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Real name: Justus Robin Hall. Gender: male.
- 1 Biography
- 2 Personal views
- 3 Views on core Wikipolicies
- 4 Views on Wikistyle
- 5 Wikipedia contributions
- 5.1 Categories created
- 5.2 Pages to which I have added categories
- 5.3 Pages to which I have added Wikiprojects; or added or adjusted Quality or Importance ratings
- 5.4 Pages expanded (other than adding categories) (that is, added new information)
- 5.5 Corrected page content to better fit the source cited
- 5.6 Talk pages to which I have contributed
- 5.7 Detected possible puffery
- 5.8 Removed as unnecessary the following template:
- 5.9 Removed as unnecessary the following template:
- 6 Information
- 7 Notes and references
I was born in Espoo, Finland on February 25, 1990. During the first four and a half year of life, my family lived in several places in Finland. On August 17, 1994, my family came to the United States.
Started school in 1995, in Agness, a rural community in southern Oregon. There I did kindergarten and 1st grade (1995-1997).
Family moved to Philomath, Oregon, next to a larger city called Corvallis, in 1997. I went to a Montessory school in the fall of 1997 (til winter break), then after winter break and up til the end of 4th grade (2000), I went to a Waldorf school.
In 5th grade (2000-2001), I went to school in Minnesota; in 6th grade, in Wisconsin; in 7th grade, in Maine; and in 8th-12th grade, in Washington. In 2008, I graduated from high school.
I attended Western Washington University in Bellingham, Washington; from September 24, 2008 to April 10, 2014; when I dropped out. I was majoring in Physics but I didn't quite complete the major. On June 26, I left Bellingham to move to a place in Vermont, where I arrived on July 6. On my way from Washington to Vermont, I stopped in Hayden, Idaho to attend an Energy Science and Technology Conference, about various forms of free energy.
I am naturally bilingual in English and Finnish, and have a decent command of Spanish, and know some French and some Chinese.
My little brother was born in Philomath, Oregon on May 21, 1999. (A home birth, though I was born in a hospital.)
As of September 15, 2014, I am not married and do not have a true girlfriend.
Religious belief: agnostic.
I oppose gambling, tobacco, alcohol, prostistitution, and having children out of wedlock. I support capital punishment, even though I consider myself quite liberal politically.
Views on core Wikipolicies
This is perhaps the most obvious and most important of Wikipedia's core policies.
An article should cite many sources; it shouldn't rely heavily or entirely on one source. Take almost any subject, and there are many POVs about it. Hence an article that relies too much on one source will be biased toward the views of said source.
For a point to be truly verifiable, at least four things must hold:
(1) There must be a source cited
Possible exception: (a) For routine calculations, which can be verified by anyone with some mathematical ability. (b) Points that are essentially common knowledge, such as “Paris is the capital of France,” “George Washington was the 1st U.S. President,” “Mars is a planet.” Such points are verifiable from almost any reasonable source on the subject.
Inline citations are much better than a mere list of references; with the former, you can tell which source supposedly supports which factoid. Some Wikipedia articles have notices at the top about the matter.
Another problem: they will occasionally have a rather extensive piece of text (~several sentences, even an entire paragraph) with no references, followed by many (~10) references bunched together; you can't tell which source supports which point. I saw this in the intro of the article Conspiracy theory; I notified people on the talk page; the references were diffused into several places. In November 2014, I may have found such a problem in the intro of the article Stephen Hawking.
(2) The source must be cross-checkable
That is, any reader can go to the source and see if it backs the factoid in question; and if it is a good source. This probably excludes personal emails or letters, word-of-mouth (unless sound-recorded), or comments on blogs (such comments probably change too frequently).
I think online sources are preferable to print ones; you can simply go and click the link. However, there have been cases where, when you get to the website, you have to navigate several links before you get to the relevant information (sometimes you get lost in the website and can't get the information); or you need to log in to get to most of the content on the site (an annoyance I have found on some medical citations). Both of these practices should be discouraged; it is best if you can click the link and you immediately get to the verifying information.
When citing a book, you can also link to a website that has the relevant parts of the book, in online form. You can often find online images of old newspaper articles; they can be cited that way.
Beware, however: websites' content changes. This may be part of why I have multiple times found myself corrected Wikipedia text to better fit the source cited (see below).
(3) The source must not have a conflict of interest (COI)
It should be obvious: a source with a COI is not reliable. COI here mostly means that the source stands to benefit from promoting the claim in question even if it is not true. (Global warming denial appears to be promoted almost exclusively by vested interests.) Sources with clear COI should not be used by Wikipedia, but if the same claim is backed by impartial sources, it may be included in Wikipedia. However, for points with a major potential for corruption (that is, a large faction [usually vested economic interest] that stands to benefit from promoting the factoid even if it is not true), would-be sources should be subject to conflict-of-interest background checks.
