Utö, Finland

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Utö
Utö lighthouse

Utö is a small island in the Archipelago Sea in the Baltic sea and belongs to Väståboland municipality. It is the southernmost year-round inhabited island in Finland. Utö has an area of 0.81 km² and the population was ca 40 (as of 2004).

Name[edit]

The name of the island, Utö, means "outer island" in Swedish.

Description[edit]

The island has a lighthouse, pilot station, a small guest harbour, a shop and a post office. The island is also known from the marine weather observations that began in 1881.[1] Due to the remoteness of the island, the island has its own local school. In former times, the Finnish Defence Forces kept a small station on the island, but left the island in 2005. The island is internationally best known as the first rescue station of the Estonia disaster in September 1994.

Climate[edit]

The annual average temperature at Utö is 6.5°C and annual precipitation 549 mm (1981-2010). Average snow-covered period last from 23 January to 15 March.[2] The open sea areas around Utö are covered by ice only approximately every five years.[3]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Utö, Finland at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 59°47′N 021°22′E / 59.783°N 21.367°E / 59.783; 21.367

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Utö Atmospheric and Marine Research Station: Observations". Finnish Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 26 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "Utö Climate statistics". Finnish Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 26 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Seinä, A, and Peltola, J. (1991). Jäätalven kestoaika ja kiintojään paksuustilastoja merialueilla 1961-1990 / Duration of the ice season and statistics of fast ice thickness along the Finnish coast 1961-1990. Finnish Institute for Marine Research: Finnish Marine Research 258.