Utrecht Centraal railway station

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Utrecht Centraal
Utrecht central station.jpg
Station statistics
Address Netherlands
Coordinates 52°5′21″N 5°6′35″E / 52.08917°N 5.10972°E / 52.08917; 5.10972Coordinates: 52°5′21″N 5°6′35″E / 52.08917°N 5.10972°E / 52.08917; 5.10972
Line(s) Amsterdam–Arnhem railway,
Utrecht–Rotterdam railway,
Utrecht–Boxtel railway,
Utrecht–Kampen railway
Platforms 14
Other information
Opened 1843
Station code Ut
Operator Nederlandse Spoorwegen
Location
Utrecht Centraal railway station is located in Randstad
Utrecht Centraal railway station

Utrecht Centraal is the central railway station for the city of Utrecht in the Netherlands. It is the largest railway station in the Netherlands in terms of size, with fourteen platforms (of which eleven are through tracks) and the most frequented station with more than 228,000[1] passengers per day. With Utrecht being located centrally in the Netherlands, Utrecht Centraal is also the largest station in terms of passenger volume and the most important railway hub of the Netherlands. With more than 900 trains leaving this station per day, it is also the biggest junction station in the Netherlands.[2][3] and disruptions to services through the station can easily affect the rest of the country's railway network.[4][5]

International, national and local services call at the station, most notably the InterCityExpress trains to Frankfurt and Basel, intercity services to the northern and southern Netherlands, and local commuter services providing access to towns all over the Randstad.

History[edit]

The first station at the site was opened in 1843, when the Nederlandsche Rhijnspoorweg-Maatschappij opened the first station on Utrecht territory. In 1938, the station became the central station as the Maliebaanstation, on the other side of the city, was closed and the line from Hilversum was diverted into the central station.

Until the 1970s the station building of 1865 remained in place, though a fundamental renovation took place in 1936. Two years later, a fire burned down most of the building, which was subsequently rebuilt. That station building of the late 1930s was in turn demolished in the 1970s to make way for Hoog Catharijne, then Europe's largest enclosed shopping mall, which opened on 17 December 1973. Since that moment, the station hall no longer had a real entrance; the passageways of the shopping mall just continue into the station. In 1989, the station hall was enlarged to include an extra platform.

Future expansion[edit]

Scale model of the new station at Madurodam.

Between 2008 and 2016, the station will undergo a major reconstruction, partly under the flag of the general reconstruction of the Utrecht Station Area,[6] and partly under the flag of the NS-project Wereldstations. Among others, the station hall will be replaced by a new glass structure, designed by architects Benthem Crouwel Architekten. Also, the sheltering roofs on the platforms will be restored.[7] As regards external relations, the station will be separated once again from the Hoog Catharijne shopping area. The bus station, which is currently located on the east side of the station (i.e. on the side of the city centre) will be split in two, with buses and trams arriving from the west of the city (among others the new suburb of Leidsche Rijn) terminating on the west side of the station to minimize traffic around the station.

A scale model of the new station is on display at Madurodam.[8]

Train services[edit]

The following train services call at Utrecht Centraal:

