## Welcome

Hello, welcome to Wikipedia.

 You can help improve the articles listed below! This list updates frequently, so check back here for more tasks to try. Fix spelling and grammar • Learn how More... Fix wikilinks • Learn how More... Fix original research issues • Learn how More... Expand short articles • Learn how More... Check and add references • Learn how More... Update with new information • Learn how More... Improve lead sections • Learn how More... Add an image • Learn how More... Translate and clean up • Learn how More...

You might find these links helpful in creating new pages or helping with the above tasks: How to edit a page, How to write a great article, Naming conventions, Manual of Style. You should read our policies at some point too.

If you have any questions, see the help pages, add a question to the village pump or ask me on my talk page. If you made any edits before you got an account, you might be interested in assigning those to your username. I hope you enjoy editing here and being a Wikipedian!

• You can sign your name using three tildes, like this: ~~~. If you use four, you can add a datestamp too.
• If you ever think a page or image should be deleted, please list it at the votes for deletion page. There is also a votes for undeletion page if you want to retrieve something that you think should not have been deleted.

Again, welcome! - UtherSRG 18:29, 13 Jan 2004 (UTC)

Welcome. Please write in complete sentences, and check out the above links for properly formating articles. Cheers, -- Infrogmation 20:04, 13 Jan 2004 (UTC)

Hi. I've got a little question about one of your recent edits - see Talk:Paul Morphy. Thanks--Camembert

Just a note, Wikipedia standard is (b. 1952), not (1952-?); the latter, which you used with Henrique Mecking tends to be macabre. However, if Meckling is indeed deceased, you can put (1952-19??). Chow! -- user:zanimum

## Question about moons of Jupiter

When you say that Lysithea is the 12th moon of Jupiter, does that mean that it was the 12th discovered, or that it's the 12th largest moon of Jupiter, or that it's the moon with the 12th farthest away orbit from Jupiter? PrimeFan 19:15, 13 Mar 2004 (UTC)

Distance. Would that be distance at apogee or perigee? Do any of Jupiter's moons have a perigee that's closer to the planet than a moon which is normally less distant but at apogee is actually more distant than the moon at perigee? PrimeFan 19:15, 17 Mar 2004 (UTC)
Answer 1: The distance is mean distance, which is the semimajor axis.
Is this a standardized way to number them (Jupiter (planet) doesn't include it) or is it one you introduced? -- User:Docu
I use the Mean orbital radius (km) ranking. I think this is the way NASA numbers them, too. Giftlite

Hi Giftlite, once a "Votes for deletion" notice has been put on a page, it is not supposed to be removed until people have voted and there is a decision made. This is so that readers coming to the disputed page can know that there is a vote going on and maybe participate. Please let the notice remain on List of people who died of starvation until a decision is reached. Jay 09:49, 27 Mar 2004 (UTC)

hey, on the prime number page, you added the text:

"==Prime Numbers in Science== Pradeep Kumar, Plamen Ch. Ivanov, and H. Eugene Stanley discovered an interesting pattern in the distribution of prime numbers."

could you add at least some more info about that? (who they are, what pattern, references and etc..) Kieff 03:14, May 4, 2004 (UTC)

Hi, Kieff. Most of your questions are answered on the Talk:Prime number now. Check it out. Thanks. Giftlite 02:14, 5 May 2004 (UTC)

## Backgammon

Giftlite hi. There's an anon challenging the claim that backgammon is the oldest recorded game. Since you added that text, could you explain in Talk:Backgammon exactly what you had in mind? Thanks. Gadykozma 14:31, 27 Sep 2004 (UTC)

Backgammon is the oldest game in existence. I added a reference in the Talk page. I hope that helps. Giftlite 04:26, 6 Oct 2004 (UTC)

## Article Licensing

To allow us to track those users who muli-license their contributions, many users copy and paste the "{{DualLicenseWithCC-BySA-Dual}}" template into their user page, but there are other options at Template messages/User namespace. The following examples could also copied and pasted into your user page:

Option 1
I agree to [[Wikipedia:Multi-licensing|multi-license]] all my contributions, with the exception of my user pages, as described below:

OR

Option 2
I agree to [[Wikipedia:Multi-licensing|multi-license]] all my contributions to any [[U.S. state]], county, or city article as described below:

Or if you wanted to place your work into the public domain, you could replace "{{DualLicenseWithCC-BySA-Dual}}" with "{{MultiLicensePD}}". If you only prefer using the GFDL, I would like to know that too. Please let me know what you think at my talk page. It's important to know either way so no one keeps asking. -- Ram-Man (comment| talk)

## Image tag

I notice it currently doesn't have an image copyright tag. Could you add one to let us know its copyright status?

You can use {{gfdl}} if you release your own work under the GNU Free Documentation License, {{PD-self}} if you wish to release your own work to the public domain, {{fairuse}} if you claim fair use, and so on. Click here for a list of the various tags.

If you don't know what any of this means, just let me know at my talk page where you got the image from, and I'll tag it for you. Thanks so much. Denni 04:23, 2004 Dec 13 (UTC)

P.S. You can help tag other images at Wikipedia:Untagged_Images. Thanks again.

## Substubs

Hi. Please add more to your articles beyond "so-and-so is a chess player." A substub has to have some minimum content. As it stands, the contributions are speedy deletion candidates. Thanks, and feel free to leave word on my talk page if I can answer any questions. Best, Lucky 6.9 00:10, 2 May 2005 (UTC)

• All my articles are Work-in-Progress. Giftlite 01:27, 2 May 2005 (UTC)

## minor edits

just a friendly reminder...when adding content to an article, please don't mark it as a minor edit. minor edits are meant for changes in spelling and punctuation, etc. cheers! Kingturtle 04:36, 5 May 2005 (UTC)

• For example, when adding a birth to a date page, it would be helpful to others if you wrote Births +Veselin Topalov in the comments field. cheers, Kingturtle 00:45, 11 May 2005 (UTC)
• Thanks for the reminder. Giftlite 01:02, 11 May 2005 (UTC)

## Edit summary

When editing an article on Wikipedia there is a small field labelled "Edit summary" under the main edit-box. It looks like this:

The text written here will appear on the Recent changes page, in the page revision history, on the diff page, and in the watchlists of users who are watching that article. See m:Help:Edit summary for full information on this feature.

When you leave the edit summary blank, some of your edits could be mistaken for vandalism and may be reverted, so please always briefly summarize your edits, especially when you are making subtle but important changes, like changing dates or numbers. Thank you.

Oleg Alexandrov 23:26, 24 May 2005 (UTC)

• Thanks for the reminder. Giftlite 00:00, 26 May 2005 (UTC)

## Chen primes

I'm embarrassed about this, but I have to admit I misunderstood what a Chen prime was, because I failed to pay attention to the equation. I saw "p + 2" but somehow read "2p + 1". Thus, I misunderstood Chen primes to be Sophie Germain primes, but with looser requirements.

The problem remains that I don't know where to turn to educate myself further on the matter. For instance, where would I find the Tao-Green paper you mention in the article? PrimeFan 17:57, 5 August 2005 (UTC)

• I think Wikipedia is a great place to start educating ourselves. I use it to test new ideas and discoveries. Google is also a great tool. I have added a link to Green-Tao paper in Chen prime article for you. I'm glad you find math, in general, and number theory, in particular, interesting. Giftlite 23:48, 5 August 2005 (UTC)

## Dirichlet primes

Hi, do you have a reference for this name? I found some references (eg (sequence 2476 in OEIS)) to primes of the form 3n+1 (or 6n+1), but nothing that called them Dirichlet primes. Hv 10:20, 18 September 2005 (UTC)

I also failed to find a reference for the name. I've added the "{{prod}}" template to the article Dirichlet prime, suggesting that it be deleted according to the proposed deletion process. All contributions are appreciated, but I don't believe it satisfies Wikipedia's criteria for inclusion, and I've explained why in the deletion notice (see also Wikipedia:What Wikipedia is not and Wikipedia:Notability). Please either work to improve the article if the topic is worthy of inclusion in Wikipedia, or, if you disagree with the notice, discuss the issues at Talk:Dirichlet prime. You may remove the {{dated prod}} template, and the article will not be deleted, but note that it may still be sent to Wikipedia:Articles for deletion, where it may be deleted if consensus to delete is reached. PrimeHunter 14:30, 23 November 2006 (UTC)

• PrimeHunter, I've researched the maths literature in the past few days, and have not found anything (other than in WP and its clones) that calls these primes by the namve "Dirichlet prime." Therefore, per your stated WP policies above, this article should be deleted. Giftlite 16:17, 24 November 2006 (UTC)

## "(x) prime"

Hi, I like the work you're doing finding new types of prime to add to the list of prime numbers. I feel that in cases such as the Motzkin primes it's fine to add them to the list, but no need to add the Motzkin prime stub - it should be sufficient to add a short note at Motzkin number:

A Motzkin number that is also a prime number is called a Motzkin prime.

and link to that page from the list of prime numbers entry.

This is on the assumption that there is little extra to be said about Motzkin primes, and so the page will forever remain a stub; if in the future that assumption should prove false it will be easy enough to split it out again.

I think this approach could be applied to several recent additions such as self prime, highly cototient prime, star prime (but I haven't tried to go through the whole list). Hv 11:00, 7 October 2005 (UTC)

First of all, I want to thank you for alphabetizing the list of prime numbers. You have made it easier for me to add new primes. I hope to expand the new pages I created as I find new prime connections and information. Giftlite 01:25, 8 October 2005 (UTC)
PrimeHunter, I'm sorry I just got back from a long trip, and did not check my talk page (and e-mails) for weeks. I see you're trying to clean up a lot of my edits. I appreciate your checking with me before undoing my edits. Let me remind you that I'm just one of many WP contributors, though. If you think some of the entries you mentioned above are incorrect or inaccurate, by all means, please edit and improve them. Other contributors in turn will have a chance to edit our contributions, too. Personally, I like your ideas, too. About the prime gap table, I did not start the table, and I haven't checked its accuracy. I just want to keep it there because I think the article needs it. Giftlite 18:11, 25 October 2006 (UTC)
OK. Within a few days I may officially suggest a Wikipedia:Merge on some of the tiny prime stubs, and edit prime names Google doesn't have hits for outside Wikipedia. PrimeHunter 00:21, 27 October 2006 (UTC)
I have just suggested a bunch of merges. See Talk:Star_number. PrimeHunter 18:51, 29 October 2006 (UTC)

## 7-digit primes forward

The point of the lists at the end of articles like 1000000 (number) is to identify large numbers that might merit their own articles.

Per WikiProject Numbers, three interesting properties are necessary to even justify giving an article to a large number that is not a power of 10 (and even for those there are limitis).

