User:Speckler/san

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SAN Meaning INE PKY
o o o *o-
gácchati
gam
goes, comes gwem̥-sḱé-ti *gwem-
cálati
car, cal
bewegt sich, wandelt, geht
moves
kwélh1-e-ti
(pres)
*kwelh1- 639-40
jánati
jan
(er)zeugt, gebiert
is born
ǵénh1-e-ti
(pres)
*ǵénh1- 373-5
chinátti
chid
schneidet an, zerreisst, zerbricht
cuts, nibbles
sḱhi-né-d-ti
(pres)
*sḱheid- 920-1
jānāti knows ǵn̥-néh3-ti *ǵneh3-
tíṣṭati
sthā
stands sti-stéh2-ti *(s)teh2-
dádāti
gives dé-doh3-ti *deh3- 223-5
náyati
leads néihx-e-ti *neihx-
pátati
pat
flies pétha-e-ti *petha-
pādáyati
pad
bringt zu Fall; kills, destroys pod-éye-ti
(caus)
*ped- 790-2
pr̥ccháti
prach, praś
asks pr̥ḱ-sḱé-ti
(pres)
*preḱ- 821-22
bhávati
bhū
becomes, is bhéuhx-e-ti *bheu(hx)-
bódhati
budh
bemerkt, beachtet
is awake
bhéudh-e-ti *bhéudh- 150-2
yunákti
yuj
anschirren
joins
yu-né-g-ti
(pres)
*yeug- 508-10
rajyati
raj
is coloured, is red (s)réǵ-ye-ti
(pres)
*(s)réǵ- 854
róhati
roh
grows, increases h1léudh-e-ti *h1leudh-
limpáti
lip
beschmiert, klebt an, betrügt li-né-p-(e)-ti *leip- 670-1
lokayati
lok
erblicken *leuk- 687-9
vádati
vad
erhebt die Stimme, spricht
says, says to
h2wédh-e-ti
(pres)
*h2wedh- 76-7
vásati
vas
passes the night, stays h2wés-(e)-ti
(pres)
*h2wés-
váhati drives, rides wéǵh-e-ti *weǵh-
vídhyati
vyadh
verletzen, treffen, erschiessen
pierces, hits
h2widh-yé-ti
(pres)
*h2weidh- 1127-8
viśáti
viś
enters wiḱ-é-ti
(pres)
*weiḱ- 1129, 1131
sīdati
sad
setzt sich
-
si-sd-é-ti
(pres)
*sed- 884-7
svárgaḥ heaven sh2ul-gwm *(2.795) svargá-
hánti
han
erschlagen, töten gwhén-ti
(pres)
*gwhen- 491-3

Verb roots (a-au)[edit]

SAN Meaning IIR INE PKY EAW
akṣ mark, make earmarks, (+ niṣ) castrate Haćš- *- 21 41
aj drive, sling Haj́- *haeǵ- 4 50
añc bend Hank- *h2enk- 45 52
añc draw, bail (water) Hank- *- - 53
añj anoint, smear Hang- *h3engw- 779 54
at travel, wander Hat- *haet- 69 56
ad eat, consume Had- *h1édmi- 287 61
ani breathe HanH- *haénh1- 38 72
ami take hold of; swear HamH- *h2em- 778 96
ay go, walk, succeed Hai- *h1ei- 293 102
ar put in motion, send, move (+acc.) [act.]; move, rise [med.] Har- *h1er- 326 105
ar reach, come towards, meet with Har- *h1er- 326 106
arc sing, praise; shine Hark- *h1erkw- 340 114
ard be scattered, shake Hard- *- - 117
ardh succeed, be successful, go well, thrive Hardh- *- 27 118
arṣ stream, flow Harš- *h1ers- 335 123
arṣ stab, spit, bump, push, stuff Harš- *- 335 123
arh earn, be worth Hargh- *h2elgwho/eha- 32 124
avi help, protect HauH- *- 77 134
i eat HaćH- (?) *- 18 136
as be Has- *h1es- 340 144
as throw, shoot Has- *- - 144
ah say, speak Hadh- *- - 153
āp reach, gain, take possession of HaHp- *h1ep- 50 167
ās sit, live, settle, abide, continue HaHs- *h1ēs- 342 181
ilay ̊ be still, calm down HrH-aia- *h1erh1- - 196
īḍ invoke, worship Hižd-/Hisd- *- 16 204
īrṣ be angry HrHas- *- 337 206
īś be master of, be powerful, rule, command (Hi-)Hić- *haeiḱ- 298 207
īśvara
m
rich man, lord, king (Hi-)Hić- *haeiḱ- 298 207
ubj press down, keep under, subdue Hub(z)ǰ(h)- *- 1103 223
ej move, stir, tremble (of wind, forest, sea, etc.) Haig- *h1eig- 13 186
edh set alight, kindle Haidh- *haeidh- 11 267
eṣ wish, strive after, seek Hiš- *haeis- 16 270
eṣ set in motion, send Hais(H)- *h1eis- 299 271
eh strive for, desire Haij́h- *- 14 273
o weave Hau- *h2/3eu- 75 275
oc be accustomed, be used to, live, take pleasure in Hauk-/Hauč- *h1euk- 347 277
od well up, moisten ud- *- 78 279
oṣ burn, scorch Hauš- *h1eus- 347 281
oh praise, announce Ha(H)ugh- *- 348 283

