User:Watti Renew

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Barnstar[edit]

Editors Barnstar Hires.png The Editor's Barnstar
You've done some very good work again this year on energy-related articles. Thank you. Happy editing! Johnfos (talk) 01:02, 13 December 2011 (UTC)
Barnstar of National Merit.svg The Barnstar of National Merit
Thanks for creating the article Corruption in Finland, helping to expand Wikipedia's coverage of countries. Your efforts are appreciated. Northamerica1000(talk) 12:52, 12 February 2012 (UTC)
this WikiAward was given to Watti Renew by Northamerica1000(talk) on 12:52, 12 February 2012 (UTC)



User:Watti Renew Sandbox
1) Watti Renew/Sandbox |
2) Sandbox/World energy resources and consumption |
3) Sandbox/Electricity sector by country |
4) Sandbox/Energy by country: Europe |
5) Sandbox/Energy by country: OPEC and Middle East
6) Sandbox/Energy by country (other) |
7) Sandbox/Solar
8) Sandbox/Population
(Peat energy in Finland, World energy resources and consumption, Peat energy war in Finland)

User:Watti Renew
User:Watti Renew/Sandbox
User:Watti Renew/Sandbox/Electricity sector in (country)
User:Watti Renew/Sandbox/Energy by country
User:Watti Renew/Sandbox/Solar


Wind power
 % of electricity and per person[1][2][3][4][5]
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Country  % electricity W/person W/person W/person W/person W/person
 Denmark 21.3 579 581 627.5 686.6 706.2
 Spain 11.8 367 370 415.5 449.6 469.6
 Portugal 9.3 203 270 332.5 366.4 403.4
 Ireland 8.4 193 228 283.1 319.6 464.0
 Germany 7.0 270 291 315.3 332.7 355.7
 Sweden 1.3 88 111 166.9 231.6 308.7
Average 3.8 116 131 149.2 168.3 2
 Netherlands 3.4 107 136 134.0 135.4 139.1
 Austria 3.3 120 119 118.8 120.7 129.0
 Estonia 1.8 45 58 111.3 111.0 137.2
 Greece 3.7 78 88 96.1 106.9 143.8
 Cyprus 0 0 0 0 102.1 166.6
 Italy 1.7 47 63 80.3 96.1 111.1
 France 1.2 40 53 69.9 87.5 102.7
 Luxembourg 1.1 71 90 86.2 86.2 84.6
 United Kingdom 1.8 40 54 65.3 83.9 104.7
 Belgium 0.7 28 36 52.0 81.9
 Bulgaria 0.5 10 21 23.4 49.6
 Lithuania 1.1 15 19 27.3 46.3
 Finland 0.3 21 27 27.3 36.8 36.6
 Poland 0.4 7 12 18.5 31.0 42.3
 Hungary 0.4 6 12 20.1 29.3
 Czech Republic 0.4 11 14 18.4 20.5
 Romania 0.0 0 1 1 19.5
 Latvia 0.9 12 12 12.5 13.8 13.9
 Slovenia 0.0 1 1 1 0.9

Solar energy in the European Union

PV in Europe (MWpeak)[6][7][8][9][10]
# Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1  Germany 1,910 3,063 3,846 6,019 9,959 17,370 24,875.0
2  Italy 46 58 120 458 1,157 3,478 12,763.5
3  Spain 58 118 733 3,421 3,438 3,808 4,214.2
4  France 26 33 47 104 335 1,054 2,831.4
5  Czech Republic 0 1 4 55 463 1,953 1,959.1
6  Belgium 2 4 22 71 574 787 1,812.3
7  United Kingdom 11 14 19 23 30 75 1,014.0
8  Greece 5 7 9 19 55 205 631.3
9  Slovakia 0 0 0 0.07 0.2 144 488.2
10  Austria 24 29 27 32 53 103 173.8
11  Portugal 3 4 18 68 102 131 143.6
12  Netherlands 51 51 53 57 68 97 118.0
13  Slovenia 0.2 0.4 1 2 9 36 90.4
14  Luxembourg 24 24 24 25 26 27 30.6
15  Sweden 4 5 6 8 9 10 18.7
16  Denmark 3 3 3 3 5 7 16.7
17  Malta 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 2 2 11.5
18  Finland 4 4 5 6 8 10 11.2
19  Cyprus 0.5 1 1 2 3 6 10.1
20  Hungary 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.7 2 4.1
21  Romania 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.6 2 2.9
22  Poland 0.3 0.4 0.6 1 1 2 1.8
23  Latvia 0 0 0 0.004 0.008 0.008 1.5
24  Ireland 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.7
25  Estonia 0 0 0 0.01 0.05 0.08 0.2
26  Lithuania 0 0 0 0.06 0.07 0.1 0.1
EU27 (GWp) 2.17 3.42 4.94 10.38 15.86 29.33 51.36
PV per capita 2011[10]
# Country W/capita
1  Germany 304.3
5  Italy 210.5
2  Czech Republic 186.0
4  Belgium 165.5
3  Spain 91.3
7  Slovakia 89.8
6  Luxembourg 59.9
8  Greece 55.8
9  Slovenia 44.1
10  France 43.5
15  Malta 27.4
12  Austria 20.7
16  Bulgaria 17.7
19  United Kingdom 16.2
11  Portugal 13.5
13  Cyprus 12.5
14  Netherlands 7.1
18  Denmark 3.0
17  Finland 2.1
20  Sweden 2.0
27  Latvia 0.7
21  Hungary 0.4
22  Ireland 0.2
23  Romania 0.1
24  Estonia 0.1
25  Poland 0.0
26  Lithuania 0.0
EU27 (W/capita) 102.2



