoria:Polskie placówki dyplomatyczne i konsularne
  5. Any bios missing from [2]
  6. missing articles in Administrative division of Poland#Historical
  7. Museums of Katowice from pl:Kategoria:Muzea w Katowicach
  8. Hugenot refuge, based on Huguenots#The Netherlands
  9. Missing Enlightnment by country articles: Dutch Enlightenment, French Enlightenment (now a redirect), Italian Enlightenment, British Enlightenment
  10. Boris Tsankov (Bulgarian media figure)
  11. 1991 coup d'état in Haiti
  12. Spectators (media)
  13. Battle of Sochi (part of the Russian – Circassian War)
  14. Sociology of everyday life
  15. Cambridge Keynesians
  16. Intellectual property activism
  17. Polish Antarctic Expedition
  18. Katyn Museum ([3])
  19. Missing articles from pl:Kategoria:Radziecka okupacja Kresów Wschodnich II RP 1939-1941
  20. Wikipedian Protester
  21. Mikołaj Cebulka from [4]
  22. Mieczyslaw Haiman
  23. Finnish Relief Fund
  24. Emblem of Good Will from [5]
  25. Ferdinand Flocon from [6]
  26. Weber's prophecies: Ethical prophecy, Exemplary prophecy, Messianic prophecy (now red or redirects)
  27. cosplay masquerade
  28. 1892 strike in Łódź
  29. Polish 1946 protests
  30. Kali's morality from pl:Kali (postać literacka)?
  31. campus protest
  32. Baltic grain trade (source: [7])
  33. Independence movement/Separatist movement/Independence organization/Separatist organization (currently just redirects)
  34. Social manufacturing
  35. Duchies of Poland (currently just a redirect)
  36. German ultimatum to Poland
  37. Knowledge production/knowledge creation (just redirects)
  38. moral progress
  39. Easter in Poland
  40. History of religion in Poland
  41. Women's rights in Poland (emancypacja w Polsce)
  42. Secrecy of negotiations
  43. Poland and the United Nations
  44. Structure of Polish society from [8]
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  • Skype: prokonsul_piotrus
  • YIM proconsul_piotrus
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  • MSN piokon at post dot pl
Licences
Multi-licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike License versions 1.0 and 2.0
I agree to multi-license my text contributions, unless otherwise stated, under Wikipedia's copyright terms and the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike license version 1.0 and version 2.0. Please be aware that other contributors might not do the same, so if you want to use my contributions under the Creative Commons terms, please check the CC dual-license and Multi-licensing guides.



Picture of the day
Yogapith temple in Mayapur

The Yogapith temple in Mayapur, West Bengal, India, is a shrine constructed at the birth site of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1533). It was erected in the 1880s by Bhaktivinoda Thakur (1838–1914), a leading Gaudiya Vaishnava reformer and teacher, when, after much research, he rediscovered Chaitanya's original birthplace. Chaitanya founded Gaudiya Vaishnavism, better known in the West by its branch, the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, or the Hare Krishna movement.

Photo: Cinosaur
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Salad'o'meter™

Hover over an award for a description
Does not include food-related awards and minor thanks :>
I, Smoddy do hereby, and with all due and deserved ceremony, award you, Piotr Konieczny aka Prokonsul Piotrus a barnstar for your excellent and unending work creating and critiquing featured article candidates. It is hugely appreciated. Thank you. 16:53, 28 March 2005 For your great work on articles related to Poland, I give you the Barnstar of National Merit.  Congrats. Zscout370 20:17, 15 July 2005 (UTC) For your work on getting many Polish articles promoted to Featured Article Status, and for helping getting some of my articles Featured, I present you the The Featured Article Medal.  Congrats. Zscout370 20:17, 15 July 2005 (UTC) For your countless contributions to Wikipedia, I, Appleseed, present you with the Tireless Contributor Barnstar. Your work is very, very much appreciated! 13:17, 31 January 2006 For your particularly fine History-related contributions concerning the Polish-Soviet War I present to you this Epic Barnstar award. Rosameliamartinez 05:49, 16 April 2006 (UTC) For an almost intimidating amount of useful information, I present you with this Excellent User Page Award. Frater5 16:56, 29 May 2006 (UTC) In honour of your endless contributions to DYK. Much appreciated. Blnguyen 05:50, 16 October 2006 (UTC) The Tireless Contributor Barnstar. Just Because. evrik 21:10, 23 June 2006 (UTC) You surely deserve this one. Halibutt 15:00, 6 November 2006 (UTC) I, Smee, hereby award you with The 100 DYK Medal, for over 100 impressive contributions to Did you know? Thank you. Yours, Smee 03:52, 24 May 2007 (UTC) I'm awarding you this barnstar for your great work on Wikipedia! Wikidudeman 13:21, 13 August 2007 (UTC) Suva 08:05, 24 September 2007 (UTC) Piotrus, please accept this imperial Napoleonic triple crown in thanks for your vast and impressive content contributions. You are a Napoleon among editors. -- Durova, 04:43, 28 November 2007 (UTC) For tagging and assessing 250 articles in Tag & Assess 2007, by order of the coordinators I hereby present you with this Military history WikiProject Service Award. --ROGER DAVIES 11:16, 2 January 2008 (UTC) I, Tymek 19:48, 3 January 2008 (UTC), am awarding you this Barnstar, as you are by far number one among Polish Wikipedians. Thank you for your excellent work For gracefully patching things up with Charles after the edit dispute that turned into a hot 3RR topic. If only all editors dealing with Eastern European topics could be as polite and gracious as you two, Wikipedia would be a much better place. Ioeth 17:48, 4 January 2008 (UTC) I award you with our highest star for continuous help to our project, kindness, fairness, and for good work. Tulkolahten 18:26, 20 January 2008 I award "The Featured Article Medal" to Piotrus for promoting several articles to the Featured Article status. Your contributions are simply outstanding. Masterpiece2000 03:25, 15 February 2008 (UTC) The 200 DYK Medal Awarded to Piotrus in recognition of his double century. Blnguyen 06:16, 29 February 2008 (UTC) Your optimism is appreciated. Olessi 18:47, 7 March 2008 (UTC) For your work in articles pertaining to Royalty and Nobility, especially Zygmunt Kurnatowski. I hereby award you The Barnstar of Royalty and Nobility. 69.86.173.19 21:48, 31 March 2008 Thank you for your continued help with WikiProject Pittsburgh! Keep up the great work! DB9 02:26, 27 April 2008 (UTC) The Ministry of Doorway Poets and Lotta Sun is proud to present you with this humble award for displaying good humor and creativity while introducing the series of articles on new concepts in Sociology to Wikipedia - Sociology of the Internet, Time displacement ... keep on going, brother! For the Ministry: greg park avenue 02:27, 30 May 2008 (UTC) By the order of the coordinators of the Military history WikiProject, you are hereby awarded the WikiChevrons with Oak Leaves in recognition of your outstanding contributions to Polish military history, including the creation of numerous Featured Articles, A-Class articles, and Good Articles on the subject. For the coordinators, Kirill Lokshin 01:20, 26 June 2008 (UTC) I, LAAFan, am pleased to award Piotrus this barnstar for all of their hard work on Wikipedia LAAFan 12 September 2008 The Optimistic's Star is for those who have had to put up with so much but still believed that there was light at the end of the tunnel. Remember when you gave this to me? :) Ostap R 13 September 2008 The Polish Barnstar of National Merit, 1st Class Awarded to Piotrus for his efforts in elevating First Partition of Poland to GA status. Good work. Keep it up !!! Kensplanet 10:30, 18 January 2009 The Article Rescue BarnstarThis barnstar is awarded to Piotrus, for his valiant efforts in saving articles from deletion. Ikip 1:11 pm, 25 January 2009, Sunday I, Cirt, am pleased to award the coveted Alexander the Great edition triple laurel crown to Piotrus. This special award recognizes the rare editor who contributes 15 pieces of featured content, 15 good articles, and 15 "Did you know?" entries. All hail Piotrus! Cirt 22:24, 11 March 2009 (UTC) By order of the Military history WikiProject coordinators, for your devoted work on the WikiProject's Peer and A-Class reviews, I am delighted to award you this Content Review Medal. Roger Davies 13:51, 12 April 2009 (UTC) Piotrus, please accept The Barnstar of Integrity as an appreciation not only for your outstanding contributions but also for all the support and exceptional advices I have received from you that have made me a better editor that I was before. Jacurek 23:41, 27 May 2009 (UTC) Please accept this barnstar for all the work you quietly do behind the scenes on behalf of WikiProject Poland. Malik Shabazz 23:41, 18:27, 17 October 2009 (UTC) Congratulations! You have been awarded the Four Award for your work from beginning to end on Polish culture during World War II. Little Mountain 5, 14:40, 19 April 2010 This Modest barnstar is awarded to Piotrus for copy editing articles totalling 4,158 words during the Guild of Copy Editors July 2010 backlog drive. Your contributions are appreciated! --Diannaa 15:03, 1 August 2010 By order of the Military history WikiProject coordinators, for your good work helping with the WikiProject's Peer and A-Class reviews during the period July-December 2009, I hereby award you this Military history WikiProject Reviewers' award. TomStar81 1 September 2010 By order of the Military history WikiProject coordinators, for your good work helping with the WikiProject's Peer and A-Class reviews during he period 1 April-30 September 2010, I hereby award you this Military history WikiProject Reviewers' award. Roger Davies 7 October 2010 For your great help and wonderful reviews of good article nominees. Psychiatrick 11:39, 20 June 2011 (UTC) Thanks for reviewing student articles! You really are a Tireless Contributor. Sross (Public Policy) 19:24, 30 June 2011 (UTC) Thanks for the message:-) Evangelidis 01:36, 15 September 2011 (UTC) For helping me in the categorisation stuff on the article 2011 in Poland. Plarem 21:24, 24 September 2011 (UTC) Awarded to Piotrus, who reached round 4, the semi-finals, in the 2011 WikiCup.  J Milburn and The ed17 5:05 pm, 2 November 2011 Kudos for this edit on the SOPA page. With the entry about to explode in size, someone keeping the references orderly will help it develop properly. I know that sort of Elven behavior gets overlooked a lot of the time, but it helps tremendously, thanks! Sloggerbum 1:50 am, 19 November 2011 (UTC) Wonderful job with Wroniec (book). Thankyou for all the great work you do Dr. Blofeld  5:03 am, 14 December 2011 (UTC) By order of the Military history WikiProject coordinators, for your devoted contributions to the WikiProject's Peer, A-Class and Featured article reviews for the period October–December 2011, I am delighted to award you the Content Review Medal. Buggie111 12:29 pm, 14 January 2012 (UTC) This barnstar is awarded to everyone who - whatever their opinion - contributed to the discussion about Wikipedia and SOPA. Thank you for being a part of the discussion. Presented by the Wikimedia Foundation. Philippe (WMF) 15:44, January 21, 2012 Thank you for contributing to the December 2011 Good Article nomination backlog elimination drive AstroCog 6:47 pm, 27 January 2012 (UTC) For excellence and dedication in your work on WikiProject Sociology. Meclee 1:51 pm, 4 February 2012, (UTC)) This barnstar is awarded to everyone who - whatever their opinion - contributed to the discussion about Wikipedia and SOPA. Thank you for being a part of the discussion. Presented by the Wikimedia Foundation. January 21, 2012 The Barnstar of European Merit, awarded to Piotrus, who have contributed tirelessly with excellent edits in a broad variety of articles related to the European Union and Europe in general. Poeticbent 18:05, 5 March 2012 (UTC) coverage of Polish themes Thank you for your profound coverage of Polish history, art, and especially people, - you are an awesome Wikipedian!--Gerda Arendt 5:36 pm, 22 March 2012 By order of the Military history WikiProject coordinators, for your devoted work on the WikiProject's Peer, A-Class and Featured Article Candidate reviews for the first quarter of 2012, I am delighted to award you this Content Review Medal. Dank 13:51, 03:43, 17 April 2012 (UTC) The Content Creativity Barnstar. For creating Cute cat theory of digital activism, among many other articles we didn't know we needed to have until you created them. — Daniel Case 04:07, 22 April 2012 (UTC) For creating articles like Twitter bomb and helping increase Wikipedia's coverage of Internet culture, I hereby award you the Internet Barnstar. -- SupernovaExplosion 01:47, 1 May 2012 (UTC) to all of the contributors to [the April 30, 2012 Recent Research report in the Signpost for the good work the re! Pine 7:54, 2 May 2012 (UTC) For your excellent work on improving Marie Curie User:Andrew Gray 13:04, 9 September 2012 (UTC) Thank you for your work on Poland-Russia border. Legolover26 7:00 pm, 13 September 2012 Your recognition for 1 GA reviews at the last June-July GAN Review Round. Regards. — ΛΧΣ21™ 12:39 pm, 23 September 2012 By order of the Military history WikiProject coordinators, for your good work on Peer, A-Class and Featured Article reviews of Military history project articles for the period Jul–Sep 12, I hereby award you this Military history WikiProject Reviewers' award. AustralianRupert 8:39 pm, 6 October 2012, Saturday DYK is known for awards but I think the person who nominated 1,000 of other people's articles is the real star. I bet many haven't spotted that there is a DYK nominations award. OK you've created some articles but there is only one word for editors who nominate the work of others two hundred times. Respect. Victuallers 7:31 am, 30 October 2012, Tuesday For your extensive work in creating or improving articles that later appear in DYK. –Narutolovehinata5 tccsdnew 10:58 am, 2 November 2012, Friday This barnstar is awarded to User:Piotrus for his work improving the Tadeusz Kościuszko article. The article had a lot of revert wars between different groups trying to claim Kościuszko, and the quality of the article was far from what it should be, but through the efforts of Piotrus, who edited most of the article to look neutral and reliable in terms of what references to use, the article is getting really close to the FA level. Danton's Jacobin 8:36 am, 21 November 2012, Wednesday For your efforts in improving Tadeusz Kościuszko. Keep up the good work, as always, Piotr! Lord Sjones23 3:46 am, 16 December 2012, Sunday At least one editor in the Wikipedia Education Program identified you specifically as being a helpful editor! Thanks for being so welcoming to a newbie! JMathewson (WMF) 5:29 am, 19 December 2012, Wednesday What an honour it is to thank you for your efforts Piotr. I am one of the many people who know just a bit more about Poland than I did due to your efforts. You have been on this project for nearly ten years and you are one of the most active Wikipedians ever. A DYK article is not easy and you have created or expanded over five hundred. Can I thank you on behalf of our readers, the community and the DYK project. Brilliant. Victuallers 6:45 pm, 5 March 2013 Thank you for doing my request for the Marie Curie page.I couldn't edit it and thanks to you it is now fixed. Necklace22 9:07 am, 14 March 2013 For your contributions to bring Stanisław Staszic to Good Article status. Thanks, and keep up the good work! -- Khazar2 3:07 am, 12 April 2013 The Rosetta Barnstar - For your great efforts at editing, translating and interpreting sources on the Tadeusz Kościuszko and Casimir Pulaski pages. Gwillhickers  2:01 am, 2 May 2013 The Original Barnstar - Nice page! Sulfurboy 6:47 pm, 23 May 2013 The Good Article Barnstar - Congratulations for working on Baptism of Poland. It was a pleasure to work with you! ComputerJA 4:32 am, 15 June 2013 For your contributions to bring Karl Marx (estimated annual readership: 2,038,000) and Marie Curie (estimated annual readership: 1,541,000) to Good Article status, I hereby present you the Million Award. Congratulations on this rare accomplishment--not many editors do this list once, much less twice--and thanks for all you do for Wikipedia's readers. -- Khazar2  8:50 pm, 28 August 2013 The Military History A-Class Medal - On behalf of the coordinators of the Military History WikiProject, I hereby award you the A-Class Medal for your outstanding work on Stanisław Koniecpolski, Tadeusz Kościuszko, and Casimir Pulaski. Cheers, Ian Rose 7:40 pm, 29 August 2013


