Uxbridge Common District
Uxbridge Common District
|NRHP Reference #||83004135, 84002920 |
|Added to NRHP||November 7, 1983|
The "Uxbridge Common District" is located in downtown Uxbridge, Massachusetts. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Other historic buildings including some on the national historic register in this district include the Uxbridge Academy, Uxbridge Free Public Library, the Deborah A. Wheelock House, a blacksmith shop, the Bank Building, the First Congregational Church, and the Unitarian Church. The whole District is on the Historic Register, along with some other Historic Districts in this town including "Wheelockville Historic District", Linwood Historic District, and "The Blackstone Canal District".
The Uxbridge Academy was a prestigious New England preparatory institution in the early 19th century which graduated a number of prominent citizens. Among them were Marcus Spring, Colonel John Capron, Moses Taft, George Boardman Boomer, and Richard Sayles. Famous Historian and writer, William Augustus Mowry wrote a historical sketch about Uxbridge Academy. Joshua Mason Macomber, A.M., M.D., was the principal of Uxbridge Academy from 1840-1850. This was said to be the "Palmy" period of the academy under the direction of this successful educator. The Uxbridge Academy developed a widespread reputation and during his tenure attracted hundreds of students from communities in at least six states. The building that housed Uxbridge Academy still stands on the Town Common in Uxbridge, Massachusetts, and currently houses the Masonic Lodge. The Uxbridge academy began in 1818 as a secondary school in an upstairs location.
The Uxbridge Common Historic District
The historic town of Uxbridge, first settled in 1662, has more than 60 houses of the Federalist period and is a repository of unique early American history. The "Uxbridge Common District" includes a number of buildings from different periods and architectural designs. These include the Uxbridge Academy, 1818, which is a Federalist style building and now houses the Masonic Lodge, The Congregational Church, rebuilt here in the 1830s from its original site across the street, the Public Library 1870s, the blacksmith shop, 1780s, The Bank Building, 1880s, The Unitarian Church, The Uxbridge Inn, 1882, some older homes including "The Daughters of the American Revolution House", circa 1769, which is known as the "Deborah A. Wheelock House". These are each part of or next to what is considered the "Uxbridge Common Historic District". Many older buildings in the town are of the Federalist architecture style, but there is also Georgian architecture, Italianate architecture, Greek Revival architecture, Gothic architecture, Queen Anne architecture, Late Victorian architecture and more.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- Mowry, William Augustus (1897). The Uxbridge Academy, a Brief History with a Biographical Sketch of J. Mason MacComber, MA, MD, Principal. Boston: Everett Press.
- Chapin, Judge Henry (1881). Address Delivered at the Unitarian Church in Uxbridge; 1864. Worcester, Mass.: Charles Hamilton Press (Library; from Google Books).
- "Uxbridge/Walking Tour". Blackstone Daily.com. Retrieved 2007-11-21.