Being a prime number is not interesting enough, the primes are too common (you can find bears crapping them on the Web). I'm sure you know how to figure out how many 7-digits primes there, if you don't know it already. There are too many to list at the pages on one million, ten million, etc. Chen primes and Eisenstein primes are almost as common. Wolstenholme primes, on the other hand, are rarer and worth listing. PrimeFan 22:57, 9 October 2005 (UTC)

As you already know, I find prime numbers very interesting. However, I didn't know a line has been drawn to list large numbers that have three (3) interesting properties. Giftlite 23:14, 9 October 2005 (UTC)

## Food

Hello, I see from your contributions that you are interested in food ;-), but please take care when editing the articles to not delete interwiki links. Thanks! SpeedyGonsales 12:17, 30 April 2006 (UTC)

My mistake. It gave me food for thought :). Thanks for the correction. Giftlite 22:33, 30 April 2006 (UTC)

"Random" was perhaps not the right word. My observation is that the links you have been adding have in general been links to articles on common words. In my view, links to articles on broad topics such as infinity (such as in this diff) are appropriate only in very limited circumstances, such as when the referencing article is using the concept in a way that strongly suggests the reader may want to look up the linked-to article. They should not be linked as "by the way, here's something you might find interesting"; this is a reasonable thing to do when the linked article is written on a narrow, specific topic, but not when it's on a broad one. --Trovatore 02:36, 12 May 2006 (UTC)
I didn't get your interpretation in the MOS. However, I like your suggestion. Thanks. Giftlite 02:44, 12 May 2006 (UTC)

I'm wondering why in the Game theory article, you keep changing the link computer science to computer scientist which just redirects to computer science? Why not just leave the link to point to the intended article directy? Pete.Hurd 22:10, 16 May 2006 (UTC)

I want to simplify links like computer scientists to computer scientists. Giftlite 17:38, 18 May 2006 (UTC)
I don't see how an unnecessary redirect is a simplification... Pete.Hurd 03:00, 19 May 2006 (UTC)
You may change the simpler link back to the complicated link if you wish. Giftlite 03:38, 19 May 2006 (UTC)

## 260 and 270

There is a move afoot to delete 270 (number). If it succeeds, it could pave the way for deleting the article you created on 260 (number). Anton Mravcek 23:13, 8 June 2006 (UTC)

Thanks for the warning, Anton. Giftlite 17:25, 9 June 2006 (UTC)

Hi Giftlite. I noticed you were adding in links a while ago, and now you are removing many links. I know why, there should be no more than one link per concept per article, but really, is it worth the trouble? :) One can easily write a bot to remove extra links, but I would think they better left the way they are, there are other things one could spend time on improving. Wonder what you think. You can reply here. Thanks. Oleg Alexandrov (talk) 04:15, 27 July 2006 (UTC)

Oleg, I agree with you on a lot of other things I can do to improve WP. I open and edit as many articles as I can to see what articles have been done already. I do this to monitor as many interesting articles as I can. Along the way, whenever I see annoying duplicate links, I delete them. If that's the only imperfection I see, then there is not much more I can do to improve the articles in a glance. Lately, I can tell the articles I've opened are of much higher-quality than the ones I opened months ago. It is much harder to find errors in the articles or improve them now. In other words, in quality control, this means WP is improving steadily. I'm thinking of other things I can do for WP now. Giftlite 15:22, 27 July 2006 (UTC)
Wow, you are of much better opinion of Wikipedia articles than I am. :) By the way, if you want to work on things, see Wikipedia:Pages needing attention/Mathematics. :) Cheers, Oleg Alexandrov (talk) 15:47, 27 July 2006 (UTC)

## Number of planets

In regards to your edit to eight, I take it that the astronomers voted Pluto is not a planet anymore? Anton Mravcek 21:37, 24 August 2006 (UTC)

Yes, about 3000 thousand astronomers counted their votes today, and Pluto is now classified as a dwarf planet. Now "My very enormous monster just sucked up nine planets." is false. :) Giftlite

## Graham's number

This message is regarding the article Graham's number. The last 10 digits is interesting info; how is it inappropriate?? Georgia guy 01:35, 5 September 2006 (UTC)

Being interesting doesn't make it a true statement. Tell me, what kind of calculator can output the 10 digits. Think about it. Giftlite 03:23, 5 September 2006 (UTC)

## Death toll from Typhoon Saomai

I caught your edit by mistake earlier today when reverting some vandalism in the previous edit. I looked at the Typhoon Saomai article itself, and it did not support the higher death toll, so I left it be. You need to make sure the Typhoon Saomai article does support the higher death toll. -- Donald Albury 00:56, 21 September 2006 (UTC)

The Typhoon Saomai article says, "Fatalities - At least 441 total[3]". I think my estimate, about 450, is close enough. Giftlite 02:48, 21 September 2006 (UTC)

## Novell

Hi, just to let you know I've returned the paragraph on the Novell Microsoft agreement back to the way I originally wrote it. I don't believe this is a case of "embrace, extend and extinguish" and I can't remember anyone expressing that viewpoint in the three citations I gave for community reaction. Also, the addition to the sentence made it ungrammatical. Please get back to me if you think this MS strategy does apply in this instance with a citation from somewhere supporting this view. Thank you. Oska 22:42, 8 November 2006 (UTC)

Oska, MS philosophy is not a matter of beliefs. I have added another link to the article. Giftlite 18:48, 9 November 2006 (UTC)
Giftlite in response: 1) I believe you mean ‘business strategy’ not ‘philosophy’ in yr reply above - philosophy must rely on beliefs as it's fundamental axioms. 2) You seem to think I am denying that MS uses the Embrace, extend and extinguish strategy - not at all the case, however I don't think it is being used in this instance and neither do many other people. The GPL is forcing MS to use a more subtle strategy this time. 3) You are messing up my sentence both syntactically and semantically - the sentence is describing reactions in the FOSS community - Daniel Lyons (the author of yr citation) is definitely not part of that community and is mostly considered a joke inside that community as he always misunderstands and misinterprets the nature of Free and Open Source Software developments. That's the semantic problem. The syntactic problem is that that my two subordiante clauses hang off "expressions of" and yr insertion has not worked either time in this sentence structure. I appreciate yr including a citation but it wasn't relevant to my sentence. If you want to persist in adding yr "embrace, extend, extinguish" viewpoint please do it in a separate sentence or paragraph. 4) I will continue to argue the case that this latest move is a more nuanced and different strategy. 5) I have removed yr insertion again. Oska 05:50, 11 November 2006 (UTC)

P.S. I've copied these 3 comments over to the article's discussion page. If we are to continue this debate I suggest we do it there where other ppl can easily join in. Oska 05:58, 11 November 2006 (UTC)

Oska, in response: 1) I mean MS philosophy is not a matter of 'our' beliefs. 2 & 3) I found several articles on the Internet, one of them is Lyons, about this MS philosophy and Novell deal. 3) Sorry about 'messing up' your sentence. Please remember, however, we are not the only two WP contributors. Others in the future might mess up our sentences (and articles), too. 4) I see where you stand. 5) I agree with you that this discussion belongs there now. And I will let other WP contributors decide there. Giftlite 18:37, 13 November 2006 (UTC)

## 'ello

I believe you beat me to several vandalism reverts the other night, so I thought I'd give you this. We could all use more, right? Xiong Chiamiov :: contact :: 00:45, 1 December 2006 (UTC)

Image:1upmushroom.png

Thanks! Giftlite 16:07, 1 December 2006 (UTC)
Hey -- had to remove the image, but it's still there behind a link. It's a fair use image not allowed in user space, per WP:RFUI and WP:FU. Sorry. Mangojuicetalk 21:18, 10 March 2007 (UTC)

## Philanthropist

I've added the "{{prod}}" template to the article Philanthropist, suggesting that it be deleted according to the proposed deletion process. All contributions are appreciated, but I don't believe it satisfies Wikipedia's criteria for inclusion, and I've explained why in the deletion notice (see also "What Wikipedia is not" and Wikipedia's deletion policy). Please either work to improve the article if the topic is worthy of inclusion in Wikipedia, or, if you disagree with the notice, discuss the issues at Talk:Philanthropist. You may remove the deletion notice, and the article will not be deleted, but note that it may still be sent to Articles for Deletion, where it may be deleted if consensus to delete is reached, or if it matches any of the speedy deletion criteria. — Sebastian (talk) 03:45, 8 December 2006 (UTC)

Thanks for keeping me in the loop, Sebastian. I see the article is already cleaned up and improved to the point that it's worth keeping now. Giftlite 16:12, 8 December 2006 (UTC)

Health Wiki Research

A colleague and I are conducting a study on health wikis. We are looking at how wikis co-construct health information and create communities. We noticed that you are a frequent contributor to Wikipedia on health topics.

Please consider taking our survey here.

This research will help wikipedia and other wikis understand how health information is co-created and used.

We are from James Madison University in Harrisonburg, Virginia. The project was approved by our university research committee and members of the Wikipedia Foundation.

Thanks, --Sharlene Thompson 19:33, 14 December 2006 (UTC)

## Revert

You did not leave a reason for reverting my edit. How am I to learn how to be a proper Wikipeditian? But seriously, just curious why you reverted it... 210.55.244.61 00:38, 28 December 2006 (UTC)

I think your additional info is too trivial for WP. However, if you think it's a worthwhile entry, you're welcome to revert mine. Before you do so, I suggest you sign up. That's one way to be a proper Wikipeditian, I think. Giftlite 23:23, 28 December 2006 (UTC)

You reverted mine[1], too, without explanation, in contravention of guidelines. I changed an inconsistency in the text ("A few" pointing to what is better described as "many" or at least "some") and it was instantly reverted. QuilaBird 19:09, 5 March 2007 (UTC)

I thought your change from "A few" to "Many" was unnecessary. If you feel strongly for using the word "many," go ahead and revert my entry. Giftlite 21:07, 5 March 2007 (UTC)

## Capablanca vs Kostić

Hi ! It is a problem with any information on Capablanca's and Kostic's games during World War I in Latin America. I have found the following facts about their matches: 1. "W czasie wojny Capablanca wygrał 3 turnieje w Nowym Jorku ( w latach: 1915, 1916 i 1918) oraz zwyciężył Kosticia w meczu w Buenos Aires z wynikien +12 -2 =0 (1915). W 1919 r. doszło do ponownego spotkania z Kosticiem, tym razem w Hawanie. Zwycięstwo Capablanki było druzgocące (+5 -0 =0)." [During World War I, Capablanca won three tournaments in New York (1915, 1916, and 1918) and won Kostic in a match at Buenos Aires 1915 (+12 -2 =0). In 1919, he met again with Kostic, in this case in Havana. Capablanca's victory was crushing (+5 -0 =0).]; Władysław Litmanowicz, Jerzy Giżycki, "Szachy od A do Z" (Encyclopedia), Warsaw 1986, ISBN 83-217-2481-7. 2. "Vinse gli importanti tornei di New York 1915, 1916 e 1918, e di Hastings 1919; intanto batteva in matches individuali Teichmann (Berlin 1913: + 2 = 0-0); Mieses (Berlin 1913: +2 =0 -0); Kostic (due matches a Buenos Aires e all'Avana)." http://www.queen.it/web4you/noprofit/keres/txt/a24.html 3. "Capablanca v Kostić (non-existent match in 1915) CE 162". http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/extra/factfinder.html

All the best to you, and Happy New Year! Mibelz 12:30, 30 December 2006 (UTC)

Mibelz, I'm sorry I just got back from a long break. None of the online PGN databases I know of has Kostić's victories. Looks like the stats are genuine. Thank you, and I wish you a very happy and successful new year. Giftlite 19:00, 9 January 2007 (UTC)

## Capablanca vs Jaffe

Capablanca lost one game to Jaffe in American Masters Tournament at New York 1913 (January 19th/February 5th) http://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~goeller/marshall/tournaments/index.html Mibelz 15:15, 30 December 2006 (UTC)

Yes, the online databases do have Capa's only loss to Jaffe. Giftlite 21:12, 9 January 2007 (UTC)

## Floppy disk

Hi, just a note to explain why I have removed the external link that you added. This story is already in the article with a similar reference so an external link is not necessary. There is also now a new section Demise of the floppy. TerriersFan 23:23, 30 January 2007 (UTC)

## Sander P. Zwegers

I noticed this article, and I'm curious why you think this mathematician is notable. I can only find one article that he wrote, in 2001. Thanks! DavidCBryant 11:48, 14 March 2007 (UTC)

David, I think Zwegers is notable because Ono and Bringmann build upon his mock theta function work. And lately they all made the news: [2]. Giftlite 15:13, 14 March 2007 (UTC)