This editor is a Master Editor III (Requirements: 60,000 edits and 8 years of service) and is entitled to display this Bufonite Editor Star.


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A word from the editor[edit]

Non nobis solum

Piotr Konieczny aka Prokonsul Piotrus[1] (born in Katowice, 1980) - Short story: I am a geek, otaku, a net freelancer, Mensa member, Singularitarian, Magister Artium in economics since April'04 (Top 10 in my year) and in sociology since April'07, one of Top 50 (or Top 0.0001%) of most active Wikipedians (42nd in March'08 is my best record); as of September'09 I was one of the 59 editors who have over 100,000k edits to English Wikipedia. I registered on Wiki on 10 Apr 2004 (User ID 59,002) but I have been editing since December 2003 as an anon. Oh yes, I am a Pole so read on how to deal with Poles! :>

I love sharing my knowledge and the idea of telecommuting, so Wiki is a 'home quite close to home' for me, also illustrating the truth in saying if you find work you like, you will never work again. Working on Wiki gives me this great feeling of doing something good and useful *now* - anybody can access my work anytime they wish, there are no delays in article publications, no restriction on who has enough money to pay for my work (hmmm, I can see a problem with this in the long run though... :>). I have now seen Wikipedia grow for years, and it is amazing. I am sure that in the near future Wiki will rival Google as the best tool on the web. And, of course, if it is, it should be on Wiki.

My interests concentrate around history (including counterfactual history), political sciences, communication, technological singularity, sociology, economics, and finally, as perhaps a bit more trivial a hobby, all things related to good science fiction. Oh, and games. I am a founding member of the Polish Ludology Association, after all :)

In real life I am a sociologist of new media, having finished my PhD in sociology in August'12. What that means is that I try to understand the impact of changes in communication technology on our lives. I am framing myself as a sociologist of the Internet, with a tad of social movement and organization expertise. On a related note, I would like to do some historical research as well, regarding Golden Freedoms of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and its impact on development of democracy worldwide. I also want to look at the social institution of hobby shops, as I find the omission of gaming communities from Putnam's Bowling Alone quite shocking. A lot of my published research so far has been on - ta - dumm! - Wikipedia (and wikis in general), as I am becoming more and more fascinated by the often asked question: 'how does this thing work?!' :) I am also pioneering the use Wikipedia as a teaching tool.

As of Spring 2013 I am teaching a class of 1-year university students about Wikipedia. Feel free to leave them a message and comment on their progress! I have developed a series of freely licensed Prezi slides for it, check them out, copy and resuse them!

Here are some of my published papers you may find interesting:

If for some bizarre reason you need to know more about me, just ask. I don't believe anonymity is good for this project.

  1. ^ Why Prokonsul? Because of this poem. And Piotrus is a latinization, not a diminutive (of Piotr).

Interesting article list[edit]

Daily FA Reading:

Lionel Palairet

Lionel Palairet (1870–1933) was an English amateur cricketer who played for Somerset and Oxford University. A graceful right-handed batsman, he was selected to play Test cricket for England twice in 1902; an unwillingness to tour during the English winter limited his Test appearances. For Somerset, he frequently opened the batting with Herbie Hewett. In 1892, they shared a partnership of 346 for the first wicket, an opening stand that set a record for the County Championship and remains Somerset's highest first-wicket partnership. In that season, Palairet was named as one of the "Five Batsmen of the Year" by Wisden. Over the following decade, he was one of the leading amateur batsmen in England. He passed 1,000 first-class runs in a season on seven occasions, and struck two double centuries. After 1904, he appeared infrequently for Somerset, though he played a full season in 1907 when he was chosen to captain the county. He retired from first-class cricket in 1909, having scored over 15,000 runs. Contemporaries judged Palairet to have one of the most attractive batting styles of the period, and his obituary in The Times described him as "the most beautiful batsman of all time". (Full article...)

Recently featured: Hilda Rix Nicholas – Indian Head eagle – Clackline Bridge

Some interesting articles which I created or significantly contributed to (update). Did you know...