Verb roots (k-ṅ)[edit]

SAN Meaning IIR INE PKY OIP EAW
kani be pleased with, enjoy kanH-/čanH- *ken- 515 296
kami desire, want kaHmaia- *kem- 515 306
kari commemorate, praise karH *kar- 530 310
kari scatter, strew, pour out karH- *- 933 311
kart cut, cut off, split, break (s)kart- *(s)ker- 941 315
kart spin, twist threads kart- *kert- 584 316
karś be/become lean karć- *- 581 318
karṣ pull, drag, plow karš- *kwel- 639 319
kavi intend to kauH- *keuh1- 587 328
kaṣ scratch, shave karš- *- - 332
desire, like kaH- *- 515 334
kāś
v1
become visible, appear kać- *kweḱ/ǵ- 638 326 344
prakāś
v1
appear; shine - *kweḱ/ǵ- 638 326 344
kuc contract, bend kuč- *keuk- 588 361
kṛt
v6
cut, divide - *(s)kert- 938 -
avakṛt
v6
destroy, cut up - *(s)kert- 938 -
kop tremble, quake, be angry kup- *- 596 402
krapi mourn, long for, wail, beg krap- *- 567 409
krami stride, go kramH- *- - 409
krayi buy kraiH- *kwrei(ha)- 648 410
krīḍ play, jest, flirt, frolic, move vehemently križd- *- - 413
krodh be/become angry kraudh- *- - 415
kroś call aloud, call to krauć- *- - 416
kśā look (at), seem kać- *kweḱ/ǵ- 638 420
kṣan card (wool) kšan- *kes- 585 423
kṣay live, stay tćai- *tḱei- 626 427
kṣay destroy, perish dhǰhai- *dhghwei- 487 428
kṣav sneeze kšau- *skeu- 953 429
kṣā burn dhǰhaH- *dheghw- 240 430
kṣā rule, have power, own kšH-aia-ti *tkeh1- 626 426
kṣep lash, hurl kšuaip- *- 625 437
kṣod disperse' [med.]; `to spray, pulverize' [act.] kšaud- *- 625 439
kṣobh stagger, begin to swing, tremble kšaubh- *kseubh- 625 440
kṣṇav whet, sharpen kšnau- *kes- 585 441
khani dig kanH- *- 634 445
khād chew, bite, eat, digest kHaHd- *- 634 451
khyā look (at), seem kć(aH)- *kweḱ/ǵ- 638 456
gaj
v1
howl, roar, trumpet - *o- - -
gaja
m
elephant o *o- - -
gandh smell, be fragrant g(h)andh/t- *- 466 461
gam go, come gam-/ǰam- *gwem- 463 465
gari praise, honour, welcome garH- *gwerhx- 478 468
gari devour, swallow garH- *gwerh3- 474 469
gari raise the arm (for striking), raise a weapon garH- *gwelh1- 471 470
gardh be/become greedy, eager gardh- *- 434 474
garh complain garj́h- *gal- 350 475
gal
v1
fall, drip, flow - *gwel(s)- 471 -
jala
n
cold; water - *gwel(s)- 471 -
jalāśaya
m
lake, pond, ocean - *gwel(s)- 471 -
gav(i) call, invoke, praise gau(H)- *ǵeu(hx)- 403 478
put down the foot (while going), step, stride gaH- *gweha- 463 482
sing gaH-i- *geh1(i)- 355 482
gāh plunge, enter (into the water), wade in gaHj́h- *gehxǵh- 465 486
goh hide g(h)auj́h- *gheuǵh- 450 502
granthi tie, knot grantH- *- 386 504
gras devour, digest gras- *gras- 404 507
grah
v9 [var. grabh]
take, seize, grab - *ghrebh- 455 -
gṛha
n
house, dwelling - *ghrebh- 455 -
ghar sprinkle, drip ghar *- 446 512
ghrā
v1
smell - *o- - -
āghrā
v3
smell; sniff - *o- - -
vyāghra
m
tiger - *o- - -

