Ustad Ahmad Lahauri

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Ahmad Lahori
Born Mughal Empire
Died India
Buildings Taj Mahal

Ustad Ahmad Lahauri (Persian: استاد احمد لاهوری‎) was chief architect of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India. built between 1632 and 1648. He has been described as an Persian architect in the court of Shah Jahan.

Early life[edit]

He was a Persian (Tajik) from Badakhshan in modern-day Afghanistan.[1] The assertion is based on a claim made in writings by Lahauri's son Lutfullah Muhandis.[2][3][4]

Life[edit]

Ahmad Lahauri is believed to be Principal architect of The Taj Mahal.

Shah Jahan's court histories emphasise his personal involvement in the construction and it is true that, more than any other Mughal emperor, he showed the greatest interest in building, holding daily meetings with his architects and supervisors. The court chronicler Lahouri, writes that Shah Jahan would make "appropriate alterations to whatever the skilful architects designed after many thoughts, and asked competent questions."[5]

In writings by Lahauri's son Lutfullah Muhandis, two architects are mentioned by name; Ustad Ahmad Lahauri[6][7] and Mir Abd-ul Karim.[3] Ustad Ahmad Lahauri had laid the foundations of the Red Fort at Delhi (built between 1638 and 1648). Mir Abd-ul Karim had been the favourite architect of the previous emperor Jahangir and is mentioned as a supervisor, together with Makramat Khan,[3] for the construction of the Taj Mahal.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Janin, Hunt (2006). The Pursuit of Learning in the Islamic World, 610-2003. McFarland, Jefferson, NC, USA. ISBN 0-7864-2904-6. pp. 124.
  2. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/archive/advisory_body_evaluation/252.pdf
  3. ^ a b c Asher, p.212
  4. ^ Begley and Desai, p.65
  5. ^ Koch, p.89
  6. ^ UNESCO advisory body evaluation
  7. ^ Begley and Desai (1989), p.65
  8. ^ Dunkeld, Malcolm (Ed) (June 2007). "Construction history society newsletter". Chartered Institute of Building. Retrieved 2007-07-23. 

References[edit]