Solar heating
per capita 2008 [11]
# Country W/
capita
1  Cyprus 590
2  Austria 333
3  Greece 241
4  Germany 96
5  Malta 62
6  Denmark 55
7  Slovenia 47
8  Netherlands 30
9  Sweden 30
10  Czech Republic 28
11  Portugal 26
12  Spain 23
13  Italy 19
14  France 19
15  Belgium 18
16  Luxembourg 16
17  Ireland 13
18  Slovakia 12
19  Poland 7
20  Bulgaria 6
21  United Kingdom 4
22  Hungary 4
23  Finland 3
24  Romania 3
25  Latvia 2
26  Estonia 1
27  Lithuania 1
EU27 (W/capita) 40
1 m2 = 0.7 kW heat


The glaciers of Norway react strongly to atmospheric warming by enhanced melt, p.117 In Norway the increased winter snow fall 1992-5 reduced fish growth by 50%, p.209. Glaciers in the European Alps reached their maximum around year 1850. The loss was 50% by 2000, p.136. The Himalayas provide water to people through Asia and influence the lives of 40% of the world’s population, p.130. The Himalaya is the source of the Yangtse, Mekong, Brahmaputra, Ganges and Indus (p.227, Kathmandu, Nepal). Agriculture consumes 90% of water resources. During dry years, the input of glacier water could be as high as 70–80% and 20–40% in normal years. Since 2000 they have been retreating considerably, p.135. New York City is especially vulnerable to major hurricanes, p.174.



UNEP: Last Stand of Orangutan report 2/2007:
At current rates of intrusion into Indonesian national parks, it is likely that many protected rain forests will already be severely degraded in three to five years, that is by 2012. Orangutans are native to Indonesia and Malaysia. Their survival is seriously endangered by illegal logging, forest fires including those associated with the rapid spread of palm oil plantations, illegal hunting and trade. Given the rate of deforestation in the past five years, and recent widespread investment in oil palm plantations and biodiesel refineries, we have state of emergency. An estimated 73–88% of all timber logged in Indonesia is illegal. The mills have a capacity of two to five times greater than the legal supply of timber. One Dutch and another British power company have pledged to stop using palm oil. But the legal and illegal spread of oil palm plantations, and development of biodiesel refineries, continues. Protected areas are being destroyed to feed an international market for wood products and vegetable oil. Given the extent and severity of the intrusions into protected areas and the international involvement in the theft of timber and land from these reserves, the situation must now be characterized as a state of emergency.


Wikipedia:Babel
en-2 This user can contribute with an intermediate level of English.
sv-2 Denna användare har kunskaper på mellannivå i svenska.
Search user languages


New articles[edit]

