Useramen

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Useramen
Vizier
Statue Useramen 42118 Legrain.png
Useramen and his wife Tuiu, from Karnak.
Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh Hatshepsut and Thutmose III
Father Amethu called Ahmose
Mother Ta-amenthu
Children 4 daughters and a son
Burial Thebes TT61 and TT131

Useramen (also called User or Amenuser) was a Vizier of Ancient Egypt under Pharaohs Hatshepsut and Thutmose III of the 18th dynasty.[1]

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User[1]
in hieroglyphs

Family[edit]

Useramen was the son of the Vizier Amethu called Ahmose, who served during the reign of Thutmose II and the early years of the reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III.[2] His mother's name was Ta-amenthu. Useramen was married to a lady named Tuiu. Useramen is known from his tombs to have had at least four daughters and a son.[1]

Useramen came from a very influential family. His father was vizier before him and later his brother Neferweben became vizier as well. Useramen was also the uncle of Rekhmire, who was King Tuthmose III’s vizier.[2]

Vizier[edit]

As vizier Useramen would have been second only to the Pharaoh. The vizier was responsible for many of the day-to-day operations of the state. He was installed in this position in year 9 of Hatshepsut's reign (which is also year 5 of Thutmose III), and held the position for 20 years.[3]

Tombs and Burial[edit]

Useramen had two tombs in the hills of Thebes. Tomb TT61 belonged to Useramen. In the tomb Useramen's parents, wife and children are mentioned.[1]

Tomb TT131 also belongs to Useramen (named User). The aged Vizier Amethu (User's father) is shown with a chamberlain, courtiers and User as a scribe before Tuthmose III, and a text records the installation of User as co-vizier.[1]

A red granite 'false door' from the tomb of Useramen and his wife Tuiu was discovered at Karnak, presumably in secondary use.[4] His official titles included 'Mayor of the City', 'Vizier', and 'Prince'.[4] Tomb number 61 (TT61) on Luxor’s west bank as that of Useramen.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Porter,B. and Moss R.L.B., Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs and Paintings: The Theban Necropolis, Part One: Private Tombs. Second Edition. Griffith Institute. Oxford. 1994
  2. ^ a b Hatshepsut by Anneke Bart
  3. ^ http://www.centredaily.com/2010/03/29/1881532/door-to-afterlife-from-ancient.html
  4. ^ a b c http://heritage-key.com/blogs/ann/ancient-door-hatshepsut-vizier-user-discovered-karnak