It seems most likely that the name 'Ushaw' comes from Scandinavian origin which, when translated, means wolves wood. With the addition of moor we get 'the moor near the wood of wolves'.
Parish registers suggests that the settlement dates to a least the sixteenth century. The village existed in a largely agricultural state, with a windmill being its one feature up till the nineteenth century.
In 1858 a drift mine was established at Ushaw Moor Colliery selling coal on the landsale system. This was purchased in 1879 by Henry Chaytor of Witton Castle. During his tenure there was a large strike, following the deliberate sacking of an elected union leader in 1881. The strike was ended when a number of policemen were brought into the village to evict the strikers and their families; such treatment was not uncommon in those times. Mr Chaytor, sick of the years of industrial unrest, sold Ushaw Moor colliery to Pease & Partners in 1883. From this time, the workmen and community had an easier life, the new owners helping rather than opposing them. However, Ushaw Moor colliery closed in 1960, as part of the collapse of the Durham coal fields.
In the last thirty years it has grown and become the centre of the Deerness Valley, becoming unusually prosperous where most pit villages have struggled. Good links with Durham and Newcastle and good local schools and amenities has meant it is very popular with first time buyers.
Ushaw Moor is the location of Silver Tree Primary School, St Josephs Roman Catholic Primary School and Ushaw Moor Junior School. Durham Community Business College is the main secondary school for the village, with Durham Studio Sixth Form opening in 2011 on the same site.
The village is also the location of Ushaw College, which until its closure in 2011 was a Roman Catholic seminary and one of the constituent colleges of the University of Durham. the college is currently being used by Durham University Business School whilst its own site is redeveloped.
- Ushaw Moor Community and Historical Website
- Subterranea Britannica information on Ushaw Moor station
- Ushaw Moor Post Office Website
Media related to Ushaw Moor at Wikimedia Commons
|This County Durham location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|