  • international:
    • 1 daily Intercity-Express service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Frankfurt Airport - Basel
    • 5 daily Intercity-Express services Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Frankfurt
    • 1 daily CityNightLine service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Munich
    • 1 daily CityNightLine service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Berlin - Prague
    • 1 daily EuroNight service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Berlin - Warsaw
    • 1 daily CityNightLine service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Basel - Zurich
    • 1 daily CityNightLine service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Hamburg - Copenhagen
  • national:
    • 1x per hour intercity service Rotterdam - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Zwolle - Leeuwarden
    • 2x per hour intercity service (Schagen - ) Alkmaar - )) Amsterdam - Utrecht - Eindhoven - Maastricht
    • 1x per hour night train (nachtnet) service Rotterdam - The Hague - Amsterdam - Utrecht
    • 1x per hour intercity service The Hague - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Hengelo - Enschede
    • 2x per hour intercity service The Hague - Utrecht
    • 2x per hour intercity service Rotterdam - Utrecht
    • 2x per hour intercity service Den Helder - Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Nijmegen
    • 2x per hour intercity service Schiphol - Utrecht - Nijmegen
    • 2x per hour intercity service Schiphol - Utrecht - Eindhoven (- Heerlen)
    • 2x per hour intercity service Leiden - Alphen aan den Rijn - Utrecht
    • 1x per hour intercity service Rotterdam - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Zwolle - Groningen
    • 1x per hour intercity service The Hague - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Amersfoort Schothorst
    • 1x per hour night train (nachtnet) service Utrecht - 's-Hertogenbosch - Eindhoven (weekends only)
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Utrecht - Hilversum - Almere
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Utrecht - Baarn
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Utrecht - Amersfoort - Zwolle
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) The Hague - Leiden - Hoofddorp - Schiphol - Duivendrecht - Hilversum - Utrecht
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Utrecht - Geldermalsen - Tiel
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Breukelen - Utrecht - Rhenen
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) The Hague - Gouda - Utrecht
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Utrecht - Geldermalsen - 's-Hertogenbosch - Tilburg - Breda
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) (Amsterdam -) Breukelen - Utrecht (- Veenendaal Centrum)
    • 1x per hour local service (sprinter) Utrecht - Utrecht Maliebaan
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Utrecht - Woerden
Preceding station   Nederlandse Spoorwegen   Following station
Terminus
Intercity-Express 100
toward Basel SBB
Terminus
Intercity-Express 120
Terminus
CityNightLine 419
Terminus
EuroNight 447
Terminus
CityNightLine 457
toward Prague
NS Intercity 500
toward Groningen
toward Schagen
NS Intercity 800
toward Maastricht
NS Nachtnet 1400 Terminus
NS Intercity 1700
toward Enschede
NS Intercity 2000 Terminus
NS Intercity 2800 Terminus
toward Den Helder
NS Intercity 3000
toward Nijmegen
toward Schiphol
NS Intercity 3100
toward Nijmegen
toward Schiphol
NS Intercity 3500
toward Heerlen
NS Intercity 8800 Terminus
NS Intercity 11700
NS Intercity 12500
toward Leeuwarden
Terminus NS Nachtnet 21400
toward Eindhoven
Terminus NS Sprinter 4900
Terminus NS Sprinter 5500
toward Baarn
Terminus NS Sprinter 5600
toward Zwolle
NS Sprinter 5700 Terminus
Terminus NS Sprinter 6000
toward Tiel
NS Sprinter 7400
toward Rhenen
NS Sprinter 9800 Terminus
Terminus NS Sprinter 16000
toward Breukelen
NS Sprinter 17400
Terminus NS Stoptrein 28300
Terminus
toward Woerden
NS Sprinter 6100 Terminus

Bus services[edit]

Utrecht Centraal has two bus stations. One next to the station on the eastern side (city-side, Busstation Centrumzijde) and one on the western side (Busstation Jaarbeurszijde). Bus services are operated by Qbuzz under the brand U-OV, Connexxion (urban and inter-urban services), Veolia (Brabantliner to Breda) and Arriva to Gorinchem area.

Busstation Centrumzijde[edit]

