User talk:Bracton

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"Britannica" material on direct v. indirect[edit]

Hello, and welcome to Wikipedia!

I removed some recent edits regarding the definition of direct versus indirect in the article Direct tax and the article Indirect tax, for the following reasons. The following material was the source material, and is found in Encycl. Britannica regarding direct versus indirect taxes:

In the literature of public finance, taxes have been classified in various ways according to who pays for them, who bears the ultimate burden of them, the extent to which the burden can be shifted, and various other criteria. Taxes are most commonly classified as either direct or indirect, an example of the former type being the income tax and of the latter the sales tax. There is much disagreement among economists as to the criteria for distinguishing between direct and indirect taxes, and it is unclear into which category certain taxes, such as corporate income tax or property tax, should fall. It is usually said that a direct tax is one that cannot be shifted by the taxpayer to someone else, whereas an indirect tax can be.

The above discussion is not a discussion of the terms direct tax and indirect tax in the U.S. Constitutional law sense. This is a discussion regarding the "literature of public finance."

By contrast, legal scholars and, more importantly, the U.S. courts, have rejected the concept of a direct tax as being "one that cannot be shifted to someone else."

Under the U.S. legal system, a federal direct tax is simply either a capitation (a head tax) or a "tax on property by reason of its ownership." Anything that does not fall into those two categories is an indirect tax. Period. From about 1895 to 1913, taxes on income from property were also treated as direct taxes, but that treatment ended with the Sixteenth Amendment in 1913.

Perhaps the removed material (on which the above quotation appears to be have been based) can be modified, however, to clarify the difference between a theoretical "public finance" view of direct taxes and the separate legal (constitutional law concept) of direct taxes.

Any thoughts? Famspear (talk) 17:29, 18 June 2008 (UTC)

I reworked the material and added it back, with some reorganization to (hopefully) clarify the difference. (I put it back in both the "Direct tax" article and the "Indirect tax" article.) Famspear (talk) 18:25, 18 June 2008 (UTC)
Who has the authority to say that
The above discussion is not a discussion of the terms direct tax and indirect tax in the U.S. Constitutional law sense. This is a discussion regarding the "literature of public finance." ?
A Wikipedia article should be about all usages unless it is broken out into separate categories, such as (public finance) and (law). I don't see a need to do that, since the two areas have historically influenced one another. I will be providing additional cites to support my edits on the constitutional law meaning when I have the time. Bracton (talk) 19:47, 23 July 2008 (UTC)


You made a good start. I added some formatting. Bearian (talk) 19:37, 23 July 2008 (UTC)

Thanks for doing the work I was going to do after lunch. :) Bracton (talk) 19:42, 23 July 2008 (UTC)

Article Legal Practice[edit]

I was protrolling articles and I happened to see this article of yours. Please consider making edits to the references and making links to them. If your not sure how to do this then see Wikipedia: How to edit a page thanks.--KingRatedRIV (talk) 16:33, 24 February 2009 (UTC)


Thank you for your recent contribution to scientific method; but Talk:Scientific_method#Reminder_-_please_use_the_edit_summary --Ancheta Wis (talk) 13:09, 28 February 2009 (UTC)

renaming articles[edit]

Hello--You're right about the capitalization of Game Theory in Communication Networks. The standard way to handle this is to "move" the article to the new, fixed name. ("move" should be one of the tabs you see along with "edit" and "history".) WP usually handles any necessary redirecting from there, making the redirect from the mis-named page to the newly-named page.

It's probably fine to leave it the way it is for now, just letting you know for when it comes up again. CRETOG8(t/c) 16:35, 27 March 2009 (UTC)

3RR warning[edit]

Nuvola apps important.svg You currently appear to be engaged in an edit war according to the reverts you have made on Direct tax. Note that the three-revert rule prohibits making more than three reversions on a single page within a 24 hour period. Additionally, users who perform a large number of reversions in content disputes may be blocked for edit warring, even if they do not technically violate the three-revert rule. If you continue, you may be blocked from editing. Please do not repeatedly revert edits, but use the talk page to work towards wording and content that gains a consensus among editors. If necessary, pursue dispute resolution. .

I know I'm at 3rr, also. Please consider myself warned, as well, but you've readded incorrect or biased material 3 times. — Arthur Rubin (talk) 17:13, 26 April 2009 (UTC)

Stop x nuvola with clock.svg
You have been blocked from editing for a short time in accordance with Wikipedia's blocking policy for violating the three-revert rule. Please be more careful to discuss controversial changes or seek dispute resolution rather than engaging in an edit war. If you believe this block is unjustified, you may contest the block by adding the text {{unblock|Your reason here}} below, but you should read our guide to appealing blocks first.
The duration of the block is 24 hours. Here are the reverts in question. William M. Connolley (talk) 07:29, 27 April 2009 (UTC)
File:Orologio rosso or File:Orologio verde DOT SVG (red clock or green clock icon, from Wikimedia Commons)
This blocked user's unblock request has been reviewed by an administrator, who declined the request. Other administrators may also review this block, but should not override the decision without good reason (see the blocking policy). Do not remove this unblock review while you are blocked.

