Ustilago

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ustilago
Ustilago maydis de 2.jpg
Ustilago maydis (Corn smut)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Ustilaginomycetes
Order: Ustilaginales
Genus: Ustilago
(Pers.) Roussel 1806
Type species
Ustilago hordei
(Pers.) Lagerh.
Species

Ustilago is a genus of approximately 200 smut fungi parasitic on grasses.[1]

There is a large research community that works on Ustilago maydis including researchers at the University of Georgia, Philipps-Universität Marburg, University of British Columbia and others. Research with this organism has led to better understanding of the genetics underlying self-non-self recognition through elucidation of the mating type system as well as fundamental aspects of signal transduction and cell-cycle regulation.

Uses[edit]

U. maydis is also eaten as a traditional Mexican food eaten in many parts of the country, and is even available canned. Farmers have even been known to spread the spores around on purpose to create more of the fungus. It known in central Mexico by the Nahuatl name huitlacoche. Peasants in other parts of the country call it "hongo de maíz," i.e. "maize fungus."[2]

The genome of U. maydis has been sequenced.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kirk MP, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi. 10th edition. Wallingford: CABI. p. 718. ISBN 0-85199-826-7. 
  2. ^ Laferrière, Joseph E. 1991. Mountain Pima ethnomycology. Journal of Ethnobiology 11(1):159-160.
  3. ^ Kämper J, Kahmann R, Bölker M, et al. (2006). "Insights from the genome of the biotrophic fungal plant pathogen Ustilago maydis". Nature 444 (7115): 97–101. doi:10.1038/nature05248. PMID 17080091. 

External links[edit]