Uva Province

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Uva
ඌව
ஊவா
Province
View from Haputale-Beragala gap
View from Haputale-Beragala gap
Flag of Uva
Flag
Location within Sri Lanka
Location within Sri Lanka
Country  Sri Lanka
Created 1886
Admitted 14 November 1987
Capital Badulla
Largest City Badulla
Government
 • Governor Nanda Mathew
 • Chief Minister Shasheendra Kumara Rajapaksa
Area
 • Total 8,500 km2 (3,300 sq mi)
Area rank 4th (12.92% of total area)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 1,259,800
 • Rank 7th (6.3% of total pop.)
 • Density 150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Gross Regional Product (2010)[1]
 • Total Rs 220 billion
 • Rank 8th (4.6% of total)
Time zone Sri Lanka (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code LK-8
Official Languages Sinhala, Tamil
Symbols Gurulu raaja (Rhynchostylis retusa)
Website www.tourismuva.com

Uva (Sinhala: ඌව Uva, Tamil: ஊவா Uva) is Sri Lanka's second least populated province, with 1,259,880 people, created in 1896. It consists of two districts: Badulla බදුල්ල பதுளை and Moneragala මොනරාගල மொனராகல. The provincial capital is Badulla. Uva is bordered by Eastern, Southern and Central provinces. Its major tourist attractions are Dunhinda falls, Diyaluma Falls, Rawana Falls, the Yala National Park (lying partly in the Southern and Eastern Provinces) and Gal Oya National Park (lying partly in the Eastern Province). The Gal Oya hills and the Central mountains are the main uplands, while the Mahaweli (Sinhalese: great-sandy) and Menik (Sinhalese: gemstone) rivers and the huge Senanayake Samudraya and Maduru Oya Reservoirs are the major waterways.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Uva

Uva Province has large amount of historical incidents from Ravana Era. Several News sources identifies that tha King Ravana had been governed the country based from Badulla. Ravana Waterfalls, Stripura Curve Tunnel Complex, Ravana Cave, Hakgala Mountain, Diurumwela Temple are the related places with Ravana stories. Mahiyangana Raja Maha Vihara is the Place of first visit of Lord Buddha to Sri Lanka. There are some ancient temples in Uva province such as Muthiyangana Raja Maha Vihara and Kataragama temple.

The provincial history records an 1818 uprising (the Third Kandyan War) against the British colonial government which had been controlling the formally independent Udarata (Sinhalese: Up-Country), of which Uva was a province. The uprising was led by Keppetipola Disawe - a rebel leader that the Sinhalese celebrate even today - who was sent initially by the British Government to stop the uprising. The rebels captured Matale and Kandy before Keppetipola fell ill and was captured - and beheaded by the British. His skull was abnormal - as it was wider than usual - and was sent to Britain for analysis. It was returned to Sri Lanka after independence, and now rests in the Kandyan Museum.

The British successfully suppressed the rebellion and as retribution the entire able bodied male population of Uva region above the age of 18 years was killed while homes in the entire region were also destroyed.[2] They also destroyed the irrigation systems, poisoned the wells, killed all cattle and other domesticated animals, and burnt all cultivated fields in the area of uprising.[2] The Wellassa area, the name known to have derived from "wel lakshaya" literally meaning a hundred thousand paddy fields in Sinhalese, was composed of thousands of cultivated paddy fields yielding a substantial harvest. However, this area has not yet recovered from the scorched earth policy of the British.[3]

Districts[edit]

Districts of Uva

Uva is divided into 2 districts:

Major Cities[edit]

Big Towns[edit]

A tea plantation in Haputale
Lipton's seat

Other Towns[edit]

Mountains[edit]

Uva's symbolic mountain is Namunukula which stands tallest among the mountain range surrounding the Badulla town. One can get spectacular views of Welimada basin, Katharagama and Hambantota beach from Namunukula peak on a clear day. The views of sun rise and sun set are magnificent too.

Haputale mountain range has its tallest, peak Kirigalpottha. Haputale-Beragala gap gives a splendid view of the Southern and Sabaragamuwa provinces on a clear day.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ :.News Line : North, East record highest GDP growth rate
  2. ^ a b Sri Lanka is to revoke British Governor’s infamous Gazette Notification, Asian Tribune, Sat, 2011-03-12. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
  3. ^ Sumanawathie’s success brings lustre back to Uva Wellassa, Ceylon Daily News, 21st October 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 6°35′24″N 81°01′48″E / 6.59000°N 81.03000°E / 6.59000; 81.03000