Utah Air National Guard

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Utah Air National Guard
191st Air Refueling Squadron KC-135 landing.jpg
191st Air Refueling Squadron KC-135 landing at Salt Lake City Air National Guard Base. The 191st ARS is the oldest unit in the Utah Air National Guard, having over 60 years of service to the state and nation.
Active 18 November 1946 - present
Country  United States
Allegiance  Utah
Branch US-AirNationalGuard-2007Emblem.svg  Air National Guard
Role "To meet state and federal mission responsibilities."
Part of Utah Department of Military Affairs
Garrison/HQ Utah Air National Guard Headquarters, 765 North 2200 West, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84116
Commanders
Civilian leadership President Barack Obama
(Commander-in-Chief)
Michael B. Donley
(Secretary of the Air Force)
Governor Gary R. Herbert
(Governor of the State of Utah)
State military leadership Major General Jefferson Burton
Insignia
Utah Air National Guard emblem Utah ANG headquarters emblem.PNG
Aircraft flown
Tanker KC-135 Stratotanker

The Utah Air National Guard (UT ANG) is the aerial militia of the U.S. State of Utah. Along with the Utah Army National Guard it is an element of the Utah National Guard.

As state militia units, the units in the Utah Air National Guard are not in the normal United States Air Force chain of command. They are under the jurisdiction of the Governor of Utah though the office of the Utah Adjutant General unless they are federalized by order of the President of the United States. The Utah Air National Guard is headquartered in Salt Lake City, and its commander is currently Major General Jefferson Burton.

Overview[edit]

Under the "Total Force" concept, Utah Air National Guard units are considered to be Air Reserve Components (ARC) of the United States Air Force (USAF). Utah ANG units are trained and equipped by the Air Force and are operationally gained by a Major Command of the USAF if federalized. In addition, the Utah Air National Guard forces are assigned to Air Expeditionary Forces and are subject to deployment tasking orders along with their active duty and Air Force Reserve counterparts in their assigned cycle deployment window.

Along with their federal reserve obligations, as state militia units the elements of the Utah ANG are subject to being activated by order of the Governor to provide protection of life and property, and preserve peace, order and public safety. State missions include disaster relief in times of earthquakes, hurricanes, floods and forest fires, search and rescue, protection of vital public services, and support to civil defense.

The Utah Air National Guard is located on over 33.200 qm (82 acres) in the Northeast corner of the Salt Lake City International Airport. In 2007, over 1.450 trained men and women served in the Utah Air National Guard.[1]

Components[edit]

The Utah Air National Guard consists of the following major unit:

Established 18 November 1946 (as: 191st Fighter Squadron); operates: KC-135R Stratotanker
Stationed at: Salt Lake City Air National Guard Base, Utah
Gained by: Air Mobility Command
The 151 ARW flies training missions in the western United States and frequently deploys to worldwide locations in support of on-going combat operations.[2]

Support Unit Functions and Capabilities:

  • 109th Air Control Squadron
Stationed at: Salt Lake City Air National Guard Base, Utah
The mission of the 109th is to operate and maintain radar sensing and communication equipment necessary to manage and direct defensive and offensive air and battle management activities as a combat ready, integrated element of the Ground Theater Air Control System. To employ and administer reliable and secure command and control, data link, and voice communication networks necessary to meet worldwide contingency requirements.[2]
  • 130th Engineering Installation Squadron
Stationed at: Salt Lake City Air National Guard Base, Utah
The 130th provides worldwide engineering, installation and relocation of command, control, communications, computers and intelligence systems.[2]
  • 169th Intelligence Squadron
Stationed at: Salt Lake City Air National Guard Base, Utah
This unit provides intelligence support necessary to plan, conduct, control and coordinate air operations

History[edit]

On 24 May 1946, the United States Army Air Forces, in response to dramatic postwar military budget cuts imposed by President Harry S. Truman, allocated inactive unit designations to the National Guard Bureau for the formation of an Air Force National Guard. These unit designations were allotted and transferred to various State National Guard bureaus to provide them unit designations to re-establish them as Air National Guard units.[3]

F-51D Mustangs of the Nevada, California and Utah Air National Guards fly in formation, 1948. The 191st Fighter Squadron was assigned to the CA ANG 61st Fighter Wing during the postwar years

The Utah Air National Guard was founded on 18 November 1946 with the federal recognition of the 191st Fighter Squadron at Salt Lake City Municipal Airport. It was equipped with F-51D Mustangs and its mission was the air defense of the state. 18 September 1947, however, is considered the Utah Air National Guard's official birth concurrent with the establishment of the United States Air Force as a separate branch of the United States military under the National Security Act[3]

Members of the Utah ANG were called to serve 21 months during the Korean War. Flying F-51D Mustang fighter aircraft, 10 pilots flew over 100 missions. Two Utah ANG pilots were killed in this conflict. One Utah Air National Guard pilot, Capt. Cliff Jolley, flying a North American F-86 Sabre, shot down seven soviet-made MiG-15 aircraft and became the first Air Guard "Ace" of the Korean War. During the Vietnam War, Utah Air Guard crews flew 6,600 hours of support missions for US forces. On 1 July 1958, the 191st Fighter-Interceptor Squadron was authorized to expand to a group level, and the 151st Fighter-Interceptor Group was established by the National Guard Bureau.

In 1990-91, Utah Air National Guard crews were some of the first to volunteer to support Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm during the 1991 Gulf War. Utah Air National Guard's support of this operation continued well into 1991.

In 1999, many members were deployed to Europe in support of Operation Allied Force. Members have also supported US drug interdiction activities and have provided air refueling for tactical and transportation aircraft supporting military activities involving Bosnia and Iraq. The Utah Air National Guard has participated in several Air Expeditionary Force (AEF) missions, most recently at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam in the summer of 2007.

Since 11 September 2001, over 3,300 Utah Air National Guards members have been activated and deployed for worldwide duty to include Operation Noble Eagle, Operation Enduring Freedom, and Operation Iraqi Freedom.

In Utah, local communities can have benefits from the Utah Air National Guard. Activities included "Sub-for-Santa", blood drives, "Adopt a School Program", highway cleanup and the 2002 Winter Olympics. The Utah Air National Guard also maintains a state of readiness to meet the needs to support the State of Utah during an earthquake, flood, civil disturbance or major disaster. Utah Air Guardsmen, at the request of the Governor, assisted during Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Rita and airlifted evacuees to safety in September 2005.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Gross, Charles J (1996), The Air National Guard and the American Military Tradition, United States Dept. of Defense, ISBN 0160483026

External links[edit]