Uzbek Wikipedia

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Favicon of Wikipedia Uzbek Wikipedia
Wikipedia-logo-v2-uz.png
Web address uz.wikipedia.org
Commercial? Charitable
Type of site Internet encyclopedia project
Registration Optional
Available in Uzbek
Content license Creative Commons ShareAlike License 3.0
Owner Wikimedia Foundation

The Uzbek Wikipedia (Uzbek: Oʻzbekcha Vikipediya in Latin script, Ўзбекча Википедия in Cyrillic script) is the Uzbek-language edition of the free online encyclopedia Wikipedia. It was founded in December 2003. Articles in the Uzbek-language edition are written using the Latin script. In August 2012, a Latin to Cyrillic converter was added to allow users to view Uzbek Wikipedia's pages in both the Latin and Cyrillic scripts.

The Uzbek Wikipedia is currently blocked in Uzbekistan.[1][2][3] While the reasons for the blockage are undisclosed, some believe that the site has been blocked because the Uzbek government is concerned about the appearance of articles critical of its actions.[4] Others have speculated that the Uzbek Wikipedia has been blocked simply as an "act of showmanship" because the government of Uzbekistan sees Uzbek-language content as subject to its jurisdiction.[5] The blockage is not very robust: currently, the pages of the Uzbek Wikipedia can be accessed on an HTTPS connection.[6]

Although Uzbekistan has almost 9 million Internet users,[7] there are not many active editors in the Uzbek Wikipedia and a majority of the existing articles are poorly sourced.[4] Since early 2012, however, both the number of active users and well-written articles have increased noticeably. Lately the Uzbek Wikipedia has been gaining more and more visits. In early 2013, the Uzbek-language Wikipedia ranked first among different editions of Wikipedia in terms of annual page-view growth.[8] The current number of articles in the Uzbek Wikipedia is 127,684.

History[edit]

The Uzbek Wikipedia was launched in December 2003. The very first edit was made on the main page of the encyclopedia on 21 December 2003.[9] During 2004, the Uzbek Wikipedia remained largely inactive. However, in 2005, the encyclopedia gradually started to grow.

Sometime around the end of September and beginning of October 2011, the Uzbek Wikipedia was blocked in Uzbekistan. Despite the blockage, the encyclopedia started to grow fast in 2012. During that same year, a bot was used to create a large number of articles. In 2013, another bot was used to add all of the articles of the National Encyclopedia of Uzbekistan to the Uzbek Wikipedia.

Wikiconferences[edit]

In 2007, the first Wikiconference (Uzbek: Vikimajlis) of Uzbek Wikipedia editors was organized at the Tashkent University of Information Technologies. The participants included people who had not edited Wikipedia before.

WikiSummer[edit]

In 2008, a Wikisummer (Uzbek: VikiYoz; "yoz" means both "summer" and "write" in Uzbek) competition was organized with the financial support of Uzinfocom, an agency of the State Committee of Communication, Informatization, and Telecommunication Technology of Uzbekistan. The main goal of the competition was to contribute to the expansion and development of the Uzbek Wikipedia. However, few people showed interest in the Wikisummer and the competition was not successful.

OzodWiki[edit]

Banner of the OzodWiki project

On 6 February 2014, RFE/RLʼs Uzbek Service, known locally as Ozodlik radiosi, launched the OzodWiki project to contribute to the development of the Uzbek Wikipedia.[10][11] A wide range of articles, including interviews with active editors,[11][12][13][14][15][16] reviews of existing articles,[12][13][17] and lessons on editing Wikipedia[16] were published as part of the project. In addition, selected words and phrases that were used in Ozodlik radiosi's reports were hyperlinked to corresponding entries in the Uzbek Wikipedia to popularize the encyclopedia.[10] The OzodWiki project was "mutually beneficial, enabling Ozodlik users to click through to expanded information resources, while popularizing Wikipedia by driving new topics and audience their way. In addition, Radio Ozodlik recommends current topics for Wikipedia to define, while Wikipedia sources content to Radio Ozodlik."[10] The last OzodWiki article was published on 22 May 2014.[18] However, it was announced that the project might be resumed in the future.

In a short period of time the OzodWiki project stated to have a positive impact on the Uzbek Wikipedia.[19] While it is unlikely that all of the changes that took place after the launch of OzodWiki were a direct result of the project, a majority of these changes occurred while the project was running. While the main page of the Uzbek Wikipedia was viewed 20,368 times in January 2014, it was viewed 56,274 times in March of the same year.[19] In March 2013, the main page had been visited 20,403 times. In April 2014, the main page was viewed a record 136,592 times.[20] In April 2013, the main page had been visited only 12,134 times.

Compared to January 2014, in February 2014 the Uzbek Wikipedia was edited more actively. While the total number of edits in January was around 1,400, it increased to about 2,200 in February.[19] In other words, the total number of edits increased by 59 percent. As the total number of edits had declined by 32 percent in January compared to the previous month, the 59 percent increase was a significant change.

