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Types of utility vehicles
Armored Utility Vehicle
Sport Utility Vehicle
Traditionally, these are vehicles similar to a station wagon but built on a light-truck chassis and equipped with four-wheel drive or all-wheel drive amongst other off-road hardware. Their primary purpose is to display superior off-road and towing capabilities, teamed with higher seating capacity.
Multi Utility Vehicle
These are larger vehicles which can tackle a wide range of applications. They typically allow easy conversion between multiple combinations of passenger and luggage capacity.
Crossover Utility Vehicle
Station wagons based on a car chassis, but built to resemble sport utility vehicles. They have limited off-road capability but sportier on-road behavior than SUVs. May also be referred to as a "Sports Activity Vehicle", as is the case with BMW's X-range of vehicles.
Coupé utility or Tray utility vehicle
Vehicles featuring a coupe passenger compartment with an attached cargo bed. All-steel-bodied utility vehicles, more commonly called utes, were invented in Australia.
Utility Terrain Vehicle
UTV Characteristics UTV’s differ from ATV’s in that UTV’s typically have a side by side seating arrangement, many have seat belts and roll over protection, and most have a cargo box at the rear of the vehicle. The UTV’s generally have a higher payload capability and are longer and wider than ATV’s. While most ATV’s can carry 125 to 200 lbs. of cargo in addition to the operator’s weight, the UTV payloads run from 800 to 1350 lbs. above the operator/passenger’s weight. The payload is usually carried on a UTV below the top of the tires as opposed to an ATV where the load is carried above the fenders. This lower load positioning can drastically lower the vertical center of gravity which will increase stability. UTV’s come in a number of different configurations. Some have four tires on the ground some have six or more. How these differences affect the operation of the UTV’s can be confusing. Most of the functions required of these units within wildfire suppression operations have at least two aspects in common. The machines are required to work off road and to carrying equipment. Working off road requires the unit to maneuver around obstacles and over rough terrain. Carrying equipment requires the strength to haul a load and the ability to stay on top of softer ground.