|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2012)|
|Latin: Universitas Rheno-Traiectina or Universitas Ultraiectina|
|Motto||Sol Iustitiae Illustra Nos|
|Motto in English||Sun of Righteousness, shine upon us|
|Endowment||$761 million (2013)|
|Rector||Bert van der Zwaan|
Utrecht University (Dutch: Universiteit Utrecht, formerly Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht) is a university in Utrecht, the Netherlands. It is one of the oldest universities in the Netherlands and one of the largest in Europe. Established March 26, 1636, it had an enrollment of 30,449 students in 2012, and employed 5,295 faculty and staff. In 2011, 485 PhD degrees were awarded and 7,773 scientific articles were published. The 2013 budget of the university was €761 million.
The university is rated as the best university in the Netherlands by the Shanghai Ranking of World Universities 2013, and ranked as the 13th best European university and the 52nd best university of the world.
The university's motto is "Sol Iustitiae Illustra Nos," which means "Sun of Justice, shine upon us." This motto was gleaned from a literal Latin Bible translation of Malachi 4:2. (Rutgers University, having a historical connection with Utrecht University, uses a modified version of this motto.) Utrecht University is led by the University Board, consisting of prof. dr. Bert van der Zwaan (Rector Magnificus) and Hans Amman.
- This section incorporates text translated from the Dutch Wikipedia article
Utrecht University was founded on March 26, 1636. The inaugural speech was given by influential professor of theology Gisbertus Voetius, and Bernardus Schotanus (professor of law and mathematics) was the university's first rector magnificus. Initially, only a few dozen students attended classes at the university. Seven professors worked in four faculties: philosophy, which offered all students an introductory education, and three higher-level faculties (theology, medicine and law).
Utrecht University flourished in the seventeenth century, despite competition with the older universities of Leiden (1575), Franeker (1585) and Groningen (1614) and the schools of Harderwijk (1599; a university since 1648) and Amsterdam (1632). Leiden, in particular, was a strong competitor and made further improvement necessary. A botanical garden was built on the grounds of the present Sonnenborgh Observatory, and three years later the Smeetoren added an astronomical observatory. The university attracted many students from abroad (especially Germany, England and Scotland). They witnessed the intellectual and theological battle the proponents of the new philosophy (René Descartes lived for a few years in Utrecht) fought with the proponents of the strict Reformed theologian Voetius.
In 1806, the French occupants of the Netherlands downgraded Utrecht University to an école secondaire (high school), but after the establishment of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1813 it regained its original status. Leiden, Groningen and Utrecht were the three universities (Dutch: hoge scholen) of the new state, and Leiden received the title of eerste hoge school ("first university"). Utrecht played a prominent role in the golden age of Dutch science. Around 1850 the "Utrechtian School" of science was formed with Pieter Harting, Gerardus J. Mulder, Christophorus H. D. Buys Ballot and Franciscus C. Donders among the leading scientists. They introduced the educational laboratory as a practical learning place for their students. The University is represented in the Stichting Academisch Erfgoed, a foundation with the goal of preserving university collections.
The university consists of seven faculties:
- Faculty of Humanities
- Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences
- Faculty of Law, Economics and Governance
- Utrecht University School of Economics (USE)
- Utrecht University School of Law
- Utrecht University School of Governance (USG)
- Faculty of Geosciences
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
- Faculty of Science
There are three interfaculty units:
- University College Utrecht / University College Roosevelt
- Ethics Institute
- IVLOS Institute of Education
The two large faculties of Humanities and Law are situated in the inner city of Utrecht. The other five faculties and most of the administrative services are located in De Uithof, a campus area on the outskirts of the city. University College is situated in the former Kromhout Kazerne, which used to be a Dutch military base.
||This section contains wording that promotes the subject in a subjective manner without imparting real information. (September 2012)|
If the old city of Utrecht offers both medieval and contemporary surroundings, the reputation of the university is a growing factor in the decision of its students to enroll. Indeed, prospective students consider the academic excellence of the teaching and the highest research standards more than any other factor. In 2009, 92% of surveyed students said that "Utrecht University has an excellent reputation" against 72% only in 2007. The collaboration between students and academic staff, the excellence in research and the curriculum played a strong role in the decision to apply for 48% of prospective students against 7% in 2007. Compared to previous surveys, the reputation is of growing importance for the choice of the study programme as opposed to the attractiveness of the city.
In September 2007, Utrecht University proposed:
- 46 undergraduate programmes (bachelor), three of which are taught in English (Utrecht University School of Economics, University College Utrecht and Roosevelt Academy).
- 196 graduate programmes (master), of which 89 are taught in English.
- Training programs for teachers (taught in Dutch and English).
In this regard, Utrecht proposes the widest range of English-taught programmes in the Netherlands. Finally, Utrecht reinforces its international status each year. In 2007, the university welcomed 1900 international students from 125 different countries (6.5% of the total student population).