If you could take a look at the question I just added to Talk:Vaccinium about the whortleberry and lingonberry links, that would be great. Kingdon 23:25, 26 March 2007 (UTC)

## Thank you for the factors...

... for the groups we're counting (at Classification of finite simple groups). I would have filled them in myself eventually, honest :) Anyway, thanks for reminding me what a great place wikipedia can be. Geometry guy 18:06, 30 March 2007 (UTC)

## Unsolved problems in mathematics

At Category talk:Unsolved problems in mathematics I have asked whether articles should be put in this category if they only mention an unsolved problem briefly, e.g. in one sentence. PrimeHunter 10:58, 4 April 2007 (UTC)

## Collatz + 495

You added "see also: Collatz conjecture" to 495 (number). I think you should explain the connection, especially since our article on the Collatz conjecture does not mention 495. -- Jitse Niesen (talk) 01:52, 10 April 2007 (UTC)

Jitse, I've added more about Collatz conjecture in both 495 (number) & 6174 (number). Giftlite 15:11, 10 April 2007 (UTC)

## 12988816 (number)

It is not standard to add horizontal lines between comments in an AFD discussion. I removed the ones you added. CMummert · talk 15:53, 17 April 2007 (UTC)
Thanks (for keeping me in the loop & for deleting the lines), CMummert! Giftlite 17:07, 17 April 2007 (UTC)
...I added those lines. Sorry! ZICO 20:34, 17 April 2007 (UTC)
No problem, ZICO. Giftlite 22:10, 17 April 2007 (UTC) BTW, I'm glad you created the article. It is very enlightening.
I'm glad you like it. I like your additions also. Your magic squares are particularly interesting (I'm still fiddling about with them! [translation: I'm still examining them mathematically]). ZICO 22:09, 18 April 2007 (UTC)
Thank you, ZICO. (I know professional mathematicians and physicists (except Euler, Conway, etc.) normally dislike magic squares.) I tried to cram in as many interesting even, 2-digit composite numbers in the "12988816" square as possible: squares (16 & 64), perfect (28), 42 and 10, etc. Giftlite 22:28, 18 April 2007 (UTC)
No problem, CMummert. Giftlite 15:02, 18 April 2007 (UTC)

Hi... it looks like you accidentally edited router starting from a rather out of date version of the page; the result was that a lot of the edits for today were effectively undone by your edit. The edit summary suggests you didn't intend that. I undid your change because I couldn't find the change you intended to make, unfortunately. Paul Koning 00:58, 12 May 2007 (UTC)

You're absolutely correct. I'm glad you caught this error, and I will make the change I intended to make last week. Thank you, Paul. Giftlite 15:05, 14 May 2007 (UTC)
No problem. Just don't do it again. 155.198.115.45 (talk) 21:41, 26 February 2008 (UTC)

## Verizon FiOS availability article

A tag has been placed on Verizon FiOS availability, requesting that it be speedily deleted from Wikipedia. This has been done for the following reason:

Under the criteria for speedy deletion, articles that do not meet very basic Wikipedia criteria may be deleted at any time. Please see the guidelines for what is generally accepted as an appropriate article, and if you can indicate why the subject of this article is appropriate, you may contest the tagging. To do this, add {{hangon}} on the top of the page and leave a note on the article's talk page explaining your position. Please do not remove the speedy deletion tag yourself, but don't hesitate to add information to the article that would confirm its subject's notability under the guidelines.

For guidelines on specific types of articles, you may want to check out our criteria for biographies, for web sites, for bands, or for companies. Feel free to leave a note on my talk page if you have any questions about this. Lwalt ♦ talk 01:09, 19 June 2007 (UTC)

Thanks for keeping me in the loop. I see the article is deleted now. Giftlite 22:11, 25 June 2007 (UTC)

## Happy primes

I reverted your in http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Happy_number&diff=140008018&oldid=139995844. You also added 102841+9 in [3]. It appears around 12% of all numbers are happy. It seems likely the percentage of happy primes among all primes is the same. There are more than 5000 known primes above 99000 digits.[4] It would be easy to compute which of them (probably around 12%: 600) are happy primes. Do you have a special reason (like mention in a reliable source) to look at much smaller 10^n+3 and 10^n+9, or is it just because it's trivial to see without computer aid that such numbers are happy? Do you have a reliable source to 102841+9 being prime? It's a probable prime but I don't know whether primality has been proved. http://www.research.att.com/~njas/sequences/A088275 is not a reliable source here since OEIS often does not distinguish between primes and probable primes, and many of their alleged primes are only probable primes so far. PrimeHunter 23:11, 26 June 2007 (UTC)

PrimeHunter, it was my pleasure to add those happy primes to the two WP articles. They remind me of the happy time when I created the Chen prime article in July 2005. Recall that in 2005 the maths literature did not refer to these primes by the name "Chen prime." Also, the largest Chen prime was not known at that time. It follows immediately that the lower member of twin primes is always a Chen prime. So before the largest Chen prime was proven in October 2005, we could have mentioned the lower member of the largest known twin primes as the largest known Chen prime.
I'm not too interested in discovering the largest known primes of certain forms, but I think they belong in WP. Their discoverers should also be mentioned. But if primality of the largest known named prime has not been proven, I think we should mention some titanic (or gigantic) prime in its place. For example, 1059999 + 65197 is a known probable prime [5]. Note that it has the same form as 10n + 3 and 10n + 9. If and when 1059999 + 65197 is proven prime, then it will be a happy occasion. :) In the meantime, mentioning 102841 + 9 is sufficient in WP. Giftlite 15:18, 27 June 2007 (UTC)
If I computed which of the largest known primes are happy then it could be considered original research, but I just looked at the largest proven primes with trivial decimal expansions and computed the largest happy prime among them:
In 2005 Paul Jobling found the palindromic prime p = 10150006 + 7426247×1075000 + 1.[6] The many 0's do not contribute to the sum of squared digits, and $1^2 + 7^2+4^2+2^2+6^2+2^2+4^2+7^2 + 1^2 = 176$ is a happy number, so p is a happy prime with 150007 digits. PrimeHunter 16:51, 27 June 2007 (UTC)
Thank you for the info. In my mind, you are a co-discoverer of the largest known happy prime to date. :) Giftlite 17:22, 27 June 2007 (UTC)
Thanks, but I consider my part a trivial observation. There is no source to it being the largest known happy prime so I removed that part. There are probably many larger known primes that are happy, but perhaps nobody has bothered to check which ones. PrimeHunter 18:22, 27 June 2007 (UTC)
I just checked (original research):
Richard Hassler and Seventeen or Bust discovered the prime p = 4847 × 23321063 + 1 in 2005.[7] The decimal expansion has 999744 digits: 1844857508...(999724 digits omitted)...2886501377.[8] The sequence of the sum of squared digits in the preceding number is p, 28495502, 219, 86, 100, 1, so p is a happy prime. As of June 2007, it is the 12th largest known prime and the largest known happy prime. PrimeHunter 00:59, 28 June 2007 (UTC)
The sum of squared digits in p can be computed by first counting the number of each digit: 99787·0² + 100254·1² + 99791·2² + 99643·3² + 99985·4² + 100132·5² + 100141·6² + 100405·7² + 99810·8² + 99796·9² = 28495502. PrimeHunter 01:17, 28 June 2007 (UTC)
Great! I'm glad you found another one (so soon)! I suggest you publish it. Giftlite 15:06, 28 June 2007 (UTC)
Thanks. I'm considering to compute some other results about happy primes and then announce it somewhere (other than just this page). PrimeHunter 14:40, 29 June 2007 (UTC)
I have finally announced some large happy primes elsewhere: http://www.primepuzzles.net/puzzles/puzz_021.htm. The record is still the above but the page might be added as source. By the way, I have just computed a small unannounced original research result: The first case of 7 consecutive primes which are all happy is from 11550481 to 11550593. It is also the first with at least 6. With my pace, maybe I will expand on this and announce it somewhere around 2010 ;-) PrimeHunter (talk) 03:38, 1 November 2008 (UTC)
Congratulations again, PrimeHunter! Mathematicians like you make many people happy during unhappy times. Giftlite (talk) 16:12, 3 November 2008 (UTC)
Thanks. PrimeHunter (talk) 02:52, 4 November 2008 (UTC)

## Image copyright problem with Image:Ding_Ging-eeung.jpg

Thanks for uploading Image:Ding_Ging-eeung.jpg. The image has been identified as not specifying the copyright status of the image, which is required by Wikipedia's policy on images. If you don't indicate the copyright status of the image on the image's description page, using an appropriate copyright tag, it may be deleted some time in the next seven days. If you have uploaded other images, please verify that you have provided copyright information for them as well.

This is an automated notice by OrphanBot. For assistance on the image use policy, see Wikipedia:Media copyright questions. 06:12, 29 June 2007 (UTC)

Again, I got these Chen files from Chinese Wikipedia. Giftlite 15:06, 29 June 2007 (UTC)

## Image copyright problem with Image:Fjsdfz_jr.JPG

Thanks for uploading Image:Fjsdfz_jr.JPG. The image has been identified as not specifying the copyright status of the image, which is required by Wikipedia's policy on images. If you don't indicate the copyright status of the image on the image's description page, using an appropriate copyright tag, it may be deleted some time in the next seven days. If you have uploaded other images, please verify that you have provided copyright information for them as well.

This is an automated notice by OrphanBot. For assistance on the image use policy, see Wikipedia:Media copyright questions. 06:13, 1 July 2007 (UTC)

Once again, I got these Chen files from Chinese Wikipedia. Giftlite 15:03, 2 July 2007 (UTC)

## Prime counting: p(10^23)

I definitely don't understand why you've reverted the old value for p(10^23). OEIS A006880 gives 1925320391606818006727, and a "pi(x) project" value is know to be correct ±1.

where have you found yours?

the first one who changed the value was 84.19.181.92, author of other vandalisms.

81.211.252.48 15:40, 12 July 2007 (UTC)rgh

I'm not Giftlite. The "pi(x) project" made two computations with the same program on slightly different x values and counted the primes between the x values to get pi(10^23) in two ways. The results differed by 1. The cause of the problem was never discovered. It might have been a more serious program error which resulted in completely wrong values. The current pi(10^23) in prime-counting function is 1,925,320,391,606,803,968,923, and immediately below I added [9] that it is from T. O. e Silva. The link is in the references:
This value has been listed by some other sources [10] but not double-checked as far as I know. IF it's changed in the article (I don't think it should be), then the other columns for 10^23 must also be changed, and the claim that the value is from Silva must be removed. PrimeHunter 17:22, 12 July 2007 (UTC)

rgh, I hope PrimeHunter's prompt and informative reply answers your question. Thanks, PrimeHunter! 65.66.179.181 15:15, 13 July 2007 (UTC)

## Orphaned non-free image (Image:Picasa.png)

Thanks for uploading Image:Picasa.png. The image description page currently specifies that the image is non-free and may only be used on Wikipedia under a claim of fair use. However, the image is currently orphaned, meaning that it is not used in any articles on Wikipedia. If the image was previously in an article, please go to the article and see why it was removed. You may add it back if you think that that will be useful. However, please note that images for which a replacement could be created are not acceptable for use on Wikipedia (see our policy for non-free media).

