Ussel, Corrèze

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Ussel
Château of La Borde
Château of La Borde
Coat of arms of Ussel
Coat of arms
Ussel is located in France
Ussel
Ussel
Coordinates: 45°32′56″N 2°18′36″E / 45.5489°N 2.31°E / 45.5489; 2.31Coordinates: 45°32′56″N 2°18′36″E / 45.5489°N 2.31°E / 45.5489; 2.31
Country France
Region Limousin
Department Corrèze
Arrondissement Ussel
Canton Ussel-Est
Intercommunality Communauté de communes Ussel - Meymac - Haute-Corrèze
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Christophe Arfeuillère
Area1 50.37 km2 (19.45 sq mi)
Population (2011)2 9,948
 • Density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 19275 / 19200
Elevation 588–781 m (1,929–2,562 ft)
(avg. 630 m or 2,070 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ussel is a commune in the Corrèze department in central France. Its inhabitants are named Ussellois.


Location The community of Ussel is located in the Massif central on the foothills of the plateau de Millevaches. The city itself sits on a hilltop in between the valley of the river Diège and the valley of the river Sarsonne.Situated at 2070 ft heights(631m), in The Massif Central on the last buttress of The plateau de Millevaches. Ussel is crossed by the Green Meridian.

Hydrography

Three main watercourses are flowing through the community, the river Diège (The town sometimes is called Ussel-sur-Diège), the river Sarsonne and the stream of Étang Roux.



Demography

In 2011, the population of Ussel was 9 948 inhabitants. The evolution of the density of population is known through census since 1973.


Historical heritage

Places and monuments - The Borde castle, XVe century, reshuffled during the XVIIe century - The Mothe Castle, XVIe century, historical monument since 1980 - The Ventadour Hotel, historical monument since 1932 - The Church Saint-Martin, XIIIe century, classified historical monument since 1926 - The Roman Eagle situated in the Voltaire Square. This monument is sculpted in the granite, and discovered in The Peuch Mill, on the Sarsonne. It was cleaned and shifted en 2009 during the refurbishment of the Voltaire Square. - The Chapel of Notre-Dame de la Chabane - The Church Saint Martial - The Church Notre-Dame-de-l’Assomption, in La Tourette - The Church Saint-Dizier in Saint-Dézéry

Park and green areas Ussel is well known thanks to its many green and natural areas. It offers the city a countrified atmosphere very appreciated by its inhabitants. Besides gardens, Ussel is composed of a large number of natural spaces, with hiking and walking trails. The municipality is a floral city which obtained three flowers during the contest «villes et villages fleuris».

Transportation

The highway A 89 provides an easy access to the towns. Two main exits feeds the city. Exit 23 (Mauriac-Maymac-Ussel Ouest) South-West of town and Exit 24 (Ussel Est-Eygurande) North East of town. The construction of the highway has highly improved the security but also the comfort inside the town. This highway is a component of the European route E70.

Ussel is also crossed by the RN 89. This road which was retrofitted to a regional road links Bordeaux to Lyon via Clermont-Ferrand.

The train station of Ussel lies on a main railtrack linking Lyon to Bordeaux.

The closest airports are Limoges-Bellegarde,[1] Clermont-Ferrand-Auvergne.[2]

The Ussel-Thalamy airfield is a leisure and tourist oriented place. It is located a few kilometers away from town.



Twinning Ussel is paired with Auray (France), located in the department of Morbihan.


Economy


Firest product and wood industry

Ussel shelter a lot of company in the wood field, like the panel producer MDF Isoroy, the stratified clothes designer Polyrey, the interior door manufacturer Jeld Wen, the front door manufacturer Bel ... Mining and steel industry The Des farges mine, located 3 kilometers away from Ussel, is part of Limousin's mining. The extraction of lead was applied, as well as silver and much more, until its closure in 1981.

« La Société des fonderies d'Ussel (SFU) » is one of the metallurgical representative of the region.



The food processing industry The city is the center of a farming region, marked by the bovine breed « limousine » and the pig farming at the same time. The pork butcher group « Loste » owns a production site of salted meat in the industrial area « Empereur ». Regional products are beef and pork, hunting and fishing products, and harvest products ( cep, chanterelle, blueberry ..) Local dishes are the «tourtou” or the « farcidure » for example.

Pharmaceutical industry The industrial sector sets up in High-Corrèze since 1990 when Bristol-Myers Squibb settles a production site in the town of Meymac. In 1999, Pierre Fabre comes to Ussel by building a distribution and logistics center in the industrial zone of «L'Empereur». The company Chesapeake features an production unit specializing in packaging for the pharmaceutical industry (holsters and intructions), also located in the industrial zone of «The Emperor».


Culture

'Museum of Ussel The museum of Ussel Musée d'Ussel is dedicated to history, arts and tradition of the region of Ussel. It features some objects and pictural representations. An other part is consacred to the history of printing and exhibitions of engraving. Much of the objects exhibited concerning agricultural trades were kindly provided by Dr. Ernest Chiocconi was salvage dealer. He had recovered objects in agricultural holdings, its were no longer used.


Transcorrezien Railway Line[edit]

Ussel was the Northern terminus of the Metre Gauge Transcorrezien railway line linking Tulle to Ussel via Marcillac-la-Croisille, Lapleau, Soursac and Liginiac. This line was part of the narrow gauge network of railways in the Corrèze region. [3]

While the line has disappeared, many architectural and track elements still remain and can be visited by the public. Many of the stations are preserved and have been restored and a Tourist Route created which enables visitors to follow the track from its terminus at Languenne on the outskirts of Tulle to Ussel. The road signs are rectangular with "Transcorrezien" shown on them on a white background

Of particular note is the Roche Noir Viaduct, an impressive suspension bridge crossing the deep gorge of the Luzège river between Lapleau and Soursac. It is possible to visit both ends of the bridge but, while it remains in good condition, it's closed even to pedestrians.

The Soursac end of the bridge leads straight into a 150 m-long curved tunnel. Visitors can park at the Soursac end, walk through the tunnel (which is well lit) and emerge by the bridge. The views from both ends are spectacular. Well worth a visit.

See also[edit]

References[edit]