Notable alumni and faculty
- Wim Aantjes (politician)
- Clarence Barlow (composer)
- Lulzim Basha (Mayor of Tirana, Albania)
- Johannes Martin Bijvoet (chemist)
- Nicolaas Bloembergen (physicist, Nobel Prize laureate)
- Arend Jan Boekestijn (historian, politician)
- Els Borst (former Dutch minister of Health)
- Henk J. M. Bos (historian of mathematics)
- James Boswell (author, lawyer)
- Rosi Braidotti (philosopher)
- Pieter Burmann the Younger (philologist)
- C.H.D. Buys Ballot (meteorologist)
- Michael Clyne (linguist)
- David Dalrymple, Lord Hailes, (author, lawyer)
- Peter Debye (physicist, Nobel Prize laureate)
- René Descartes (philosopher, mathematician)
- Christiaan Eijkman (physician, pathologist, Nobel Prize laureate)
- Willem Einthoven (physician, physicist, Nobel Prize laureate)
- Johann Georg Graevius (scholar)
- Louis Grondijs (Byzantologist, war correspondent)
- Gerardus 't Hooft (physicist, Nobel Prize laureate)
- J. H. van 't Hoff (chemist, Nobel Prize laureate)
- Jacobus Kapteyn (astronomer)
- Izaak Maurits Kolthoff (chemist)
- Tjalling Charles Koopmans (mathematician, physicist, economist, Nobel Prize laureate)
- Arie A. Kruithof, developed the Kruithof curve, describing the influence of colour temperature on visual perception
- Jan van Leeuwen (Computer Scientist)
- Aristid Lindenmayer (biologist)
- Jack van Lint (mathematician)
- John Henry Livingston (academic, fourth president of Rutgers University)
- Renate Loll (physicist)
- Rudolf Magnus (pharmacologist and physiologist)
- Maung Maung, (7th President of Burma)
- Erik Meijer (computer scientist)
- Marcel Minnaert (astronomer)
- Heiko Oberman (historian)
- Mark Overmars (computer scientist)
- Abraham Pais (physicist, science historian)
- Perizonius (scholar)
- Maarten van Rossem (historian)
- Wilhelm Röntgen (physicist, Nobel Prize laureate)
- Lavoslav Ruzicka (chemist, Nobel Prize laureate)
- Johann Jakob Scheuchzer (physician, scientist)
- Jan Hendrik Scholten (theologian)
- Boudewijn Sirks (Roman law specialist)
- J. Slauerhoff (poet, novelist) worked as an assistant at the University's clinic for Dermatology and Venereal Diseases from 1929–1930.
- Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland (statesman)
- Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate (poet)
- Jan Terlouw (politician, novelist)
- Gerard Verschuuren from the former Institute of Human Biology
- Martinus J.G. Veltman (physicist, Nobel Prize laureate)
- Frans de Waal (zoologist and ethologist)
- Hugh Williamson (politician)
On the 2011 Academic Ranking of World Universities list, the University of Utrecht was ranked 48th in the world and the highest in the Netherlands. It was among the top 50 universities for six consecutive years starting from 2003. In the 2011 QS World University Rankings, Utrecht was ranked 80th.
|Academic Ranking of World Universities|
|2004||39 ( 1)|
|2006||40 ( 1)|
|2007||42 ( 2)|
|2008||47 ( 5)|
|2009||52 ( 5)|
|2010||50 ( 2)|
|2011||48 ( 2)|
|2012||53 ( 5)|
|2013||52 ( 1)|
On the 2009 THE–QS World University Rankings, the University of Utrecht was among the top 150 universities for the sixth consecutive year, and among the top 100 universities for the fourth consecutive year.
|QS World University Rankings|
|2006||95 ( 25)|
|2007||89 ( 6)|
|2008||67 ( 22)|
|2009||70 ( 3)|
|2010||83 ( 13)|
|2011||80 ( 3)|
|2012||85 ( 5)|
- List of early modern universities in Europe
- Roosevelt Academy International Honors College of Utrecht University located in Middelburg, Zeeland
- University College Utrecht International Honors College of Utrecht University located in Utrecht
- Utrecht Network
- Utrecht School of the Arts
- Utrecht Summer School
- Utrecht University of Applied Sciences (HU – Hogeschool Utrecht)
- Utrecht School of Law Clinical Programme on Conflict, Human Rights and International Justice
- Codex Boreelianus
- Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association, of which Utrecht University Library is a founding member
- Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, a research institute of Utrecht University in the field of molecular Life Sciences
- "Faculty of Law, Economics and Governance – Utrecht University". Uu.nl. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- "Top 400 – The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2013–2014". The Times Higher Education. 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- "QS World University Rankings (2013/14)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- "Top European universities". The Times Higher Education. 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- "QS World University Rankings". Topuniversities. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- "QS World University Rankings 2010 Results".
- "300 Best World Universities 2010". ChaseCareer Network.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Universiteit Utrecht.|
- Utrecht University homepage
- UCU International Honors College of Utrecht University
- Roosevelt Academy
- USS The official Utrecht University Summer School
- Catalogus Professorum Academiae Rheno-Traiectinae – Catalogue listing all professors who have held chairs at Utrecht University