Uttar Dinajpur district

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Uttar Dinajpur district
উত্তর দিনাজপুর জেলা , شمالی دیناجپور
District of West Bengal
Location of Uttar Dinajpur district in West Bengal
Location of Uttar Dinajpur district in West Bengal
Country India
State West Bengal
Administrative division Jalpaiguri
Headquarters Raiganj
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Raiganj
 • Assembly seats Chopra, Islampur, Goalpokhar, Chakulia, Karandighi, Hemtabad, Kaliaganj, Raiganj, Itahar
Area
 • Total 3,142 km2 (1,213 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,000,849
 • Density 960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 60.13 per cent
 • Sex ratio 936
Major highways NH 31, NH 34
Website Official website

Uttar Dinajpur (Pron: ˈʊtə dɪnɑ:ʤˈpʊə) or North Dinajpur (Bengali: উত্তর দিনাজপুর জেলা) is a district of the Indian state of West Bengal. Created on 1 April 1992 by the division of the erstwhile West Dinajpur district, it comprises two subdivisions: Raiganj and Islampur.

Geography[edit]

Uttar Dinajpur district lies between latitude 25°11' N to 26°49' N and longitude 87°49' E to 90°00' E occupying an area of 3142 km² enclosed by Panchagarh, Thakurgaon and Dinajpur districts of Bangladesh on the east, Kishanganj, Purnia and Katihar districts of Bihar on the west, Darjeeling district and Jalpaiguri district on the north and Malda district and Dakshin Dinajpur district on the south. Uttar Dinajpur is well connected with the rest of the state through National Highways, State Highways and Railways. NH-31 and NH-34 pass through the heart of the district. The regional topography is generally flat with a gentle southerly slope towards which the main rivers like Kulik, Nagar, Mahananda. The District forms a part of the basin lying between Rajmahal hills on the east. The older alluvium is estimated to be Pleistocene age. Uttar Dinajpur is bestowed with a very fertile soil. The soil is very rich in nature due to the alluvial deposition which helps to grow Paddy, Jute, Mesta and Sugarcane etc. Raiganj on the banks of the River Kulik is the District Headquarters where the "Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary", the second largest bird sanctuary in Asia, is situated. In Uttar Dinajpur district, there are 2 sub-divisions, Raiganj and Islampur, 110 km (68 mi) apart from each other. There are 4 Municipalities, 9 Blocks and 99 Panchayats covering 1577 villages. The total population is nearly 25 lakh (2.5 million), consisting mainly of rural masses. Bengali is the main language but a sizeable number of Urdu, Hindi and Maithili speaking people live in Islampur sub-division.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Uttar Dinajpur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[1] It is one of the eleven districts in West Bengal currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[1] but now Dalkhola the main commercial, business town with well connected railway and roadways. increasing the economy of Dalkhola and Uttar Dinajpur District.

Divisions[edit]

Sub-divisions[edit]

Uttar Dinajpur District comprises 2 subdivisions:

Assembly constituencies[edit]

The district is divided into 7 assembly constituencies:[2]

  1. Chopra (assembly constituency no. 28),
  2. Islampur (assembly constituency no. 29),
  3. Goalpokhar (assembly constituency no. 30),
  4. Karandighi (assembly constituency no. 31),
  5. Raiganj (SC) (assembly constituency no. 32),
  6. Kaliaganj (SC) (assembly constituency no. 33) and
  7. Itahar (assembly constituency no. 34).

Raiganj and Kaliaganj constituencies are reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates. Along with five assembly constituencies from Darjeeling district, Chopra and Islampur constituencies form the Darjeeling (Lok Sabha constituency). Goalpokhar, Karandighi, Raiganj and Itahar constituencies are part of the Raiganj (Lok Sabha constituency), which also contains three assembly constituencies from Malda district. Along with six assembly constituencies from South Dinajpur district, Kaliaganj forms the Balurghat (Lok Sabha constituency), which is reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates.

Impact of delimitation of constituencies[edit]

As per order of the Delimitation Commission in respect of the delimitation of constituencies in the West Bengal, the district will be divided into 9 assembly constituencies:[3]

  1. Chopra (assembly constituency no. 28),
  2. Islampur (assembly constituency no. 29),
  3. Goalpokhar (assembly constituency no. 30),
  4. Chakulia (assembly constituency no. 31),
  5. Karandighi (assembly constituency no. 32),
  6. Hemtabad (SC) (assembly constituency no. 33),
  7. Kaliaganj (SC) (assembly constituency no. 34),
  8. Raiganj (assembly constituency no. 35) and
  9. Itahar (assembly constituency no. 36).

Hemtabad and Kaliaganj constituencies will be reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates. Along with six assembly constituencies from Darjeeling district, Chopra constituency will form the Darjeeling (Lok Sabha constituency). Islampur, Goalpokhar, Chakulia, Karandighi, Hemtabad, Kaliaganj and Raiganj constituencies will form the Raiganj (Lok Sabha constituency). Along with six assembly constituencies from South Dinajpur district, Itahar will form the Balurghat (Lok Sabha constituency).

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Uttar Dinajpur district has a population of 3,000,849,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Albania[5] or the US state of Mississippi.[6] This gives it a ranking of 124th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 956 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,480/sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.9%.[4] Uttar Dinajpur has a sex ratio of 936 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 60.13%.[4] Religion wise, 51.47% of population of the district are hindus while the muslims constitute 47.36%.[7]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1985 Uttar Dinajpur district became home to the Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 1.3 km2 (0.5 sq mi).[8]

Transport[edit]

Dalkhola is the largest railway station and single rackpoint in District. and NH 34 and 31 starts from Dalkhola Town in Uttar Dinajpur district.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  2. ^ "General election to the Legislative Assembly, 2001 – List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-11-16. 
  3. ^ "Press Note, Delimitation Commission". Assembly Constituencies in West Bengal. Delimitation Commission. Retrieved 2008-11-16. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Albania 2,994,667 July 2011 est. 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Mississippi 2,967,297 
  7. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Tables_Published/Basic_Data_Sheet.aspx
  8. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: West Bengal". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°37′N 88°07′E / 25.62°N 88.12°E / 25.62; 88.12