If you have uploaded other unlicensed media, please check whether they're used in any articles or not. You can find a list of 'image' pages you have edited by clicking on the "my contributions" link (it is located at the very top of any Wikipedia page when you are logged in), and then selecting "Image" from the dropdown box. Note that any non-free images not used in any articles will be deleted after seven days, as described on criteria for speedy deletion. Thank you. BetacommandBot 19:44, 31 July 2007 (UTC)

If you want to put an author link in a {{citation}} template it is best to use the "authorlink" parameter. If you put the link in by hand in the "last" parameter it will break the links of {{Harvard citation}}-style references. R.e.b. 17:10, 22 October 2007 (UTC)

## Small references

It would be polite of you to inquire on article talk pages before changing the references to small. I'm not sure that articles such as Second-order arithmetic, which only list three references, have a need for smaller fonts in the reference section. — Carl (CBM · talk) 17:22, 30 October 2007 (UTC)

I'm not aware of any guidelines or policies in this matter. But I'm going to make the references section small (without discussions on article talk pages) if there are at least three references. Giftlite 17:26, 30 October 2007 (UTC)
I don't know that it has ever been described in the policy documents, but when discussed in the past the consensus was that, like changing from Harvard referencing to footnotes, the version of the original or primary contributor shouldn't be changed unless there is agreement to do so. In this case, I don't agree there is a need for small references, and I will restore the original size. I do have a reason for preferring regular references. I think that the small font makes the references look less important, as if they are extraneous. Also, the small font size makes it more difficult to find the references when they are mentioned in the Harvard-style inline citations. There aren't any such citations in second-order arithmetic, but there are some in second-order logic for example, and in Presburger arithmetic and Tarski's indefinability theorem which you edited several days ago. — Carl (CBM · talk) 17:34, 30 October 2007 (UTC)
You have made your case, Carl. I'm not going to make references small without discussions first. Thanks. Giftlite 17:37, 30 October 2007 (UTC)
OK, thanks. It's possible that other people in the math project like the small references; I don't want to be the lone holdout if that's the case. So I left a note [[11]] to see what others think about it. If people there like small references, I'll be glad to switch the articles I edit to that format. — Carl (CBM · talk) 17:43, 30 October 2007 (UTC)

## Question

Hi Giftlite. I see you a lot on my watchlist doing fixes and reverting bad edits. That is great. Are you aware of the tool linked from the List of mathematics articles which allows one to see the combined list of recent changes to all math articles? Could be helpful in the great work you're doing. Thanks. You can reply here. Oleg Alexandrov (talk) 03:11, 3 November 2007 (UTC)

No, I wasn't aware of it. I've been watching your Mathbot [[12]], instead. Thanks, Oleg! I'm going to use the other great tools, too! Giftlite 16:06, 5 November 2007 (UTC)
Cool. :) Thank you for your work. Oleg Alexandrov (talk) 05:02, 6 November 2007 (UTC)

Hello! I just reverted a change you made to Function, and I wanted to let you know why. Wikilinking standards are different for disambiguation pages than for normal articles. In an entry on a disambiguation page, typically only the first word or phrase should be wikilinked. Including more than one link can confuse readers. For more information on this and other guidelines, see Wikipedia:Manual of Style (disambiguation pages)#Individual entries. Thanks, and happy editing! —Caesura(t) 00:03, 28 November 2007 (UTC)

Hello Giftlite. I noticed you removed some wikilinks on articles related to bits and bytes. I reverted some (not all) of your edits because I consider the links to be valuable. Clearly you think differently, so I thought I'd ask you why. So ... why? Thunderbird2 (talk) 21:22, 5 December 2007 (UTC)

Thunderbird2, normally, before I delete redundant or repetitive wlinks in articles, I ask myself "why," too. Usually my reason is to simplify the articles. If we leave too many redundant wlinks, the articles get bloated and ugly. However, I realize this issue is open to interpretation. Therefore, I leave redundant wlinks alone if I see notes in the articles saying not to delete them. Giftlite (talk) 16:08, 6 December 2007 (UTC)

I see, but surely, just because they are appear twice does not make them redundant. I think they are fulfilling different roles under "See also" (which identifies closely related articles) than in first occurrence (answers "what's this?" question). Thunderbird2 (talk) 17:57, 6 December 2007 (UTC)

Again, this issue is open to interpretation. If we go your way, then many articles will show their numerous wlinks in the main body and again in the "See also" section. Who gets to decide which wlinks should appear in the "See also" section again? Giftlite (talk) 18:13, 6 December 2007 (UTC)

Well, not *all* of them. I'm just arguing for the ones that are sufficiently closely related that they would shed further light on the entry. For example, under "See also" of gigabyte I expect to find byte, gigabit and gibibyte, because reading those articles will help the reader understand gigabyte. I don't recall which one, but I'm pretty sure you removed one of those. Do you mind if I put it back? Thunderbird2 (talk) 18:32, 6 December 2007 (UTC)

I don't mind at all. Go ahead. Giftlite (talk) 18:41, 6 December 2007 (UTC)

OK. Happy editing :) Thunderbird2 (talk) 08:06, 7 December 2007 (UTC)

## Arthur Rubin

A proposed deletion template has been added to the article Arthur Rubin, suggesting that it be deleted according to the proposed deletion process. All contributions are appreciated, but this article may not satisfy Wikipedia's criteria for inclusion, and the deletion notice should explain why (see also "What Wikipedia is not" and Wikipedia's deletion policy). You may prevent the proposed deletion by removing the {{dated prod}} notice, but please explain why you disagree with the proposed deletion in your edit summary or on its talk page. Also, please consider improving the article to address the issues raised. Even though removing the deletion notice will prevent deletion through the proposed deletion process, the article may still be deleted if it matches any of the speedy deletion criteria or it can be sent to Articles for Deletion, where it may be deleted if consensus to delete is reached. If you agree with the deletion of the article, and you are the only person who has made substantial edits to the page, please add {{db-author}} to the top of Arthur Rubin. Jeeny (talk) 08:55, 17 December 2007 (UTC)

## Notability of Michael E. Wysession

Hello, this is a message from an automated bot. A tag has been placed on Michael E. Wysession, by another Wikipedia user, requesting that it be speedily deleted from Wikipedia. The tag claims that it should be speedily deleted because Michael E. Wysession seems to be about a person, group of people, band, club, company, or web content, but it does not indicate how or why the subject is notable: that is, why an article about that subject should be included in an encyclopedia. Under the criteria for speedy deletion, articles that do not assert the subject's importance or significance may be deleted at any time. Please see the guidelines for what is generally accepted as notable.

To contest the tagging and request that administrators wait before possibly deleting Michael E. Wysession, please affix the template {{hangon}} to the page, and put a note on its talk page. If the article has already been deleted, see the advice and instructions at WP:WMD. Feel free to contact the bot operator if you have any questions about this or any problems with this bot, bearing in mind that this bot is only informing you of the nomination for speedy deletion; it does not perform any nominations or deletions itself. To see the user who deleted the page, click here CSDWarnBot (talk) 21:00, 25 December 2007 (UTC)

## AfD nomination of Paul Nemenyi

An article that you have been involved in editing, Paul Nemenyi, has been listed for deletion. If you are interested in the deletion discussion, please participate by adding your comments at Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Paul Nemenyi. Thank you. --BJBot (talk) 10:39, 27 December 2007 (UTC)

## Heinrich Hertz

Please consider re-visiting Talk:Heinrich Hertz#jewish ancestry. I'd be interested in your feedback about the suggested edit strategy I've proposed. --Ooperhoofd (talk) 15:43, 11 January 2008 (UTC)

## Vedic square

Regarding [13], Wikipedia:Guide to layout#See also says not to redlink in See also (asking people to also see something non-existing would be strange). Are you planning an article or misspelled an existing article? PrimeHunter (talk) 01:37, 12 January 2008 (UTC)

You're right the redlinks are odd-looking. I wasn't aware of the Wikipedia:Guide to layout#See also policy. Thanks for bringing it up. Actually, I wasn't planning on starting a new "Vedic square" article. I thought by having enough redlinks pointing to it, someone would be interested in starting an article. I think the emergence of geometric ideas and patterns from the Vedic square is interesting and beautiful. Giftlite (talk) 16:10, 14 January 2008 (UTC)

I ran across this article when someone posted about the Vedic Square on a forum, it turned out that the same poster had left their "original research" on that article with some dubious graphics (see this version). I since cleared up the article and added some sources (one lifted from the Digital root article and one found on Google Books). I figured that since you created the article originally you'd like to know that it's active again. I think that the article has a lot of potential - since it's a very interesting object and it seems to be relevant to a lot of different topics. --Paul Carpenter (talk) 09:36, 23 September 2009 (UTC)

I agree with you, Zaslav. The same principle applies to common words like "mathematics," "function," "real number," etc. I think we need to define what math terms are "basic" and what articles are "advanced" to make it stick, however. We both know what is obvious to a specialist may not be so obvious to a generalist in science. Glad to hear from you. Giftlite (talk) 16:11, 4 February 2008 (UTC)
I agree. One exception: I think we're supposed to mention a general area term like "mathematics" with a link in the beginning of an article, to orient the reader. Otherwise, one has to use judgement, and a specialist can underdo linking as well as explanation. Do you agree that "if and only if" is too elementary to link in most math articles? On the other hand, there are plenty of terms that I forget to link because they're second nature to me. Please keep your eye out for them, and thanks. Zaslav (talk) 20:21, 9 February 2008 (UTC)

## Unsourced prime names

Your input is welcome at Talk:List of prime numbers#Unsourced names. PrimeHunter (talk) 16:55, 5 February 2008 (UTC)

I've reverted the additions. Thanks again for your attention and feedback. Giftlite (talk) 18:09, 5 February 2008 (UTC)
Thanks. I was expecting a little discussion. Something like "Jacobstahl number primes" with OEIS references could be OK, but I don't like the other 3 without a known source mentioning primes of those forms.
Sorry to say this but I also think your new edit should be reverted. Note that Hilbert primes, for example 9 and 21, can be composite (they are Hilbert primes because all prime factors are of form 4k+3). The page is called List of prime numbers and it says twice it is about different types of prime numbers. I don't think it should list other things called something with "prime", and doing so would require some modifications. There was already a Notes section with {{reflist}} so a References section with the same is not needed. PrimeHunter (talk) 21:34, 5 February 2008 (UTC)
If you think "Primes in the Jacobsthal sequence (OEIS A001045)" (OEIS A049883) meets all the rules and regs, go ahead and salvage it to fit the list. I think we need to mention "Hilbert number" and "Hilbert prime" somewhere in WP. I'll revert its inclusion to the list of (normal) primes, and start a new "Hilbert number" article later. If it is not notable enough, we can always delete it later. Thanks again for your prompt inputs. Giftlite (talk) 23:08, 5 February 2008 (UTC)
I now see OEIS says the prime Jacobsthal numbers are 5 and the Wagstaff primes which are better known and already on the list, so I don't think it would be an interesting addition. PrimeHunter (talk) 00:36, 6 February 2008 (UTC)

## undo in L-System

Hi, you undid my Magic Garden link in L-System, why? There are many similar L-System programs in the external links.