  1. ... that Józef Olszyna-Wilczyński, a high-ranking commander of the Polish Army, a veteran of World War I, Polish-Ukrainian War and the Polish-Soviet War, was executed by the Soviets during the Polish Defensive War of 1939?
  2. ... that the main languages of Renaissance in Poland were Polish and Latin, and that the leading Polish poet of that period, Jan Kochanowski, is regarded as a great Slavic poet?
  3. ... that in the Battle of Gdynia during the Polish September Campaign, the German armed forces captured Gdynia, an important port and industrial center of the Second Polish Republic?
  4. ... that French-born artist Jan Piotr Norblin is famous in Poland for illustrating many important historical moments of the last years of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and is considered one of the most important painters of the Polish Enlightenment?
  5. ... that during the Battle of Hel, one of the longest battles in the 1939 Polish September Campaign, Polish forces temporarily separated the peninsula from the mainland, forming an island?
  6. ... that the Merton Thesis claims that Protestant religion had significant influence on the course of the scientific revolution?
  7. ... that firing of Anna Walentynowicz, a Polish free trade union activist, was one of the events that led to the giant wave of strikes in Poland and eventually the creation of Solidarity?
  8. ... that throughout the development of science, many ideas have been obliterated by incorporation?
  9. ... that in the aftermath of the Defence of the Polish Post in Danzig, in the Polish September Campaign of 1939, all the Polish civilians who had held out for 15 hours against the SS-led assault were executed?
  10. ... that in the Polish legislative election, 1947, the communist-controlled Polish government, advised by specialists from Soviet Ministry for State Security, ensured its victory by vote rigging?
  11. ... that Wojciech Bartosz Głowacki, a peasant, became a Polish national hero after he captured a Russian cannon with his hat during the Battle of Racławice?
  12. ... that A Perfect Vacuum, a 1971 book by Polish author Stanisław Lem, is an anthology of imaginary reviews of nonexistent books?
  13. ... that Jakub Uchański, a 16th-century primate of Poland and interrex, was suspected of heresy by the Pope?
  14. ... that the 1635 Treaty of Sztumska Wieś between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden was of much interest to contemporary European diplomacy?
  15. ... that a 17th century Polish politician Mikołaj Sienicki held the office of marshal of the Sejm recordary nine times and was called a 'Polish Demosthenes' for his oratory skills?
  16. ... that manifest and latent functions and dysfunctions are sociological concepts for understanding the hidden reasons for actions and customs?
  17. ... that in the Bezdany train robbery of 1908, led by the future Polish dictator, Józef Piłsudski, the revolutionaries stole over 200,000 rubles?
  18. ... that Stanisław Warszycki, a wealthy 17th-century Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth magnate, gave rise to many legends about his cruelty, and several places in Poland claim sightings of his ghost?
  19. ... that Henryk Zieliński, a modern Polish historian who studied in the underground university in his youth, died in mysterious circumstances?
  20. ..that in the 1930 Polish election, due to government censorship, opposition papers were reduced to using images of Nietzsche, because he resembled dictator Józef Piłsudski?
  21. ... that Aleksander Krzyżanowski, commander of Polish resistance in the Vilnius region, was arrested by the Soviets after his unit helped them liberate Vilnius from the Germans?
  22. ... that science fiction and fantasy in Poland traces its origins to the Polish Enlightenment, and that many Polish science fiction and fantasy writers are translated into foreign languages - with the notable exception of the English language?
  23. ... that Henryk Woliński, Polish resistance Armia Krajowa member, was responsible for the creation of Żegota and saving the lives of thousands of Polish Jews in WWII?
  24. ... that Aleksandra Piłsudska, a Polish revolutionary and second wife of dictator Józef Piłsudski, helped plan the Bezdany train raid?
  25. ... that Union for Active Struggle was a secret paramilitary organization dedicated to reclaiming Polish independence, with support by Austria-Hungary against the Russian Empire?
  26. ... that Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, creator of the National Bank of Poland and author of many economic reforms in Congress Poland, has also laid foundations for the industrialization of the city of Łódź?
  27. ... that the Constitution of the People's Republic of Poland abolished the office of the President of Poland, replacing it with the State Council of Poland?
  28. ... that His Master's Voice, one of the most acclaimed science-fiction novels of Stanisław Lem, is also one of Lem's strongest critiques of the science-fiction genre itself?
  29. ... that Henryk Iwański, member of Armia Krajowa Polish resistance in WWII, commanded several incursions into the Warsaw Ghetto in support of the Warsaw Ghetto fighters?
  30. ... that student development theories are tools used by scholars and teachers in understanding how students gain knowledge?
  31. ... that parasocial interaction is a one-sided social relationship between the audience and the performers?
  32. ... that Perfect Imperfection, a 2004 science fiction novel by Polish writer Jacek Dukaj, raises the issues of technological singularity, transhumanism and the anthropic principle, and presents a unique model of human evolution?
  33. ... that Józef Kossakowski, bishop and writer, was one of several prominent Polish politicians sentenced to hanging as traitors in the aftermath of the Warsaw Uprising?
  34. ... that the Grodno Sejm of 1793, last Sejm of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, passed the Second Partition of Poland with deputies bribed or coerced by the Russian Empire's army?
  35. ... that the Worek Plan, a submarine operation by the Polish Navy in the early days of the Polish September Campaign, was a failure as the submarines did not manage to sink a single German vessel?
  36. ... that Piotr Włostowic, a 12th century voivode of the Kingdom of Poland, managed to break the alliance between Władysław II the Exile and Rus' princes while blinded, muted and exiled?
  37. ... that in the Battle of Węgierska Górka, one of the first battles of the Second World War, four unfinished and undermanned Polish bunkers held out against an assault of an entire German division for two days and two nights?
  38. ... that Other Songs, an award winning novel by Jacek Dukaj, a Polish science fiction writer, describes a unique world in which the ideas of Aristotle and Hegel replace the laws of physics?
  39. ... that although the Polish-Romanian Alliance, an important alliance of the 1920s, was still in force when the Second World War began, it had little impact on the German invasion of Poland in 1939?
  40. ... that although the last game in the Battle Isle series was released in 2001, there is an open source project, Advanced Strategic Command, to recreate the series?
  41. ... that life chances is a probabilistic concept introduced by sociologist Max Weber to determine the likely outcomes of an individual's life, on the basis of certain underlying factors?
  42. ... that Wojciech Bobowski was one of the most important musicians of the Ottoman Empire, and the author of the Bible translation into the Ottoman Turkish language?
  43. ... that Flying University was the secret educational conspiratorial enterprise that existed in Warsaw, Poland, in various forms in the 19th and 20th century to provide education outside of the dominating ideology?
  44. ... that in the late 18th century, Russian ambassadors to Poland had power that rivalled and even exceeded that of the Polish king or parliament?
  45. ... that Jacek Dukaj's Black Oceans, a Polish science-fiction novel, received the Janusz A. Zajdel Award Polish award for sci-fi literature in 2001?
  46. ... that the history of communication was dependent on the acquisition of the FOXP2 gene in humans, which facilitated the development of speech 200,000 years ago?
  47. ... that the fictional goat Koziołek Matołek has been a popular Polish children's literature character since first appearing in 1933?
  48. ... that Walerian Łukasiński, a 19th century Polish Army officer, was sentenced to 14 years of imprisonment by the Russian Empire, and died in prison after 44 years, becoming one of the martyrs of the Polish struggle for independence under the partitions?
  49. ... that in their 1956 book Union Democracy, social scientist Seymour Martin Lipset and his colleagues describe how the International Typographical Union once defied Michels' iron law of oligarchy?
  50. ... that Henry of Masovia, 14th century bishop of Płock, might have been poisoned by his wife, sister of Grand Duke of Lithuania, Vytautas the Great?
  51. ... that Mikołaj Trąba, first primate of Poland, took part in the Battle of Grunwald and might have been a papal candidate during the Council of Constance?
  52. ... that Bolko II of Świdnica was the last independent duke of the Piast dynasty in Silesia?
  53. ... that Tadeusz Hołówko became one of the first victims of the assassination campaign carried out by the members of the radical Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists despite his relatively moderate stance in the Polish-Ukrainian conflict?
  54. ... that Fighting Solidarity, created in response to the martial law in Poland of 1982, was among the most radical splinters of Solidarity?
  55. ... that Mury, a protest song by Jacek Kaczmarski about events in Catalonia, became the unofficial anthem of Solidarity?
  56. ... that among the editors of Robotnik, an underground newspaper of the Polish Socialist Party, were Józef Piłsudski, future dictator of Poland, and Stanisław Wojciechowski, future president of Poland?
  57. ... that Michał Dymitr Krajewski wrote the first Polish science fiction novel in 1785, during the period of Enlightenment in Poland?
  58. ... that the cry For your freedom and ours, one of the unofficial mottos of Poland, has been popularized by Polish soldiers, exiled from the partitioned Poland, who fought in various independence movements all over the world?
  59. ... that the Polish capture of Wilno in 1919 set the stage for the future Polish-Soviet and Polish-Lithuanian Wars?
  60. ... that Battle of the Border refers to the series of battles that were the opening stage of the Nazi Germany invasion of Poland in September 1939?
  61. ... that Laments by 16th century Polish poet Jan Kochanowski, a masterpiece of the Polish Renaissance, were inspired by the death of the poet's young daughter, Urszula?
  62. ... that the Muscovite-Lithuanian Wars of the 16th century saw significant territorial gains for the Grand Duchy of Moscow, and forced the Grand Duchy of Lithuania to ally itself closer with the Kingdom of Poland, forming the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth?
  63. ... that 17 days after the Germans invaded Poland in 1939, the Soviet Union joined the invasion, ensuring the fall of the Second Polish Republic?
  64. ... that in the early 1900s the illegal paramilitary Combat Organization of the Polish Socialist Party assassinated hundreds of Russian officials, policemen and secret agents responsible for repression in partitioned Poland?
  65. ... that Taras Fedorovych, a 17th century Cossack hetman, led an unsuccessful uprising over the issue of the Cossack register?
  66. ... that the Political Instability Task Force might have predicted over 85% of major state crises occurring in 1990–1997?
  67. ... that the Poniatowski Bridge in Warsaw was destroyed in both World Wars?
  68. ... that the Society of Friends of Science, first Polish scientific organization, founded in 1800, originated from the Thursday's dinners custom held by the last king of Poland, Stanisław August Poniatowski?
  69. ... that History Line: 1914-1918, a turn-based strategy computer game from 1993, adapted the software engine of the science-fiction Battle Isle series to portray the First World War?
  70. ... that on October 5 1914, a French Voisin III pilot scored the first air-to-air kill of World War I?
  71. ... that neoclassical Staszic Palace in Warsaw was temporary redesigned in a Russo-Byzantine style when Poland was partitioned?
  72. ... that a church of the Order of the Holy Ghost once stood at the site of the Juliusz Słowacki Theatre in Kraków?
  73. ... that the Barbican of Warsaw became obsolete almost immediately after its construction in 1548?
  74. ... that the Polish 4th Rifle Division was the only Polish military unit that fought in the Russian Civil War and returned to Poland undefeated?
  75. ... that the Great Synagogue in Danzig, one of the most impressive synagogues of its time, was demolished by the city council of the Free City of Danzig even before the German invasion of Poland began?
  76. ... that in the Battle of Zhovti Vody the army of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth faced 1:10 odds for 18 days before its final defeat by the Cossack-Tatar alliance?
  77. ... the Swedish forces at the Siege of Jasna Góra were actually German mercenaries and Polish supporters of Charles X Gustav?
  78. ... that the Land Coastal Defence that defended the Polish coast during the German invasion of Poland was subordinate to the Polish Navy, not the Army?
  79. ... that the title of Namestnik of Kingdom of Poland became unused and replaced with that of Governor-General of Warsaw without any formal decree after the death of last namestnik?
  80. ... that the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland of 1815, considered among the most liberal constitutions of its time, was increasingly disregarded by the Polish government, leading to the November Uprising of 1830?
  81. ... that the Polish minority in Lithuania is the largest ethnic minority in Lithuania?
  82. ... that there are several theories about the origins of the name of Poland?
  83. ... that construction of Żarnowiec, Poland's only nuclear power plant, was cancelled as the project neared completion?
  84. ... that Russian general Władysław Wejtko joined the Polish Army and constructed fortifications in the decisive Battle of Warsaw?
  85. ... that a strike in the Hipolit Cegielski Industries in Poznań, June 1956, led to the first major Polish protest against communism?
  86. ... that General Stanislav Poplavsky was one of thousands of Soviet officers who served as commanders, advisors and officials in the People's Republic of Poland during the Stalinization period?
