Uttar Pradesh Police
Incumbent DGP- Mr. Deo Raj Nagar (IPS)
Uttar Pradesh Police (UPP) (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश पुलिस,Urdu: اتر پردیش پولیس) is the police force of the state of Uttar Pradesh. The Uttar Pradesh Police is headed by Director General of Police (DGP)Shri Deo Raj Singh Nagar(IPS). UP Police is the largest police force in the world working under a single command. The Uttar Pradesh Police was formed in 1861 when the Indian Police Act came to be operational. The Headquarters of the Uttar Pradesh Police is located in Allahabad since that time, Naini Central Prison is also situated close by, at Naini.
The various units/wings of the U.P Police are
- Training Directorate
- Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
- Special Enquiry Cell
- Anti Corruption Organization (ACO)
- Human Rights Cell
- Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS)
- Intelligence Department
- Economic Offences Wing (EOW)
- Technical Services
- Government Railway Police (GRP)
- Police Telecom
- Special Task Force (STF)
- Uttar Pradesh Fire Service
- Traffic Directorate
- Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC)
- special investigation team (SIT)
Zones, Ranges and Districts
For the purpose of maintaining law and order in the state, the state of Uttar Pradesh is divided into 8 Police zones. Each zone is headed by an officer of the rank of Inspector General of Police who is an officer of the Indian Police Service. Each Police zone is constituted by 2 to 3 Police ranges. The following is the list of the police zones.
There are a total of 18 Police ranges in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Each range is headed by an officer of the rank of Deputy Inspector General of Police. Each Police range is constituted by around 2 to 4 districts. The following are the Police ranges in Uttar Pradesh.
There are totally 75 Police districts in the state. In each district the head of the Police is the Senior Superintendent of Police who is always an officer of the Indian Police Service. In discharge of his duties he is assisted by Additional Superintendents of Police (Addl. S.P.), Deputy Superintendents of Police (Dy. S.P.) who are officers of the Provincial Police Service/Uttar Pradesh State Police Service. The number of Addl. S.Ps and Dy. SPs varies with the size, population, police work or nature of police work in different districts. The number of Addl.S.Ps and Dy.S.Ps in districts like Lucknow, Kanpur Nagar, Agra, Varanasi, Meerut, Allahabad is considerably more than other districts. Whereas in smaller districts like Baghpat, Kannauj, Mahoba, Chandauli the number of the state police service is relatively lesser.
Typically, a police district in the state corresponds with the administrative district. Though, the head of the Police force in the district is the Senior Superintendent of Police who is always an officer of the Indian Police Service, the ultimate/final responsibility with regard to the maintenance of the law and order in the district lies with the District Magistrate who is an officer of the Indian Administrative Service. The Police district is further sub-divided into Police sub-divisions or Police Circles. A Police Circle is usually headed by an officer of the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police. The officer heading the Police Circle/Sub-Division is designated as the Circle Officer (C.O.) in the state of Uttar Pradesh. A Police Circle is usually constituted by 2 to 4 Police Stations. Each Police Station is headed by a Police Inspector. Throughout the state of Uttar Pradesh and other states, especially in North India, there is a main Police Station in the older/main part of the city known as the Kotwali. The Kotwali covers the main or usually the older part of the town/city under its jurisdiction. Earlier, when the cities and towns were smaller and had lesser population than at present and they hadn't gown in size so much, the Kotwali covered the main town area of the cities or the districts. A police station is also called as a Thana in the local language. The officer in charge of a Police Station is designated as or called as the Station Officer (S.O.) or Station House Officer (S.H.O). He is assisted by various Sub-Inspectors, Assistant Sub-Inspectors, Head-Constables, Constables. There are also a number of Police Chowkis that come under the Police Station. A Police Chowki is under the charge of a Sub-Inspector of Police or an Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police. The regular constabulary carries the bulk of normal beat policing and patrolling.
Following is list of the police zones, ranges and districts befalling under them:
The Uttar Pradesh Police has been accused of its record of human rights violations due to political pressure.
The Women police station Hazratganj at Lucknow (and few others) is often a place of extortion for money when any complaint registration through the misuse of laws like IPC 498A is one. And the police extortion business flourishes & runs smoothly under the supervision of SSP office possibly, thus acting in lawless manner
- Wooden Batons standard issue weapons
- .38 Enfield No. 2 Mk 1 Revolver, Glock 17 Standard Issue sidearm
- SAF Pistol 9mm 1A1 (Locally Produced Canadian Inglis Pistols)
- 9mm SAF Carbine 1A1
- .303 Lee Enfield Rifle
- 7.62 mm Ishapore 2A1 Rifle
- RFI 1A Self Loading Rifle
- INSAS Rifle
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