I went to your website and read "There is no plant, because there is no L-System defined. So there is nothing to draw." I thought the program is buggy and deleted the link. If you think it is still worthy of inclusion in this article, go ahead and revert my deletion, Giftlite (talk) 18:11, 8 February 2008 (UTC)
It was first step of tutorial... if you run program and won't define anything, there will be nothing to draw... is my tutorial confusing? —Preceding unsigned comment added by 79.185.161.25 (talk) 23:51, 8 February 2008 (UTC)

## Johann Wilhelm Schulten

Another editor has added the {{prod}} template to the article Johann Wilhelm Schulten, suggesting that it be deleted according to the proposed deletion process. All contributions are appreciated, but the editor doesn't believe it satisfies Wikipedia's criteria for inclusion, and has explained why in the article (see also Wikipedia:What Wikipedia is not and Wikipedia:Notability). Please either work to improve the article if the topic is worthy of inclusion in Wikipedia or discuss the relevant issues at its talk page. If you remove the {{prod}} template, the article will not be deleted, but note that it may still be sent to Wikipedia:Articles for deletion, where it may be deleted if consensus to delete is reached. BJBot (talk) 02:00, 10 February 2008 (UTC)

## Wikification etc much appreciated

Thanks for fixing my crude work on Milton Abramowitz. Carrionluggage (talk) 04:13, 12 February 2008 (UTC)

I’ve noticed you’ve been removing links in see also sections that have links elsewhere in the article. I’m curious why; doesn’t help navigation to have a consolidated list of related articles? GromXXVII (talk) 22:49, 14 February 2008 (UTC)

I think this is one of the things I've learned in WP, "not to duplicate links in the 'See also' section." I just don't remember where I read it. If you want to make sure, please try the Help desk. Giftlite (talk) 23:08, 14 February 2008 (UTC)
Wikipedia:Guide to layout#See also says: "a good rule of thumb is that it should not repeat links already present in the article". There is no ban on repeating links. I think it can be practical to repeat a few very closely related links on a long page. PrimeHunter (talk) 01:27, 15 February 2008 (UTC)
Thanks, PrimeHunter. BTW, I like the way you "deleted" the two wlinks in Hilbert number's "See also" section. Giftlite (talk) 16:02, 15 February 2008 (UTC)

## conflict

I just got a conflict when I tried to save the Gauss's Lemma article. I **think* the conflict was with your edit (I'm still learning how this place works). Please check that I didn't trash whatever it was you were doing, or if it was someone else in conflict

thanks

Virginia-American (talk) 00:25, 1 March 2008 (UTC)

Here's the difference between revisions that might give you some idea if everything is OK: [14]. I don't see anything missing. BTW, welcome to WP. Giftlite (talk) 16:16, 3 March 2008 (UTC)

## {{col-break}} edit - PK article

I had to revert your See also column division coding in the psychokinesis article because your new type code apparently doesn't work on all browsers. At the moment I am using a Mac with a built-in Safari 3.0.4 browser and the list appears as a single up-down line, no columns. I am away from a PC, so I can't check it on that, but I assume it works okay on Windows. The {{col-break}} method works on both. Hope you haven't done this to a lot of articles. :) 5Q5 (talk) 23:23, 19 March 2008 (UTC)

Sorry about that. I see DIV works great with Mozilla Firefox, both under Linux and Windows. Giftlite (talk) 15:06, 20 March 2008 (UTC)
I've been checking your tag <div style="-moz-column-count:4; column-count:4;"></div> on various browsers and here's my final report: PCs with XP Pro Internet Explorer 6 or 7: doesn't work, single list. Mac with built-in Safari: No, single list. Same Mac with Firefox: works, 4 columns. The tag {{col-break}} apparently works on all browsers, but requires manual sorting to produce even columns. / Looks like your talk page could use archiving. There are instructions for Wiki editors on my User page. 5Q5 (talk) 15:48, 22 March 2008 (UTC)
Thank you for your browser compatibility research. I will keep it in mind. And I will archive my talk page as soon as possible. Giftlite (talk) 15:03, 24 March 2008 (UTC)

## Happy First Day of Spring!

Wow. Thanks! Giftlite (talk) 17:19, 20 March 2008 (UTC)

## Looking for Wikipedians for a User Study

Thank you for the invitation to participate in your study, Katherine. Giftlite (talk) 15:01, 2 April 2008 (UTC)
No problem, just send me an email and we'll get you started if you are interested. KatherinePanciera (talk) 03:59, 3 April 2008 (UTC)

## Eugene Delmar

Your edit says "He won a match against Delmar", but I'm sure this isn't what you meant to write. Your edit summary indicates this is a match against Barnes, but it isn't mentioned in the only reference in the article (chessgames.com). Do you have a reference we can add to the article? Quale (talk) 21:50, 7 April 2008 (UTC)

You're absolutely correct. I'm glad you caught this error, and I will make the correction right away. Thank you, Quale. Giftlite (talk) 15:02, 8 April 2008 (UTC)
Thanks for fixing this up, but your repair edit messed up a couple of other things. You removed the DEFAULTSORT magic word and removed the interwiki linking. I'll fix them. Quale (talk) 19:12, 8 April 2008 (UTC)
Also, don't link bare years. Quale (talk) 19:14, 8 April 2008 (UTC)
You're right, it seems that I changed a lot, especially all those wlinks and bare year links. Actually, I just changed "Delmar" to "Barnes", and piped "Barnes" to "Robert Henry Barnes". I don't know how the other changes in my first edit got there. Is it possible that someone else was editing at the same time and we had an edit conflict? Giftlite (talk) 20:05, 8 April 2008 (UTC)

## Harnack medal

This is an automated message from CorenSearchBot. I have performed a web search with the contents of Harnack medal, and it appears to include a substantial copy of http://www.mpg.de/english/aboutTheSociety/aboutUs/scientificAwards/awardsOfMPS/harnackMedal/index.html. For legal reasons, we cannot accept copyrighted text or images borrowed from other web sites or printed material; such additions will be deleted. You may use external websites as a source of information, but not as a source of sentences.

This message was placed automatically, and it is possible that the bot is confused and found similarity where none actually exists. If that is the case, you can remove the tag from the article and it would be appreciated if you could drop a note on the maintainer's talk page. CorenSearchBot (talk) 20:14, 23 May 2008 (UTC)

## +136?

$\lim_{n \to \infty}\left(\frac{1}{1^4} + \frac{1}{2^4} + \frac{1}{3^4} + \cdots + \frac{1}{n^4}\right) = \frac{\pi ^4}{90}$

Rracecarr, the sum of this infinite series is also zeta(4):

$\zeta(4) = 1 + \frac{1}{2^4} + \frac{1}{3^4} + \cdots = \frac{\pi^4}{90} = 1.0823\dots.$

Where do you see "+136"? Giftlite (talk) 17:04, 14 July 2008 (UTC)

I'm dumb, never mind. I thought the edit would show up in your watchlist as (+136) as in 136 characters added... Rracecarr (talk) 18:55, 14 July 2008 (UTC)

## Proposed deletion of Arthur Rubin

A proposed deletion template has been added to the article Arthur Rubin, suggesting that it be deleted according to the proposed deletion process. All contributions are appreciated, but this article may not satisfy Wikipedia's criteria for inclusion, and the deletion notice should explain why (see also "What Wikipedia is not" and Wikipedia's deletion policy). You may prevent the proposed deletion by removing the {{dated prod}} notice, but please explain why you disagree with the proposed deletion in your edit summary or on its talk page.

Please consider improving the article to address the issues raised because even though removing the deletion notice will prevent deletion through the proposed deletion process, the article may still be deleted if it matches any of the speedy deletion criteria or it can be sent to Articles for Deletion, where it may be deleted if consensus to delete is reached. Lakinekaki (talk) 04:17, 29 July 2008 (UTC)

## I. S. Reed's Erdős number

I see that you changed Irving S. Reed from Erdős number 3 to 2 on List of people by Erdős number. What is your source for this? He isn't on the Erdős Number Project lists for number 2, and the MathSciNet distance collaboration calculator give his Erdős number as 3. Ntsimp (talk) 17:50, 5 August 2008 (UTC)

Here's my source, Ntsimp:

Digital SAR processing using a fast polynomial transform Truong, T.; Reed, I.; Lipes, R.; Rubin, A.; Butman, S.; Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on Volume 32, Issue 2, Apr 1984 Page(s):419 - 425.

Since A. Rubin's Erdős number is 1, I. S. Reed's must be 2. Giftlite (talk) 20:06, 5 August 2008 (UTC)

Thanks for the info. I've put it on the talk page of the list. Ntsimp (talk) 23:06, 5 August 2008 (UTC)

## non-standard analysis

Hi,

Please see my comments at the article talk page. Katzmik (talk) 13:23, 31 August 2008 (UTC)

Katzmik, I've read your comments there. This subject is very deep. It will take me some time to understand the issues. Giftlite (talk) 15:09, 2 September 2008 (UTC)

## Last few digits of Graham's number

Giftlite, two years ago (almost to the day), you made this edit. I have a copy of the Conway & Guy book, but there's no mention of the final digits. Moreover, the number mentioned in the book for G is 4^^...^4, not 3^^...^3, so it is obviously not relevant to our article. Please join the discussion at Talk:Graham's_number#Can_we_write_some_of_the_digits.3F. Thanks! Owen× 22:36, 3 September 2008 (UTC)

## rv without comment

hi, in this edit you rved one of my edits. That is fine. I would, however, appreciate it if you mentioned this fact in the edit summary AND started a discussion on the talk page. Pdbailey (talk) 03:22, 10 September 2008 (UTC)

Wow, I'm so sorry. You are right! Pdbailey (talk) 16:17, 10 September 2008 (UTC)

## Francis Bacon

Thanks for sorting out my messed up reversion of vandalism on this one. – ukexpat (talk) 17:34, 18 September 2008 (UTC)

## Thank you for cleaning up my Kelly Criterion edits

I'm new to editing, and made a lot of mistakes. I'm learning. —Preceding unsigned comment added by AaCBrown (talkcontribs) 14:09, 15 October 2008 (UTC)

## Proposed deletion of List of Nobel laureates who endorse Barack Obama

A proposed deletion template has been added to the article List of Nobel laureates who endorse Barack Obama, suggesting that it be deleted according to the proposed deletion process. All contributions are appreciated, but this article may not satisfy Wikipedia's criteria for inclusion, and the deletion notice should explain why (see also "What Wikipedia is not" and Wikipedia's deletion policy). You may prevent the proposed deletion by removing the {{dated prod}} notice, but please explain why you disagree with the proposed deletion in your edit summary or on its talk page.

Please consider improving the article to address the issues raised because even though removing the deletion notice will prevent deletion through the proposed deletion process, the article may still be deleted if it matches any of the speedy deletion criteria or it can be sent to Articles for Deletion, where it may be deleted if consensus to delete is reached. CWii(Talk|Contribs) 01:30, 24 October 2008 (UTC)

List of Barack Obama presidential campaign endorsements, 2008 already contains lots of Nobel laureates. PrimeHunter (talk) 01:49, 24 October 2008 (UTC)

I think it is significant and singular when more than 70 leading, international scholars voice their political opinion in favor of a national presidential candidate. Normally, true scholars, especially scientists, shy away from political (also racial and religious) issues. It would be foolish to ignore or muffle hundreds of years of clear wisdom when they spared their time to enlighten us openly. Giftlite (talk) 15:15, 24 October 2008 (UTC)

But they are already listed on another page (together with other endorsers). I don't think there is a need to list all of them a second time, but maybe their endorsement (without a long list of names) would be worth a short mention in a general campaign article. PrimeHunter (talk) 18:33, 24 October 2008 (UTC)

You're right, PrimeHunter. All Nobel laureates who endorse Obama are listed on both pages. I'm going to improve the page I created so that it will have more info about the laureates, not just a list of American people who endorse Obama. Giftlite (talk) 20:06, 24 October 2008 (UTC)

I think the real problem is that the page appears politically motivated. If you added it on Nov 5 it wouldn't look that way — but also it would be vulnerable to deletion as trivia. I really think you should let this one be deleted; you may not intend it as a political statement, but it can easily have that appearance, and a few weeks from now it's not going to appear encyclopedic at all. --Trovatore (talk) 20:12, 24 October 2008 (UTC)

## Identity

The Temperley, Fisher, and Kasteleyn identity on your user's page has no right hand side. Mhym (talk) 17:56, 24 October 2008 (UTC)

You're right, Mhym. I'm going to show a symbol to represent the sum or value on the right side as soon as I find one. Thanks. Giftlite (talk) 20:09, 24 October 2008 (UTC)

## AfD nomination of List of Nobel laureates who endorse Barack Obama

I have nominated List of Nobel laureates who endorse Barack Obama, an article you created, for deletion. I do not think that this article satisfies Wikipedia's criteria for inclusion, and have explained why at Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/List of Nobel laureates who endorse Barack Obama. Your opinions on the matter are welcome at that same discussion page; also, you are welcome to edit the article to address these concerns. Thank you for your time. -- Suntag 20:39, 24 October 2008 (UTC) -- Suntag 20:39, 24 October 2008 (UTC)

Thank you for giving more people, not just special interest groups and partisan deletionists, five (5) days to share their opinion on this article. Where I come from, true freedom of speech, slowly dampened and cornered by the authorities, is rare and precious. Giftlite (talk) 17:49, 29 October 2008 (UTC)
BTW, did you read "The Keys to the White House" and "PollyVote"? What logic did you use to judge that these articles and many others like them are more politically correct than "List of Nobel laureates who endorse Barack Obama"?