Wind power in the European Union‎[12][13][14][1]
Capacity (MW) Electricity (TWh)
# Country 2006 2007 2008 Total 2007 2008
1  Germany 2,233 1,667 1,656 23,903 39,500 41,923
2  Spain 1,587 3,522 1,609 16,754 27,050 34,207
3  Denmark 11 3 51 3,180 7,173 7,300
4  United Kingdom 634 427 852 3,241 5,274 6,591
5  Italy 417 603 1,010 3,736 4,034 5,957
6  Portugal 694 434 712 3,180 4,040 5,700
7  France 810 888 950 3,404 4,052 5,654
8  Netherlands 356 210 478 2,225 3,437 4,200
9  Ireland 250 59 197 1,002 1,875 2,298
10  Greece 173 125 114 985 1,847 2,159
11  Austria 146 20 13 995 2,019 2,040
12  Sweden 62 217 233 1,021 1,430 2,021
13  Poland 69 123 196 472 472 723
14  Belgium 26 93 97 384 520 653
15  Finland 4 24 33 143 191 260
16  Hungary 43 4 62 127 110 230
17  Bulgaria 22 34 88 158 61 157
18  Czech Republic 22 63 34 150 125 140
19  Estonia 0 26 20 78 72 121
20  Lithuania 49 7 3 54 66 104
21  Luxembourg 0 0 0 35 64 71
22  Latvia 0 0 0 27 51 51
23  Romania 1 5 2 10 8 18
24  Slovakia 0 0 0 3 6 10
25  Slovenia 0 0 0 0 0 0
26  Malta 0 0 0 0 0 0
27  Cyprus 0 0 0 0 0 0
 European Union 27 (MW) 7,609 8,554 8,484 64,949 103,477 122,687
28  Turkey 97 287 433
29  Norway 47 8 95 428
30  Ukraine 3 1 90
31  Russia 0 11
Europe (MW) 7,708 8,662 8,877 65,947


Wind power in the European Union
Country 2006 2006 Target 2010
Germany[15] 20,622 2,233 30,000*
Spain[16][17] 11,615 1,587 20,000 a)
Denmark[18] 3,136 5,000 c)
Italy[17] 2,123 417 9,500 b)
UK[18] 1,963 634 6,000 c)
Portugal[19] 1,716 694 5,100
France[17] 1,567 810 13,500
Netherlands[18] 1,560 356 2,500 c)
Austria 965 146 965 d)
Greece 746 173 746 d)
Total 46,013 93,311
* = prediction, a) 2010-11 b) 2012 c) d) already 2006


Solar heating 2005[20]
Country mio m2 GWth
China 79.3 55.5
EU 16.0 11.2
Turkey 8.1 5.7
Japan 7.2 5.0
Israel 4.7 3.3
Brazil 2.3 1.6
United States 2.3 1.6
Australia 1.7 1.2
India 1.5 1.1
World 125* 88*
* = without swimming pools: 23 GWth (2004)


Pellet Use (ton)[21]
Land 2006
Sweden 1,400,000
Italy 550,000
Germany 450,000
Austria 400,000
Denmark * n. 400,000
Finland* n. 50,000
*Households 2005.[22]







PV in Europe (MWpower)[6][7]
# Country 2005 2006 2007 2008
1  Germany 1,910 3,063 3,846 5,351
2  Spain 58 118 733 3,405
3  Italy 46 58 120 318
4  France 26 33 47 91
5  Belgium 2 4 22 71
6  Portugal 3 4 18 68
7  Netherlands 51 51 53 55
8  Czech Republic 0 1 4 54
9  Austria 24 29 27 30
10  Luxembourg 24 24 24 24
11  United Kingdom 11 14 19 22
12  Greece 5 7 9 19
13  Sweden 4 5 6 8
14  Finland 4 4 5 6
15  Denmark 3 3 3 3
16  Slovenia 0.2 0.4 1.0 2.1
17  Cyprus 0.5 1 1.3 2.1
18  Poland 0.3 0.4 0.6 1.6
19  Bulgaria 0.8 1.4
20  Hungary 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5
21  Romania 0.2 0.3 0.5
22  Ireland 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
23  Malta 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
24  Slovakia 0 0 0 0.07
25  Lithuania 0 0 0 0.06
26  Estonia 0 0 0 0.02
27  Latvia 0 0 0 0.01
EU 27 GWp 2.17 3.42 4.94 9.53


