||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Finnish Wikipedia. (February 2009)|
|Uusimaa – Nyland
Uusimaa on a map of Finland
|• Regional Mayor||Ossi Savolainen|
|• President of the Council||Eero Heinäluoma (SDP)|
|• Total||9,567.71 km2 (3,694.11 sq mi)|
|• Density||170/km2 (430/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||FI-18|
Uusimaa (Finnish) or Nyland (Swedish) (both names mean “new land”) is a region in Finland. It borders the regions Finland Proper, Tavastia Proper, Päijänne Tavastia and Kymenlaakso. Finland’s capital Helsinki (its largest city) and its second largest city Espoo are both located centrally in Uusimaa, making it by far the most populous region.
Uusimaa/Nyland was, along with the rest of Southern and Western Finland, held by the Kingdom of Sweden from the 12th or 13th century.
The coastal Uusimaa had earlier been sparsely populated, mostly by Tavastians, but was from the 12th century populated by Swedish settlers, mostly from Hälsingland, and Swedish-speaking villages came up near the mouths of Vantaanjoki and Keravanjoki.
The names Uusimaa and Nyland mean “new land” in English. The Swedish-language name Nyland appears in the documents from the 14th century. The Finnish-language name Uusimaa appears for the first time in 1548 as Wsimaa in the first translation of the New Testament to Finnish by Mikael Agricola.
The Finnish provinces were ceded to Imperial Russia in the War of Finland in 1809. After this, Uusimaa became the Province of Uusimaa/Nyland of the old lääni system. From 1997 to 2010, Uusimaa was a part of the Province of Southern Finland. It has been divided in the regions of Uusimaa and Eastern Uusimaa. In 2011, two regions were merged.
Uusimaa/Nyland is an officially bilingual region, with both Finnish and Swedish having the same status.
The region, especially coastal areas, is traditionally Swedish-speaking, the traditional regional dialects of Swedish (nyländska) are currently mostly spoken in Eastern Uusimaa, while in the rest of Uusimaa/Nyland Swedish language became more standardised.
The Finnish-speaking population started to grow when the capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland was moved from Turku to Helsinki by Emperor of Russia Alexander I in 1812, and the region attracted settlers from other parts of Finland. Helsinki's stadin slangi of Finnish first evolved in the late 19th century.
8.5% of population of the region speak Swedish language as native.
There are 26 municipalities in Uusimaa. Cities and towns are marked in bold.
- Helsinki (Helsingfors)
- Vantaa (Vanda)
- Espoo (Esbo)
- Karkkila (Högfors)
- Kauniainen (Grankulla)
- Hyvinkää (Hyvinge)
- Järvenpää (Träskända)
- Kerava (Kervo)
- Kirkkonummi (Kyrkslätt)
- Lohja (Lojo)
- Pornainen (Borgnäs)
- Sipoo (Sibbo)
- Siuntio (Sjundeå)
- Tuusula (Tusby)
- Vihti (Vichtis)
The largest subscription newspapers published in the region are Helsingin Sanomat and Hufvudstadsbladet in Helsinki, Aamuposti in Hyvinkää, Länsi-Uusimaa in Lohja, Loviisan Sanomat and Östra Nyland in Loviisa, Uusimaa and Borgåbladet in Porvoo, Västra Nyland in Raseborg, and Keski-Uusimaa in Tuusula. Also two popular tabloid newspapers, Iltalehti and Ilta-Sanomat, are published there.
Yle's local radio stations in the western part of the region are Finnish-language Ylen läntinen and Swedish-language Yle Radio Vega Västnyland, in the Capital Region Finnish-language Ylen aikainen and Swedish-language Yle Radio Vega Huvudstadsregionen, and in the eastern part Finnish-language Yle Radio Itä-Uusimaa and Swedish-language Yle Radio Vega Östnyland.
The coat of arms of the region shows a yellow boat which is a symbol for the coastal areas, and two silver streams which are the symbol for rivers.
Uusimaa/Nyland received its coat of arms at the end of the 16th century. There is an image of the coat of arms made in 1599. In 1997, the traditional coat of arms became the official coat of arms of the region.
- Uusimaa Regional Council (May 12, 2010). "Nytt Land, Nylands historia" (in Swedish). Retrieved May 17, 2010.
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