Bus station
  • 1 (Hoograven - Rivierenwijk - Centraal Station - City - Tuinwijk - Overvecht)
  • 2 (Centraal Station - City Centre - Museumkwartier - Centraal Station (circular))
  • 3 (Centraal Station - Amsterdamsestraatweg - Zuilen - Zuilen Noord)
  • 4 (Centraal Station - City Centre - Wittevrouwen - Oudwijk - Sterrenwijk)
  • 5 (Centraal Station - City Centre - Wittevrouwen - Tuindorp - Voordorp)
  • 6 (Centraal Station - City Centre - Pijlsweerd - Ondiep - Overvecht)
  • 7 (Centraal Station - Oudenrijn Hospital - Kanaleneiland Shopping Centre - Kanaleneiland Zuid)
  • 8 (Lunetten - Tolsteeg - Centraal Station - City Centre - Maliebaan - Burg. Fockema Andrealaan)
  • 9 (Centraal Station - City Centre - Tuinwijk - Overvecht - Overvecht Noord)
  • 11 (Centraal Station - Wittevrouwen - Rijnsweerd - De Uithof WKZ)
  • 12 (Centraal Station - Bleekstraat - Rubenslaan - Stadion Galgenwaard - De Uithof AZU)
  • 16 (Centraal Station - City Centre - Pijlsweerd - Ondiep - Overvecht)
  • 19 (Centraal Station - Vleutenseweg - Leidsche Rijn - Leidsche Rijn Station)
  • 24 (Centraal Station - Bleekstraat - Transwijk - Kanaleneiland Shopping Centre - Papendorp Noord - De Meern Oudenrijn - De Meern-Oost)
  • 26 (Centraal Station - Leidsche Rijn - Terwijde - Vleuten)
  • 28 (Vleuten - Vleuterweide - De Meern - Vredenburg - Centraal Station - Wittevrouwen - Rijnsweerd - De Uithof WKZ)
  • 34 (Centraal Station - Ondiep - Zuilen - Maarssen)
  • 36 (Centraal Station - Ondiep - Zuilen - Maarssen)
  • 39 (Centraal Station - Vleutenseweg - Leidsche Rijn - Terwijde - Maarssen NS)
  • 40 (Utrecht Centraal - Bleekstraat - Stadion Galgenwaard - Bunnik - Odijk - Werkhoven - Cothen - Wijk bij Duurstede)
  • 41 (Utrecht Centraal - Bleekstraat - Stadion Galgenwaard - Bunnik - Wijk bij Duurstede)
  • 47 (Utrecht Centraal - Bleekstraat - Hoograven - Houten West - Houten Station)
  • 50 (Utrecht Centraal - Wittevrouwen - Zeist - Driebergen-Zeist - Driebergen - Doorn - Leersum - Amerongen - Elst - Rhenen - Wageningen Bus Station)
  • 51 (Utrecht Centraal - Wittevrouwen - De Bilt - Zeist - Driebergen-Zeist)
  • 52 (Utrecht Centraal - Wittevrouwen - Vollenhove - Zeist Handelscentrum - Huis ter Heide - Soesterberg - Amersfoort CS)
  • 53 (Utrecht Centraal - Wittevrouwen - Vollenhove - Zeist)
  • 55 (Utrecht Centraal - Wittevrouwen - Tuindorp - Maartensdijk - Maartensdijk Fazantlaan)
  • 63 (Utrecht Centraal - Kanaleneiland Zuid - Vianen Busstation Lekbrug - Vianen De Hagen - Vianen De Biezen) (limited stop between Utrecht CS and Vianen Busstation Lekbrug)
  • 65 (Utrecht Centraal - P+R Westraven - Nieuwegein - Vianen Busstation Lekbrug)
  • 66 (Utrecht Centraal - Kanaleneiland Zuid - Nieuwegein - Nieuwegein Stadscentrum)
  • 74 (Driebergen - Driebergen-Zeist - Zeist West - Wittevrouwen - Utrecht Centraal - Bleekstraat - Kanaleneiland Zuid - P+R Westraven - Nieuwegein - Nieuwegein Stadscentrum - Vianen Busstation Lekbrug - Vianen Het Monnikenhof - Vianen De Hagen - Vianen Edisonweg)
  • 77 (Nieuwegein Zuid - Nieuwegein Stadscentrum - Nieuwegein - Galecop - P+R Westraven - Kanaleneiland Zuid - Bleekstraat - Utrecht Centraal - Wittevrouwen - De Bilt - De Leijen - Bilthoven)
  • 120 (Utrecht Centraal - Amsterdamsestraatweg - Zuilen - Zuilen Noord - Maarssen - Breukelen NS - Breukelen - Loenen - Loenersloot - Baambrugge - Abcoude - Holendrecht - Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA)
  • 251 (Utrecht Centraal - Wittevrouwen - De Bilt - Zeist - Zeist Handelscentrum)

