Ust-Orda Buryat Okrug

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Ust-Orda Buryatia and Lake Baikal
Ust-Orda Buryatia on the 2007 map of Russia
Map of some major inhabited localities of Ust-Orda Buryat Okrug

Ust-Orda Buryat Okrug (Russian: Усть-Орды́нский Буря́тский о́круг; Buryat: Усть-Ордын Буряадай округ Ust'-Ordyn Burjaadaj okrug), or Ust-Orda Buryatia, is an administrative division of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia.[1] It was a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug of Irkutsk Oblast) from 1993 to January 1, 2008, when it merged with Irkutsk Oblast. It also had autonomous okrug status from September 26, 1937 to 1993. Prior to the merger, it was called Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug (Усть-Орды́нский Буря́тский автоно́мный о́круг).

It has an area of 22,138.1 square kilometers (8,547.6 sq mi). Population: 125,177 (2010 Census).[2]

The settlement of Ust-Ordynsky is the autonomous okrug's administrative center and its most populous inhabited locality.

Merger[edit]

In a referendum held on April 16, 2006, the majority of residents in Irkutsk Oblast and Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug agreed to the unification of the two regions. According to regions' electoral commissions, 68.98% of residents of Irkutsk Oblast and 99.51% of residents in Ust-Orda Buryatia took part in the vote, making it one of the best attended plebiscites in the country since the 2003 Russian election. The merger was approved by an absolute majority of the electorate: by 89.77% in Irkutsk Oblast and by 97.79% in Ust-Orda Buryatia. The enlarged Irkutsk Oblast has officially come into existence on January 1, 2008.[3][4]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The okrug is divided into six administrative districts.

Demographics[edit]

Vital statistics[edit]

Source: Russian Federal State Statistics Service
Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000)
1970 146 2,813 1,175 1,638 19.3 8.0 11.2
1975 138 3,014 1,311 1,703 21.8 9.5 12.3
1980 132 3,193 1,346 1,847 24.2 10.2 14.0
1985 132 3,546 1,397 2,149 26.9 10.6 16.3
1990 128 3,383 1,325 2,058 26.5 10.4 16.1
1991 129 3,101 1,424 1,677 24.0 11.0 13.0
1992 131 2,770 1,560 1,210 21.1 11.9 9.2
1993 132 2,379 1,742 637 18.0 13.2 4.8
1994 132 2,385 1,943 442 18.1 14.7 3.4
1995 132 2,186 1,872 314 16.5 14.2 2.4
1996 133 2,155 1,704 451 16.2 12.8 3.4
1997 134 2,010 1,787 223 15.0 13.3 1.7
1998 134 2,011 1,654 357 15.0 12.3 2.7
1999 135 2,018 1,923 95 15.0 14.3 0.7
2000 135 1,932 2,004 - 72 14.3 14.9 -0.5
2001 135 1,986 1,967 19 14.7 14.6 0.1
2002 135 2,011 2,004 7 14.9 14.9 0.1
2003 134 1,986 2,023 - 37 14.9 15.1 -0.3
2004 132 2,058 2,174 - 116 15.6 16.5 -0.9
2005 130 1,968 2,138 - 170 15.1 16.4 -1.3
2006 128 2,142 1,867 275 16.7 14.6 2.1
2007 127 2,433 1,653 780 19.1 13.0 6.1
2008 126 2,827 1,719 1,108 22.4 13.6 8.8
2009 126 2,906 1,648 1,258 23.1 13.1 10.0
2010 125 2,785 1,771 1,014 22.3 14.2 8.1

Ethnic groups[edit]

Of the 135,327 residents (as of the 2002 Census), 38 (0.02%) chose not to specify their ethnic background. Of the rest, residents identified themselves as belonging to 74 ethnic groups, including Russians (54.4%), Buryats (39.6%), Tatars (3%) and Ukrainians (0.96%)

Ethnic
group
1959 Census 1970 Census 1979 Census 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Buryats 44,850 33.7% 48,302 33.0% 45,436 34.4% 49,298 36.3% 53,649 39.6% 49,871 39,8%
Russians 75,099 56.4% 86,020 58.8% 76,731 58.1% 76,827 56.5% 73,646 54.4% 67,808 54,2%
Others 13,122 9.9% 12,090 8.3% 9,986 7.6% 9,745 7.2% 8,032 5.9% 7,498 6,0%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Федеральный конституционный закон №6-ФКЗ от 30 декабря 2006 года "Об образовании в составе Российской Федерации нового субъекта Российской Федерации в результате объединения Иркутской области и Усть-Ордынского Бурятского автономного округа". Статья 5. (Federal Constitutional Law #6-FKZ of December 30, 2006 On Creation of a New Federal Subject Within the Russian Federation as a Result of the Merger of Irkutsk Oblast and Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug. Article 5) (Russian)
  2. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  3. ^ Lenta.ru "Избиркомы объявили результаты референдума по созданию новой Иркутской области" (Electoral Commissions Announced the Results of the Referendum on Creation of New Irkutsk Oblast) April 20, 2006(Russian)
  4. ^ [http://old.lenta.ru/news/2008/01/01/irkutsk/ С 1 января в России сократилось число субъектов федерации> Lenta.ru January 1, 2008 (Russian)
  5. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

See also[edit]