  87. ... that the Polish Second Army was the second major formation of the Peoples' Army of Poland fighting alongside the Soviet Union in the Second World War?
  88. ... that Kazimierz Pelczar, a Polish professor of the Stefan Batory University and pioneer of oncological research, was one of the 100,000 victims of the Ponary massacre?
  89. ... that Ponary massacre lasted for 3 years as 100,000 Jews, Poles and Russians were murdered by the Nazis and their collaborators near Vilnius?
  90. ... that Leon Wasilewski, first Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs, was one of the chief supporters of the Prometheism policy aimed at breaking up the Soviet Union?
  91. ... that a part of Rawa River in Silesia is currently so polluted it is officially classified as a sewage channel?
  92. ... that the main force of the Łódź Army was destroyed in the Battle of the Border during the Polish Defensive War of 1939, but an Operational Group held out for a month defending the Modlin fortress?
  93. ... that legendary Łysa Góra is the site of an ancient pagan temple, a ruined monastery that gave its name to the local mountain range and province and the tallest TV tower in Poland?
  94. ... that confusing orders prevented most Polish forces from taking part in the Battle of Wilno in 1939?
  95. ... that reopening of the Cemetery of the Defenders of Lwów in 2005 marked a major improvement of Polish-Ukrainian relations?
  96. ... that following Operation Barbarossa, two distinct Polish military formations were formed in the Soviet Union - the first subordinate to the Polish government in exile, and the second one, to the communist puppet government?
  97. ... that Polish general Józef Zając held military decorations from Poland, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Austro-Hungary, and the short-lived state of Central Lithuania?
  98. ... that the status of the Northern Group of Forces, the Soviet Army unit stationed in Poland from 1945 to 1993, was formally regulated by Soviet-Polish treaty only in 1956?
  99. ... that Polish Armed Forces in the West, despite having their country occupied by the enemy, were one of the most numerous of Western Allies military formations?
  100. ... that bishop Adam Stanisław Krasiński was one of the leaders of the Bar Confederation, the first Polish uprising?
  101. ... that the Poznań 1956 protests were the first major demonstration against the communist government of the People's Republic of Poland?
  102. ... that Antoni Szylling was captured by the Germans as a Major in the Russian Army during World War I, and was captured again by the Germans in World War II as a General of the Polish Army?
  103. ... that in the 1957 Polish legislative elections, only 723 of 60,000 candidates were allowed to run?
  104. ... that the events of Polish October together with Hungarian November shook the Eastern Bloc in 1956 and set the course for the Revolutions of 1989?
  105. ... that Polish-Jewish and American historian Adam Ulam escaped The Holocaust by boarding a ship to study in the U. S. only days before the Germans invaded Poland?
  106. ... that the defection of Polish secret police agent Józef Światło in 1953 shook the Polish United Workers' Party and led to the liberalization of Polish October?
  107. ... that the 1928 legislative election is considered the last free election in Poland before the fall of communism six decades later?
  108. ... that reification is a logical fallacy that occurs when qualities of a living being are attributed to an abstract concept?
  109. ... that the Institute of National Remembrance, a Polish research institute on modern Polish history, has been in a center of recent Polish politics?
  110. ... that historical demography, popularized in the 20th century by French historian Louis Henry, is the study of historical records leading to estimations of past human population?
  111. ... that the Jagiellonian Library of Kraków, dating back to the 14th century, is the largest Polish collection of pre-19th century texts?
  112. ... that Edward Manning Bigelow is known as the "father of Pittsburgh's parks"?
  113. ... that the concept of a communist crime was introduced in Polish law to facilitate studying and prosecution of crimes committed by people in authority against Polish citizens or the nation?
  114. ... that the Kraków szopka is a unique Polish Christmas tradition that portrays artistic interpretations of buildings of Kraków along nativity scenes?
  115. ... that the summer 1944 Lublin-Brest Offensive of Soviet Army succeeded in bringing the Soviets to the vicinity of Warsaw, where the Warsaw Uprising began?
  116. ... that Władysław Orkan, a Podhale Polish writer and poet of the Young Poland movement, never passed his matura exams?
  117. ... that Matysiakowie is both the most popular radio drama in Poland and one of the longest running in the world, with over 2600 episodes broadcast since 1956?
  118. ... that battle for trade was a phrase introduced by Polish communist propaganda for the nationalization of private sector shops?
  119. ... that Józef Franczak, last of the cursed soldiers, was a resistance fighter for over half his life?
  120. ... that a Three-Year Plan succeeded in rebuilding the economy of Poland from World War II devastation?
  121. ... that before World War II, the Polish Army prioritized defence planning in case of Soviet attack over a plan against German invasion until the late 1930s?
  122. ... that Józef Mianowski, a 19th century Polish academic and personal physician of Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaievna, falsified university records to give alibis to Polish insurgents in 1860s?
  123. ... that 19th century Polish general Ludwik Mierosławski led revolutionaries in Poland, Germany and Italy?
  124. ... that Miss Pittsburgh was the first plane to deliver airmail between Pittsburgh and Cleveland?
  125. ... that 19th century Polish noble and farmer Stanisław Chełchowski published academic works ranging from ethnography through agriculture to mycology?
  126. ... that Polish I Corps in Russia, originally intended to fight for the Triple Entente against the Central Powers, was forced to ally itself with the German Ober Ost forces?
  127. ... that the Polish-Teutonic War of 1519-1521 was the last of the Polish-Teutonic Wars, and ended with the Prussian Homage?
  128. ... that the 1621 Battle of Khotyn resulted directly in the death of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth leader, hetman Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, and indirectly in the death of the Ottoman Empire commander, sultan Osman II?
  129. ... that Będzin Castle, an important fortress in medieval Poland, fell into disrepair in the Renaissance era, was almost demolished in the 19th century and was rebuilt only in the 1950s?
  130. ... that one of the most influential people in Polish-French relations was Napoleon Bonaparte, still considered a hero in Poland and mentioned in the Polish national anthem?
  131. ... that in the Polish-Ottoman War of 1672-1676, a few years before crippling the Ottomans at the Battle of Vienna, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth was forced to sign an unfavorable treaty with the Empire?
  132. ... that according to a legend, Polish-Lithuanian noble Mikołaj Sapieha stole a Holy Painting from a private Papal chapel in Rome?
  133. ... that the April 1920 Polish-Ukrainian agreement became the legal justification of the Kiev Offensive against Bolshevik Russia?
  134. ... that the 10-day battle for the Festung Kolberg in March 1945 was one of the most intense urban battles of the Polish First Army, destroying most of the city?
  135. ... that the Polish Army in France continued to fight in the Battle of France despite Pétain’s call for armistice and demobilization?
  136. ... that Stanisław Patek, dropped from the Russian Empire's list of attorneys for defending political dissidents, was later involved in the creation of a new Polish legal system?
  137. ... that in the Smolensk War, the Russian Tsardom and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth tried various Western military innovations and strategies for the first time?
  138. ... that Protestant and Orthodox minorities gained significant concessions from the Catholics during the election sejm of 1632?
  139. ... that the Polish Resettlement Corps was tasked with organizing the 250,000 members of the Polish Armed Forces in the West, over half of whom eventually chose to settle in the UK instead of returning to communist Poland?
  140. ... that coffin portraits of nobility of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth were meant to create an impression that the deceased is taking part in the funeral?
  141. ... that the Polish historian and survivor of the Nazi German Operation Sonderaktion Krakau Stanisław Kutrzeba formed an underground university in defiance of Nazi edicts?
  142. ... that the real objective of the 1732 Treaty of Three Black Eagles, where Prussia, Austria and Russia agreed to support the Portuguese Infante Manuel, Count of Ourém in elections to the Polish throne, was to create a rift between France and Prussia?
  143. ... that in 1526, with the heirless death of Janusz III Mazowiecki, last of the Masovian Piasts, the Duchy of Masovia was reunited with Poland?
  144. ... that the military doctrine of the cult of the offensive was one of the main causes of World War I?
  145. ... that Piłsudski's Mound, built in 1937, is the youngest and largest of the four mounds of Kraków?
  146. ... that after the November Uprising in partitioned Poland, the government of the Russian Empire offered a bounty for one of the Polish leaders, Jan Czyński?
  147. ... that the leaders of the failed coup in Poland in 1919 were arrested by their intended troops?
  148. ... that Polish bishop of Płock Antoni Julian Nowowiejski, murdered by German Nazis in Soldau concentration camp, became one of the 108 Martyrs of World War Two?
  149. ... that Polish-American historian Jerzy Jan Lerski was a member of the cichociemni, a Polish elite commando unit, during WWII?
  150. ... that the Łódź insurrection was one of the largest disturbances of the Russian Revolution of 1905?
  151. ... that Polish painter and politician Henryk Józewski protected Ukrainian leader Symon Petliura from extradition to Soviet Union by hiding him in his flat?
  152. ... that Wilhelm Koppe, one of the chief Nazi Holocaust perpetrators in occupied Poland, escaped arrest and under false name managed a Bonn chocolate factory for over a decade?
  153. ... that the now-Polish Gliwice Canal was known as the "Adolf Hitler Canal" during WWII?
  154. ... that the Little Treaty of Versailles was the first of several Minority Treaties, and Poland's renouncing of it was the deathblow to the League of Nations' ethnic minority-protection regime?
  155. ... that the Minority Treaties of 1919-1921, designed to protect ethnic minorities, were not implemented on the victorious allies of World War I?
  156. ..that popularity of German Minority, a party of the German minority in Poland, has been steadily declining since its establishment?
  157. ... that despite losing almost one third of their men in the Battle of Osuchy, Polish resistance in the Zamość region successfully engaged Germans during the nationwide Operation Tempest only a month later?
  158. ..that Jan Czerski, exiled to Siberia after the January Uprising, became a self-taught scientist and Siberian explorer, thrice decorated with the gold medal by the Russian Geographical Society?
  159. ... that Bonawentura Niemojowski, a Polish politician during the Congress Poland period, became one of the most vocal supporters of the November Uprising against the Russian Empire and a leader of the revolutionary Polish government?
  160. ..that among the founding members of Philomathes - a clandestine Polish student organization in Imperial University of Vilna in partitioned Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth - was Adam Mickiewicz, one of the three national poets of Poland?
  161. ... that Berlinka was a partially constructed highway built by Nazi Germany that was intended to span the Polish Corridor from Berlin to Königsberg, Prussia?
  162. ... that during the negotiations in Ostrów in 1392, the principal Polish negotiator, Henry of Masovia, bishop of Płock, fell in love with the sister of his opponent, Vytautas the Great?
  163. ... that in 1866 Polish exilees to Siberia staged an uprising trying to escape to China?
  164. ... that Kazimierz Pużak, once considered for president of Poland, was one of the leaders of the Polish Secret State arrested by Soviets and sentenced in the Trial of the Sixteen?
  165. ... that Golden Liberty, the political system of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, similar to federation and democracy, became ineffective when faced with the surrounding monarchies?
  166. ... that Żeligowski's Mutiny, which resulted in the creation of the Republic of Central Lithuania in late 1920, was in fact staged and carried out with the knowledge of Polish leader Józef Piłsudski?
  167. ... that the Polish rock band Czerwone Gitary reached the heights of its popularity in the 1960s, and was known as the Polish Beatles?
  168. ... that Otto Magnus von Stackelberg, Russian ambassador to Poland, can be considered an unofficial but de facto ruler of Poland?
  169. ... that the Polish side tried to keep the Suwałki Agreement limited in scope so that it would not interfere with the planned Żeligowski's Mutiny?
  170. ... that the Battle of Chudniv in 1660 was the largest Polish victory over the Russians until the Battle of Warsaw in 1920?
  171. ... that without adequate scouting, Russian forces advanced blindly into the Battle of Lubar in 1658 during the Russo-Polish War, and were soundly defeated by a Polish army much larger than expected?
  172. ... that the Battle of Szkłów in 1654 occurred during a solar eclipse?
  173. ... that Jan IV Oświęcimski, the duke of Oświęcim from 1445 to 1456, harassed the King of Poland so much that he was paid a debt that was promised him four years earlier?
  174. ... that the Battle of Kostiuchnówka during the Brusilov Offensive in summer 1916 is considered the largest and most vicious of the battles involving the Polish Legions?
  175. ... that the testament of Bolesław III Krzywousty, High Duke of Poland, in 1138, led to the fragmentation of Poland which lasted for 200 years?
  176. ... that Lód, the most recent book by Polish science-fiction writer Jacek Dukaj, is an alternate history novel of over 1000 pages?
  177. ... that in the Polish-Austrian War of 1809, part of the War of the Fifth Coalition, Polish forces under Józef Antoni Poniatowski neutralized an Austrian force twice their size and liberated most of the Austrian-held Polish territory?
