Ust-Yansky District

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Not to be confused with Ustyansky District.
Ust-Yansky District
Усть-Янский улус (Russian)
Ust-Yansky ulus location.PNG
Location of Ust-Yansky District in the Sakha Republic
Coat of Arms of Ust-Yansky rayon (Yakutia).png
Coat of arms
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative structure (as of June 2009)
Administrative center settlement of Deputatsky[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Settlements 3
Rural okrugs 7
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements 3
Rural localities 7
Municipal structure (as of December 2008)
Municipally incorporated as Ust-Yansky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 3
Rural settlements 7
Statistics
Area (June 2009) 120,300 km2 (46,400 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 8,056 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 54.0%
- Rural 46.0%
Density 0.07/km2 (0.18/sq mi)[6]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+10:00)[7]
Established January 5, 1967[8]
Ust-Yansky District on WikiCommons

Ust-Yansky District (Russian: Усть-Я́нский улу́с) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the north of the republic in the Yana River delta on the coast of the Laptev Sea and borders with Allaikhovsky and Abyysky Districts in the east, Momsky District in the south, Verkhoyansky District in the southwest, and with Bulunsky District in the west. The area of the district is 120,300 square kilometers (46,400 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a settlement) of Deputatsky.[2] Population: 8,056 (2010 Census);[5] 10,009 (2002 Census);[9] 41,265 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Deputatsky accounts for 37.0% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

The main rivers in the district include the Yana, the Omoloy, and the Chondon.

Average January temperature ranges from −32 to −40 °C (−26 to −40 °F) and average July temperature ranges from +4 to +12 °C (39 to 54 °F).[8] Annual precipitation ranges from 150–200 millimeters (5.9–7.9 in) in the north to 250–300 millimeters (9.8–11.8 in) in the south.[8]

History[edit]

The district was established on January 5, 1967.[8]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 1989 Census, the district had a population of 41,265 inhabitants, with an ethnic composition as follows:[8]

However, a great deal of the ethnic Russian population left with the economic downturn following the collapse of the Soviet Union, so much so that the district lost over three-quarters of its population during the 1990s.

In the 2002 census, the indigenous Yakuts again formed a majority of inhabitants, with the total population now just 10,009. In that year, the ethnic composition of the district was:

  • Yakuts: 37.69%
  • Russians: 35.44%
  • Evens: 10.69%
  • Ukrainians: 8.88%
  • other ethnicities: 7.3%

Economy[edit]

The main industries are gold mining, reindeer herding, fishing, and fur trade. There are deposits of gold, tin, tungsten, mercury, lead, zinc, and brown coal.[8]

Inhabited localities[edit]

Municipal composition
Urban settlements Population Male Female Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Deputatsky
(Депутатский)
2983 1447 (48.5%) 1536 (51.5%)
Nizhneyansk
(Нижнеянск)
391 208 (53.2%) 183 (46.8%)
Ust-Kuyga
(Усть-Куйга)
979 516 (52.7%) 463 (47.3%)
Rural settlements Population Male Female Rural localities in jurisdiction*
Kazachinsky National Nasleg
(Казачинский национальный наслег)
1367 665 (48.6%) 702 (51.4%)
Omoloysysky National Nasleg
(Омолойский национальный наслег)
433 223 (51.5%) 210 (48.5%)
Silyannyakhsky National Nasleg
(Силянняхский национальный наслег)
771 377 (48.9%) 394 (51.1%)
Tumatsky National Nasleg
(Туматский национальный наслег)
533 286 (53.7%) 247 (46.3%)
Ust-Yansky National Nasleg
(Усть-Янский национальный наслег)
317 166 (52.4%) 151 (47.6%)
Uyandinsky National Nasleg
(Уяндинский национальный наслег)
154 84 (54.5%) 70 (45.5%)
Yukagir National (Nomadic) Nasleg
(Юкагирский национальный кочевой наслег)
128 67 (52.3%) 61 (47.7%)

Divisional source:[11]
Population source:[5]
*Administrative centers are shown in bold

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Constitution of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c d e Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b Law #172-Z #351-III
  4. ^ Law #173-Z #354-III
  5. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b c d e f Center of the Socioeconomic and Political Monitoring. Ust-Yansky District (Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Ust-Yansky Ulus (Raion) Official website of the Sakha Republic

Sources[edit]

  • Верховный Совет Республики Саха (Якутия). 4 апреля 1992 г. «Конституция (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Конституционного закона №1077-З №1035-IV от 8 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Конституцию (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)». Опубликован: "Якутские ведомости", №7, 26 апреля 1992 г. (Supreme Council of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. April 4, 1992 Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Constitutional Law #1077-Z No. 1035-IV of June 8, 2012 On Amending and Supplementing the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №640-З №173-IV от 29 декабря 2008 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #640-Z No. 173-IV of December 29, 2008 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

Coordinates: 69°18′39″N 139°58′52″E / 69.31083°N 139.98111°E / 69.31083; 139.98111