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Uttlesford District
Non-metropolitan district
Civil Parishes map showing the 60 Town and Parish Councils
Civil Parishes map showing the 60 Town and Parish Councils
Uttlesford shown within Essex
Uttlesford shown within Essex
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region East of England
Non-metropolitan county Essex
Status Non-metropolitan district
Admin HQ Saffron Walden
Incorporated 1 April 1974
 • Type Non-metropolitan district council
 • Body Uttlesford District Council
 • Leadership Alternative - Sec. 31 (Conservative)
 • MPs Alan Haselhurst
 • Total 247.56 sq mi (641.18 km2)
Area rank 63rd (of 326)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 80,000
 • Rank 289th (of 326)
 • Density 320/sq mi (120/km2)
 • Ethnicity 95.4% White
1.6% S.Asian
1.1% Black
1.1% Mixed Race
0.9% Chinese or Other
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
ONS code 22UQ (ONS)
E07000077 (GSS)
OS grid reference TL541387
Website www.uttlesford.gov.uk

Uttlesford is a local government district in Essex, England led by its council in a central town in the district, Saffron Walden, which is 38 miles (61 km) NNE of London.[1]


Its name is derived from the ancient Hundred of the same name.[2]

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the borough of Saffron Walden, Dunmow Rural District and Saffron Walden Rural District.


Apart from considerable agriculture, retail and office premises in towns, Uttlesford District includes London Stansted Airport, which is its largest employer. For more detailed analysis of strengths and specializations in the economy see individual settlements, for instance the article: Saffron Walden. In October 2008, the airport won a 40% increase in permitted flights under the flight cap which operates in relation to the airport, from the UK government.[3]

Aside from countryside hotels close to and aircraft maintenance vital to Stansted Airport, airlines have also used a small adjoining business park. Titan Airways has its head office in the Enterprise House in the grounds in Stansted Mountfitchet.[4]

Several airlines, including Buzz,[5] AirUK (later KLM uk),[6][7] AB Airlines,[8] Go Fly had its head office at the Enterprise House.[9] and Lloyd International Airways had their head offices on the property of Stansted Airport.[10]


The district has the highest average house price of the 14 districts in the ceremonial county or 12 districts in the Essex County Council administered county. In terms of change: to Autumn 2012, Uttlesford had the 2nd highest quarterly increase after the Borough of Basildon and 2nd highest annually after the Borough of Chelmsford, both exceeding 5%. As a whole the county has a wide range in house prices, with Uttlesford's average house price only 0.85% greater than in Epping Forest District and 203% greater than the lowest-ranked Tendring district of Essex.[11]

House prices were among the top 10 local authorities for resilience in having returned to or exceeded 2007 levels in a 2011 statistical analysis by The Times.[12]

Local Government[edit]


Party Councillors
  Conservative Party 31
  Liberal Democrats 7
  Residents 4 Uttlesford 4
  Independent 2[13]

Since the 2011 local election, the Liberal Democrats have lost one by-election to an Independent and three Conservatives resigned from the party and with an Independent councillor formed a new local residents group, Residents 4 Uttlesford.

Energy policy[edit]

In May 2006, a report commissioned by British Gas[14] showed that housing in Uttlesford produced the highest average carbon emissions in the country at 8,092 kg of carbon dioxide per dwelling.[15] In response the council stated

We try and lead by example but there is nothing else we can do to get people to save energy[16]

Uttlesford council has, however, introduced a planning permission condition requiring certain energy conservation measures to be taken when homes are extended,[17] and has a number of other initiatives.[18]

A 2010 study by the consultancy Altechnica indicated that all of Uttlesford's energy could come from renewable sources.[19]

In the Media and Trivia[edit]

In 2001, Uttlesford was voted as the best place to live in England, in a survey by the Sunday Times newspaper. A range of factors, including housing costs, quality of schools, and low crime contributed to the overall result.[citation needed] Uttlesford has also been polled as the healthiest place to live in the UK. A relatively very low level of obesity is in the area.[citation needed]


The District is the only UK local authority at non-parishes-level to begin with the letter 'u'. The only other letter of the alphabet used by only one UK local authority is 'y' is often seen in tables as York, but more properly on letters and in publications is seen as City of York.[11]


  1. ^ Grid reference Finder measurement tools
  2. ^ Samuel Lewis (1848). "A Topographical Dictionary of England". Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Stansted expands operations
  4. ^ "Contact Us." Titan Airways. Retrieved on 16 December 2011. "Titan Airways Ltd Enterprise House Stansted Airport Essex CM24 1RN"
  5. ^ "Contact Us." Buzz. Retrieved on 2 September 2009.
  6. ^ "Home-page." [sic] AirUK. Retrieved on 28 February 2010.
  7. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 18–24 March 1998. 82.
  8. ^ An Introduction to AB Airlines AB Airlines article 30 January 1998. Retrieved on 7 February 2011. "AB Airlines - Internet Enquiry Office Enterprise House, Stansted Airport Essex. CM24 1QW"
  9. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 27 March-2 April 2001. 77. ibid. however postcode: CM241SB
  10. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International later "Lloyd International Airways" were established at Lloyd House, Stansted from 10 April 1969. 580. "Head Office: Lloyd House, First Avenue, Stansted Airport, Essex."
  11. ^ a b BBC News UK house prices: July to September 2012
  12. ^ "You can’t keep a good town down" Sunday Times article 6 February 2011
  13. ^ Uttlesford District Council
  14. ^ britishsgasnews.co.uk
  15. ^ http://news.independent.co.uk/environment/article570194.ece news.independent.co.uk
  16. ^ http://environment.guardian.co.uk/climatechange/story/0,,1829050,00.html environment.guardian.co.uk
  17. ^ http://www.uttlesford.gov.uk/main.cfm?Type=CCEE&MenuId=361 www.uttlesford.gov.uk
  18. ^ www.uttlesford.gov.uk
  19. ^ Claverton Energy: "Uttlesford could get all its energy from renewable sources"

External links[edit]

Media related to Uttlesford at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 52°01′08″N 0°14′12″E / 52.0190°N 0.2367°E / 52.0190; 0.2367