  178. ... that E.Wedel, a famous confectionery company of Poland, retained its logo even under the Polish communist government?
  179. ... that Nazi Germany planned to starve tens of millions of Jews, Poles and Soviet citizens in order to simultaneously eliminate "surplus population" and feed German citizens and their army?
  180. ... that despite German and Soviet attempts to destroy Polish culture during World War II, it was kept alive by underground activities, with the Polish Home Army even creating newsreels?
  181. ... that Polish duke Władysław the White gained a nickname of King Lancelot due to his adventurous life?
  182. ... that Abraham Gancwajch was one of the most prominent Jewish Nazi collaborators and criminals in the Warsaw Ghetto?
  183. ... that Group 13 was a notorious group of Jewish Nazi collaborators within the Warsaw Ghetto, known as the Jewish Gestapo?
  184. ... that Multinational Division Central-South, part of the Multinational Force Iraq, has been under the Polish command since its creation in 2003?
  185. ... that the Academy of Music in Warsaw, the oldest and largest music school in Poland, is named after the most famous of its students, Fryderyk Chopin?
  186. ... that about 12 million people were forced laborers in Nazi Germany during World War II, and less than 2 million received direct compensation after the war?
  187. ... that Independent Operational Group Polesie, composed of mostly reserve and second line troops, was nonetheless the last regular unit of the Polish Army to capitulate during the German invasion of Poland in 1939?
  188. ... that Red Plague, a poem of Józef Szczepański, commander of Batalion Parasol during the Warsaw Uprising, was banned in the People's Republic of Poland due to its anti-Soviet sentiments?
  189. ... that the battle of the Dukla Pass was one of the bloodiest battles in Slovakia's history and contributed to the failure of the Slovak National Uprising?
  190. ... that Brest Fortress was belatedly honoured by the USSR as a Hero Fortress in 1965 for its resistance to the Nazi invasion in 1941?
  191. ... that Jakub Wejher, one of 17th century Poland's richest magnates, founded the town of Wejherowo?
  192. ... that despite much preparation by Prussia, Toruń Fortress, one of the largest defence complexes in Central and Eastern Europe, did not play a significant role in World War I?
  193. ... that Karol Szajnocha, one of Poland's leading 19th century historians, was self-taught as he was expelled from university?
  194. ... that Operation Himmler was a Nazi Germany false flag operation, intended to create an appearance that the German invasion of Poland was a defensive war provoked by a Polish attack on Germany?
  195. ... that Alexander Solzhenitsyn composed his 12,000-lines long poem Prussian Nights while imprisoned in a GULAG camp, writing down each day a few lines on a bar of soap?
  196. ... that over 90% of Lithuanian Jews perished in the first few months of Operation Barbarossa in the Holocaust in Lithuania?
  197. ... that in the 1944 Battle of Murowana Oszmianka, the Polish resistance Armia Krajowa dealt a significant defeat to the Nazi-Lithuanian Lithuanian Territorial Defense Force?
  198. ... that the Zamość Uprising was one of the major operations of the Polish resistance movement in World War II, and succeeded in significantly delaying German plans to evict the Polish inhabitants and colonize the region?
  199. ... that Polish – Ukrainian relations have been steadily improving since the fall of communism, and both countries now have a strong strategic relationship?
  200. ... that Polish war correspondent Melchior Wańkowicz was charged with "slandering the People's Republic of Poland", for criticizing the state in a private letter?
  201. ... that revolution in the Kingdom of Poland, part of the Russian Revolution, included a three-year-long school strike against the russification of the Polish educational system?
  202. ... that lumpenbourgeoisie, a neologism of lumpenproletariat and bourgeoisie popularized by economist and sociologist Andre Gunder Frank, is used to describe colonial and neocolonial elites in Latin America?
  203. ... that neither the far right Lizard Union nor the communist Armia Ludowa, both parts of the Polish resistance in World War II, recognized the Polish Underground State?
  204. ... that silva rerum was a type of a multi-generational chronicle, kept by many Polish noble families from the 16th through 18th centuries?
  205. ... that Frederick II of Prussia was elated by the First Partition of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth?
  206. ... that the book Fear by Jan T. Gross has been a subject of significant controversy in Poland?
  207. ... that to preserve national unity, Polish king Stefan Batory restored the city of Danzig's economic and religious privileges after an uprising?
  208. ... that sociology was banned as a bourgeois science by the Polish government in the Stalinist period 1948–1956?
  209. ... that the Polish-Lithuanian union of Lublin in 1569 marked the beginning of centuries of struggle between Poland and Russia over Central and Eastern Europe?
  210. ... that rabbi Dow Ber Meisels of Kraków and Warsaw was a prominent supporter of Polish independence, including both the November and January Uprisings?
  211. ... that sociology of the Internet is one of newly emerged branches of sociology concerned with issues such as the digital divide, online social capital and public sphere?
  212. ... that after agreeing to a prisoner exchange following the 1799 Siege of Mantua, the Austrians reneged by arresting soldiers of the Polish Second Legion as "deserters"?
  213. ... that sociologists distinguish between general social movements and specific social movement organizations?
  214. ... that social interface is a term used in social sciences both in a theoretical literature, and in a practical design of computer user interfaces?
  215. ... that Open Access movement, a social movement in academia dedicated to the principle of open accessinformation sharing for the common good—traces its history to 1960s or earlier?
  216. ... that the colonels' group dominated the Polish government for most of the history of the Second Polish Republic?
  217. ... that the Battle of Kokenhausen saw one of the most successful uses of the Polish hussars?
  218. ... that despite total defeat of the Polish forces in the Mongol invasion of Poland, the Mongols did not occupy the country?
  219. ... that after the Battle of Chmielnik, a major victory for the Mongols during their invasion of Poland, inhabitants of Kraków abandoned their city?
  220. ... that the Wawer massacre around Christmas 1939 in occupied Poland is considered one of the first large massacres of Polish civilians by Nazi Germany?
  221. ... that political opportunity theory explains the rise and decline of social movements by their dependence on outside, political factors?
  222. ... that Polish mountaineer Tadeusz Piotrowski, one of the finest winter mountaineers of the 1970s and '80s, died during descent from K2, after completing the first and only ascent by the "South Face"?
  223. ... that Supreme National Tribunal, a war crime tribunal active in Poland from 1946 to 1948, presided over seven high-profile cases, including the First Auschwitz Trial?
  224. ... that cancer specialist Julian Aleksandrowicz, a Polish Jew, joined Polish resistance Armia Krajowa after being aided in the Kraków ghetto by one of the Polish Righteous?
  225. ... that Łaski's Statute of 1505 was the first codification of Polish law?
  226. ... that in the aftermath of the Second Partition of Poland in 1793, the Kościuszko Uprising occurred in 1794?
  227. ... that Three Emperors' Corner is a former tripoint between the Austrian Empire, German Empire and the Russian Empire, created in the late 19th century in the aftermath of the partitions of Poland?
  228. ... that Nazi Germany used thousands of Polish laborers to build infrastructure for their invasion of the Soviet Union?
  229. ... that in 1919, Poland tried to overthrow the Lithuanian government, but the Sejny Uprising resulted in the plan's failure?
  230. ... that historian Richard C. Lukas estimated that upwards of one million Poles were involved in the rescue of Jews during the Holocaust?
  231. ... that Mieczysław Jagielski negotiated the agreement which recognized Solidarity as the first independent trade union within the Eastern Bloc?
  232. ... that Order of the Builders of People's Poland was the highest civilian decoration in the People's Republic of Poland?
  233. ... that overchoice refers to the situation where when faced with too many choices, people become indecisive and unhappy?
  234. ... that Tytus Filipowicz, nominally the first Polish ambassador to Georgia, was captured during the Soviet invasion and ultimately organized the first Polish embassy to the Soviet Union?
  235. ... that Baruch Steinberg was the Chief Rabbi of the Polish Army during the German invasion of Poland in 1939, and died a year later as a Soviet prisoner of war in the Katyn massacre?
  236. ... that after the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the Polish II Corps in Russia refused to surrender to the Germans?
  237. ... that in the Prussian partition of Poland, Germanization policies had the opposite effect of strengthening Polish national consciousness?
  238. ... that out of three partitions of Poland, the Russian partition was the largest and most populous?
  239. .. that out of three partitions of Poland, the Austrian partition had the most local autonomy, but was also the poorest?
  240. ... that the Red Army invasion of Georgia in 1920 prevented the Polish-Georgian alliance from being fully implemented?
  241. ... that the song "The Red Poppies on Monte Cassino", one of the best-known Polish war songs, was written during the Battle of Monte Cassino in May 1944?
  242. ... that Jerzy Putrament, a Polish communist writer and politician, in his youth flirted with the right-wing endecja movement?
  243. ... that one of Russia's most famous writers, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, was a proponent of the Russian autocracy?
  244. ... that Czesław Wycech, Polish peasant movement activist, was also involved with underground education in occupied Poland during WWII?
  245. ... that Leon Kruczkowski, a major figure in post-WWII Polish theater, was also involved in introducing the socrealism doctrine in Poland?
  246. ... that in light of the Nazi Germany attempt to destroy Polish culture, the Secret Teaching Organization created an underground education system with over a million students?
  247. ... that the Bank of Issue in Poland, created by the Nazis to support the Nazi economy, was penetrated by the Polish resistance which used it as a source of falsified documents?
  248. ... that in the Battle of Loyew in 1649, dismounted Polish hussars took a Cossack wagon fort?
  249. ... that Mykhailo Krychevsky, a respected military commander, switched sides during the Khmelnytsky Uprising, joining the Cossacks, and died soon afterwards in the Battle of Loyew?
  250. ... that Polish historian, army officer, and independence activist Wacław Lipiński joined the anti-communist resistance, was arrested by communist secret police in 1947 and died in prison two years later?
  251. ... that from 14th to 17th century, the Tęczyński family from Lesser Poland had a major influence in the Kingdom of Poland?
  252. ... that Polish caricaturist Eryk Lipiński worked for the Polish resistance during World War II, forging documents, and was imprisoned in Auschwitz?
  253. ... that the Secret Military Printing Works of the WWII Polish resistance Home Army was probably the largest underground publisher in the world?
  254. ... that Adolf Pilch, Polish resistance fighter trained by SOE during WWII, fought against both Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union?
  255. ... that French submarine Doris was sunk by German submarine U-9 in May 1940, after being ordered to sortie with significant damage, rendering it unable to dive?
  256. ... that in the Battle of Warsaw in 1705, a Swedish force of 2,000 men defeated a Polish-Lithuanian-Saxonian force five  times as strong?
  257. ... that despite historical border disputes, Poland – Czechoslovakia relations were friendly, and during WWII their governments-in-exile considered forming a confederation?
  258. ... that Minsk Ghetto was the largest ghetto in the German-occupied territory of the Soviet Union?
  259. ... that an uprising led by local chapter of the Jewish Combat Organization occurred in the Będzin Ghetto during its final liquidation in early August 1943?
  260. ... that the most successful of Nazi Germany's anti-partisan operations of the Second World War was Operation Hannover?
  261. ... that some Nazi German anti-partisan operations later became the basis for counter-insurgency policies developed by countries such as France and the United States?
  262. ... that Jerzy Borejsza, in charge of the Polish communist cultural policy in the early postwar years, was so influential that his network was called an "empire" or "state within a state"?
  263. ... that Polish Jesuit and missionary Jan Mikołaj Smogulecki introduced the knowledge of logarithms to China in the mid-17th century?
  264. ... that Polish merchant Jan Dekert was a vocal advocate for the enfranchisement of burghers during the Great Sejm in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth?
  265. ... that American Louis Littlepage had to receive a special permission from the US Congress to serve as a secretary to the last king of Poland, Stanisław August Poniatowski?
  266. ... that while most Enlightenment scholars criticized the Byzantine system of the Eastern Roman Empire, Konstantin Leontiev, a scholar from the Russian Empire praised it for the very same reasons?
  267. ... that the capture of Bologna on 21 April 1945 was the last battle of the Polish II Corps?
  268. ... that the battle of Ancona was the only independent operation of the Polish II Corps in World War II?
  269. ... that Jan Piekałkiewicz, a leading Polish statistician, became the Polish Underground State's Government Delegate, and died at the hands of Nazi Germany?
  270. ... that Gazette de Leyde was likely the most important newspaper of the late 18th-century Europe, and the only one read by Louis XVI?
  271. ... that the Black Procession of Polish burghers in 1789 resulted in the passage of the belated major urban reform in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth?
  272. ... that the 1923 Kraków riot resulted in over 30 fatalities and helped in the fall of the Chjeno-Piast government of Wincenty Witos?