While in January the average number of new articles created per day was only one, this number increased threefold in February.[21] In other words, in February on average three articles were created in a given day. In October, November, and December of 2013, on average two articles had been created per day.

However, in February there was no significant change in the number of new editors.[22] Compared to the previous month, both in January and February the number of new editors who made at least ten edits increased by only three people: in December 2013, the Uzbek Wikipedia gained 184 new editors; in January 2014 — 190; and, finally, in February 2014 — 190. Still, there were slight increases in the number of new editors in March and April. The Uzbek Wikipedia gained four and six new editors who made at least ten edits in March and April, respectively.

Policies[edit]

Script[edit]

The Latin to Cyrillic converter on the Uzbek Wikipedia

While articles in the Uzbek Wikipedia are written using the Latin script, historically the Uzbek language has used many different alphabets. Before 1928, Uzbek was written in an Arabic-based alphabet by the literate population. Between 1928 and 1940, it was written in a Latin alphabet which was different from the Latin alphabet that is used today. Starting from 1940, Uzbek began to be written in the Cyrillic alphabet, which remained the predominant form of writing until 1993.

The "wikifier" function which allows editors to convert Cyrillic text into Latin while editing

A new Latin alphabet was introduced to Uzbek after Uzbekistan gained independence from the USSR. Currently, the Latin script is used in school and university textbooks, some newspapers, and in some official papers in Uzbekistan. Since 2004 some official websites have switched over to using the Latin script when writing in Uzbek. However, the use of Cyrillic is still widespread, especially among older Uzbeks and among Uzbeks who live in other countries.

Currently, the Uzbek Wikipedia has a function ("vikifikator", literally "wikifier") which allows editors to easily convert Cyrillic text into Latin while editing. In August 2012, a Latin to Cyrillic converter was added to allow users to view Uzbek Wikipedia's pages in both the Latin and Cyrillic scripts.[23]

Other policies[edit]

Whereas in the English Wikipedia autoconfirmed status is required to move pages, edit semi-protected pages, and upload files, in the Uzbek edition these actions are not restricted. At the moment there are only eight administrators in the Uzbek Wikipedia, three of whom are no longer active.

Content[edit]

The Uzbek Wikipedia lacks articles on contemporary political life in Uzbekistan.[5] However, in 2012 the Uzbek Wikipedia started to grow fast despite being blocked in Uzbekistan and since that time the number of well-written articles on important subjects has increased significantly. The coverage of the Uzbek Wikipedia expanded noticeable after all of the articles of the National Encyclopedia of Uzbekistan were added to it using a bot in 2013. Currently, the majority of articles on the Uzbek Wikipedia are about populated places, astronomical objects, people, music, and football.[24]

Like in many other Wikipedias, Uzbek Wikipedia editors jointly determine featured and good articles. Currently, there are eleven featured and 22 good articles on the Uzbek Wikipedia. The most comprehensive articles are entries about stars, philosophy, the Republic of Korea, Tehran, Aleppo, Karabulak, Texas, Encyclopædia Britannica, Ali-Shir Nava'i, Cristiano Ronaldo, and the British Empire.

Statistics[edit]

The number of articles in the Uzbek Wikipedia reached 10,000 on 5 June 2012.[25] The 10,000th article was on compass. A month later, on 5 July 2012, the article count of the encyclopedia reached 20,000.[26] The 20,000th article was on the topic of meteorology. The Uzbek Wikipedia reached 50,000 articles on 8 November 2012.[27][28] The 50,000th article was on quadratic equations. The encyclopedia reached 100,000 articles on 20 March 2013.[29][30] The 100,000th article was on labor force. These increases in the number of articles were mostly achieved with the help of bots.

As of 18 August 2014, the Uzbek Wikipedia has 127,684 articles. There are 17,585 users, 85 of whom have made at least one edit in the last 30 days. At the moment only 7 users have administrator rights. The total number of pages on the Uzbek Wikipedia (including talk pages, categories, etc.) is 641,758. The total number of edits is 2,289,332. The editing depth of the Uzbek Wikipedia, which is a rough indicator of the encyclopedia's collaborative quality, is 57.8. Based on the List of articles every Wikipedia should have, the Uzbek Wikipedia ranks 64th.[31]

Origin of views (January - March, 2013) Source[32]
United States
  
14.8%
Russia
  
13.9%
China
  
7.9%
Kyrgyzstan
  
7.0%
Turkey
  
6.4%
Kazakhstan
  
6.2%
Germany
  
5.4%
Other
  
38.4%
Date Articles[33]
15 January 2006 100
24 May 2006 500
28 May 2006 1000
5 June 2012 10 000
5 July 2012 20 000
31 July 2012 30 000
27 August 2012 40 000
8 November 2012 50 000
29 November 2012 60 000
4 January 2013 70 000
13 February 2013 80 000
10 March 2013 90 000
20 March 2013 100 000

Censorship[edit]