PV per capita 2008[7]
# Country W/capita
1  Spain 75
2  Germany 65
3  Luxembourg 50
4  Belgium 6.7
5  Portugal 6.4
6  Italy 5.3
7  Czech Republic 5.2
8  Austria 3.6
9  Netherlands 3.3
10  Cyprus 2.7
11  Greece 1.7
12  France 1.4
13  Finland 1.1
14  Slovenia 1.1
15  Sweden 0.9
16  Denmark 0.6
17  Malta 0.6
18  United Kingdom 0.4
19  Bulgaria 0.2
20  Ireland 0.1
21  Hungary 0
22  Poland 0
23  Romania 0
24  Lithuania 0
25  Estonia 0
26  Slovakia 0
27  Latvia 0
EU27 (W/capita) 19.2
Electricity from biogas (GWh)[23]
Country 2006 2005
Germany 7,338 4,708
UK 4,997 4,690
Italy 1,234 1,198
Spain 675 620
Greece 579 179
France 501 483
Austria 410 70
Netherlands 286 286
Denmark 285 275
Poland 241 175
Belgium 237 240
Czech Republic 175 161
Ireland 108 106
Sweden 54 54
Portugal 33 35
Luxembourg 33 27
Slovenia 32 32
Hungary 22 25
Finland 22 22
Estonia 7 7
Slovakia 4 4
Malta 0 0
EU (GWh) 17,272 13,397
Biogas in EU 2006 (GWh)[23]
Country Total Landfill Sludge Other
Germany 22,370 6,670 4,300 11,400
UK 19,720 17,620 2,100 0
Italy 4,110 3,610 10 490
Spain 3,890 2,930 660 300
France 2,640 1,720 870 50
Netherlands 1,380 450 590 340
Austria 1,370 130 40 1 200
Denmark 1,100 170 270 660
Poland 1 090 320 770 10
Belgium 970 590 290 90
Greece 810 630 180 0
Finland 740 590 150 0
Czech Republic 700 300 360 40
Ireland 400 290 60 50
Sweden 390 130 250 10
Hungary 120 0 90 40
Portugal 110 0 0 110
Luxembourg 100 0 0 100
Slovenia 100 80 10 10
Slovakia 60 0 50 10
Estonia 10 10 0 0
Malta 0 0 0 0
EU (GWh) 62,200 36,250 11,050 14,900
Production of Bioethanol in EU (GWh)[24]
No Country 2006 2005
1 Germany 2,554 978
2 Spain 2,382 1,796
3 France 1,482 853
4 Sweden 830 907
5 Italy 759 47
6 Poland 711 379
7 Hungary 201 207
8 Lithuania 107 47
9 Netherlands 89 47
10 Czech Republic 89 0
11 Latvia 71 71
12 Finland 0 77
27 Total 9,274 5,411
100 l bioethanol = 79,62 kg, 1 tonne bioethanol = 0,64 toe
Consumption of Bioethanol (GWh)[24][25][26]
# Country 2005 2006 2007 2008*
1  France 871 1,719 3,164 4,693
2  Germany 1,682 3,544 3,448 4,675
3  Sweden 1,681 1,894 2,119 2,488
4  Netherlands 0 179 1,023 1,512
5  Spain 1,314 1,332 1,512 1,454
6  Poland 329 611 837 1,382
7  United Kingdom 502 563 906 1,223
8  Finland 0 10 20 858
9  Austria 0 0 199 633
10  Hungary 28 136 314 454
11  Czech Republic 0 13 1 378
12  Ireland 0 13 59 207
13  Lithuania 10 64 134 182
14  Belgium 0 0 0 145
15  Slovakia 0 4 140 76
16  Bulgaria - 0 0 72
17  Denmark 0 42 60 50
18  Slovenia 0 2 9 28
19  Estonia 0 0 0 17
20  Latvia 5 12 0 0
21  Luxembourg 0 0 14 11
22  Portugal 0 0 0 0
23  Italy 59 0 0 0
24  Greece 0 0 0 0
25  Romania - 0 0 0
26  Malta 0 0 0 0
27  Cyprus 0 0 0 0
27 EU (TWh) 6.48 10.14 13.96 20.54
1 toe = 11,63 MWh, 0 = no data
Alcohol consumption does not specify the traffic fuel use
* The 2008 data is not confirmed yet
Consumption of Biodiesel in the
 European Union (GWh)[24][25][27]
# Maa 2005 2006 2007 2008
1  Germany 18,003 29,447 33,800 28,819
2  France 4,003 6,855 14,121 23,501
3  United Kingdom 292 1,533 3,147 8,040
4  Italy 2,000 1,732 1,580 6,481
5  Spain 270 629 3,012 6,036
6  Poland 152 491 291 3,961
7  Netherlands 0 172 2,559 2,349
8  Austria 920 3,878 2,206 2,171
9  Portugal 2 818 1,570 1,545
10  Sweden 97 523 1,195 1,511
11  Belgium 0 10 1,061 1,002
12  Hungary 0 4 23 942
13  Czech Republic 33 213 327 881
14  Greece 32 540 945 880
15  Romania - 32 465 700
16  Slovenia 58 48 896 617
17  Lithuania 87 162 489 532
18  Luxembourg 7 6 484 482
19  Ireland 9 8 201 465
20  Bulgaria n.a. 96 23 342
21  Slovenia 110 149 151 259
22  Cyprus 0 0 9 165
23  Finland 0 0 1 133
24  Estonia 0 7 6 32
25  Latvia 29 17 20 22
24  Malta 8 10 21 11
27  Denmark 0 0 0 0
27 EU (TWh) 26.1 47.4 68.6 91.9
1 toe = 11.63 MWh, n.a. =not available