Verb roots (c-ñ)[edit]

SAN Meaning IIR INE PKY EAW
cakṣ see, cast a look čakć- *kweḱ/ǵ- 638 523
cand/ścand shine, glitter (s)čand- *(s)kand- 526 528
cami sip, rinse č(i)am-/č(i)ām- *kwem- 640 530
cari
vi
move, walk, go, wander; perform čaRH- *kwel- 639 534
ācar
vi
travel; behave; pratice - *o- - -
cart tie, bind čart- *kert- 584 536
cet perceive, take notice of; to shine, appear, be conspicuous čait- *- 636 547
ceṣṭ move, stir čaist- *- 538 550
cod urge, impel, incite čaud- *(s)keud- 955 551
cyav move, go čiau- *kei- 538 552
chand appear, appear good, please sćand- < sčand- *(s)kand- - 555
chard pour out; spit out, vomit sčard- *- 948 557
chā cut open (skin), skin, pull off skin sćaH- *skeh1i(-d)- 919 558
ched split, break, cut off sćaid- *skeh1i(-d)- 919 561
jani
v4 [var. ]
be born, produce, create j́anH- *ǵenh1- 373 567
jana
m
man, person, being - *ǵenh1- 373 567
janaka
m
father - *ǵenh1- 373 567
jambh rip up (mouth, jaws), snap j́ambh- *hómbhos) 369 572
jambh crush, destroy j́ambh- *- 369 572
jay win, conquer, defeat ǰai- *- 469 573
jar wake up (intr.) Hǰar- *h1ger- 390 574
jari age, grow old; to make old, decrepit j́arH- *ǵerha- 390 577
javi be quick, hurry j́auH- *- 399 580
jas be exhausted, hungry j́as- *gwes- 479 581
jūrv destroy, eradicate j́rH-u- (?) *- - 597
joṣ like, be pleased, enjoy j́auš- *ǵeus- 399 599
jñā know, recognize, understand j́naH- *ǵneh3- 376 599
jyot be brilliant, shine dyaut- *dei- 183 753
jvari suffer j́uarH- *ǵwelhx- 479 607

Verb roots (t-n)[edit]