The entire Wikipedia has been briefly blocked twice in Uzbekistan, in 2007 and 2008. The Uzbek Wikipedia was blocked in Uzbekistan around the end of September and beginning of October 2011, but caught the attention of the international press only in late February 2012 following RFE/RL's report about the blockage on 16 February 2012.[3] Internet users in Uzbekistan trying to access Uzbek-language pages get redirected to msn.com of Microsoft.[3] Users in Uzbekistan can easily open Wikipedia articles in other languages, only Uzbek-language articles have been blocked.[2]

The reason for the blockage of the Uzbek Wikipedia is not known. Some have expressed the view that the site has been blocked because the Uzbek government is concerned about the appearance of articles critical of its actions.[4] Sarah Kendzior, an American anthropologist, has speculated that the Uzbek Wikipedia has been blocked simply as an "act of showmanship" because the government of Uzbekistan sees Uzbek-language content as subject to its jurisdiction.[5]

The blockage is not very robust: currently, the articles in the Uzbek-language Wikipedia can be accessed on an HTTPS connection. Therefore, in 2013 Google started indexing articles on the Uzbek Wikipedia with HTTPS by default.

A mirror of the Uzbek Wikipedia was set up at wiki.zn.uz in 2008. It was created to reduce international traffic for Internet users in Uzbekistan. However, the mirror has been down since June 2012.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kilner, James (20 February 2012). "Uzbekistan blocks Wikipedia pages say witnesses". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Wikipedia Articles in Uzbek Blocked". RFE/RL. 16 February 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "The Uzbek Wikipedia is Blocked in Uzbekistan". RFE/RL (in Uzbek). 16 February 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Ataev, Nodir (17 February 2012). "Is Wikipedia Accurate?". RFE/RL (in Uzbek). Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Kendzior, Sarah (21 February 2012). "Why Did Uzbekistan Ban Wikipedia?". Registan. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "The Number of Articles in the Uzbek Wikipedia has Exceeded 50,000". RFE/RL (in Uzbek). 12 November 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Uzbekistan Blocks Its Wikipedia". RIA Novosti. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  8. ^ "Page Views for Wikipedia, All Platforms, Normalized". Wikimedia. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  9. ^ "Main Page". Uzbek Wikipedia. 21 December 2003. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c Omuemu, Sophia (17 June 2014). "Fighting Censorship in Uzbekistan, One Entry at a Time". RFE/RL. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "The Uzbek Wikipedia Is About to Become More Active". RFE/RL (in Uzbek). 6 February 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "Misha Ge of Uzbekistan will Take Part in the Sochi Winter Olympics on February 13". RFE/RL (in Uzbek). 13 February 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "The Uzbek Wikipedia Is Not Keeping up With Euromaidan". RFE/RL (in Uzbek). 19 February 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  14. ^ "Uzbekistan Has Many Educated Young People Who Can Contribute to Wikipedia, But...". RFE/RL (in Uzbek). 6 March 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  15. ^ "21 Year Old Doniyor has Added an Article about NATO to the Uzbek Wikipedia". RFE/RL (in Uzbek). 20 March 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "The Bell has Rung and the Wiki Lesson has Started". RFE/RL (in Uzbek). 27 March 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  17. ^ "The Uzbek Wikipedia is Closely Watching the Crisis in Crimea". RFE/RL (in Uzbek). 7 March 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  18. ^ "Today is the "Last Bell" on the Uzbek Wikipedia, Tomorrow Starts Summer Break". RFE/RL (in Uzbek). 22 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  19. ^ a b c "OzodWiki has Increased Visits to the Uzbek Wikipedia by 300 percent". RFE/RL (in Uzbek). 10 April 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  20. ^ "Wikipedia article traffic statistics". Wikipedia article traffic statistics. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  21. ^ "Articles - New articles per day". Wikipedia Statistics. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  22. ^ "Wikipedians - New wikipedians". Wikipedia Statistics. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  23. ^ Ataev, Nodir (3 October 2012). "The Uzbek Wikipedia is Growing". RFE/RL (in Uzbek). Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  24. ^ "Most linked-to categories". Uzbek Wikipedia. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  25. ^ "The Number of Articles in the Uzbek Wikipedia Reaches 10,000". Kun (in Uzbek). 7 June 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2012. 
  26. ^ "The Number of Articles in the Uzbek Wikipedia gains another 10,000 in a month". Kun (in Uzbek). 12 July 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2012. 
  27. ^ "The Uzbek Wikipedia Contains More Than 50,000 Articles". Gazeta (in Russian). 8 November 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  28. ^ "The Number of Articles in the Uzbek Wikipedia has Exceeded 50,000". Kun (in Uzbek). 8 November 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  29. ^ "The Number of Articles in the Uzbek Wikipedia has Exceeded 100,000". Gazeta (in Russian). 20 March 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  30. ^ ""Labor Force" has Become the 100,000th Article on the Uzbek Wikipedia". Kun (in Uzbek). 20 March 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  31. ^ "List of Wikipedias by sample of articles". Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  32. ^ "Wikimedia Traffic Analysis Report - Page Edits Per Wikipedia Language". Wikimedia. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  33. ^ "Wikipedias by article-count milestone". Wikimedia. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 

External links[edit]