Bracton (block logactive blocksglobal blocksautoblockscontribsdeleted contribsabuse filter logcreation logchange block settingsunblock)

Request reason:

The undoing of reversions by other editors were the result of them doing so while I had the article open for editing and didn't know they had made any changes during that time, so that my further edits, when I saved them, overwrote theirs. A better solution, commonly used by other group editing tools, is some kind of locking mechanism so multiple concurrent editing sessions don't stomp on each other. It would also be helpful if other editors wouldn't be so quick to revert what are clearly not some kind of vandalism, but za work in progress, such as adding content, saving, then adding cites for it. Reverting something just because it doesn't have cites yet is too aggressive.

Decline reason:

See WP:Guide to appealing blocks. Comment on your own actions, not those of others. Explain what you will do differently in the future so that you will work cooperatively with the other editors. It would help if you would agree to obtain consensus on the Talk page before making such large changes to the article. EdJohnston (talk) 16:51, 27 April 2009 (UTC)

If you want to make any further unblock requests, please read the guide to appealing blocks first and then use the {{unblock}} template again. If you make too many unconvincing or disruptive unblock requests, you may be prevented from editing this page until your block has expired.

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This blocked user's request to have autoblock on his/her IP address lifted has been reviewed by an administrator, who declined the request.
Bracton (talk · contribs · deleted contribs · nuke contribs · logs · edit filter log · block user · block log) (talk · contribs · deleted contribs · edit filter log · WHOIS · RDNS · RBLs · http · block user · block log)

Block message:

Autoblocked because your IP address was recently used by "Bracton". The reason given for Bracton's block is: "3rr on Direct tax ".

Decline reason:

You weren't autoblocked. — Ricky81682 (talk) 08:21, 28 April 2009 (UTC)

Okay, but the time on the IP was extended from 01:48 to 16:17, which is beyond 24 hours. I request return to 01:48 as originally set. This is blocking not just edits on the Direct tax artcle but on my sandbox edits that I need to work on while waiting for the unblock. Bracton (talk) 07:45, 28 April 2009 (UTC)

Use the extra time to think about it. I'd suggest leaving it alone until the block is lifted. You may end up annoying an admin into extending this. -- Ricky81682 (talk) 08:21, 28 April 2009 (UTC)

Heads up[edit]

Hi. Just to let you know, I removed some information you added to Atwater v. City of Lago Vista here [1] because it was uncited and possible defamatory. Wikipedia has a very strict rule against that at WP:BLP. If you can find some citations for the information, I encourage you to revert my edit (and add the citations). Thanks. --Cdogsimmons (talk) 01:54, 26 May 2009 (UTC)

License tagging for File:Michael Kammen photo2.jpg[edit]

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Tag provided. Bracton (talk) 21:03, 31 May 2009 (UTC)

Hi there—You're still missing your fair use rationale. Also, the page with the image is listed as "Copyright © 2009 Cornell University Department of History." I'm going to nominate it for deletion, since I do not believe that the image qualifies for the tag you gave it. —Notyourbroom (talk) 00:13, 6 August 2009 (UTC)

Replaceable fair use Image:Ambrose Evans-Pritchard.jpg[edit]

Replaceable fair use

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Possibly unfree File:Michael Kammen photo2.jpg[edit]

A file that you uploaded or altered, File:Michael Kammen photo2.jpg, has been listed at Wikipedia:Possibly unfree files because its copyright status is unclear or disputed. If the file's copyright status cannot be verified, it may be deleted. You may find more information on the file description page. You are welcome to add comments to its entry at the discussion if you are interested in it not being deleted. Thank you. --—Notyourbroom (talk) 00:14, 6 August 2009 (UTC)

AfD nomination of List of metonyms[edit]

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An editor has nominated one or more articles which you have created or worked on, for deletion. The nominated article is List of metonyms. We appreciate your contributions, but the nominator doesn't believe that the article satisfies Wikipedia's criteria for inclusion and has explained why in his/her nomination (see also Wikipedia:Notability and "What Wikipedia is not").

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Please note: This is an automatic notification by a bot. I have nothing to do with this article or the deletion nomination, and can't do anything about it. --Erwin85Bot (talk) 02:23, 28 November 2009 (UTC)

A Thank You from a former Wikipedian[edit]

Thanks for your work on constitutional militia movement. I gave up on Wikipedia because the entire leadership structure/network is so biased that I found it impossible to work on militia movement related articles without having several far-lefties tag teaming me with their edit warring and POV. I hope you haven't given up on Wikipedia, and if you're still at it, I hope you'll find additional sources to include in these articles. Dig deep; the "lamestream" media has occasionally admitted their deeply ingrained left-wing institutional bias, and one has to go to alternate parties to find usable material here. Best wishes, Anonymous — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 09:18, 25 July 2011 (UTC)

Your submission at Articles for creation[edit]

Ward republic, which you submitted to Articles for creation, has been created.
The article has been assessed as Start-Class, which is recorded on the article's talk page. You may like to take a look at the grading scheme to see how you can improve the article.

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Thank you for helping improve Wikipedia!

Presidentman talk · contribs Random Picture of the Day (Talkback) 19:25, 26 August 2012 (UTC)

Disambiguation link notification for July 21[edit]

Hi. Thank you for your recent edits. Wikipedia appreciates your help. We noticed though that when you edited Denization, you added a link pointing to the disambiguation page Native American. Such links are almost always unintended, since a disambiguation page is merely a list of "Did you mean..." article titles. Read the FAQ • Join us at the DPL WikiProject.

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