## Wikipedia's Expert Peer Review process (or lack of such) for Science related articles

Hi - I posted the section with the same name on my talk page. Could you take part in discussion ? Thanks ARP Apovolot (talk) 20:49, 25 October 2008 (UTC)

## BD

Please read carefully {{Lifetime}} before keep adding BD in articles. In this edit you added the same thing with two different ways! BD included DEFAULTSORT. Moreover, I would like to inform you that there is no consensus in replacing DEFAULTSORT with BD. Thanks, Magioladitis (talk) 15:27, 22 November 2008 (UTC)

Thanks for the notice. Giftlite (talk) 16:03, 24 November 2008 (UTC)

## A question

Dear friend

I am K. Duvvuri from Indian Univesity, I am working on Special Functions. I saw your works and contributions..

Please can you help me (help or hints) concerning two items:

- the existence of an exponential generating fonction to the Boubaker polynomials (see page :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boubaker_polynomials)

- the eventual ANALYTICAL expression of the reoots of these polynomials. Please answer here, in my talk page or in my email: duvvuri.kapur@yahoo.in

Thank you for help. Duvvuri.kapur (talk) 10:04, 19 December 2008 (UTC)

Duvvuri, I don't have the answers now. You may want to try ArXiv (http://front.math.ucdavis.edu/), if you haven't already. Good luck. Giftlite (talk) 16:14, 19 December 2008 (UTC)

Thank you for answer, the website did not yield result. If you have information in the near future, please transmit. Thank you for help. Duvvuri.kapur (talk) 17:04, 19 December 2008 (UTC)

## Associalive Law for elliptic curves

Hi giftlite, I made a file illustrating the associative law for eliptic curves. I cannot upload the image (my user is too new and not yet autorized to upload files). Can I send the file to you? You could upload it for me. —Preceding unsigned comment added by FMartinMaroto (talkcontribs) 01:01, 4 January 2009 (UTC)

Yes, send it to me: giftlite at yahoo dot com. Giftlite (talk) 16:06, 5 January 2009 (UTC)

## Speedy deletion of Arthur Rubin

A tag has been placed on Arthur Rubin requesting that it be speedily deleted from Wikipedia. This has been done under section A7 of the criteria for speedy deletion, because the article appears to be about a person or group of people, but it does not indicate how or why the subject is important or significant: that is, why an article about that subject should be included in an encyclopedia. Under the criteria for speedy deletion, such articles may be deleted at any time. Please see the guidelines for what is generally accepted as notable, as well as our subject-specific notability guideline for biographies.

If you think that this notice was placed here in error, you may contest the deletion by adding {{hangon}} to the top of the page that has been nominated for deletion (just below the existing speedy deletion or "db" tag), coupled with adding a note on the talk page explaining your position, but be aware that once tagged for speedy deletion, if the page meets the criterion it may be deleted without delay. Please do not remove the speedy deletion tag yourself, but don't hesitate to add information to the page that would render it more in conformance with Wikipedia's policies and guidelines. Lastly, please note that if the page does get deleted, you can contact one of these admins to request that they userfy the page or have a copy emailed to you. The Wandering Traveler (talk) 09:18, 17 April 2009 (UTC)

## The dining problems

Are the dining philosophers and cryptographers problems really mathematical (as per your added categories)? I think of them as purely theoretical computer science myself. Is there some usage of them in the "purer" math community of which I'm unaware? --Tardis (talk) 13:27, 22 April 2009 (UTC)

Since "Dining philosophers problem" and "Dining cryptographers problem” (also “Cigarette smokers problem,” “Producers-consumers problem,” “Readers-writers problem,” and “Sleeping barber problem”) have the word “problem” in them, I think we need to show a “problem” category for them. The only related category I could find was “mathematical problem,” which is acceptable, I think, because computer science uses applied mathematical (discrete) techniques and rigor. Giftlite (talk) 17:59, 22 April 2009 (UTC)

## notes

Why the changes of references to notes? In some cases this is not appropriate. Or is there some MoS thing that says that all articles have to have a notes section instead of references section, regardless of if they are notes or not? David D. (Talk) 20:04, 4 May 2009 (UTC)

David, I found this visual example in MOS. (Click on the right-hand image for larger view.) Giftlite (talk) 15:05, 5 May 2009 (UTC)
But what if the "notes" are all, or mostly, references? David D. (Talk) 15:09, 5 May 2009 (UTC)
If the "notes" are all (or mostly) general references, then they are "references." Giftlite (talk) 15:01, 6 May 2009 (UTC)
OK, that's what I thought. I just was not sure if this was some new policy. David D. (Talk) 15:51, 6 May 2009 (UTC)

Giftlite, I think you need to provide more justification in the edit summary than just "wikify". If there's a Wikipedia policy saying References sections should now be called "Notes", please link to it so other editors can learn. If not, then you need to explain why you're making this change, or else other editors like myself are likely to revert your change. --Doradus (talk) 11:30, 8 May 2009 (UTC)

I've undone several of your "notes" edits as the sections are indeed references. Please stop. Vsmith (talk) 23:30, 5 June 2009 (UTC)

Cold coffee and hot wine are potable but unpalatable. Similarly, inline citations that look like references and general references like notes are informative but misleading. Giftlite (talk) 15:16, 8 June 2009 (UTC)

## A study on how to cover scientific uncertainties/controversies

Hi. I would like to ask whether you would agree to participate in a short survey on how to cover scientific uncertainties/controversies in articles pertaining to global warming and climate change. If interested, please get in touch via my talkpage or email me Encyclopaedia21 (talk) 16:23, 31 May 2009 (UTC)

## License tagging for File:Schedules for Air France Flight 447 (June 4) and Air Comet Flight 974 (June 5).png

Thanks for uploading File:Schedules for Air France Flight 447 (June 4) and Air Comet Flight 974 (June 5).png. You don't seem to have indicated the license status of the image. Wikipedia uses a set of image copyright tags to indicate this information; to add a tag to the image, select the appropriate tag from this list, click on this link, then click "Edit this page" and add the tag to the image's description. If there doesn't seem to be a suitable tag, the image is probably not appropriate for use on Wikipedia.

For help in choosing the correct tag, or for any other questions, leave a message on Wikipedia:Media copyright questions. Thank you for your cooperation. --ImageTaggingBot (talk) 19:06, 5 June 2009 (UTC)

## Inter-Range Instrumentation Group

Hello, Giftlite. You have new messages at Talk:Inter-Range Instrumentation Group.
You can remove this notice at any time by removing the {{Talkback}} or {{Tb}} template.

(sdsds - talk) 19:07, 8 June 2009 (UTC)

## Article Uglification

Why did you go in an destoy the paragraph and line spacing in my article Derivation of the Routh Array?

Do you honestly think that this

Is better than this?!?

Especially you should look at the bottom of the article. It is considerably less readable after your edit, IMO. I kindly request that you undo it.

THE AUTHOR. --Zaxxonal (talk) 00:38, 25 June 2009 (UTC)

Zaxxonal, I did delete a few extra white spaces to improve the article as shown here: [15]. Normally, good articles have few extra white spaces. Giftlite (talk) 15:16, 25 June 2009 (UTC)

## Hudde's rules

Even if the article of Johann Hudde is included in the body of the article of Hudde's rules, it is better to add it in "See also", cause usually the articles of notable people are added in "See also" of the articles of their works. Javanbakht (talk) 03:47, 24 July 2009 (UTC)
I see what you mean. But here's what other WP editors have to say about "See also" section: "This section should generally not contain links that appear in the body text or in navigation boxes." Giftlite (talk) 20:13, 24 July 2009 (UTC)

## conjugated quaternion

I have question why you delete equation

$\overline p =-\frac 12 (p+ipi+jpj+kpk)$

Aleks kleyn (talk) 02:59, 16 August 2009 (UTC) Sory, I see that you moved it into another article. Thank you. Aleks kleyn (talk) 03:22, 16 August 2009 (UTC)

What's with squeezing out line spacings from the source? The convention of a blank line to introduce a new paragraph or image, to set off a header, etc., makes it much easier to find and edit things in the source, and is an acceptable part of wiki style. Please don't do this scrunching operation. Dicklyon (talk) 15:12, 19 August 2009 (UTC)

## List of mathematicians who left before the age of 40

Hey, I saw you are keeping a list with this title. Most prominently, it appears to lack Niels Henrik Abel and Evariste Galois. Is this coincidence? If not, I hope that helps. Hermel (talk) 22:34, 24 August 2009 (UTC)

Hermel, I'm glad you find the list interesting. Yes, Abel and Galois (and Eisenstein, Paley, Ramsey, ...) also left (more than a decade) before the age of 40. Giftlite (talk) 15:15, 25 August 2009 (UTC)

## Symmetric group

Can you work your magic on symmetric group? It has inconsistent spacing, notes/references/see also probably out of order etc. Various gnomey things need to be done to it, and I've just revised most of it, so cannot see the typos any more. JackSchmidt (talk) 21:25, 6 September 2009 (UTC)

Sure, starting right now. Giftlite (talk) 17:03, 8 September 2009 (UTC)

## File source problem with File:Stegun.jpg

Thanks for uploading File:Stegun.jpg. I noticed that the file's description page currently doesn't specify who created the content, so the copyright status is unclear. If you did not create this file yourself, you will need to specify the owner of the copyright. If you obtained it from a website, then a link to the website from which it was taken, together with a restatement of that website's terms of use of its content, is usually sufficient information. However, if the copyright holder is different from the website's publisher, their copyright should also be acknowledged.

If you have uploaded other files, consider checking that you have specified their source and tagged them, too. You can find a list of files you have uploaded by following this link. Unsourced and untagged images may be deleted one week after they have been tagged, as described on criteria for speedy deletion. If the image is copyrighted under a non-free license (per Wikipedia:Fair use) then the image will be deleted 48 hours after 11:04, 14 December 2009 (UTC). If you have any questions please ask them at the Media copyright questions page. Thank you. Salavat (talk) 11:04, 14 December 2009 (UTC)

## Proposed deletion of Michel Balazard

The article Michel Balazard has been proposed for deletion because of the following concern:

No evidence of notability. The only reference is to a page which briefly lists his students (there are 3 of them), gives the title of his PhD dissertation, etc. Only claim to significance in the article is one minor result. Nowhere near WP:ACADEMIC.

While all contributions to Wikipedia are appreciated, content or articles may be deleted for any of several reasons.

You may prevent the proposed deletion by removing the {{dated prod}} notice, but please explain why in your edit summary or on the article's talk page.