- Conflict of interest
- Category:Conflict of interest
- Vested interest (communication theory)
- Climate change denial
One point where Wikipedia, in deciding how much weight to give to different claims, is arguably very good about acknowledging the existence of real COIs, is that Category:Free energy conspiracy theorists is not placed, at least directly, in Category:Advocates of pseudoscience; nor is “Free energy suppression conspiracy theory” included, at least directly, in Category:Pseudoscience. The sheer size of Big Oil, Big Coal, etc., creates a massive vested interest that stands to benefit from discrediting these ideas, if they have any validity. (As of February 2015, Wikipedia obviously doesn't describe these claims as fact; such claims are still quite fringe in the scientific community.)
(4) The statement must not be Original Research
Original Research is usually not verifiable (see below).
OR has two main forms. One, posting new information (e.g. results of a new scientific study; current events) directly onto Wikipedia. In such a case, the new information is obviously not Verifiable, as it is not backed by an off-Wikipedia source.
Two, SYNTH. SYNTH violates NPOV, because someone else could read the same sources and come to a different conclusion; and Verifiability, because the sources don't clearly support the factoid in question.
I agree, SYNTH is not routine calculations, because any correct performance of a given calculation, e.g. adding, multiplying, subtracting, dividing, two or more figures, always produces the same result; hence there is full Verifiability and NPOV (effectively, only one POV, namely the result of said calculation, exists). Nor is SYNTH faithful transcription of spoken language (which is logically equivalent to the same spoken words being written), or faithful translation of material in other languages (information can be published in any language, with equal validity). Or simple juxtaposition of factoids (such exists in almost any piece of writing).
Avoiding non-notable articles and information is almost equivalent to the principle of “not an indiscriminate collection of information”. Also, non-notable articles could go against NPOV because they would give undue weight to their subjects, in terms of overall importance.
Many of these points are pretty intuitive. For instance, Wikipedia is not an advertising venue because ads are inherently POV; they advocate a specific product, service, etc. Wikipedia is also not a battleground; such battles would be disruptive to Wikipedia and would likely involve heavy POV pushing, contrary to NPOV.
Wikipedia is not a crystal ball because we do not know how to predict the future effectively. Indeed, the number of speculations about the future that one could make is almost infinite, so including lots of such speculations could turn Wikipedia into an indiscriminate, unverifiable, collection of non-notable junk.
Views on Wikistyle
(In this section, variables denoting Categories are in bold; variables denoting Articles are in italics; and variables denoting Subsections of an Article are underlined.)
One thing I don't think makes sense is having Categorization loops, such as A > B > A, or A > B > C > A, etc., where A > B means “B is a direct subcategory of A”. I have broken a few such loops.
These loops, I feel, are illogical because it feels like saying that B is a strict subset of A (that is, all B are A, but not vice versa); while simultaneously A is a strict subset of B. It's like saying all rodents are mammals, but not all mammals are rodents; yet simultaneously all mammals are rodents, but not all rodents are mammals.
I admit, Redirects are useful, but I prefer to see a link within Wikipedia to link directly to an Article, or subsection thereof. E.g.:
- Wikicode “[[Albert Einstein|Einstein]]”; not “[[Einstein]]” (redirects to Albert Einstein).
- “[[Wikipedia:Neutral point of view|NPOV]]; not “[[WP:NPOV|NPOV]]”.
- Or, “[[A#B|C]]”; rather than “[[D]]” (“D” redirects to article A, subsection B; and “C” represents text that carries a hyperlink to a subsection of an article).
When at the top of a page it says, “Redirected from...”, I feel it looks ugly.
I believe strongly in concision; sometimes, I become almost obsessive about editing one of my texts to compact it. E.g. (bolded text should be deleted)
- numerous → many
- United States of America → U.S.
- State of California
- the measles
- individual → person
- the University of California at San Diego
- member of the family Pythonidae (preferably decapitalize “Python”)
- Sir Isaac Newton
- Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill
Note: Lists are likely to be incomplete due to less-than-perfect memory.
(* = Category was deleted.) Date of creation (if available). Time is Pacific Time, U.S.
