Usolye, Usolsky District, Perm Krai

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Usolye (English)
Усолье (Russian)
-  Town  -
Map of Russia - Perm Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Perm Krai in Russia
Usolye is located in Perm Krai
Usolye
Usolye
Location of Usolye in Perm Krai
Coordinates: 59°25′N 56°41′E / 59.417°N 56.683°E / 59.417; 56.683Coordinates: 59°25′N 56°41′E / 59.417°N 56.683°E / 59.417; 56.683
Coat of Arms of Usolie (Perm krai).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Perm Krai
Administrative district Usolsky District[citation needed]
Administrative center of Usolsky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 5,694 inhabitants[1]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+06:00)[2]
Founded 1606[citation needed]
Town status since 1940[citation needed]
Usolye on WikiCommons

Usolye (Russian: Усо́лье) is a town and the administrative center of Usolsky District of Perm Krai, Russia, located on the right bank of the Kama River, opposite of the city of Berezniki, 190 kilometers (120 mi) north of Perm. Population: 5,694 (2010 Census).[1]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1606 as a salt mining settlement of Novoye Usolye (Но́вое Усо́лье) and grew into a major salt mining center by the beginning of the 19th century.[citation needed] Until the end of the 18th century it was the main locality of the Stroganovs on the Kama River. In 1895, there were forty salt wells.

In 1923, Usolye became the administrative center of Verkhnekamsky District of Ural Oblast. Between 1932 and 1940, it was a part of the town of Berezniki. It was granted town status in 1940.[citation needed] Due to the construction of Kama Reservoir, a portion of the town was flooded.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population of Usolye
Year 1959 1970 1979 1989 2002 2010
Population 11,800[citation needed] 10,100[citation needed] 7,900[citation needed] 6,453[3] 6,144[4] 5,694[1]

Culture[edit]

There are some architectural monuments of note: the Savior Cathedral (1724–1731) with a separate bell tower (1730); the House of the Stroganovs, and Galitzine homestead (1818), which houses an architectural and ethnographic museum. There are several churches and mansions near the town.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

External links[edit]