  273. ... that the study of sociology in China was repressed as a bourgeois pseudoscience during the early communist era?
  274. ... that the Środa treasure, one of the most valuable archaeological finds in 20th-century Europe, was originally lost during the Black Plague?
  275. ... that Marxist sociology, despite Marxist influences on the Russian Revolution, for a time has been suppressed in the Soviet Bloc, while flourishing in the West?
  276. ... that the Soviet Peace Committee, a peace movement created and sponsored by the Soviet Union, criticized Western policies but defended Soviet ones?
  277. ... that Dartmouth Conferences is one of the longest ongoing bilateral unofficial dialogues between American and Soviet (now, Russian) representatives?
  278. ... that Statutes of Casimir the Great from the 14th century were the first codification and the basis of modern Polish law?
  279. ... that Nazi German regulation of Polish forced laborers intentionally created and supported discrimination on the basis of ethnicity?
  280. ... that Polish historian and socialist activist, Adam Próchnik, was alleged to have been an illegitimate son of the Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Daszyński?
  281. ... that the architectural style of the manor houses known as dwór or dworek that evolved during the late Polish Renaissance period still inspires some contemporary Polish manors?
  282. ... that while Venice lost some territories in the Peace of Turin in 1381, it was in fact winning the Venetian–Genoese Wars?
  283. ... that Dymitr of Goraj, one of the most powerful people in the late 14th-century Kingdom of Poland, was instrumental in preventing the marriage between Jadwiga of Poland and William, Duke of Austria?
  284. ... that in 1900 alone the Eastern German provinces lost about 1,600,000 people due to Landflucht?
  285. ... that Adolf Bniński, Polish presidential candidate in 1926, was the Government Delegate of the Polish Underground State for the Polish territories annexed by Nazi Germany?
  286. ... that in the Polish – Muscovite War of 1577–1582, Muscovy failed in its attempt to gain access to the Baltic Sea?
  287. ... that in 1882, almost a century after the final partition of Poland, Polish explorer Stefan Szolc-Rogoziński tried to found a Polish colony in Cameroon?
  288. ... that Kordian, a romantic drama by one of Poland's Three Bards, Juliusz Słowacki, is a polemic with Dziady, an earlier work by another of the Three Bards, Adam Mickiewicz?
  289. ... that many Jews of the Radom Ghetto in occupied Poland were forced to work in the local arms factory?
  290. ... that one of the most notable actions of minor sabotage in occupied Poland during World War II involved stealing a propaganda plaque from the monument of Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik)?
  291. ... that the Nicolaus Copernicus Monument in Warsaw was inspired by a comment made by Napoleon, and was nearly melted down by Nazi Germany after the Warsaw Uprising?
  292. ... that Wronki Prison is the largest prison in Poland?
  293. ... that Polish general Józef Haller de Hallenburg faked his death in the 1918 Battle of Kaniów?
  294. ... that the Zamojski Academy, the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in Poland, was founded in 1594 at Zamość by Royal Chancellor Jan Zamoyski?
  295. ... that Sosnowiec Ghetto was the setting of the Maus comic book?
  296. ... that Władysław Oporowski, archbishop and primate of Poland, was a chief political rival of cardinal Zbigniew Oleśnicki?
  297. .. that the proposed Lithuanian – Polish – Ukrainian Brigade reflects attempts by the Polish government to tie Ukraine more closely with the West?
  298. ... that the Puławy Legion of the Imperial Russian Army, supported by National Democrats, was formed to counteract the Polish Legions of the Austro – Hungarian Army, an initiative of Piłsudski?
  299. ... that the Duchy of Belz was passed as a dowry by Władysław Jagiełło, king of Poland to Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia, upon Siemowit's marriage to Władysław's sister, Alexandra?
  300. ... that the Jakub Wujek Bible served as the main Catholic Bible translation into Polish for more than three centuries?
  301. ...that one of the findings of sociology of leisure has been that amount of free time is not significantly dependent on one's wealth?
  302. ... that Tearoom Trade, a study by sociologist Laud Humphreys of homosexual acts taking place in public toilets, caused a major debate on ethics in observation?
  303. .. that a double-barreled question asks about more than one thing, but allows only one answer?
  304. ... that univariate analysis is the simplest form of quantitative (statistical) analysis?
  305. ... that biosocial criminology predicts that left handed individuals are more likely to engage in criminal behavior than right handed ones?
  306. ... that people's veto is a type of a referendum that allows citizens to appeal an existing law?
  307. ... that Gazette d'Amsterdam was one of the most important European newspapers of the Enlightenment period?
  308. ... that not all complex questions are informal fallacies?
  309. ... that Justus van Effen has been recognized as one of the most important Dutch language writers of the eighteenth century and an influential figure of the Dutch Enlightenment?
  310. ... that the Hollandsche Spectator, inspired by the British Spectator, was one of the most important developments in Dutch literature during the Enlightenment period?
  311. ... that Courier du Bas-Rhin, one of the leading European papers of the late 18th century Enlightenment period, and the main rivals of the Gazette de Leyde, was significantly controlled by the Prussian government?
  312. ... that controversies related to the human experimentation in the United States led to the introduction of the institutional review boards?
  313. ... that Haiti economic reforms of 1996 were designed to restore the economy of Haiti after the economic shocks of early 1990s?
  314. ... that American sociologist Mildred Parten developed a theory on children's stages of play?
  315. ... that much of the information that reaches Chinese media is published in the limited-circulation reports for government officials, not in the regular press?
  316. ... that James Morris Blaut's death prevented him from finishing his trilogy of books criticizing Eurocentrism?
  317. ... that economist Eric Jones is known for popularizing the term European Miracle?
  318. ... that Venezuelan farmer Franklin Brito amputated a finger for the television cameras and died as a result of several years of a hunger strike in protest over a series of court rulings?
  319. ... that the Tamaulipas massacre that occurred on 24 August 2010 has been described as "the worst known atrocity" of the Mexican Drug War?
  320. ... that proper design of a sampling frame can be crucial in statistical research?
  321. ... that variables and attributes are some of the most basic concepts in science?
  322. ... that bivariate analysis is one of simplest forms of quantitative (statistical) analysis?
  323. ... that interments at the Gunnersbury Cemetery in London include a Polish president and Commander-in-Chief?
  324. ... that Francesco Nullo is commemorated in both Italy and Poland as a hero of those countries' struggle for independence?
  325. ... that public perception of graffiti in New York is slowly changing from an act of vandalism to a form of art?
  326. ... that François Rochebrune, the French commander of the Zouaves of Death, once disciplined panicked Polish troops by asking them what time it was, which was the only Polish he knew?
  327. ... that Eric Hobsbawm's The Age of Empire: 1875–1914 is a Marxist study of the period of the Belle Époque?
  328. ... that several ordas (hordes) originated on the Eurasian Steppe, including the famous Golden Horde?
  329. ... that repertoires of contention slowly change over time, and include such concepts as rough music, sit-ins and hacktivism?
  330. ... that the Battle of Grochowiska, one of the largest battles of the January Uprising, has been also described as the "most bloody" and a "Pyrrhic victory" for the Polish insurgents?
  331. ... that the Polish canned fish paste paprykarz szczeciński was inspired by an African dish?
  332. ... that, according to the theory of generations, major historical events that occur in a generation's youth, determine the actions they take later in life?
  333. ... that the authors of the webcomic Zahra's Paradise remain anonymous, for fear their coverage of recent Iranian events could endanger their relatives in Iran?
  334. ... that Polish and Italian prisoners taken by the Russians after the Battle of Krzykawka were deported to Siberia?
  335. ... that in world-system theory, sociologists debate whether two world-systems have ever existed during the same period?
  336. ... that scholars estimate that it takes two or three generations for a tradition to emerge?
  337. ... that Polish poet Juliusz Słowacki is one of the Three Bards of Polish literature?
  338. ... that the Polish Pomeranian anti-Nazi Pomeranian Griffin resistance organization was persecuted by the Soviets due to its strongly Catholic character?
  339. ... that with over 40,000 citations in scientific literature, Polish-American polymer chemist Krzysztof Matyjaszewski is one of the most cited chemists in the world?
  340. ... that the Commission for Polish Relief provided limited food and medical supplies to occupied Poland until late 1941, in spite of Britain's 1940 blockade of shipments to Nazi occupied Europe?
  341. ... that Polish best-selling historian and dissident Paweł Jasienica, due to his criticism of the Polish communist government, had his books removed from distribution and prohibited from printing?
  342. ... that in the aftermath of World War I, Polish agronomist Mieczysław Jałowiecki lost his renowned estates in Lithuania?
  343. ... that in his youth, Karl Marx wrote a comedic novel, Scorpion and Felix?
  344. ... that about 90% of the world's amber production comes from the Amber Coast of the Sambia peninsula on the Baltic Sea?
  345. ... that the 1833 newspaper Vorwärts!, edited by Karl Marx, has been described as the "most radical" European newspaper of its time?
  346. ... that the 1997 Central European flood was caused by some of the heaviest rains ever recorded?
  347. ... that Polish neurologist Włodzimierz Godłowski was one of the victims of the Katyn massacre?
  348. ... that Władysław Marian Jakowicki, a Polish physician and rector of the Stefan Batory University, was one of 19 faculty members arrested by the Soviets in 1939 and disappeared without a trace?
  349. ... that Mo Li Hua (Jasmine Flower), a popular Chinese folk song used previously on many official occasions, was censored due to its association with the 2011 Chinese protests?
  350. ... that Émile Durkheim, one of the fathers of sociology, intended The Rules of Sociological Method (1895) to be a manifesto of this discipline?
  351. ... that Polish State Forests oversee 77.8% of forests in Poland?
  352. ... that Bloodlands: Europe Between Stalin and Hitler, by Timothy D. Snyder, discusses the estimated 14 million deaths that occurred in Eastern Europe between 1933 and 1945?
  353. ... that the adjective "Polish-Lithuanian" refers to pre-nationalistic, multicultural inhabitants of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, unlike the modern understanding of the two nationalities?
  354. ... that Baron Ludwig von Westphalen was a friend and mentor of young Karl Marx?
  355. ... that a conman impersonating Oskar Daubmann received international fame, caused an incident in French-German relations, and helped the Nazis win the 1932 German elections?
  356. ... that the Battle of Bautzen in 1945 was the bloodiest battle of the Polish Army since the Battle of Bzura in 1939?
  357. ... that in the Battle of Byczyna, Chancellor and Hetman Jan Zamoyski of Poland-Lithuania took Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria prisoner, ending the brief War of the Polish Succession?
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  359. ... that the Polish faculty expelled by the Nazis from Poznań University during World War II formed the underground University of the Western Lands
  360. ... that the phenomenon of feudal fragmentation has had a significant impact on European history, particularly during the Middle Ages?
  361. ... that the 1945 Augustów roundup which resulted in the disappearance and likely murder of about 600 Polish citizens by the Soviet Union is considered the largest crime committed in Poland after World War II?
  362. ... that Polish-German "cotton king" Juliusz Karol Kunitzer survived a 1893 assassination attempt, but died during that of 1905?
  363. ... that during World War II the Polish Teachers' Union was mostly active through the Secret Teaching Organization?
  364. ... that Solidarity's victory in the Polish legislative election, 1989, ushering the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, was a surprise to both the communists and the opposition?
  365. ... that the issue of Dominium maris baltici was central to Danish and Swedish foreign policy for several centuries?
  366. ...that the kremówka cake gained international recognition after Pope John Paul II noted he once ate 18 of them as part of a bet?
  367. ... that the space industry is heavily dominated by the G7 countries, due to their extensive investment in the aerospace industry?
  368. ... that The Last Ringbearer, an English translation of a Russian alternative retelling of Lord of the Rings, has been published as a non-commercial ebook after a 10-year delay due to fears of litigation?
  369. ... that the Nigerian NAPEP poverty reduction program has been a recent target for hacktivists?
  370. ... that the anarchist Revolutionary Avengers group from 1910 to 1914 has been described as the most radical terrorist organization in the history of Poland?
  371. ... that Duchy of Opole and Racibórz, one of many Duchies of Silesia, was created in the 13th century, split by the end of it, and recreated in the 16th by the last Piast?
  372. .. that the figure of Józef Tusk, grandfather of current Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk, was in the center of the "Wehrmacht affair" of the 2005 Polish presidential election?
  373. ... that the late 19th-century novel Homo sapiens, although well received in Germany, was withdrawn from sale in the U. S. after being called obscene?
  374. ... that May 3rd Constitution Day, among the most important Polish holidays, was banned in the former communist state, the People's Republic of Poland?