SAN Meaning IIR INE PKY OIP EAW
taṃs shake, move to and fro, tug tans- *ten- 1068 609
tak rush, hurry tak- *tek- 1059 610
takṣ form by cutting, tool, hammer; to fashion, form, make, prepare taćš- < tatc *teḱs- 1058 612
tan stretch, extend tan(H)- *ten- 1065 618
tand be paralyzed, become tired tand *ten- 1065 623
tap
v1
heat, be/become hot, make hot; to suffer; to perform austerity tap- *tep- 1069 623
tapas
n
heat; suffering, torment - *tep- - -
tāpasa
m
ascetic, recluse - *tep- - -
tami become exhausted, be suffocated tamH- *temhx- 1063 626
tari pass (through), overcome tarH- *terh2- 1074 629
tark turn, move to and fro tark- *terk(w)- 1077 633
tard split, pierce, open tard- *terh1- 1076 634
tarp satisfy oneself, enjoy, be/become pleased, be/become satisfied tarp- *terp- 1077 634
tarp steal, rob tarp- *terp- 1077 635
tarṣ be thirsty, crave tarš- *ters- 1078 635
tarh crush, shatter (s)tarj́h- *- 1062 636
tavi be strong tauH- *teuha- 1080 638
tūr(v) overcome, overpower, be superior trH-u- *ter- 1074 662
tej sharpen taig-/taiǰ- *steig- 1016 668
toj push (forward), drive, set in motion, sling, press forward/out (H)taug-/(H)tauǰ- *- 1032 670
tod thrust, give a push, prick, crush taud- *(s)teud- 1033 671
tuṣ
v4
be pleased, be satisfied tauš- *teus- 1056 337 672
saṃtuṣ
v4
be pleased with - *teus- 1056 337 672
saṃtuṣṭa
adj
happy, pleased - *teus- 1056 337 672
trā protect, defend, rescue traH- *- 1074 679
tvar
v1
hasten, hurry - *twer- 1100 379 -
tvarā
f
haste; speed - *twer- 1100 379 -
satvara
adj
quick, lively - *twer- 1100 379 -
tsar approach stealthily, sneak, creep up on smb. tsar- *(t)sel- 900 687
daṃś bite danć- *denḱ- 201 688
daṃs have miraculous power, be capable of smth. wondrous dans- *dens- 201 688
dakṣ be able' [med.], `to make agreeable to (dat.)' [act.] dakš- *- - 689
dīv
v4
shine - *dei- 183 408 -
div
m
sky - *dei- 183 408 -
deva
m
god - *dei- 183 408 -
dhā
v3
put, place - *dheh1- 235 -
vidhā
v3
do, make, produce - *dheh1- 235 -
vidhā
f
behaviour; species, kind - *dheh1- 235 -
vividha
adj
various, diverse - *dheh1- 235 -
dhyā
v1 [cf. dhī]
reflect, meditate - *o- - -
dhyāna
n
meditation - *o- - -
o o o *o- - -

Verb roots (p-m)[edit]

SAN Meaning IIR INE PKY OIP EAW

v1
drink - *o- - -
puṣ
v4
thrive, enjoy - *p(h)eu- - -
puṣpa
m
flower - *p(h)eu- - -
bhuj
v7
enjoy; eat, drink - *bheug- 153 -
bhoga
m
consumption; food, meal; pleasure - *bheug- 153 -
bhū
n
be, exist - *bheuhx- 146 369 -
bhūta
m
living thing, creature - *bheuhx- 146 369 -

Verb roots (y-v)[edit]

SAN Meaning IIR INE PKY EAW
yu
v2 [cf. yuj]
join, unite - *yeuhx- 508 -
yūtha
n/m
herd, flock - *yeuhx- 508 -
lok
v1 [cf. ruc]
see, look at - *leuk- 687 -
loka
m
place; world, universe; people - *leuk- 687 -
vac
v2
speak, say - *wekw- 1135 353 -
vacana
n
speech, language - *wekw- 1135 353 -
vas
v1
live, reside - *o- - -
viś
v6
enter - *weik- - 326 -
vṛ
v5
cover, wrap, surround - *wer- 1160 -
vara
m
circumference, thing that surrounds - *wer- 1160 -
īśvara
m
rich man, lord, king - *wer- 1160 -

Verb roots (ś-h)[edit]

SAN Meaning IIR INE PKY EAW
śī
v2 [var. śe]
be stretched, laid; rest, sleep - *o- - -
āśī
v2
be stretched, rest on - *o- - -
āśaya
m
resting place, refuge - *o- - -
jalāśaya
m
lake, pond, ocean - *o- - -
śubh
v1
shine - *o- - -
śobh
v10, caus
adorn, decorate; make shine - *o- - -
śobhana
adj
bright shiny; beautiful - *o- - -
śram
v4
be waery, tired; practice ascetism - *o- - -
śrama
m
tiredness, exhaustion - *o- - -
āśrama
m/n
retirement, refuge; hermitage - *o- - -
śru
v5
listen, learn, study - *ḱleu 605 335 -
sad
v1
sit - *sed- 884 -
āsad
v1
sit - *sed- 884 -
prāsāda
m
palace, temple - *sed- 884 -

v1
set in motion - *seuh3- - 392 -
sūta
m
messenger; coachman, charioteer - *seuh3- - 392 -
spṛś
v6
touch - *o- - -