1. Acceleration (May 31, 2012)
3. American politicians with disabilities
4. Amputations (June 5, 2012)
5. Amputee sportspeople
6. Anthropic principle (May 29, 2013)
7. Assassination of Franz Ferdinand (January 28, 2014)
8. Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi (Dec. 2013)
9. Assassination of James A. Garfield (March 15, 2013)
10. Assassination of Martin Luther King
11. Assassination of William McKinley (March 15, 2013)
12. Astronomical controversies
13. Astronomical hypotheses (May 29, 2013)
14. Atmosphere of Earth (May 31, 2012)
15. Attempted assassinations of U.S. Presidents
16. Biological hypotheses (May 20, 2013)
17. Blue whales (May 20, 2013)
18. Borderline life (May 20, 2013)
19. Carbon monoxide
20. *Censorship of science
21. Cesarian sections
23. Cognitive dissonance
24. Cognitive inertia
25. Cold fusion (October 20, 2013)
26. Compulsory education (December 21, 2013)
27. Congenital amputations (June 5, 2012)
28. Consensus (January 6, 2014)
29. Copernican Revolution (October 21, 2013)
30. Criticism of intellectual property (December 21, 2013)
31. Criticism of science (October 20, 2013)
32. Definition of planet (May 31, 2012)
35. Paul Dirac
36. Dirac equation (January 28, 2014)
38. English as a global language
39. English for specific purposes
40. Ethically disputed practices (March 23, 2013)
41. Ethically disputed judicial practices
42. Eyewitness (December 21, 2013)
43. Enrico Fermi (January 28, 2014)
45. Founding Fathers
46. Galdhøpiggen (January 28, 2014)
47. Gandhi conspirators
48. Gas gangrene
49. *Greek words for love
50. *Harry Potter actors
51. Patrick Henry (April or May, 2013)
52. High school dropouts (December 21, 2013)
53. Hijacking (June 7, 2012)
54. Hinduism and cattle
55. Hinduism and science
57. Homonymy in Chinese
58. Hypocrisy (December 27, 2013)
59. Hypothetical trans-Neptunian objects (May 31, 2012)
61. Individual blue whales (May 20, 2013)
62. Individual sperm whales (May 20, 2013)
63. Insects of the United Kingdom (January 26, 2014)
64. Judaism and capital punishment
65. Judaism and violence
66. Kebnekaise (January 28, 2014)
67. King Lear
68. Language versus dialect
69. Linguistic error (March 15, 2013)
70. Linguistic hypotheses
71. Linguistic purism in Icelandic
72. Linguistic universals
73. Alexander Litvinenko
75. Maxwell's equations (January 28, 2014)
76. Gregor Mendel (December 21, 2013)
77. Metaphors referring to birds
78. Metaphors referring to elephants
80. Munich Agreement (December 21, 2013)
82. Nepalese amputees
83. Oort cloud
85. Othello (April 15, 2013)
87. Permafrost (April 16, 2013)
88. Perpetual motion in fiction (January 15, 2014)
90. Philosophy of astronomy (January 15, 2014)
91. Philosophy of medicine
92. Max Planck (December 21, 2013)
93. Pluto’s planethood (May 31, 2012)
94. Pythagoras (January 28, 2014)
96. Reagan assassination attempt (March 15, 2013)
97. Religion and medicine
98. Scandinavian Mountains (January 28, 2014)
99. Scarlet fever (April 3, 2013)
100. Sepsis (June 3, 2013)
101. Shark attacks
102. Shark attack victims
103. Silent letters
104. Smallpox vaccines
105. Syphilis (April 15, 2013)
106. Testimony (December 21, 2013)
108. *Things named after Albert Einstein
109. Trans-Neptunian objects in fiction (May 31, 2012)
110. Truman assassination attempt
111. Types of amputations (June 5, 2012)
112. Typhoid fever (April or May, 2013)
113. Typhus (April or May, 2013)
114. Unanimity (January 6, 2014)
115. U.S. Presidents and death
116. Vaccine controversies
118. Violent crime (June 7, 2012)
119. Water torture
120. Works about the Mahatma Gandhi assassination
Pages to which I have added categories
More than I can count.
Pages to which I have added Wikiprojects; or added or adjusted Quality or Importance ratings
A = added Wikiproject; Q = added quality rating (previously not rated); I = added importance rating (previously not rated);
DQ = adjusted quality rating; DI = adjusted importance rating
- Amputation (A: WikiProject Disability: Q: B-class, I: High-importance)
- Big Bang (WikiProject Skepticism: Q: FA-class, I: Mid-importance)
- Plasma cosmology (A: WikiProject Alternative Views: B-class, Mid-importance)
Pages expanded (other than adding categories) (that is, added new information)
- Stéphanie Dixon
- Finland Swedish#Phonology
- List of cities proper by population
- List of United States cities by population#Census-designated places
- Orders of magnitude (energy)
- Orders of magnitude (volume)
- Pippi in the South Seas (book)
- Viktor Schauberger
Corrected page content to better fit the source cited
- Paul Offit
- 90377 Sedna (anonymously, before formally joining Wikipedia)
- Swedish-speaking population of Finland
Talk pages to which I have contributed
Total: More than I can count.
At least 5 contribs:
Removed as unnecessary the following template:
|This article does not cite any references or sources.|
Removed as unnecessary the following template:
||The topic of this article may not meet Wikipedia's general notability guideline.|
Notes and references
- "2014 Energy Science & Technology Conference". Retrieved 13 August 2014.