Uyyakondan Thirumalai Temple

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Uyyakondan Thirumalai Temple
Coordinates: 10°48′57″N 78°39′33″E / 10.81583°N 78.65917°E / 10.81583; 78.65917Coordinates: 10°48′57″N 78°39′33″E / 10.81583°N 78.65917°E / 10.81583; 78.65917
Proper name: Uyyakondan Thirumalai
Country: India
State: Tamil Nadu
District: Tiruchirapalli
Location: Tiruchirapalli
Temple Details
Primary Deity: Ujjevanathar[1]
Consort: Maivizhi Ammai[1]
Architecture and culture
Architectural styles: Dravidian architecture
Creator: Chola kings

Uyyakondan Thirumali Temple or Karkudimalai or Thirumalainallur (Tamil: உய்யகொண்டான் திருமலை)[2] is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva, located 5 km west of Tiruchirapalli in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is located in a small hillock on the banks of Uyyakondan channel. It is one of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams, where all of the four most revered Nayanars (Saivite Saints) have sung glories of the deity in this temple. The temple has inscriptions from the Chola period.[3]

The Temple[edit]

The temple is located on a rock about 30 feet tall and is surrounded by a slender wall.[3] The temple is reached by a fleet of steps. The shrine of Vinayagar is located in a cut in the first 10 steps and the other shrines are located on the hillock. The whole temple is fortified and the temple tank is located inside the fortification.[3] The temple is built in Sembian age of Cholas around 950 CE.[4] The main deity of the temple faces western direction.[1] There are two shrines of Goddess in the temple.[1]


A Sri Lankan king is believed to have been blessed by the deity here.[5]


The temple has inscriptions dating from Kulothunga Chola I (1070-1118 CE), that speaks of separate community known as 'Rathakarar', a sect of expert capenter skilled in the art of designing and making temple cars.[6] The temple was occupied by French and English forces during the siege of Trichonopoly (old Tiruchirapalli) in 1753-54.[3] After the war battle of Sugar-loaf rock, English Major Lawrence marched against the fortified temple and carried it by assault.[3]

Literary Mention[edit]

The temple is revered in the 7th-8th century Saivite canonical literature, Tevaram, by all the three poets, namely, Appar, Campantar and Cuntarar.[1]

[7] Cuntarar describes the feature of the deity as:



  1. ^ a b c d e "Tourist Places". Government of Tamil Nadu. 2001. 
  2. ^ Sewel 1882, p. 269
  3. ^ a b c d e Madras 1907, pp. 341-342
  4. ^ Dehejia 1990, p. 101
  5. ^ Ayyar 1991, p. 247
  6. ^ A. 1987, p. 36
  7. ^ Campantar, p. 101
  8. ^ Cuntarar, p. 49