Vessels of the uterus and its appendages, rear view. (Uterine artery labeled at center right.)
|Supplies||round ligament of the uterus, ovary, uterus, vagina, uterine tube|
|internal iliac artery (i.e. hypogastric artery)|
The uterine artery usually arises from the anterior division of the internal iliac artery. It travels to the uterus, crossing the ureter anteriorly, reaching the uterus by traveling in the cardinal ligament.
The uterine artery is the major blood supply to the uterus and enlarges significantly during pregnancy.
Branches and organs supplied
- round ligament of the uterus
- ovary ("Ovarian branches")
- uterus (arcuate vessels)
- vagina ("Vaginal branches" - azygos arteries of the vagina)
- uterine tube ("Tubal branch")
- Anatomy photo:43:13-0204 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The Female Pelvis: Branches of Internal Iliac Artery"
- Uterine+artery at eMedicine Dictionary
- pelvis at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (uterus)
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