Kretzschmaria deusta

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Kretzschmaria deusta
KretzschmariaDeusta052005.jpg
Wood decay caused by a K. deusta infection
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Sordariomycetes
Subclass: Xylariomycetidae
Order: Xylariales
Family: Xylariaceae
Genus: Kretzschmaria
Species: K. deusta
Binomial name
Kretzschmaria deusta
(Hoffm.) P.M.D. Martin, (1970)
Synonyms

Discosphaera deusta(Hoffm.) Dumort., (1822)
Hypoxylon deustum(Hoffm.) Grev., (1828)
Hypoxylon magnosporumLloyd, (1921)
Hypoxylon ustulatumBull., (1791)
Nemania deusta(Hoffm.) Gray, (1821)
Nemania maxima(Weber) House, (1925)
Sphaeria albodeustaWahlenb., (1826)
Sphaeria deustaHoffm., (1787)
Sphaeria maximaWeber, (1778)
Sphaeria maximaBolton, (1788)
Sphaeria versipellisTode, (1791)
Stromatosphaeria deusta(Hoffm.) Grev., (1824)
Ustulina deusta(Hoffm.) Lind, (1913)
Ustulina maxima(Weber) Wettst., (1885)
Ustulina vulgarisTul. & C. Tul., (1863)

Kretzschmaria deusta, commonly known as brittle cinder, is a fungus and plant pathogen found in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. It is common on a wide range of broadleaved trees including beech (Fagus), oak (Quercus), lime (Tilia), and maple (Acer). It causes a soft rot, breaking down both cellulose and lignin, and decays the trunk and/or roots of living trees. The fungus continues to decay wood after the host tree has died, making K. deusta a facultative parasite.[1] The resulting brittle fracture has a ceramic-like fracture surface. Black zone lines can be seen in cross-sections of wood infected with K. deusta.

Kretzschmaria deusta

New fruiting bodies are formed in the spring and are flat and gray with white edges. The fruiting bodies persist all year and their appearance changes to resemble asphalt, consisting of black, domed, lumpy crusts. The mature fruiting bodies are brittle like charcoal and are usually found between the root buttresses.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rogers, Jack D., Ju, Wu-Ming, Adams, Michael J. "Kretzschmaria: Ecology and Host-Parasite Relationships". Retrieved 2011-05-10.