  375. ... that as political prisoners were released due to the fall of communism in Poland, regular prisoners rioted, demanding better conditions and an amnesty?
  376. ... that the first two destroyers due to be constructed by domestic shipyards for the Polish Navy were never completed due to the German invasion of Poland?
  377. ... that the official magazine of the Polish Underground State published 80 issues in the dangerous conditions of occupied Poland?
  378. ... that the World War II idea of Polish-Czechoslovakian confederation was eventually discarded by the Czechs, whose leader chose instead to believe in the Soviet Union promises of alliance?
  379. ... that the British-supported Greek-Yugoslav confederation was signed during World War II, but never came to pass?
  380. ... that Polish Jacobin activist, officer of the Polish Legions, Kazimierz Konopka, gained notoriety for his involvements in the unrest and hangings during the Kościuszko Uprising?
  381. ... that a masterpiece painting by Jan Matejko shows more than a dozen figures involved in the passing of the Polish-Lithuanian Constitution of May 3, 1791?
  382. ... that the effigy of Jan Suchorzewski, who once threatened to kill his son to prevent the signing of the Constitution of 3 May, was hanged during the Kościuszko Insurrection?
  383. ... that the Hetman Party of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth called upon Russia to help defend their Golden Liberties?
  384. ... that the reformers of Kołłątaj's Forge popularized the ideals of the French Revolution in the Polish – Lithuanian Commonwealth?
  385. ... that the Patriotic Party of the late 18th century Great Sejm succeeded in passing one of the first constitutions in Europe influenced by the Enlightenment ideals?
  386. ... that both the Tarnogród Confederation and the Silent Sejm were engineered by Russian Tsar Peter the Great to strengthen Russia's influence in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth?
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  388. ... that Tadeusz Rejtan is remembered in Poland for his dramatic gesture as a symbol of patriotism?
  389. ... that the Battle of Clervaux, part of the Battle of the Bulge, has been compared to the Alamo?
  390. ... that the same Partition Sejm that acceded to the First Partition of Poland also created the celebrated Commission of National Education, seen as Europe's first ministry of education?
  391. ... that Prussian Homage by Jan Matejko was among the most wanted Polish paintings searched for by Nazis during World War II?
  392. ... that the 1773 French satirical drawing of the First Partition of Poland, The Troelfth Cake, was banned in several European countries?
  393. ... that the report National Science Foundation: Under the Microscope, by US Senator Tom Coburn, has generated controversy for portraying much scientific research as "silly"?
  394. ... that the closed circle of suspects is a common literary device from the Golden Age of Detective Fiction?
  395. ... that Prussian statesman Georg von Vincke, known as one of the great orators of contemporary German politics, fought a duel with Otto von Bismarck?
  396. ... that American Sociological Association's annual award in the sociology of education is named after Willard Waller?
  397. ... that the 2003 historical Chinese TV series Towards the Republic has been subject to significant censorship, and compared to River Elegy, a TV series that influenced the Tiananmen movement of 1989?
  398. ... that before his death in 2011, Tadeusz Sawicz was believed to have been the last surviving Polish pilot to have fought in the Battle of Britain?
  399. ... that the reputedly impeccable moral character of Celestyn Czaplic, marshal of the Sejm of 1766 in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, became the subject of a proverb?
  400. ... that Natalia Tułasiewicz, Polish teacher, was one of only two lay women beatified among the 108 Martyrs of World War II?
  401. ... that the cross in front of the Presidential Palace in Warsaw became a focus of a major controversy in 2010, regarding the relations between church and state in Poland?
  402. ... that nobleman and diplomat Michał Radziwiłł Rudy was described as a psychopath by his own cousin, politician Krzysztof Radziwiłł?
  403. ... that numerous Polish formations fought in Russia from the First World War, through the Russian Revolution of 1917 up to the Polish–Soviet War?
  404. ... that Wroniec, a dark fairy tale by Jacek Dukaj, was a taboo-breaking take on martial law in Poland, which was in effect from 13 December 1981?
  405. ... that Kazimierz Karwowski holds the record for being elected to the most Sejms of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth?
  406. ... that the ideas of 17th-century Polish reformer Stanisław Dunin-Karwicki have been both praised as the harbinger of later reforms, and criticized for not going far enough?
  407. ... that Karl Marx's theory of historical trajectory attempted to prove the long-term unsustainability of capitalism?
  408. ... that the Triple Alliance of 1788, formed on the verge of the French Revolution, almost led to the war which would have pitted England and Prussia against Russia?
  409. ... that the Andrzej Fidyk's documentary Defilada about North Korea, despite its anti-totalitarian message, was initially praised both by communist Poland's censors and in North Korea itself?
  410. ... that Public Domain Day is celebrated on January 1 in several countries, but not in the United States or Australia, where no works will enter the public domain until 2019 and 2026 respectively?
  411. ... that Prussia refused to meet its obligations from the Polish–Prussian alliance of 1790, and instead of aiding Poland during the Polish–Russian War of 1792, helped Russia to quell the Kościuszko Uprising the following year?
  412. ... that the figure of Abbé Morio in Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace was modeled on Scipione Piattoli , one of the drafters of the Polish Constitution of May 3, 1791?
  413. ... that the abolition of serfdom in Poland was spurred by unrest and uprisings such as the Kraków Uprising and the January Uprising?
  414. ... that the 1764 Russo-Prussian alliance, formed two years after the signatories clashed in the Seven Years' War, allowed them to intervene in internal matters of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth?
  415. ... that one of the largest operations of the Combat Organization of the Polish Socialist Party became known as the Bloody Wednesday?
  416. .. that the exploits of the Polish partisan People's Army have been significantly exaggerated by the propaganda of the People's Republic of Poland?
  417. ... that Siedlce pogrom in the Congress Poland was organized by the Russian Empire's secret police, and carried out by the Imperial Russian Army, whose soldiers were later decorated?
  418. ... that the Society of Friends of the Constitution, formed in 1791 to support the Constitution of 3 May, was the first Polish political party?
  419. ... that Foucauldian discourse analysis analyzes content by looking at the power relationships within it, and how the power shapes the language used?
  420. ... that Kaytek the Wizard, the second of the novels by Polish author and pedagogue Janusz Korczak to be translated into English, has often been compared to Harry Potter?
  421. ... that in one of its last acts, the Sejm of the Congress Poland dethroned Tsar Nicholas I of Russia from his position as the King of Poland?
  422. ... that deputies of the Sejm of the Duchy of Warsaw circumvented the restriction on debating by staying in the chamber after the session officially ended?
  423. ... that Polish cabaret creator, Piotr Skrzynecki, founder of Piwnica pod Baranami, who became a "legend in his own lifetime", did not care for material wealth and for a time was homeless?
  424. .. that an opole was an early Polish unit of administration that predated the first formal Polish state?
  425. ... that slavery in Poland existed during the Middle Ages, but eventually disappeared with the transformation of slaves into serfs?
  426. ... that Polish writer Łukasz Orbitowski was one of the pioneers of setting horror stories in mundane, modern Polish cities?
  427. ... that at its extreme, serfdom in Poland required a peasant to work eight days a week for his feudal lord?
  428. ... that the Baptism of Poland in 966 led to the emergence of Poland as a proper European state, recognized by other European powers?
  429. ... that the cute cat theory of digital activism draws a connection between Internet censorship and lolcats?
  430. ... that the privileges of Polish nobility were unprecedented in Europe, giving the nobles the right to control most legislation, foreign relations, taxation, elect a king and rebel against him?
  431. ... that Twitter bombs have been used in Internet activism by people as diverse as Barack Obama and members of Anonymous?
  432. ... that the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth army was so underfunded that it was often outnumbered 12 to 1 by neighboring armies?
  433. ... that Tunisian police officer and whistle-blower Samir Feriani became known as "the first 'Prisoner of Conscience' in post-revolutionary Tunisia"?
  434. ... that the army of the Duchy of Warsaw was able to field almost 100,000 men, more than the larger Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ever could for its army?
  435. ... that the Army of the Congress Poland was disbanded after the November Uprising, which marked the end of an independent Polish Army for close to a century?
  436. ... that Culture Freedom Day, celebrating free culture, has been inspired by the Software Freedom Day?
  437. ... that depending on a time and place, the same social movement may be revolutionary or not?
  438. ... that Jan Matejko's painting Stańczyk, portraying a solemn court jester, is considered one of the most recognized and significant paintings of Poland?
  439. ... that diplomat Karol Boscamp-Lasopolski was executed by an angry mob during the Kościuszko Uprising?
  440. ... that Polish historian Stefania Wolicka was one of the first women to receive a PhD degree in modern Europe?
  441. ... that Ignacy Krasicki's Pan Podstoli (1778) was one of the first Polish novels?
  442. ... that Jan Matejko created an ironic self-caricature of himself painting one of his works, the Astronomer Copernicus, or Conversations with God ?
  443. ... that Łazienkowska Thoroughfare, the most famous road in Poland, is part of the main transportation route planned for UEFA 2012 connecting the Okęcie Airport to the National Stadium in Warsaw?
  444. ... that the 1976 song "Let Poland be Poland" by Jan Pietrzak became one of the anthems of Solidarity?
  445. ... that Kabaret TEY was one of the most popular Polish cabarets of the 1970s and 1980s?
  446. ... that the mountain Piotruś in the Low Beskid range is the site of a pond and stream where Saint John of Dukla is said to have rested?
  447. ... that Bajan's list lists the kill scores of Polish fighter pilots of World War II?
  448. ... that sources give two different commanders for the Polish forces participating in the Battle of Grudziądz?
  449. ... that one of the most popular Polish cabarets, Pod Egidą, performing since 1967, has faced persecution from the communist authorities in the People's Republic of Poland?
  450. ... that the Cossack Zhmaylo Uprising ended without a decisive battle having been fought?
  451. ... that the Battle of Ochmatów in 1644 was one of the largest victories of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth over the Crimean Tatars?
  452. ... that the Battle of Martynów of 1624 was one of the largest Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth victories over the Tatar raiders?
  453. ... that the Swedes withdrew from the nearly won 1627 Battle of Tczew due to the wound received by their king, Gustav II Adolf?
  454. ... that during World War II, British special forces developed an explosive rat booby trap?
  455. ... that the ruined town of Miedzianka in Poland was a site of a secret Soviet uranium mine?
  456. ... that a majority of German-Swedish forces in the Battle of Czarne mutinied, capitulated and then joined the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Army?
  457. ... that the International Sociological Association was established in 1949 under the auspices of UNESCO?
  458. ... that Stanisław Baranowski Spitsbergen Polar Station is named after the Polish glaciologist Stanisław Baranowski who died in a coma following an accident at the Henryk Arctowski Polish Antarctic Station?
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  460. ... that Teofila Ludwika Zasławska and her second husband owned Baranów Sandomierski Castle and three other palaces designed by royal architect Tylman van Gameren?
  461. ... that Kabaret Starszych Panów was a cult Polish cabaret, poking fun at the reality of the early People's Republic of Poland?
  462. ... that in 1937 the Nazis organized the Degenerate Art Exhibition attempting to discredit modern art, which Hitler declared to be degenerate?
  463. ... that Władysław Machejek was a political hack writer during the Stalinist reign of terror in Poland following World War II?
  464. ... that the June 26, 2012, Beijing Treaty on Audiovisual Performances has been criticized by the Electronic Frontier Foundation?
  465. ... that Mayer Zald and John D. McCarthy developed the resource mobilization theory, which became one of the major theories on social movements?
  466. ... that Poczta Królewiecka, published 1718–20 in Królewiec (Königsberg), was the second oldest Polish newspaper?
  467. ... that sociology in Russia was declared a "bourgeois pseudo-science" and banned from the 1930s to the 1950s?
  468. ... that the Poland–Russia border, now only 232 km (144 mi) long, used to be much longer?
  469. ... that Albert Einstein's letter to the 1948 World Congress of Intellectuals in Defense of Peace was censored to remove his call for a world government?
  470. ... that outreach services can target diverse populations, from sex workers to Wikipedia editors and readers?
  471. ... that officialese can be traced to the exercise of authority going back as far as the oldest human civilizations?
  472. ... that CNN International has been accused of suppressing the documentary iRevolution: Online Warriors of the Arab Spring to appease the Bahraini government?
  473. ... that the shooting down of an F-117 in 1999 during the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia was the first confirmed downing of a stealth aircraft?
  474. ... that social engagement has been positively linked to health and happiness?