Please consider improving the article to address the issues raised. Removing {{dated prod}} will stop the proposed deletion process, but other deletion processes exist. The speedy deletion process can result in deletion without discussion, and articles for deletion allows discussion to reach consensus for deletion. JamesBWatson (talk) 15:28, 13 January 2010 (UTC)

## Unreferenced BLPs

Hello Giftlite! Thank you for your contributions. I am a bot alerting you that 5 of the articles that you created are tagged as Unreferenced Biographies of Living Persons. The biographies of living persons policy requires that all personal or potentially controversial information be sourced. In addition, to ensure verifiability, all biographies should be based on reliable sources. If you were to bring these articles up to standards, it would greatly help us with the current 999 article backlog. Once the articles are adequately referenced, please remove the {{unreferencedBLP}} tag. Here is the list:

1. Daya-Nand Verma - Find sources: "Daya-Nand Verma" – books · scholar · JSTOR · free images
2. Kannan Soundararajan - Find sources: "Kannan Soundararajan" – books · scholar · JSTOR · free images
3. Alexander Hurwitz - Find sources: "Alexander Hurwitz" – books · scholar · JSTOR · free images
4. Chi-Ming Yang - Find sources: "Chi-Ming Yang" – books · scholar · JSTOR · free images
5. Richard Arenstorf - Find sources: "Richard Arenstorf" – books · scholar · JSTOR · free images

Thanks!--DASHBot (talk) 15:26, 17 January 2010 (UTC)

## Proposed deletion of Alexander Hurwitz

The article Alexander Hurwitz has been proposed for deletion because of the following concern:

Not notable. Working for IBM does not make him at all notable, and discovering two prime numbers is pretty marginal.

While all contributions to Wikipedia are appreciated, content or articles may be deleted for any of several reasons.

You may prevent the proposed deletion by removing the {{dated prod}} notice, but please explain why in your edit summary or on the article's talk page.

Please consider improving the article to address the issues raised. Removing {{dated prod}} will stop the proposed deletion process, but other deletion processes exist. The speedy deletion process can result in deletion without discussion, and articles for deletion allows discussion to reach consensus for deletion. JamesBWatson (talk) 14:13, 3 February 2010 (UTC)

## Christine Hamill (mathematician stub)

I see you initiated the article on Christine, who was my aunt. She died when I was a child and I can't contribute anything to the information already contained in the article. However, I have a nice portrait photo of her which I could scan. I'm not sure of the copyright position as it appears to have been taken by a professional photographer.

If you have a website, I think it's OK to scan and post it for personal use. Then let it stay active on the Internet for some time, and see if anyone claims copyright infringement. Giftlite (talk) 18:29, 15 February 2010 (UTC)
That doesn't look to me even remotely like a legal approach to copyright. However, if the photograph was taken by the professional photographer on behalf of the aunt, then the probably be belong to the aunt. It would now, therefore, belong to one or more of the aunt's heirs, probably someone in the family. If everybody in the family is happy for the picture to be used then it should be alright. JamesBWatson (talk) 21:06, 16 February 2010 (UTC)
Obviously, my opinion above was a practical one, not a legal advice. I think, in order to give a legal advice in this potential copyright infringement situation, one has to be familiar with the copyright (and possibly estate and immigration) laws in England (and possibly Nigeria) at the time her photo was taken. Giftlite (talk) 23:07, 16 February 2010 (UTC)
I did not mean "that does not look like competent legal advice": I meant "that looks like a suggestion which completely ignores the law". I don't know what you mean by "practical", but it is possible to read the comments above as meaning "I was suggesting ignoring the law, and just doing something which in practice you will probably get away with". Naturally I hope that was not what is meant, but in any case making any suggestion about how to deal with copyright issues which is not based on a knowledge of the relevant legal position is not to be encouraged. If you don't know then it is far better to refer the enquirer to the team that deals with copyright issues on Wikipedia.
As far as ownership of the copyright is concerned, I am confident that the description I gave above is correct for English law. I do not know about Nigerian law, but generally speaking in such matters former British colonies follow English tradition very closely. However, once we have established who owns the copyright we still have the question of use of that material, and here what law is involved is a little more complex. Certainly United States federal laws and the state laws of Florida have to be followed. Someone scanning and uploading material from outside the United States is likely also to be bound by local laws where they are. The IP address of the editor who enquired geolocates to an ISP in England.
I don't know where the idea that scanning and posting a copyright image on a web site is alright "for personal use" comes from. Putting it on a publicly accessible web site is publication: there is no way that it can reasonably be regarded as "personal use". Also English law makes no copyright exemption for personal use as such, though I believe that United States law does.
Having said all that, I still think that in this case it is a very good bet that the copyright belongs to someone in the family, very likely the person who posted the query, so that there is very unlikely to be any problem, unless there is a dispute within the family. JamesBWatson (talk) 12:23, 17 February 2010 (UTC)
Let me emphasize that we're still dealing with possibilities here. Not knowing definitely when, where, and who took the photo, presently leaves us with nothing but speculations. One could hire a lawyer with the necessary knowledge (and possible experience) I stated above and find out for sure the photo's copyright status. However, most likely this is impractical due to the cost of hiring lawyer(s). (Or one could get very lucky and find a lawyer who will work for pro bono nowdays.) Like I said before, a “practical” way in the 21st century is to post it on the Internet for some time and let a potential copyright owner make a claim. Along the way, someone might come and give more info about the photo, such as when, where, and who took it. Nowdays, social networking sites (Facebook, MySpace, etc.) are ideal because hundreds of millions of people have access to them and regularly share personal photos. I think it is perfectly legal and fair to scan a family photo and post it (fully or partially just enough for ID) with the intent of finding its true copyright ownership status. Giftlite (talk) 18:39, 17 February 2010 (UTC)

## Articles for deletion nomination of Alexander Hurwitz

I have nominated Alexander Hurwitz, an article that you created, for deletion. I do not think that this article satisfies Wikipedia's criteria for inclusion, and have explained why at Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Alexander Hurwitz. Your opinions on the matter are welcome at that same discussion page; also, you are welcome to edit the article to address these concerns. Thank you for your time.

## Proposed deletion of Aryam Abreu Delgado

The article Aryam Abreu Delgado has been proposed for deletion because under Wikipedia policy, all biographies of living persons created after March 18, 2010, must have at least one source that directly supports material in the article.

If you created the article, please don't take offense. Instead, consider improving the article. For help on inserting references, see Wikipedia:Referencing for beginners or ask at Wikipedia:Help desk. Once you have provided at least one reliable source, you may remove the {{prod blp}} tag. Please do not remove the tag unless the article is sourced. If you cannot provide such a source within ten days, the article may be deleted, but you can request that it be undeleted when you are ready to add one. A More Perfect Onion (talk) 17:47, 8 April 2010 (UTC)

## Proposed deletion of Bosko Abramovic

The article Bosko Abramovic has been proposed for deletion because of the following concern:

unsourced single line claim. Needs more information backed by WP:reliable sources to WP:verify WP:notability

While all contributions to Wikipedia are appreciated, content or articles may be deleted for any of several reasons.

You may prevent the proposed deletion by removing the {{dated prod}} notice, but please explain why in your edit summary or on the article's talk page.

Please consider improving the article to address the issues raised. Removing {{dated prod}} will stop the proposed deletion process, but other deletion processes exist. The speedy deletion process can result in deletion without discussion, and articles for deletion allows discussion to reach consensus for deletion. noq (talk) 18:02, 8 April 2010 (UTC)

## Proposed deletion of Thal Abergel

The article Thal Abergel has been proposed for deletion because of the following concern:

unsourced single line claim. Needs more information backed by WP:reliable sources to WP:verify WP:notability

While all contributions to Wikipedia are appreciated, content or articles may be deleted for any of several reasons.

You may prevent the proposed deletion by removing the {{dated prod}} notice, but please explain why in your edit summary or on the article's talk page.

Please consider improving the article to address the issues raised. Removing {{dated prod}} will stop the proposed deletion process, but other deletion processes exist. The speedy deletion process can result in deletion without discussion, and articles for deletion allows discussion to reach consensus for deletion. noq (talk) 18:02, 8 April 2010 (UTC)

## Speedy deletion nomination of Guillermo Garcia Gonzales

A tag has been placed on Guillermo Garcia Gonzales requesting that it be speedily deleted from Wikipedia. This has been done under section A7 of the criteria for speedy deletion, because the article appears to be about a person or group of people, but it does not indicate how or why the subject is important or significant: that is, why an article about that subject should be included in an encyclopedia. Under the criteria for speedy deletion, such articles may be deleted at any time. Please see the guidelines for what is generally accepted as notable, as well as our subject-specific notability guideline for biographies. You may also wish to consider using a Wizard to help you create articles - see the Article Wizard.

If you think that this notice was placed here in error, you may contest the deletion by adding {{hangon}} to the top of the page that has been nominated for deletion (just below the existing speedy deletion or "db" tag), coupled with adding a note on the talk page explaining your position, but be aware that once tagged for speedy deletion, if the page meets the criterion, it may be deleted without delay. Please do not remove the speedy deletion tag yourself, but don't hesitate to add information to the page that would render it more in conformance with Wikipedia's policies and guidelines. Lastly, please note that if the page does get deleted, you can contact one of these admins to request that they userfy the page or have a copy emailed to you. &dorno rocks. (talk) 15:23, 9 April 2010 (UTC)

## Archiving

Hey Giftlite, I've just seen this notice while editing your talk page. "This page is 118 kilobytes long. It may be helpful to move older discussion into an archive subpage. See Help:Archiving a talk page for guidance." Vipin Hari || talk 17:40, 9 April 2010 (UTC)

## Proposed deletion of Omar Almeida Quintana

The article Omar Almeida Quintana has been proposed for deletion because under Wikipedia policy, all biographies of living persons created after March 18, 2010, must have at least one source that directly supports material in the article.

If you created the article, please don't take offense. Instead, consider improving the article. For help on inserting references, see Wikipedia:Referencing for beginners or ask at Wikipedia:Help desk. Once you have provided at least one reliable source, you may remove the {{prod blp}} tag. Please do not remove the tag unless the article is sourced. If you cannot provide such a source within ten days, the article may be deleted, but you can request that it be undeleted when you are ready to add one. Immunize (talk) 20:12, 9 April 2010 (UTC)

These links have been selected to help the reader who might want to easily see related articles without having to pick through the entire article and guess at what are the important related articles. These are not oversights - they are intentionally there to assist the reader.

(emphasis added). Thank you for understanding. Bubba73 (You talkin' to me?), 21:10, 28 April 2010 (UTC)

I come from a small family, but every family member has different "common sense," beliefs, and opinions. We both know Wikipedia has had millions of active and inactive editors from all over the world. Whose "common sense" do you think will prevail? I think this is open to interpretation.
For example, this situation happened when I took out "gigabit" from "See also" section of "Gigabyte" in December 2007. One editor reverted my edition, and added "byte". Soon after, another editor deleted both words and other redundant words: "gibibyte," "megabyte," and "terabyte".
In addition, redundant links do not assist the reader because, as WP says, "Redundant links clutter the page ...," and "If you feel that a certain link does not belong in the body of the text, consider moving it to a "See also" section at the bottom of the article."
Anyway, as I did in December 2007, I’m going to let the redundant links that you restored slide for now. Giftlite (talk) 17:40, 29 April 2010 (UTC)

## Discussion: Merging the articles for "Hyperplane" and "Flat"

I'd like to discuss the possibility of merging these two articles. Your opinion on this matter is welcomed: Talk:Hyperplane#Merge to Flat (geometry) 20:41, 5 May 2010 (UTC)

## I have marked you as a reviewer

I have added the "reviewers" property to your user account. This property is related to the Pending changes system that is currently being tried. This system loosens page protection by allowing anonymous users to make "pending" changes which don't become "live" until they're "reviewed". However, logged-in users always see the very latest version of each page with no delay. A good explanation of the system is given in this image. The system is only being used for pages that would otherwise be protected from editing.

If there are "pending" (unreviewed) edits for a page, they will be apparent in a page's history screen; you do not have to go looking for them. There is, however, a list of all articles with changes awaiting review at Special:OldReviewedPages. Because there are so few pages in the trial so far, the latter list is almost always empty. The list of all pages in the pending review system is at Special:StablePages.

