Uzal Girard Ent

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Uzal Girard Ent
Born March 3, 1900
Died 5 March 1948(1948-03-05) (aged 48)
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Army Air Forces
Years of service 1917–1946
Rank Major general
Commands held Ninth Air Force
Second Air Force
Battles/wars World War II

Uzal Girard Ent was an American Army Air Force officer who served as the commander of the Ninth and the Second Air Forces during World War II.

Biography[edit]

Ent was born on March 3, 1900, in Northumberland, Pennsylvania. He served in the infantry from 1917 to 1919, and was commissioned into the US Air Service from West Point in 1924.[1]

After graduating from the Command and General Staff College in 1938 he served as a military attaché at the American Embassy, Lima, Peru from July 1939 until October 1942, acting as the senior neutral military observer on the Peruvian side after their boundary war with Ecuador.[1]

He was Chief of Staff to the U.S. Army Forces in the Middle East from October 1942 until February 1943. He then served as Commanding General, 9th Bomber Command, 9th Air Force from February to December 1943, and led 178 B-24s in "Operation Tidal Wave" — the bombing raid on the oil fields at Ploieşti, Romania, on August 1, 1943 — before being appointed Chief of Staff and then Commanding General, 2nd Air Force, based at Colorado Springs, Colorado.[1] In September 1944, it was General Ent who selected Lieutenant Colonel Paul Tibbets to put together an organisation and train them to drop atomic weapons from B-29 bombers. Given Tibbets and two other names by General Arnold, General Ent replied without hesitation, "Paul Tibbets is the man to do it." [2]

In October 1944, Ent was seriously injured in the crash of a B-25 on takeoff at the Fort Worth Army Airfield, Texas.[1] Paralyzed from the waist down he learned to walk again using braces.[3] He retired (disability in line of duty) in 1946 with the rank of major general. He died at Fitzsimons General Hospital in Denver, Colorado, on March 5, 1948.[1]

Awards[edit]

His foreign decorations include

Honors[edit]

In 1951, an Air Force base opened near Colorado Springs, Colorado, and was named in the general's honor. Ent Air Force Base was the initial home to the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD) from 1957 until 1963 when the command center moved to a highly secure facility within Cheyenne Mountain. Ent AFB then became the Ent Annex to the Cheyenne Mountain Complex in 1975, and the facility was subsequently closed in 1976.[1]

The Ent Federal Credit Union was also named in his honor.[1]

Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) Post 8298 in General Ent's hometown of Northumberland, Pennsylvania, is named "Major General Uzal G. Ent" to honor his memory.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Biographies : Major General Uzal Girard Ent". af.mil. Archived from the original on 2012-12-12. Retrieved 14 June 2010. 
  2. ^ "'One hell of a big bang'". The Guardian. August 5, 2002. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Milestones, Mar. 15, 1948". TIME. March 15, 1948. Retrieved 14 June 2010. 

External links[edit]