|Date of birth||12 June 1964|
|Place of birth||Düsseldorf, West Germany|
|Height||1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|SV Wersten 04|
|BV 04 Düsseldorf|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
Born in Düsseldorf, Kamps joined Borussia Mönchengladbach from amateur club BV 04 Düsseldorf. On 2 April 1983 he made his debut with the first team, starting in a 5–0 home win against Karlsruher SC, and finished his debut season in the Bundesliga with 12 games and 20 goals conceded, including four in the season's final round, a 6–4 success at Borussia Dortmund.
After three additional campaigns with only three matches combined, Kamps became the side's undisputed starter, going on to amass 390 top division games. In 1991–92 he lost the German Cup final to Hannover 96, after a legendary semifinal against Bayer 04 Leverkusen where he saved all four penalties from the opposition (Martin Kree, Ioan Lupescu, Heiko Herrlich and Jorginho); he would start and win the same competition in 1995, after a 3–0 final win over VfL Wolfsburg.
Kamps remained in Borussia's books until the end of 2003–04. He was influential in its 2001 return to the top level after one year of absence, but only played one match in his final three seasons, barred by Swiss international Jörg Stiel.
Subsequently Kamps continued working with his only club, as a goalkeeper coach.