Ust-Kamchatsk

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Coordinates: 56°13′N 162°33′E / 56.217°N 162.550°E / 56.217; 162.550

Coat of arms of Ust-Kamchatsk

Ust-Kamchatsk (Russian: Усть-Камча́тск) is a rural locality (a settlement) and the administrative center of Ust-Kamchatsky District of Kamchatka Krai, Russia, located on the eastern shore of the Kamchatka Peninsula at the mouth of the Kamchatka River some 50 kilometers (31 mi) away from the Klyuchevskaya Sopka volcano and 522 kilometers (324 mi) from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Population: 4,352 (2010 Census);[1] 5,231 (2002 Census);[2] 13,611 (1989 Census).[3]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1731 as the settlement of Ust-Primorsky (Усть-Примо́рский) and was renamed Ust-Kamchatsk in 1890. In 2007, Ust-Kamchatsk was demoted in status from urban-type settlement to a rural locality.

Economy[edit]

There is a sea port, a fish-processing plant (FPP 66), a few woodworking factories, and Ust-Kamchatsk Airport (opened in 1937) in Ust-Kamchatsk.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ust-Kamchatsk (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 5
(41)
5
(41)
7
(45)
12
(54)
20
(68)
29
(84)
30
(86)
26
(79)
23
(73)
16
(61)
12
(54)
7
(45)
30
(86)
Average high °C (°F) −8.9
(16)
−8.3
(17.1)
−2.8
(27)
0.6
(33.1)
4.4
(39.9)
10.6
(51.1)
13.9
(57)
15.0
(59)
12.2
(54)
5.6
(42.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
−6.7
(19.9)
2.8
(37)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12.6
(9.3)
−12.8
(9)
−9.9
(14.2)
−3.8
(25.2)
1.6
(34.9)
6.8
(44.2)
11.2
(52.2)
12.2
(54)
9.1
(48.4)
2.6
(36.7)
−4.4
(24.1)
−10.6
(12.9)
−0.9
(30.4)
Average low °C (°F) −16.7
(1.9)
−17.2
(1)
−13.3
(8.1)
−7.7
(18.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
4.4
(39.9)
8.9
(48)
10.0
(50)
5.0
(41)
−1.7
(28.9)
−8.9
(16)
−15.6
(3.9)
−4.5
(23.9)
Record low °C (°F) −42
(−44)
−40
(−40)
−37
(−35)
−29
(−20)
−16
(3)
−2
(28)
3
(37)
1
(34)
−3
(27)
−13
(9)
−25
(−13)
−38
(−36)
−42
(−44)
Precipitation mm (inches) 85.6
(3.37)
70.9
(2.791)
63.9
(2.516)
36.0
(1.417)
39.9
(1.571)
35.1
(1.382)
44.8
(1.764)
76.1
(2.996)
62.2
(2.449)
67.8
(2.669)
67.3
(2.65)
73.5
(2.894)
723.1
(28.469)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.6 11.9 10.7 7.1 7.6 6.8 7.8 10.2 9.8 9.6 9.6 11.5 115.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 71.3 87.6 148.8 186.0 173.6 174.0 151.9 151.9 156.0 130.2 96.0 58.9 1,586.2
Source #1: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial (temperatures and extremes)[4]
Source #2: HKO (precipitaiton and sunshine)[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  4. ^ "RUSSIA - UST-KAMCATSK" (PDF). Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. May 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. ^ "Climatological Information for Ust-Kamcatsk, Russia" (PDF). Hong Kong Observatory. October 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-01.