To use the system, you can simply edit the page as you normally would, but you should also mark the latest revision as "reviewed" if you have looked at it to ensure it isn't problematic. Edits should generally be accepted if you wouldn't undo them in normal editing: they don't have obvious vandalism, personal attacks, etc. If an edit is problematic, you can fix it by editing or undoing it, just like normal. You are permitted to mark your own changes as reviewed.

The "reviewers" property does not obligate you to do any additional work, and if you like you can simply ignore it. The expectation is that many users will have this property, so that they can review pending revisions in the course of normal editing. However, if you explicitly want to decline the "reviewer" property, you may ask any administrator to remove it for you at any time. — Carl (CBM · talk) 12:33, 18 June 2010 (UTC) — Carl (CBM · talk) 12:47, 18 June 2010 (UTC)

## Merge discussion for Lithium-titanate battery

An article that you have been involved in editing, Lithium-titanate battery, has been proposed for a merge with another article. If you are interested in the merge discussion, please participate by going here, and adding your comments on the discussion page. Thank you. Muhandes (talk) 12:06, 2 July 2010 (UTC)

## Ptolemy's Theorem reorganisation

Hi

With respect to your contribution (equilateral triangle) to the article on Ptolemy's theorem, do you mind if I move it to the 'Examples' section which I have split into several sub headings. The proposed changes can be viewed here.. I have also created an svg graphic but if you'd prefer to maintain your original - no problem.

Neil Parker (talk) 14:25, 24 September 2010 (UTC)

## Question

I do not understand some idea : [16]. As such, Legendre polynomials can be generalized (In what way?) to express the symmetries of semi-simple Lie groups (not SO(3)?) and Riemannian symmetric spaces. (not euclidean ?) Can you explain me it? Thank you very much. Gvozdet (talk) 21:10, 13 October 2010 (UTC)

Gvozdet, the above link shows an addition by User Linas. I think it's best to ask him directly. Giftlite (talk) 17:16, 14 October 2010 (UTC)

## Autopatrolled

Hello, this is just to let you know that I have granted you the "autopatrolled" permission. This won't affect your editing, it just automatically marks any page you create as patrolled, benefiting new page patrollers. Please remember:

• This permission does not give you any special status or authority
• Submission of inappropriate material may lead to its removal
• You may wish to display the {{Autopatrolled}} top icon and/or the {{User wikipedia/autopatrolled}} userbox on your user page
• If, for any reason, you decide you do not want the permission, let me know and I can remove it
If you have any questions about the permission, don't hesitate to ask. Otherwise, happy editing!HJ Mitchell | Penny for your thoughts? 20:55, 25 January 2011 (UTC)

## DYK for Henry Mann

HJ Mitchell | Penny for your thoughts? 18:03, 1 February 2011 (UTC)

## A favor

Nice to finally meet you Giftlite. To avoid conflict of interest, I am hoping that someone would be interested enough in posting a line for the MRB constant in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathematical_constants_(sorted_by_continued_fraction_representation). I am writing you because you have previously edited it and have been helpful on the MRB constant article.
Over the past 11+ years I've occasionally given thought to a symbol for the MRB constant. Finally I have decided on MRB, since M is already taken. MRB is used for its symbol in my new demonstration at http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/HowNormalIsTheMRBConstant/. In the MRB constant talk page I have a section about the continued fraction representation of the MRB constant with the expansion as computed by Wolfram Alpha.
To see where M is used: http://mathworld.wolfram.com/MadelungConstants.html.
Cheers!
The original investigator of the MRB constant Marvin Ray Burns (talk) 23:35, 23 March 2011 (UTC)

I will do so as soon as possible, Marvin. Giftlite (talk) 17:14, 28 March 2011 (UTC)
Thank you! BTW According to the continued its fraction,[0;5], shouldn't it be listed after M1,[0;3,] and before 1,[1]? —Preceding unsigned comment added by 76.240.200.221 (talk) 21:57, 29 March 2011 (UTC)
Done! Giftlite (talk) 17:15, 30 March 2011 (UTC)

## Merge discussion for Isolated prime

An article that you have been involved in editing, Isolated prime , has been proposed for a merge with another article. If you are interested in the merge discussion, please participate by going here, and adding your comments on the discussion page. Thank you. Toshio Yamaguchi (talk) 19:56, 7 May 2011 (UTC)

## Periods at the end of equations

I've noticed that you have been adding periods. Some of them are definitely needed. I just looked through 4 textbooks. They don't put periods at the end of equations, even if that means a sentence goes without a period. I presume it is because it might get confused with a decimal point.Constant314 (talk) 03:04, 16 October 2011 (UTC)

thanks Constant314 (talk) 02:04, 19 October 2011 (UTC)

## New Page Patrol survey

Hi. When you recently edited Friedrich Otto Rudolf Sturm, you added a link pointing to the disambiguation page German (check to confirm | fix with Dab solver). Such links are almost always unintended, since a disambiguation page is merely a list of "Did you mean..." article titles. Read the FAQ • Join us at the DPL WikiProject.

It's OK to remove this message. Also, to stop receiving these messages, follow these opt-out instructions. Thanks, DPL bot (talk) 11:07, 7 January 2012 (UTC)

## Jeremiah Horrocks

It seems that the claims about medieval Islamic astronomers having observed transits were entirely unfounded and added to the Transit of Venus article by someone trying to push their own POV. I've now removed the references to this from the Horrocks article as there is no basis for them - see [17]. Richerman (talk) 14:46, 16 January 2012 (UTC)

Hi. When you recently edited William Boone (mathematician), you added a link pointing to the disambiguation page Princeton (check to confirm | fix with Dab solver). Such links are almost always unintended, since a disambiguation page is merely a list of "Did you mean..." article titles. Read the FAQ • Join us at the DPL WikiProject.

It's OK to remove this message. Also, to stop receiving these messages, follow these opt-out instructions. Thanks, DPL bot (talk) 10:38, 17 January 2012 (UTC)

## A barnstar for you

 The Modest Barnstar Thanks for your recent contributions! 66.87.0.179 (talk) 20:30, 30 March 2012 (UTC)

Hi. When you recently edited List of things named after Arthur Cayley, you added a link pointing to the disambiguation page Cayley surface (check to confirm | fix with Dab solver). Such links are almost always unintended, since a disambiguation page is merely a list of "Did you mean..." article titles. Read the FAQ • Join us at the DPL WikiProject.

It's OK to remove this message. Also, to stop receiving these messages, follow these opt-out instructions. Thanks, DPL bot (talk) 10:49, 7 April 2012 (UTC)

Hi. Thank you for your recent edits. Wikipedia appreciates your help. We noticed though that when you edited List of things named after Adrien-Marie Legendre, you added a link pointing to the disambiguation page Legendre relation (check to confirm | fix with Dab solver). Such links are almost always unintended, since a disambiguation page is merely a list of "Did you mean..." article titles. Read the FAQ • Join us at the DPL WikiProject.

It's OK to remove this message. Also, to stop receiving these messages, follow these opt-out instructions. Thanks, DPL bot (talk) 12:38, 19 September 2012 (UTC)

## Proposed deletion of List of things named after Richard Dedekind

The article List of things named after Richard Dedekind has been proposed for deletion because of the following concern:

Listcruft, most of which is covered in Richard Dedekind anyway

While all contributions to Wikipedia are appreciated, content or articles may be deleted for any of several reasons.

You may prevent the proposed deletion by removing the {{proposed deletion/dated}} notice, but please explain why in your edit summary or on the article's talk page.

Please consider improving the article to address the issues raised. Removing {{proposed deletion/dated}} will stop the proposed deletion process, but other deletion processes exist. In particular, the speedy deletion process can result in deletion without discussion, and articles for deletion allows discussion to reach consensus for deletion. Tckma (talk) 18:01, 5 October 2012 (UTC)

Hi. Thank you for your recent edits. Wikipedia appreciates your help. We noticed though that when you edited List of things named after Richard Dedekind, you added a link pointing to the disambiguation page Dedekind function (check to confirm | fix with Dab solver). Such links are almost always unintended, since a disambiguation page is merely a list of "Did you mean..." article titles. Read the FAQ • Join us at the DPL WikiProject.

It's OK to remove this message. Also, to stop receiving these messages, follow these opt-out instructions. Thanks, DPL bot (talk) 10:56, 6 October 2012 (UTC)

## Nomination of List of things named after Richard Dedekind for deletion

A discussion is taking place as to whether the article List of things named after Richard Dedekind is suitable for inclusion in Wikipedia according to Wikipedia's policies and guidelines or whether it should be deleted.

The article will be discussed at Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/List of things named after Richard Dedekind until a consensus is reached, and anyone is welcome to contribute to the discussion. The nomination will explain the policies and guidelines which are of concern. The discussion focuses on high-quality evidence and our policies and guidelines.

Users may edit the article during the discussion, including to improve the article to address concerns raised in the discussion. However, do not remove the article-for-deletion template from the top of the article. Tckma (talk) 14:39, 8 October 2012 (UTC)

## Speedy deletion nomination of Daya-Nand Verma

If this is the first article that you have created, you may want to read the guide to writing your first article.

You may want to consider using the Article Wizard to help you create articles.

A tag has been placed on Daya-Nand Verma requesting that it be speedily deleted from Wikipedia. This has been done under section A3 of the criteria for speedy deletion, because it is an article with no content whatsoever, or whose contents consist only of external links, a "See also" section, book references, category tags, template tags, interwiki links, a rephrasing of the title, or an attempt to contact the subject of the article. Please see Wikipedia:Stub for our minimum information standards for short articles. Also please note that articles must be on notable subjects and should provide references to reliable sources that verify their content.

If you think that the page was nominated in error, contest the nomination by clicking on the button labelled "Click here to contest this speedy deletion" in the speedy deletion tag. Doing so will take you to the talk page where you can explain why you believe the page should not be deleted. You can also visit the page's talk page directly to give your reasons, but be aware that once a page is tagged for speedy deletion, it may be removed without delay. Please do not remove the speedy deletion tag yourself, but do not hesitate to add information that is consistent with Wikipedia's policies and guidelines. If the page is deleted, you can contact one of these administrators to request that the administrator userfy the page or email a copy to you. StarcheerspeaksnewslostwarsTalk to me 17:49, 26 October 2012 (UTC)

Hi. Thank you for your recent edits. Wikipedia appreciates your help. We noticed though that when you edited List of things named after Sophus Lie, you added a link pointing to the disambiguation page Lie bracket (check to confirm | fix with Dab solver). Such links are almost always unintended, since a disambiguation page is merely a list of "Did you mean..." article titles. Read the FAQ • Join us at the DPL WikiProject.

It's OK to remove this message. Also, to stop receiving these messages, follow these opt-out instructions. Thanks, DPL bot (talk) 09:33, 19 December 2012 (UTC)

Hi. Thank you for your recent edits. Wikipedia appreciates your help. We noticed though that when you edited Subordinator (mathematics), you added a link pointing to the disambiguation page Random number (check to confirm | fix with Dab solver). Such links are almost always unintended, since a disambiguation page is merely a list of "Did you mean..." article titles. Read the FAQ • Join us at the DPL WikiProject.

It's OK to remove this message. Also, to stop receiving these messages, follow these opt-out instructions. Thanks, DPL bot (talk) 11:39, 10 February 2013 (UTC)

## John Peter May listed at Redirects for discussion

An editor has asked for a discussion to address the redirect John Peter May. Since you had some involvement with the John Peter May redirect, you might want to participate in the redirect discussion (if you have not already done so). Revolution1221 (talk · email · contributions) 16:27, 20 April 2013 (UTC)