Jaarbeurszijde[edit]

  • 25 (Centraal Station - Oog in Al - Lombok - Cartesiusweg)
  • 29 (Centraal Station - Transwijk - Kanaleneiland Shopping Centre - Papendorp P&R - Papendorp Zuid)
  • 37 (Centraal Station - Vleutenseweg - Lage Weide - Maarssenbroek - Maarssen NS)
  • 38 (Centraal Station - Vleutenseweg - Lage Weide - Maarssen NS)
  • 81 (Utrecht Centraal - Vianen Busstation Lekbrug - Lexmond - Meerkerk - Bazelbrug - Arkel - Gorinchem)
  • 85 (Utrecht Centraal - Vianen Busstation Lekbrug - Leerdam)
  • 90 (Utrecht Centraal - Vianen Busstation Lekbrug - Lexmond - Ameide - Langerak - Groot Ammers - Nieuw Lekkerland - Kinderdijk - Alblasserdam - Ridderkerk - Rotterdam Lombardijen - Rotterdam Zuidplein)
  • 102 (Utrecht Centraal - Oudenrijn - De Meern - Harmelen - Woerden)
  • 103 (Utrecht Centraal - Oudenrijn - De Meern - Harmelen - Woerden)
  • 107 (Utrecht Centraal - Oudenrijn - De Meern - Montfoort - Oudewater - Haastrecht - Gouda)
  • 181 (Utrecht Centraal - Vianen Busstation Lekbrug - Lexmond - Meerkerk - Bazelbrug - Arkel - Gorinchem) (limited stop service)
  • 195 (Utrecht Centraal - Kanaleneiland - IJsselstein - Benschop - Lopik - Schoonhoven - Bergambacht - Krimpen aan den IJssel - Rotterdam Capelsebrug Metro Station)
  • 207 (Utrecht Centraal - Kanaleneiland - Montfoort - Oudewater)
  • 295 (Utrecht Centraal - Kanaleneiland - IJsselstein - Benschop - Lopik - Schoonhoven (- Bergambacht - Krimpen aan den IJssel - Rotterdam Capelsebrug Metro Station))
  • 387 (Utrecht Centraal - Vianen Busstation Lekbrug - Gorinchem) Qliner
  • 388 (Utrecht Centraal - Vianen Busstation Lekbrug - Noordeloos - Sliedrecht - Papendrecht - Dordrecht Hospital) Qliner
  • 389 (Utrecht Centraal - Vianen Busstation Lekbrug - Noordeloos - Papendrecht - Papendrecht Busstation) Qliner
  • 400 (Utrecht Centraal - Vianen Busstation Lekbrug - Sleeuwijk Tol - Raamsdonksveer - Oosterhout) Brabantliner
  • 401 (Utrecht Centraal - Vianen Busstation Lekbrug - Sleeuwijk Tol - Hank - Breda) Brabantliner
  • Eurolines

Tram services[edit]

  • Line 60: Jaarbeursplein - Transwijk - P+R Westraven - Nieuwegein - Nieuwegein South
  • Line 61: Jaarbeursplein - Transwijk - P+R Westraven - Nieuwegein - IJsselstein
  • Line 260: Jaarbeursplein - Transwijk - P+R Westraven - Nieuwegein - Nieuwegein South

Bicycles[edit]

With a large university, Utrecht has a disproportionate number of bicycles and cyclists, parking their bike virtually anywhere, especially around Utrecht Centraal. Thousands of bicycles clog the area, at almost any time. This not only creates an eyesore, but is also affecting pedestrian traffic. To address the problem, the City Council decided in 2014 to build the world's largest bicycle parking station, near the Central Railway Station. This 3-floor construction will cost an estimated 48 million Euro's and will hold 12,500 bicycles. Completion is foreseen in 2018.[9]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Utrecht Central station at Wikimedia Commons