  475. ... that the enforcement of a 2009 three strikes policy introduced to the copyright law of South Korea has led to tens of thousands of Koreans being disconnected from the Internet?
  476. ... that hundreds of thousands of art pieces were looted from Poland during World War II by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union?
  477. ... that Onufry Zagłoba, a character in Henryk Sienkiewicz' The Trilogy, has been compared to William Shakespeare's Falstaff?
  478. ... that the recent changes to the copyright law of Panama, introduced as part of the Panama–United States Trade Promotion Agreement, have been criticized by the Electronic Frontier Foundation?
  479. ... that to seek self-fulfillment is to seek the good life?
  480. ... that the 82nd Airborne Division participated in two end-of-World War II victory parades, the Berlin Victory Parade of 1945 and the New York City Victory Parade of 1946?
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  482. ... that 444 years ago, Poland's Royal Posts were entrusted to an Italian banker, Sebastiano Montelupi?
  483. ... that Poland and Spain had no diplomatic relations following the end of World War II, until two years after general Francisco Franco's death?
  484. ... that the term Al Jazeera effect used to describe the revolutionary impact of Al Jazeera network on Arab world media has been generalized more globally to other forms of new media?
  485. ... that during the partitions of Poland, on the lands of the Austrian partition, the Polish parliamentary tradition was continued first by the Sejm of the Estates and later, by the Sejm of the Land?
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  487. ... that in the first half of the 19th century, the Sejm of the Grand Duchy of Posen continued Polish parliamentary traditions in the territories of the Prussian partition?
  488. ... that some conflicts may be beneficial?
  489. ... that the French author of the World War II anti-war slogan Why Die for Danzig?, Marcel Déat, later became a Nazi collaborator?
  490. ... that Ruthenian nobility became increasingly polonized with time?
  491. ... that Kodak Fortress was destroyed within weeks of its completion in 1635 during the Cossack Sulima Uprising?
  492. ... that the Legislative Sejm of 1919–21 was the first national parliament of Poland since 1793?
  493. ... that Wikipedia is an example of a produsage community?
  494. ... that the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes, site of Willy Brandt's Warschauer Kniefall in 1970, was made from labradorite intended to be used in Nazi Germany monuments?
  495. ... that while the roots of the international human rights movement are about a century old, it grew in global significance around the 1970s?
  496. ... that the South Korean Cyber Terror Response Center raided Korean Google offices over concerns about Google Street View?
  497. ... that in Marxism, withering away of the state is the process which should lead to a stateless communist utopia?
  498. ... that the 1943 death of the Polish government in exile leader, general Władysław Sikorski, led to a number of conspiracy theories?
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  500. ... that during the Siege of Zbarazh the Polish-Lithuanian army withstood the assaults of the Cossack and Tatar army about twenty times its own size?
  501. ... that during the Battle of Żownin, Cossack forces constructed a bridge under the cover of darkness to relocate their camp?
  502. ... that at the Battle of Dubienka, Tadeusz Kościuszko repulsed an attack from Imperial Russian Army forces five times the size of his own?
  503. ... that while poverty in South Korea, particularly absolute poverty, has significantly declined since mid-20th century, relative poverty has recently risen?
  504. ... that while spending on welfare in South Korea has been growing, it is still among the lowest of the OECD countries?
  505. ... that in January 2013 the cybercrime Virut botnet was partially taken down through the actions of the Polish domain registrar, NASK?
  506. ... that Michael G. Santos became the first American prisoner to be released from a maximum security facility?
  507. ... that cultural conflict can lead to ethnic cleansing or wars?
  508. ... that the Magnates of Poland and Lithuania often had private armies, and exerted significant political influence on the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth?
  509. ... that the humanistic coefficient is a major element in the sociological theory of Florian Znaniecki?
  510. ... that trade globalization is an economic indicator and one of the measures of economic globalization?
  511. ... that cultural homogenization in the context of the global spread of Western culture has been described under such names as McDonaldization, coca-colonization, Americanization or Westernization?
  512. ... that hyperconsumerism, "a consumerism for the sake of consuming", refers to consuming goods for non-functional purposes?
  513. ... that August Agbola O'Browne was the only black participant of the Warsaw Uprising of 1944?
  514. ... that poverty in Poland is more likely to affect young than old people?
  515. ... that during the Kościuszko Uprising in 1794, Tadeusz Kościuszko's army successfully defended the Polish capital of Warsaw from forces under Frederick William II of Prussia?
  516. ... that welfare in Poland is covered by the constitution of Poland, which contains an article dedicated to social security as a right of all citizens?
  517. ... that Giedroyc Doctrine, developed by emigree publicist Jerzy Giedroyc in 1970s, shaped the eastern policy of Poland after 1989?
  518. ... that Lawrence Lessig's pathetic dot theory stresses the importance of computer code in regulating our behavior?
  519. ... that the testimony of Holocaust survivors like Louis Micheels helped to acquit an SS physician, Hans Münch, at the 1947 Auschwitz trials?
  520. ... that one of the Easter traditions in Poland includes making and displaying of the Easter palm, the tallest of which can reach over 30 metres (98 ft)?
  521. ... that smile mask syndrome may affect people whose jobs force them to smile for many hours per day, and is particularly common in Japan and Korea?
  522. ... that the last Polish red złoty were the so-called "insurgent ducats" minted at the Warsaw mint in 1831, on the eve of the November Uprising?
  523. .... that a series of mostly pagan uprisings in 1030s Kingdom of Poland threw the young Polish realm into chaos?
  524. ... that Cossack hetman Ivan Petrizhitsky-Kulaga was executed by other Cossacks after he lost a power struggle?
  525. ... that consumption of sweetened beverages has been linked to obesity and related health problems?
  526. ... that the statue of General Casimir Pulaski in Washington was sculpted by Kazimierz Chodziński?
  527. ... that the most common sources of added sugar consumption are sweetened beverages?
  528. ... that the function of safety-valve institutions such as gambling or pornography is to reduce the tensions in the society?
  529. ... that late 19th century poverty in Austrian Galicia, punctuated by numerous famines, resulted in millions of migrants and even became proverbial?
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  531. ... that the soldiers who enlisted in the Polish Armed Forces in the West during WWII were known as "Sikorski's tourists"?
  532. ... that one of the skyscrapers proposed for the Yongsan Dreamhub in Korea caused controversy over its design reminiscent of the 9/11 events?
  533. ... that Casimir Pulaski Monument in Savannah, the first American monument to Pulaski, was built over 70 years after a US Congress resolution calling for it?
  534. ... that Poland has over 2,000 nature reserves, the first of which were created in the 19th century?
  535. ... that Jerzy Żuławski's Lunar Trilogy published in the 1900s was a major milestone in the history of science fiction and fantasy in Poland?
  536. ... that Maria Konopnicka's poem Rota became so popular it was seen as unofficial anthem of Poland?
  537. ... that the Wawel Dragon statue in Kraków, Poland, breathes fire?
  538. ... that Tygodnik Ilustrowany was a major Polish magazine published from 1859 until World War II?
  539. ... that the short story Janko Muzykant was one of Henryk Sienkiewicz's works mentioned in a speech during his 1905 Nobel Prize in Literature ceremony?
  540. ... that face-to-face interaction has been steadily supplemented by mediated interaction since the invention of the printing press in 15th century Europe?
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  542. ... that Christianization of Bohemia in late 9th century was one of the factors leading to the Christianization of Poland a century later?
  543. ... that publication of one of Adam Mickiewicz's first poems, "Ode to Youth", was delayed due to censorship?
  544. ... that much of the success of the Christianization of Moravia is attributed to the work of Saints Cyril and Methodius?
  545. ... that the 2012 World Economic Forum's Gender Gap Index found the United States to have achieved gender equality in education, but ranked it only 55th for political empowerment?
  546. ... that the Battle of Kozludzha on 20 June 1774 was a decisive Ottoman defeat in the four year Russo-Turkish War that ended a month later?
  547. ... that although the 1822 Battle of Nauplia ended without any major losses on either side, it is considered a victory for the Greek admiral Andreas Vokos Miaoulis?
  548. ... that the slapstick joke of slipping on a banana peel might have originated from the perception of those peels as dangerous garbage in 19th-century America?
  549. ... that scholars are not sure who is portrayed in Rembrandt's painting A Polish Nobleman?
  550. ... that the Medieval Town of Toruń, one of the World Heritage Sites in Poland, is recognized as an excellent example of a European medieval town?
  551. ... that the Old City of Zamość, one of the World Heritage Sites in Poland, is recognized as an "outstanding example of a Renaissance planned town"?
  552. ... that the very existence of Mimana state is a major controversy for Korean and Japanese historians?
  553. ... that the Polish question was a major recurring issue in European diplomacy for well over a century, following the partitions of Poland in the late 18th century?
  554. ... that the Toruń Castle, one of the first castles of the Teutonic Knights, was demolished by rebellious burghers a century or so after its construction, at the beginning of the Thirteen Years' War?
  555. ... that Russian television personality Anton Krasovsky caused a controversy in Russia by publicly declaring he is gay?
  556. ... that kosynierzy, the war scythe wielding peasantry militia, became one of the symbols of the struggle for Polish independence?
  557. ... that one of the unofficial mottos of Poland, God, Honor and Fatherland, likely originated from the Napoleonic motto of the Legion of Honour order?
  558. ... that only two and a half pages survive today of the Bible of Queen Sophia, a priceless artifact of the Old Polish language?
  559. ... that the Polish book Kamienie na szaniec describing the lives of three Polish underground scouting members was published shortly after their deaths in occupied Poland?
  560. ... that the inactive Polish A.B. Dobrowolski Polar Station is still occasionally visited by explorers of the Antarctic?
  561. ... that dozens of Red Army soldiers switched sides and joined the Polish Army after several lost engagements during the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939?
  562. ... that Testament mój was the poetical testament of Juliusz Słowacki, one of the Three Bards of Polish poetry?
  563. ... that 1970s propaganda in the People's Republic of Poland exploited the technique of exaggerating political and economic successes?
  564. ... that Kim Am, an 8th-century Korean scholar, shaman and "master of yin-yang", was the only person to hold the title of the "Great Professor of Astronomy" in Korean history?
  565. ... that Ryszard Siwiec, protesting the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, was the first political protester to commit suicide by self-immolation in Central and Eastern Europe?
  566. ... that sociologist Kenneth A. Bollen has been listed in the ISI Highly Cited database of "highly cited researchers" in the Social Sciences category?
  567. ... that localization of Józef Piłsudski Monument in Warsaw has been criticized by its designer?
  568. ... that the statue of Roman Dmowski, father of Polish nationalism, has proven to be one of the most controversial monuments in Warsaw?
  569. ... that Józef Piłsudski's cult of personality succeeded in making him one of the most popular figures in Polish history?
  570. ... that Polish jurist and activist Józef Wybicki wrote the national anthem of Poland while serving the Polish Legions in Italy?
  571. ... that Jan Matejko's painting Rejtan (pictured) caused a scandal, won a gold medal in Paris, was purchased by Emperor Franz Joseph I, and looted by Nazis?
  572. ... that shortly before the First World War, Neo-Slavism advocated the creation of a federation of Slavic states?# ... that
  573. ... that the Anti-Superstition and Black Magic Ordinance was recently passed in India following the assassination of its proponent, Narendra Dabholkar?
  574. ... that the Killing Us Softly documentary focuses on images of women in advertising, gender stereotypes and sexual objectification?# ... that
  575. ... that Polish nationalism is more restrictive in terms of ethnicity and religion than the earlier Polish-Lithuanian identity?# ... that
  576. ... that actor Vic Morrow died in the Twilight Zone tragedy, a helicopter crash during the filming of Twilight Zone: The Movie?
  577. ... that Polish-Jewish publisher Samuel Orgelbrand financed the printing of his Universal Encyclopedia, the first modern Polish encyclopedia, with proceeds from sales of the Babylonian Talmud?
  578. ... that the Bródno Jewish Cemetery is one of the largest Jewish cemeteries in Europe?
  579. ... that the Tęcza in Warsaw has been vandalized several times, most commonly due to anti-LGBT sentiments?
  580. ... that a civil war in Poland gave rise to a proverb about a state of division, disorder and anarchy?
  581. ... that while international rankings show corruption in Poland as steadily decreasing, over 80% of the Polish public still sees it as a significant problem for the country?
  582. ... that neither of the principal combatants won the bloody Greater Poland Civil War which terminated after the accession of ten-year old Jadwiga of Poland to the Polish throne?
See also: articles I have nominated for front page exposure
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