Uvs Province

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Uvs Province
Увс аймаг
ᠤᠪᠰᠤᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
Province
Uvs-noor.jpg
Flag of Uvs Province
Flag
Official seal of Uvs Province
Seal
Uvs in Mongolia.svg
Coordinates: 49°30′N 92°30′E / 49.500°N 92.500°E / 49.500; 92.500Coordinates: 49°30′N 92°30′E / 49.500°N 92.500°E / 49.500; 92.500
Country Mongolia
Established 1931
Capital Ulaangom
Area
 • Total 69,585.39 km2 (26,867.07 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 73,323
 • Density 1.1/km2 (2.7/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+7
Area code(s) +976 (0)145
ISO 3166 code MN-046
Website uvs-aimag.mn

Uvs (Mongolian: Увс аймаг) is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia. It is located in the west of the country, 1336 km away from the national capital Ulaanbaatar. Its capital is Ulaangom which lies 936m above sea level.

The province is named after Mongolia's biggest lake, Uvs Lake.

Geography[edit]

Parts of the steppe in this province are protected as the World Heritage Site Ubsunur Hollow. In the north the province borders the Russian Federation for 640 km, in the east 340 km of border lies between Uvs and Zavkhan province. In the south and west it borders with Khovd and Bayan-Ölgii provinces for 200 km each. The province occupies 4.45% of the national territory, which is equivalent of 69,585 km2. Of the total area of the province, 60% belongs to the mountainous climatic zone, and 40% to the Gobi semi-desert.

Population[edit]

Mongols, Turks, and their proto-peoples have lived in the province since antiquity. Now, 60% of population is Do'rbet, 15% is Bayid and 15% is Halh. Even today there are Tuvans, Khotons and Kazakhs living in this province.

The province is overwhelmingly atheist.[citation needed]

History[edit]

After the revolution in 1921 in Mongolia, on November 21, 1925 the government founded the Chandmani Uulyn Aimag (Чандмань уулын аймаг, Jewel Mountain Province). This province included the whole western part of the country, i.e. today's Uvs, Khovd and Bayan-Ölgii Aimags. In 1931 Chandmani Uulyn Aimag aimag was split up into the Khovd and Dörvöd aimags. Dörvöd aimag (Дөрвөд аймаг) was renamed to Uvs aimag in 1933.

Administrative subdivision[edit]

Sums of Uvs
The sums of Uvs Aimag
Sum Mongolian Population
2003 est.[1]
Population
2005 est.[1]
Population
2007 est.[1]
Population
2008 est.[1][2]
Sum centre
population
2007 est.[1]
Baruunturuun Баруунтуруун 3,241 2,738 3,074 2,810 2,010
Bo'hmoron Бөхмөрөн 2,261 2,217 2,150 2,187 779
Davst Давст 1,854 1,748 1,820 1,784 537
Hovd Ховд 2,463 2,440 2,458 2,475 503
Hyargas Хяргас 2,491 2,614 2,663 2,511 765
Malchin Малчин 2,938 2,887 2,872 2,502 707
Naranbulag Наранбулаг 4,881 4,935 4,893 4,658 1,044
O'lgii Өлгий 2,629 2,649 2,620 2,444 478
O'mnogovi Өмнөговь 4,335 4,526 4,503 4,336 1,034
O'ndorhangai Өндөрхангай 3,588 3,640 3,768 3,779 930
Sagil Сагил 2,245 2,245 2,336 2,343 1,015
Tarialan Тариалан 5,137 5,115 4,499 4,004 1,393
Tes Тэс 6,014 6,092 6,053 5,623 667
Tsagaanhairhan Цагаанхайрхан 2,598 2,462 2,499 2,501 624
Tu'rgen Түргэн 1,867 1,877 1,933 1,960 603
Ulaangom Улаангом 26,940 25,339 24,071 24,167 21,406*
Zavhan Завхан 2,261 2,052 2,042 1,936 650
Zu'ungovi Зүүнговь 2,644 2,599 2,620 2,578 657
Zu'unhangai Зүүнхангай 2,725 2,749 2,599 2,586 618

* - aimag capital Ulaangom

References[edit]