Uvularia sessilifolia

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Sessile bellwort
Uvularia sessilifolia - Meehan.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Colchicaceae
Genus: Uvularia
Species: U. sessilifolia
Binomial name
Uvularia sessilifolia
L.
Synonyms[1]
  • Oakesia sessilifolia (L.) S.Watson
  • Oakesiella sessilifolia (L.) Small

Sessile bellwort or wild oats (Uvularia sessilifolia) is a species of bellwort native to eastern and central North America. It grows in woodlands with wet or dry soils.

The strap-like leaves are sessile on the stem. The flowers are yellow, narrowly bell-shaped, and creamy yellow, blooming in spring. The leaves have no hairs on the margin and are somewhat narrow, distinguishing this plant from the similar Streptopus. They spread asexually by means of long under ground stolons with most plants in a clonal colony not flowering.[2] Flowering plants often do not set seed, but when plants form seeds they are in three angled fruits.

The native range extends from the Atlantic Ocean from Florida to Nova Scotia, west to Texas, The Dakotas and Manitoba .[3][4][1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Uvularia sessilifolia
  2. ^ KAZUHIKO HAYASHI, SEIJI YOSHIDA, HIDETOSHI KATO, FREDERICK H. UTECH, DENNIS F. WHIGHAM, SHOICHI KAWANOI (1998). "Molecular Systematics of the Genus Uvularia and Selected Liliales Based upon mat K and rbc L Gene Sequence Data". Plant Species Biology 13 (2-3): 129–146. doi:10.1111/j.1442-1984.1998.tb00254.x. 
  3. ^ "Uvularia sessilifolia L.". USDA PLANTS. 
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program, Uvularia sessilifolia