Västmanland

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This article is about the Swedish historial province. For the modern county, see Västmanland County.
Västmanland
Coat of arms of Västmanland
Coat of arms
Sverigekarta-Landskap Västmanland.svg
Country Sweden
Land Svealand
Counties Västmanland County
Örebro County
Dalarna County
Area
 • Total 8,363 km2 (3,229 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 289,206
 • Density 35/km2 (90/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Languages Svealand Swedish
Gnällbältet
Culture
 • Flower Mistletoe
 • Animal Roe deer
 • Bird Crested tit
 • Fish Pike-perch
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Västmanland (About this sound Listen ) is a historical Swedish province, or landskap, in middle Sweden. It borders Södermanland, Närke, Värmland, Dalarna and Uppland.

The name comes from "West men", referring to the people west of Uppland, the core province of early Sweden.

Administration[edit]

The traditional provinces of Sweden serve no administrative or political purposes (except sometimes as sport districts), but are historical and cultural entities. In the case of Västmanland the corresponding administrative county, Västmanland County, constitutes the eastern part of the province. The western part is in Örebro County.

Heraldry[edit]

The coat of arms was granted in 1560. At the time it featured one fire mountain, to represent the mine of Sala Municipality. Soon, their numbers were increased to three, to also symbolize the Lindesberg and Norberg/Skinnskatteberg mines and the present blazon was ratified in 1943.[2] Blazon: "Argent, in base tripple Mount Azure issuant from each Flames Gules." When crowned with a dukal coronet it represents the province. However rather different in size Västmanland County was granted the same CoA in 1943.

Geography[edit]

The terrain is to the north and north-west rocky. In these parts the highest mountains are located: Älvhöjden with 422 meters, and Gillersklack with 408 meters.

In the other parts it consists mostly of plains.

The largest lake is Mälaren marking the southern border, Sweden's third largest lake.

Western Västmanland traditionally belonged to the mining district of Bergslagen.

In 2014, the area around Ramnas saw the largest forest fire in Sweden in modern times. [3]

History[edit]

The oldest city of Västmanland is Västerås, founded sometime around 990. The city was once the provincial capital, and from 1120 the seat of the diocese of Västerås. Västerås is today also the largest city in the province, with 140,000 inhabitants in the municipality.

After that Arboga, was chartered in the 12th century, Köping in 1474, Sala in 1624; Lindesberg and Nora both in 1643, and finally Fagersta in 1944. With city status in Sweden being abolished in 1971, these are solely historical titles.

The mines of Norberg and Skinnskatteberg began being in use in the 14th century. The mine of Lindesberg was being cultivated in the early 16th century.

Dukes of Västmanland[edit]

Since 1772, Swedish Princes have been created Dukes of various provinces. This is solely a nominal title.

Culture[edit]

Engelsberg Ironworks is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Notable Residents[edit]

Sports[edit]

Football in the province is administered by Västmanlands Fotbollförbund.

Subdivisions[edit]

Västmanland was historically divided into districts. Within Bergslagen they were called mountain districts (bergslag), and in the rest of the province hundreds.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Sweden
  2. ^ Neveus, de Wærn: Ny svensk vapenbok, 1992
  3. ^ "King Carl Gustaf visits Ramna.". Scandinavian Royalty. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°45′N 16°20′E / 59.750°N 16.333°E / 59.750; 16.333