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wind energy barometer 2008 EurObserv’ER Systèmes solaires Le journal des énergies renouvelables n° 189, 4/2009, p.54, 72
  2. ^ Wind energy barometer 2009 EurObserv’ER Systèmes solaires Le journal des énergies renouvelables n° 195, 3/2010, p.48
  3. ^ Wind energy barometer 2010
  4. ^ Pure Power, Wind Energy Scenarios up to 2030 EWEA April 2008 s. 20-21
  5. ^ Wind energy barometer 2012 page 86
  6. ^ a b Photovoltaic energy barometer 2007 – EurObserv’ER Systèmes solaires Le journal des énergies renouvelables n° 178, p. 49-70, 4/2007
  7. ^ a b c Photovoltaic energy barometer 2009 – EurObserv’ER Systèmes solaires Le journal des énergies renouvelables n° 190, p. 72-102, 3/2009
  8. ^ Photovoltaic energy barometer 2010 – EurObserv’ER
  9. ^ Photovoltaic energy barometer 2011 – EurObserv’ER
  10. ^ a b Photovoltaic energy barometer 2012 – EurObserv’ER
  11. ^ Solar thermal energy barometer 2009 EurObserv’ER Systèmes solaires Le journal des énergies renouvelables n° 191, 4/2009
  12. ^ EWEA 2006 Annual report, Powering change European Wind Energy Association s. 5
  13. ^ Wind power installed in Europe by end of 2007 (cumulative) EWEA 5.2.2008
  14. ^ Wind energy barometer 2008 EurObserv’ER Systèmes solaires Le journal des énergies renouvelables n° 183, 2/2008
  15. ^ ReportWindkraft, IG Metall 4/2005
  16. ^ ren21 2006, 2005: Record year for investments in renewable energy REN21: Renewables Global Status Report 2006 Update, REN21 Paris and Washington, DC, 18.7.2006
  17. ^ a b c Wind energy barometer 2007 - EurObserv’ER Systèmes solaires Le journal des énergies renouvelables n° 177, s. 71-90, 2/2007, Italy note: In order to reach 25 % RE of electricity (2012) “National Wind Power Association”
  18. ^ a b c Prioritising Wind Energy Research Prioritising Wind Energy Research, Strategic Research Agenda of the Wind Energy Sector European Wind Energy Association EWEA 5/2005, (2003 ennuste)
  19. ^ Photovoltaic power systems programme Annual report 2006
  20. ^ 2005: Record year for investments in renewable energy REN21: Renewables Global Status Report 2006 Update, 18.7.2006
  21. ^ Bioenergie: Großes Potenzial für Pellets-Märkte in Europa und weltweit 9.7.2007 Solarserver.de
  22. ^ Pellets for small-scale domestic heating systems 5/2007, European Biomass Association Aebiom (Resmac project)
  23. ^ a b Biogas barometer 2007 - EurObserv’ER Systèmes solaires - le journal des énergies renouvelables n° 179, s. 51-61, 5/2007
  24. ^ a b c Biofuels barometer 2007 - EurObserv’ER Systèmes solaires Le journal des énergies renouvelables n° 179, s. 63-75, 5/2007
  25. ^ a b Biofuels barometer 2008 - EurObserv’ER Systèmes solaires Le journal des énergies renouvelables n° 185, p. 49-66, 6/2008
  26. ^ Biofuels barometer Euroberv’er – July 2009, no 192 p.54-77: Obs. * The year 2008 data is preliminary info and not confirmed yet.
  27. ^ Biofuels barometer Euroberv’er – July 2009, no 192 p.54-77