Utkuhiksalik dialect

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Native to Canada
Region North America
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Utkuhiksalik,[1][pronunciation?] Utkuhikhalik,[2] Utkuhikhaliq,[3] Utkuhiksalingmiutitut,[4][5] Utkuhiksalingmiutut,[4] Utkuhiksalingmiut Inuktitut,[5] Utku,[6] Gjoa Haven dialect[7] is a sub-dialect of Natsilingmiutut (Nattiliŋmiut) dialect of Inuvialuktun (Western Canadian Inuit or Inuktitut) language once spoken in the Utkuhiksalik (Uᑦᑯᓯᒃᓴᓕᒃ Chantrey Inlet) area of Nunavut, and now spoken mainly by elders in Uqsuqtuuq (or Uqšuqtuuq ᐅᖅᓱᖅᑑᖅ Gjoa Haven) and Qamani'tuaq (ᖃᒪᓂ‛ᑐᐊᖅ Baker Lake) on mainland Canada. It is generally written in Inuktitut syllabics.

The traditional territory of the Utkuhiksalingmiut[8] / Utkuhikhalingmiut[9] / Ukkusiksalingmiut[9] / Utkusiksalinmiut[10] / Ukkuhikhalinmiut[10] (meaning "the people of the place where there is soapstone"[8] or "people who have cooking pots"[10]) people lay between Chantrey Inlet and Franklin Lake. They made their pots (utkuhik ~ utkusik) from soapstone of the area, therefore their name.

Utkuhiksalik has been analysed as a subdialect of Natsilik within the Western Canadian Inuktun (Inuvialuktun) dialect continuum. While Utkuhiksalik has much in common with the other Natsilik subdialects, the Utkuhiksalingmiut and the Natsilingmiut were historically distinct groups. Today there are still lexical and phonological differences between Utkuhiksalik and Natsilik.[8]


Utkuhiksalik closely related to Natsilik. The comparison of some words in the two sub-dialects:[1]

  • Utkuhiksalik ařgaq 'hand' (Natsilik proper ažgak)
  • Utkuhiksalik aqiřgiq 'ptarmigan' (Natsilik proper aqigžeq)
  • Utkuhiksalik ipřit 'you' (Natsilik proper ižvit)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Carrie J. Dyck et Jean L. Briggs , "Historical antecedents of /h/, /s/, /j/ and /ř/ in Utkuhiksalik (Inuktitut)", Études/Inuit/Studies, vol. 29, n° 1-2, 2005, p. 307-340.
  2. ^ "Iñuvialuktun/Inuvialuktun/Inuinnaqtun". languagegeek.com. Retrieved 2011-03-17. 
  3. ^ Dorais, L.-J. (1990), Inuit uqausiqatigiit. Inuit languages and dialects. Arctic College: Iqaluit.
  4. ^ a b Briggs, J. L. (1970), Never in anger. Portrait of an Eskimo family. Harvard University Press.
  5. ^ a b Utkuhiksalingmiut Inuktitut Dictionary Project ᑐᑭᕐᑲᖅᑐᑦ ᐅᑦᑯᓯᒃᓴᓕᖕᒥᐅᑦ ᐅᕐᑲᐅᓯᖕᒋᑦ
  6. ^ Spreng, Bettina (2012). "Viewpoint Aspect in Inuktitut: The Syntax and Semantics of Antipassives". languagegeek.com. Retrieved 2012-12-08. ,
  7. ^ http://multitree.org/codes/ikt-gjo.html
  8. ^ a b c Carrie J. Dyck and Jean L. Briggs, Historical developments in Utkuhiksalik phonology
  9. ^ a b Encyclopedia of the Arctic, edited by Mark Nuttall, 2005
  10. ^ a b c www.museevirtuel.ca

External links[edit]